Rhinotus purpureus (Pocock, 1894)

Iniesta, Luiz Felipe Moretti, Bouzan, Rodrigo Salvador, Rodrigues, Patrícia Elesbão da Silva, Almeida, Thais Melo de, Ott, Ricardo & Brescovit, Antonio Domingos, 2021, A preliminary survey and range extension of millipedes species introduced in Brazil (Myriapoda, Diplopoda), Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia 61, pp. 1-18 : 15

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https://doi.org/ 10.11606/1807-0205/2021.61.88

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Rhinotus purpureus (Pocock, 1894)


Rhinotus purpureus (Pocock, 1894) View in CoL

( Figs. 2C View Figure 2 , 4F View Figure 4 , 5 View Figure 5 E-F)

Descriptive notes: See Mauriès (1980: 1101, fig. 62) and Wesener (2014: 588, figs. 1-2, for the synonym P.malagassum ).

Identification: Native species of Polyzoniida in Brazil belong to the genera Siphonotus Brandt, 1837 and Burinia Attems, 1926 ( Hoffman, 1977, 1980; Enghoff et al., 2015). Males of R. purpureus are recognized by having sternite of anterior gonopod with two lobes carrying long setae; coxae with trichostele carrying long setae; third podomere laterally with short setae and carrying mesally a protruding channel ( Mauriès, 1980: fig. 62; Wesener, 2014:fig. 2a; Fig. 5E View Figure 5 ).Posterior gonopod sternite elongat- ed into two lobes; each one with apical setae; remaining podemeres partly fused and difficult to distinguish; tarsus elongated and apically with short claw ( Wesener, 2014: fig. 2b; Fig. 5F View Figure 5 ).

Distribution: The range extension of R. purpureus is not known and its native area is still uncertain ( Hoffman, 1999). The species has been recorded in the Neotropical region ( Shelley, 1998c),West Africa, Mauritius, East Indies ( Hoffman, 1999), Madagascar ( Wesener, 2014), and Asia ( Hoffman, 1977; Korsós, 2004). In Brazil, the species has been recorded in urban areas from Manaus and from uncertain localities in the state of Amazonas (see Hoffman et al., 1996, 2002).

Material examined: Amazonas: Manaus, sítio Vida Tropical , AM 010 , km 35 [- 02.759189°S; - 59.920910°W], 11.xi.2017, T. M. Almeida & J.A. Rafael coll., 11♂ 22♀ ( INPA) GoogleMaps .

Historical records: Amazonas: Manaus [- 03.063877°S; - 60.036493°W], Embrapa Amazônia Ocidental [- 02.893744°S; - 59.973109°W] ( Hoffman et al., 2002) GoogleMaps .


Tavera, Department of Geology and Geophysics


Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia













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