Micraspis pusillus , Poorani, J., 2014

Poorani, J., 2014, An unusual new species of Micraspis Chevrolat (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) from northeastern India, Biodiversity Data Journal 2, pp. 4112-4112: 4112

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.2.e4112

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:49A3C319-C8D2-4A19-BC8F-4838F3CA7280

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/FB88EBD4-A082-4833-8AB8-EB602212AA4C

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:FB88EBD4-A082-4833-8AB8-EB602212AA4C

treatment provided by

Biodiversity Data Journal by Pensoft

scientific name

Micraspis pusillus
status

sp. n.

Micraspis pusillus  ZBK  sp. n.

Materials

Type status: Holotype. Occurrence: recordedBy: Sunil Joshi; individualCount: 1; sex: Male; Location: country: India; stateProvince: Sikkim; verbatimLocality: Rumtek; Event: samplingProtocol: hand picking; eventDate: 2014-10-31; habitat: on bamboo; Record Level: institutionCode: NBAII  Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: recordedBy: C.A. Viraktamath; individualCount: 1; sex: F; Location: country: India; stateProvince: Meghalaya; verbatimLocality: Ri-Bhoi, ICAR RC NEH, Barapani, Lower Shillong; verbatimElevation: 1031m; verbatimLatitude: 25°14'N; verbatimLongitude: 91°55'E; Event: eventDate: 2013-03-26; Record Level: institutionCode: UASBGoogleMaps  Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: recordedBy: C.A. Viraktamath; individualCount: 3; sex: 1 male, 2 females; Location: country: India; stateProvince: Meghalaya; verbatimLocality: Ri-Bhoi, ICAR RC NEH, Barapani, Lower Shillong; verbatimElevation: 1031m; verbatimLatitude: 25°14'N; verbatimLongitude: 91°55'E; Event: eventDate: 2013-3-26; Record Level: institutionCode: NBAII, UASBGoogleMaps  Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: recordedBy: Yeshwanth, H.M.; individualCount: 1; sex: Female; Location: country: India; stateProvince: Meghalaya; verbatimLocality: Ri-Bhoi, ICAR RC NEH, Umiam; verbatimElevation: 1031m; verbatimLatitude: 25°14'N; verbatimLongitude: 91°55'E; Event: samplingProtocol: Light trap; eventDate: 2013-06-03; Record Level: institutionCode: NBAIIGoogleMaps  Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: recordedBy: Sunil Joshi; individualCount: 2; sex: females; Location: country: India; stateProvince: Sikkim; Event: samplingProtocol: handpicking; eventDate: 2014-10-31; habitat: on bamboo; Record Level: institutionCode: NBAII  Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: recordedBy: Viraktamath, C.A.; individualCount: 1; sex: Female; Location: country: India; stateProvince: Assam; verbatimLocality: Digboi; verbatimElevation: 200 mts; verbatimLatitude: 27°21'55.7"N; verbatimLongitude: 095°41'59.8"E; Event: habitat: On ridge gourd; Record Level: collectionID: 2014-ix-08; institutionCode: NBAIIGoogleMaps  Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: recordedBy: Yeshwanth, H.M.; individualCount: 1; sex: Female; Location: country: India; stateProvince: Assam; verbatimLocality: Margherita; verbatimElevation: 163.5m; verbatimLatitude: 27°15' 47.4"N; verbatimLongitude: 095°41'59.8"E; Event: samplingProtocol: Sweepnet; eventDate: 2014-ix-14; Record Level: institutionCode: NBAIIGoogleMaps 

Description

TL: 3.02-3.30 mm; TW: 2.68-2.90 mm; TL/TW: 1.13-1.16; EL/EW: 0.92-0.96; PL/PW: 0.51-0.52; PW/TW: 0.55-0.57. Form (Figs 1a, b, 4), short oval to almost circular, only slightly longer than wide, moderately convex. Dorsum glabrous except head with yellowish white pubescence, more pronounced near clypeal margin. In live specimens, whole of head including ocular canthus distinctly white in both sexes; antenna yellow in female, paler in male except club distinctly darker yellow; in male anterolateral corners of pronotum slightly whitish, ventral side with hypomeron, mespimeron, mespisternum and metepisternnum with traces of white, rest of ventral side pale yellowish; in female, ventral side more or less uniform yellow. In dead specimens, head creamy yellow, pronotum and elytra uniform yellow except anterior margin of pronotum transparent; ventral side yellow except mesepimeron and mespisternum pale creamy yellow, ventral side with silvery white pubescence. Head (Figs 1c, 2a) with clypeal margin truncate between lateral projections. Eyes moderately large with a conspicuous, large canthus; inner ocular margins divergent towards posterior. Antenna 11-segmented, distinctly shorter than width of head capsule; with a three-segmented club, terminal antennomere elongate oval. Terminal maxillary palpomere securiform. Punctures on head fine and shallowly impressed, widely spaced, separated by 5-7 diameters, interspaces between punctures reticulate. Pronotum with sides rounded and narrowly upturned, anterolateral angles obtuse; anterior margin partially covering head; punctures somewhat irregular, separated by 2-5 diameters, laterally obsolete, interspaces between punctures with reticulate sculpture. Scutellum very small, triangular. Elytra laterally moderately explanate, lateral sides very narrowly margined; densely punctate, punctures larger and closer than those on pronotum, separated by 1.5-4 diameters, interspaces between punctures shiny. Prothoracic hypomera lacking foveae near anterolateral corners. Prosternal intercoxal process carinate, carinae reaching a little above middle, slightly divergent towards posterior. Anterior margin of mesoventrite medially very shallowly emarginate. Metaventrite with distinct discrimen. Legs without tibial spurs, tarsal claws appendiculate. Elytral epipleura concave, strongly descending externally, not foveolate. Abdomen with six visible ventrites, abdominal postcoxal lines (Fig. 2b) incomplete. Posterior margin of ventrite 5 truncate in female, broadly emarginate in male, ventrite 6 apically arcuate in female, truncate in male. Male genitalia (Fig. 2c, d, e, f) as shown, tegmen in inner view (Fig. 2c) with penis guide elongate, broadest anteriorly, gradually narrowed to a truncate apex, parameres in inner view slightly shorter than penis guide, apices of parameres with dense, elongate hairs, inner apical margin of paramere produced into a distinct hook-like projection, more clearly visible in lateral view (Fig. 2d); penis (Fig. 2e) with a distinct capsule, apically produced into a narrow process (Fig. 2f). Female genitalia with spermatheca (Fig. 3) as shown, infundibulum distinct, elongate tubular, anteriorly broadened, slightly narrowed towards bursa.

Diagnosis

Micraspis pusillus  sp. n. can be readily differentiated from the other known Indian species of the genus by the uniform yellow body colour and unusually large eye canthus and the male genitalia also are diagnostic. The antennal insertions appear to be more dorsal than usual for Coccinellini  , probably due to the large eye canthus. It is probably the smallest species of Micraspis  in India, though other species known from this region are sometimes only slightly larger.

Etymology

The specific epithet is a Latin adjective in reference to the small size of this insect.

Distribution

India: Northeastern region (Assam; Meghalaya; Sikkim).

Biology

The host plants on which the specimens were collected include Musa paradisiaca  , bamboo, and ridge gourd [ Luffa acutangula  (L.) Roxb.]. It is not known if the adults are attracted to light.

Taxon discussion

This species is placed in Micraspis  by the following combination of characters given by Slipinski (2007): very small scutellum, prothoracic hypomera without foveae, tibial apices without spurs, and abdominal postcoxal lines incomplete. The general structure of male genitalia in most of the species of Micraspis  in India and elsewhere is very similar and the penis apex shows subtle differences between species. In M. pusillus  , the male genitalia are somewhat atypical with the penis apex being quite distinctive. The female genitalia are also unique as the shape of the infundibulum is quite different from that of other known Indian species. All the species of Micraspis  known to the author from the northeastern region of India ( Micraspis crocea  (Mulsant), M. univittata  (Hope) and two undescribed species) have deep but narrow eye canthus and the body colour is never uniform yellow with pronotum having infuscate to distinct black markings, scutellum and / or elytral suture blackish. Micraspis pusillus  sp. n. is unique in having a large eye canthus and a fully white head in live specimens.