Neoplecostomus

Zawadzki, Cláudio Henrique, Pavanelli, Carla Simone & Langeani, Francisco, 2008, Neoplecostomus (Teleostei: Loricariidae) from the upper Rio Paraná basin, Brazil, with description of three new species, Zootaxa 1757, pp. 31-48: 46

publication ID

10.5281/zenodo.181836

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/127687E2-FF8D-FFF5-BFCA-FC33FA0AF85A

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Neoplecostomus
status

 

Key to species of Neoplecostomus 

1 Dorsal-fin spinelet absent or weakly developed, usually narrower than dorsal-fin spine........................... 2

- Dorsal-fin spinelet present and always wider than dorsal-fin spine............................................................ 3

2 Three plates in ventral head region, just ahead gill openings; dentary teeth followed by two rows of large and transversally flattened papillae ......................................................................................... N. ribeirensis 

- One large plate in ventral head region, just ahead gill openings; dentary teeth followed by three irregular rows of large and transversally flattened papillae ............................................................. N. franciscoensis 

3 Adipose fin absent or poorly developed ................................................................................ N. paranensis 

- Adipose fin well developed......................................................................................................................... 4

4 Mature males with enlarged odontodes on distinct swollen skin, along lateral margins of snout............... 5

- Mature males without enlarged odontodes on distinct swollen skin along lateral margins of snout........... 6

5 Mature males with enlarged odontodes on distinct swollen skin along a ridge in front of eye..................... ............................................................................................................................................ N. selenae  n. sp.

- Mature males neither with enlarged odontodes or distinct swollen skin along a ridge in front of eye ......... ................................................................................................................................................ N. yapo  n. sp.

6 Plates in lateral line 34 to 43; plates between adipose and caudal fin 10 to 13 ........................ N. granosus 

- Plates in lateral line 27 to 33; plates between adipose and caudal fin 4 to 9 ............................................... 7

7 Cleithral width 24.9 to 27.6 % of SL; orbital diameter 12.2 to 13.0% of HL ................... N. corumba  n. sp.

- Cleithral width 17.0 to 23.0% of SL; orbital diameter 6.0 to 11.0% of HL................................................ 8

8 Premaxilary teeth 19 to 38 and dentary teeth 15 to 35 ................................................. N. espiritosantensis 

- Premaxilary teeth 9 to 17 and dentary teeth 5 to 12 .................................................................................... 9

9 Head length 26.2 to 26.8 % of SL; cleithral width 25.3 to 25.4 % of SL................................. N. variipictus 

- Head length 29.0 to 32.0% of SL; cleithral width 19.0 to 23.0% of SL..................................... N. microps