Lepidocyrtoides colormutatus,

Bellini, Bruno Cavalcante, 2017, The discovery of Lepidocyrtoides Schött, 1917 (Collembola, Entomobryidae, Entomobryinae) from the New World, including three new species from Brazil and one from Australia, Zootaxa 4324 (2), pp. 201-248: 214-220

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4324.2.2

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:1Ff9Ac2E-96Ae-4352-9D5F-85Bd3C639E4A

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/112687CA-FF88-FF90-69EF-EEE0FB5AFA84

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Lepidocyrtoides colormutatus
status

sp. nov.

Lepidocyrtoides colormutatus  sp. nov. Cipola & Bellini

FigS 1B –DView FIGURE 1, 11–15View FIGURE 11View FIGURE 12View FIGURE 13View FIGURE 14View FIGURE 15

Diagnosis. Body completely dark blue (adultS), except diStal part of the appendiceS and whole antennae ( Fig. 1BView FIGURE 1); dorSal head with 1 median and 1 Sutural mac, Pp5 mac preSent; labral papillae reduced or abSent; baSomedian and baSolateral labial fieldS with chaetae M1–2, R, E, L1–2 ciliate; 5 anterior poStlabial chaetae ciliate pluS 3 Spine-like chaetae ( FigS 11DView FIGURE 11, 12D –EView FIGURE 12); Th II with 18–21 anterior and 4 poSterior mac; Th III –Abd III with 0, 1(lateral), 3 and 1 median mac reSpectively; Abd IV with 16–20 median mac and 12 lateral mac ( FigS 13View FIGURE 13, 14A –BView FIGURE 14); trochanteral organ with about 98 Spine-like chaetae; ungueS without apical tooth; unguiculuS I truncate, II –III acuminate; manubrial plate with 2 blunt mac; dorSal denS with 2 proximal rowS of unilaterally ciliate chaetae ( FigS 15D –E, HView FIGURE 15).

Type Material. Holotype male on Slide (064/ INPA): Brazil, AmazonaS, ManauS municipality, ReServa Ducke, Grid L 6, 02°58’07”S, 59°56’24”W, Amazon foreSt , 81 m, 23.ix ‒04.xi.2014, MalaiSe trap, SS Azevedo coll. Paratype on Slide (064A/ INPA): 1 male, Same data aS holotype. ParatypeS on SlideS (064B-E/ INPA): 2 maleSGoogleMaps  , 1 female and 1 juvenile, and 1 Specimen in alcohol, Same data aS holotype, except 02°55’48”S, 59°58’27”W, 03‒05.vi.2016, DRR FernandeS coll.GoogleMaps 

Additional material. 1 female on Slide ( INPA): Brazil, AmazonaS, Tefé municipality, Community Bom JeSuS”, road of “ EMADE ”, km 21, 03°25’19”S, 64°37’05”W, Amazon foreSt , 63 m, 5‒17.ix.2016, MalaiSe trap, JA Oliveira, DMM MendeS & JA Rafael coll. 3 SpecimenS in alcohol ( INPA): Brazil, Roraima, Caracaraí municipality, Parque Nacional do Viruá , in Grid L 4, 01°27’34”N, 61°00’57”W, Amazon foreSt , 70 m, 21.ix ‒9.x.2012 and 16.i ‒6.ii.2013, Pitfall-trap, IPS SantoS coll.GoogleMaps 

Description. Total length (head + trunk) of SpecimenS 2.69–3.62 mm (n=4), holotype 3.62 mm. Adult SpecimenS with body completely dark blue, except tibiotarSi, diStal collophore and part of the Abd I –IV forming longitudinal bandS; orange pigmentS on antennae (except diStal Ant IV) and apex of the Th II; and denteS pale yellow to white ( Fig. 1BView FIGURE 1). Subadult SpecimenS pale yellow to white with dark blue pigment on diStal Ant IV, head, Th II, Abd III –V, coxae to femora, and proximal manubrium ( Fig. 1CView FIGURE 1). JuvenileS SpecimenS pale yellow to white with dark blue pigmentS on diStal Ant IV, head, Abd IV poSteriolly on a tranSverSal band, and diStal femora ( Fig. 1DView FIGURE 1). ScaleS preSent on Ant I to proximal Ant IV, dorSal and lateral head, thorax and abdomen dorSally, legS (except empodia), collophore anteriorly, manubrium and denteS ventrally ( FigS 11A –B, FView FIGURE 11).

Head. Antennae Shorter than trunk length ( FigS 1B –DView FIGURE 1), ratio antennae: trunk = 1: 1.27–1.59 (n=4), holotype 1: 1.35; antennal SegmentS ratio aS I: II: III: IV = 1: 1.54–1.64: 1.38–1.58: 2.42–2.65, holotype I: IV = 1: 1.57 (without II –III). Ant IV annulated on diStal three quarterS, without apical bulb, with S-blunt SenS of different SizeS and ciliate chaetae ( Fig. 11CView FIGURE 11). Ant III SenSe organ with 2 rodS, 3 Spiny guard SenSilla, S-blunt SenS and ciliate chaetae ( Fig. 12AView FIGURE 12). Ant I dorSally with 2 mac and 3 Smooth mic at baSe (Similar to L. caeruleomaculatus  sp. nov., Fig. 5CView FIGURE 5). Head dorSal chaetotaxy with 11 antennal (An), 4 anterior (A), 3 median (M), 1 Sutural (S), 1 poSt-Sutural (PS), 2 poStoccipital anterior (Pa) and 1 poStoccipital poSterior (Pp) chaetae ( Fig. 12DView FIGURE 12). EyeS G and H Smaller, B larger, otherS Subequal, with 7 interocular chaetae and 3 ScaleS ( FigS 12DView FIGURE 12). Clypeal formula with 4 (l1–2), 8–10 (frontal), 5 (pf0–2) ciliate chaetae, l1–2, pf0–1 larger, 1 frontal Smaller, otherS Subequal ( Fig. 12BView FIGURE 12). Prelabral chaetae Smooth ( Fig. 12BView FIGURE 12); labrum with chaeta a1 not thick, p0–1 larger. Labral papillae reduced or abSent. Maxillary palp with Smooth apical appendage (a.a.) and baSal chaeta (b.c.) Subtly ciliated, thick and 0.87 Smaller in length than the apical; Sublobal plate with three Smooth appendageS ( Fig. 12EView FIGURE 12). Labial palp with five main papillae (A –E) pluS one hypoStomal papilla (H) with 0, 4, 0, 4, 3, 2 guard appendageS, reSpectively, lateral proceSS (l.p.) apically pointed and not reaching the baSe of the papilla E ( Fig. 12CView FIGURE 12). BaSolateral and baSomedian labial fieldS with chaetae M1–2, R, E, L1–2 ciliate, M2 and R Smaller ( Fig. 12EView FIGURE 12). Ventral head with numerouS ciliate chaetae of different SizeS, 5 anterior poStlabial chaetae pluS 3 Spine-like mic; cephalic groove with about 18 Surrounding ciliate chaetae, 2 median mic, 2 larger baSal chaetae (b.c.), otherS Subequal ( Fig. 11DView FIGURE 11, 12EView FIGURE 12).

Thorax chaetotaxy ( FigS 11EView FIGURE 11, 13A –BView FIGURE 13). Th II with 21–24 antero-median chaetae, 18–21 mac, 2 meS and 1 mic; poSteriorly with 4 median mac. Th III with 4 main lateral meS (m5, p4–6) and 2 mic. Ratio Th II: III = 3.66–2.35: 1 (n=4), holotype 3.66: 1.

Abdomen chaetotaxy ( FigS 11FView FIGURE 11, 13C –DView FIGURE 13, 14A –CView FIGURE 14). Abd I laterally with 1 mac (m5) and 1 meS (p6). Abd II with 3 central mac (a2, m3–3e) and 3 lateral mac (m5–6, p6), bothriotricha a5 and m2 with 8 and 7 acceSSory ScaleS reSpectively. Abd III with 1 central mac (m3) and 3 lateral mac (am6, pm6 and p6), bothriotricha a5, m2 and m5 with 8, 6 and 12 acceSSory ScaleS reSpectively, and 11 lateral meS. Abd IV with 16–20 median mac, 12 lateral mac, 22 acceSSory ScaleS between bothriotricha T2 and T4, 8 poSterior SenS (as and ps type I, otherS type II), and aproximatelly 28 poSterior meS. Abd V with SerieS ‘a’, ‘m’ and ‘p’ with 4, 3 and 5 chaetae reSpectively. Ratio Abd III: IV = 1: 6.27–8.64 (n= 4), holotype 1: 8.64.

LegS. Subcoxa I (outer Side) with 3 chaetae and 4 pSp; Subcoxa II with an anterior row of 20 chaetae pluS 26 chaetae anteriorlly, poSterior row of 7 chaetae and 6 pSp; Subcoxa III with one row of 14 chaetae, 17 anterior chaetae and 2 pSp poSteriorlly ( FigS 15A –CView FIGURE 15). Trochanteral organ with about 98 Spine-like chaetae ( Fig. 15DView FIGURE 15). Femora I –III with 2 acuminate inner chaetae gently ciliate. TibiotarSi I –III not Subdivided, chaetotaxy Similar to L. caeruleomaculatus  sp. nov. ( Fig. 9E –GView FIGURE 9). UngueS outer Side with a pair of large laterobaSal teeth; inner Side with 3 teeth, 2 paired baSal and 1 unpaired median of Same Size than baSal, apical tooth abSent. UnguiculuS I truncate, II – III acuminate, all edgeS Smooth; ratio unguiS: unguiculuS = 1: 0.72. TibiotarSuS III diStally with one inner Smooth chaetae 0.67 Smaller than unguiculuS; outer Side with tenent hair capitate, Smooth and 0.78 Smaller than unguiS outer edge ( Fig. 15EView FIGURE 15).

Collophore. Anterior Side with 8 ciliate chaetae, 6 mac and 1 meS diStally, and 1 thin proximal chaeta; poSterior Side with about 82 ciliate chaetae, 1 unpaired proximal mac and 17 meS (2 unpaired), 1 unpaired proximal mac and 17 meS (2 unpaired), 7 Small proximal SpineS, 41 thin and 16 Smaller chaetae widely diStributed, and diStally 1 thick Smooth chaeta; lateral flap with about 25 chaetae, 7 Smooth and 18 ciliate ( Fig. 15FView FIGURE 15).

Furcula. Ventral manubrium with 11 Subapical long ScaleS on one tranSverSe row, about 18 apical ScaleS and 5 diStal ciliate chaetae, inner chaeta Smaller ( Fig. 15GView FIGURE 15). Manubrial plate with 2 blunt mac gently ciliate and apically bullet-like, 15 ciliate chaetae of different SizeS and 2 pSp. DorSal denS with 2 proximal rowS of unilaterally ciliate chaetae, otherS normal ( Fig. 15HView FIGURE 15). Mucro bidentate with apical tooth Subequal to proximal tooth, baSal Spine not SurpaSSing the apex of the proximal tooth ( Fig. 11GView FIGURE 11).

Etymology. ReferS to the color change (from Latin: color and mutatus ––in change) in the StageS of development of the immature to adult of the new SpecieS ( FigS 1B –DView FIGURE 1).

Remarks. Lepidocyrtoides colormutatus  sp. nov. reSembleS L. bicolorangelus  sp. nov. by body heavily pigmented of dark blue, dorSal head with 1 median and 1 Sutural mac and Pp5 mac preSent; Th II with 4 poSterior mac; Th III –Abd III with 0, 1(lateral), 3 and 1 median mac, reSpectively, and manubrial plate with 2 blunt mac. However, L. colormutatus  sp. nov. differS from thiS SpecieS by baSomedian labial field with M2 chaeta (abSent in L. bicolorangelus  sp. nov.), 4 anterior poStlabial Spine-like chaeta (3 in L. bicolorangelus  sp. nov.), trochanteral organ with about 98 Spine-like chaetae (48 in L. bicolorangelus  sp. nov.), unguiculuS III acuminate (truncate in L. bicolorangelus  sp. nov.) and dorSal denS with rowS of unilaterally ciliate chaetae, while in L. bicolorangelus  sp. nov. there iS 1 proximal blunt ciliate chaetae and the unilaterally ciliate chaetae are abSent. DorSal chaetotaxy of L. colormutatus  sp. nov. Still differS by Th II with 18–21 anterior mac, and Abd IV with 16–20 median mac, white L. bicolorangelus  sp. nov. haS 9–21 anterior mac on Th II and 12–16 median mac on Abd IV.

INPA

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia

IPS

Ipswich Museum