Racata sumatera, Tanasevitch, 2019

Tanasevitch, Andrei V., 2019, On the spider genus Racata Millidge, 1995, with the description of three new species (Araneae, Linyphiidae), Revue suisse de Zoologie 126 (1), pp. 53-59 : 56-58

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.2619518



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scientific name

Racata sumatera

sp. nov.

Racata sumatera View in CoL sp. nov.

Figs 7-8 View Figs 1-13 , 18-19, 21-22 View Figs 14-22 , 25 View Figs 23-26

Holotype: Male [Sum-06/33]; INDONESIA, Sumatra, North Sumatra Province, Mt Sibayak , 4 km N of Brastagi, 3°13’16”N, 98°29’50”E, primary forest, 1600- 1650 m a.s.l.; 6.-7.VII.2006; leg. P. Schwendinger. GoogleMaps

Paratypes: 3 females, collected together with the holotype .

Diagnosis: The male can be easily distinguished from those of all known congeners by its very long, helical, gradually narrowing embolus; the female can be recognized by the wide anterior part of their epigyne, which is surrounded by slightly sclerotized swellings.

Etymology: The specific epithet is a name in apposition referring to the “terra typica”; “ Sumatera ” is the Indonesian name for “ Sumatra ”.

Description: Male (holotype). Total length 1.75. Carapace 0.85 long, 0.75 wide, rounded as shown in Fig. 7 View Figs 1-13 , greyish yellow, with a narrow dark margin. Head part slightly elevated and protruded distad. Clypeus sparsely covered with long hairs. Eyes enlarged, anterior median eyes considerably smaller than others. Chelicerae 0.33 long, mastidion absent. Legs pale greyish yellow, its segments slightly darkened distally. Leg I 4.14 long (1.00+0.23+1.15+1.08+0.68), IV 3.46 long (0.93+0.20+0.90+0.90+0.53). Chaetotaxy: spines mostly lost, presumably as in female (see below). TmI 0.36. Metatarsi IV without trichobothrium. Palp ( Figs 18-19, 21-22 View Figs 14-22 ): Tibia short, simple. Distal part of cymbium narrowed. Proximal part of paracymbium wide, distal part narrow, S-shaped. Tegulum distinctly protruded distad, light in colour. Distal suprategular apophysis long, bifurcated apically. Median membrane panicle-shaped ( Fig. 21 View Figs 14-22 ). Convector massive, narrow, gradually curving. Embolus very long, forming three loops; very wide at base, gradually narrowing and in third loop becoming whip-shaped. Abdomen ( Fig. 7 View Figs 1-13 ) 1.00 long, 0.53 wide, grey.

Female. Total length 1.60. Carapace 0.65 long, 0.58 wide, unmodified, pale yellow, with a narrow grey margin. Chelicerae 0.25 long. Legs pale yellow, its segments darkened distally. Leg I 3.23 long (0.85+0.18+0.85+0.80+0.55), IV 2.98 long (0.85+0.18+0.75+0.75+0.45). TmI 0.31. Chaetotaxy: TiI: 2-1-1-0; II: 2-0-1-0, III-IV: 2-0-0-0; MtI-IV without spines. Length of spines 1.5-2 diameters of corresponding leg segment. TmI 0.36. Metatarsi IV without trichobothrium. Abdomen 1.00 long, 0.63 wide, grey. Epigyne ( Figs 8 View Figs 1-13 , 25 View Figs 23-26 ) relatively large; anterior part of epigynal cavity surrounded by slightly sclerotized swellings. Copulatory ducts very wide, forming three loops. Receptacles small, indistinct.

Taxonomic remarks: The male clearly differs from those of all known congeners by its long embolus forming three loops, whereas in R. grata it forms one loop and in R. brevis only half a loop. The female is distinguished by its large epigynal cavity, the anterior part of which is surrounded by slightly sclerotized swellings.

Distribution: Known only from the type locality on the densely forested slopes of a volcano in northern Sumatra, Indonesia.













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