Apenesia

Alencar, Isabel D. C. C. & Azevedo, Celso O., 2020, Revision of the world Apenesia Westwood (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae), Zootaxa 4724 (1), pp. 1-72: 7-8

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4724.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:8D8CD63D-858F-44B1-9EA1-7CBB7F30D72D

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03FC87AE-993F-446E-07D2-FBDC7E8EF8F3

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Apenesia
status

 

Key to Apenesia  species (♂)

( Apenesia miki  not included)

1. Metapostnotal area mainly polished behind spiracle ( Fig. 7C, G, HView FIGURE 7); metapostnotal median carina absent................ 2

- Metapostnotal area mainly rugulose or foveolate ( Fig. 7A, BView FIGURE 7, D–F); metapostnotal median carina usually present ( Fig. 7A, FView FIGURE 7) .................................................................................................. 11

2. Notaulus present ( Fig. 7A, B, IView FIGURE 7).......................................................................... 3

- Notaulus absent ( Fig. 7CView FIGURE 7)............................................................................... 7

3. Metapectal-propodeal complex long, posterior margin outcurved ( Fig. 9DView FIGURE 9); mesoscutellum elongate; mesoscutum-mesoscutellar sulcus arched ( Fig. 9DView FIGURE 9).................................................... Apenesia laevigata ( Evans, 1958) 

- Metapectal-propodeal complex short, posterior margin almost straight ( Fig. 8HView FIGURE 8); mesoscutellum not elongate; mesoscutummesoscutellar sulcus weakly arched or straight ( Figs 8HView FIGURE 8, 9IView FIGURE 9)................................................... 4

4. Notaulus absent posteriorly ( Fig. 8HView FIGURE 8)................................................... Apenesia goela  sp. nov.

- Notaulus complete ( Fig. 9IView FIGURE 9)............................................................................. 5

5. Mandible with four teeth ( Fig. 6QView FIGURE 6); notaulus strongly convergent posteriorly; mesoscutum-mesoscutellar sulcus short and shallow ( Fig. 9IView FIGURE 9); hypopygeal posterior margin straight ( Fig. 14LView FIGURE 14)............... Apenesia singularis Lanes & Azevedo, 2004 

- Mandible with one tooth ( Fig. 5KView FIGURE 5); notaulus convergent posteriorly; mesoscutum-mesoscutellar sulcus long and deep ( Fig. 7HView FIGURE 7); hypopygeal posterior margin strongly concave ( Fig. 14.FView FIGURE 14)................................................. 6

6. Eye not bulging ( Fig. 2HView FIGURE 2); dorsal pronotal area long ( Fig. 7HView FIGURE 7); mesoscutum-mesoscutellar sulcus weakly arched ( Fig. 7HView FIGURE 7)................................................................................ Apenesia chandela  sp. nov.

- Eye bulging ( Fig. 4EView FIGURE 4); dorsal pronotal area very short ( Fig. 9.CView FIGURE 9); mesoscutum-mesoscutellar sulcus straight ( Fig. 9CView FIGURE 9)..................................................................................... Apenesia kelsiela  sp. nov.

7. Dorsal pronotal area very short; mesoscutum-mesoscutellar sulcus short and straight; axilla oval; metapectal-propodeal complex long ( Fig. 8AView FIGURE 8).............................................................. Apenesia colombela  sp. nov.

- Dorsal pronotal area long; mesoscutum-mesoscutellar sulcus long and weakly arched; axilla trapezoidal; metapectal-propodeal complex short ( Fig. 7GView FIGURE 7)................................................................................ 8

8. Head wider than long ( Fig. 2GView FIGURE 2); metapostnotal area almost completely polished except narrow strigate anterior area ( Fig. 7GView FIGURE 7); hypopygeal posterior margin almost straight ( Fig. 13GView FIGURE 13).................................... Apenesia celiela  sp. nov.

- Head as wide as long ( Fig. 2.CView FIGURE 2); metapostnotal area foveolate or imbricate anteriorly ( Figs 7CView FIGURE 7, 9A, FView FIGURE 9); hypopygeal posterior margin concave ( Fig. 13CView FIGURE 13).............................................................................. 9

9. Mandible with three teeth ( Fig. 6NView FIGURE 6); cuspis with three calli ( Fig. 21CView FIGURE 21); basivolsella apical inner margin with small projection ( Fig. 21AView FIGURE 21).......................................................................................... 10

- Mandible with four teeth ( Fig. 5FView FIGURE 5); cuspis with two calli ( Fig. 15IView FIGURE 15); basivolsella apical inner margin with large projection ( Fig. 15GView FIGURE 15)............................................................................. Apenesia azeda  sp. nov.

10. Metanotal fovea oval; median region of metanotum narrow and transverse; metapostnotum with row of anterior foveae, polished and weakly imbricate Fig. (9A); hypopygeal membrane covering more than half of hypopygium length; hypopygeal lateral margin sinuous ( Fig. 14DView FIGURE 14)...................................................... Apenesia joela  sp. nov.

- Metanotal fovea linear; median region of metanotum wide and longitudinal; metapostnotum imbricate and polished ( Fig. 9FView FIGURE 9); hypopygeal membrane not covering half of hypopygium length; hypopygeal lateral margin converging posterad ( Fig. 14IView FIGURE 14).......................................................... Apenesia makiharai ( Sawada, Terayama & Mita, 2014) 

11. Metapostnotal median carina distinctly present ( Figs 8CView FIGURE 8, 9EView FIGURE 9).................................................. 12

- Metapostnotal median carina absent ( Figs 7E, 7IView FIGURE 7, 8BView FIGURE 8)....................................................... 20

12. Notaulus absent or incomplete posteriorly ( Fig. 8CView FIGURE 8)......................................................... 13

- Notalus complete ( Fig. 7FView FIGURE 7)............................................................................. 15

13. Dorsal pronotal area short; metapostnotal median carina short ( Fig. 8CView FIGURE 8); cuspis with one serrate callus ( Fig. 18IView FIGURE 18)............................................................................................ Apenesia esila  sp. nov.

- Dorsal pronotal area very short; metapostnotal median carina long ( Fig. 9EView FIGURE 9); cuspis with more than one callus ( Fig. 22FView FIGURE 22).. 14

14. Head nearly rounded with strongly convex vertex ( Fig. 4GView FIGURE 4); notaulus absent or nearly so ( Fig. 9EView FIGURE 9); hypopygeal posterior margin convex ( Fig. 14HView FIGURE 14)...................................................... Apenesia leytensis (Terayama, 1995) 

- Head trapezoidal with vertex almost straight ( Fig. 2BView FIGURE 2); notaulus present, incomplete posteriorly ( Fig. 7BView FIGURE 7); hypopygeal posterior margin concave ( Fig. 13BView FIGURE 13)........................................................... Apenesia aniela  sp. nov.

15. Head longer than wide ( Fig. 2FView FIGURE 2); mandible with one tooth ( Fig. 5IView FIGURE 5)............................................. 16

- Head nearly as long as wide ( Fig. 4BView FIGURE 4), mandible with four or five teeth ( Fig. 6HView FIGURE 6).................................. 18

16. Head with vertex convex; eye not bulging ( Fig. 2FView FIGURE 2); metapostnotum mostly imbricate; metanotal fovea oval ( Fig. 7FView FIGURE 7)...................................................................................... Apenesia bifiela  sp. nov.

- Head with vertex straight or nearly so; eye bulging ( Fig. 4DView FIGURE 4); metapostnotum mostly rugulose; metanotal fovea droppedshaped ( Fig. 9B, EView FIGURE 9)................................................................................... 17

17. Ocellar triangle with proximal edges ( Fig. 4DView FIGURE 4); dorsal pronotal area very short; mesoscutum-mesoscutellar sulcus weakly arched ( Fig. 9BView FIGURE 9); cuspis with two calli ( Fig. 21FView FIGURE 21)......................................... Apenesia juliela  sp. nov.

- Ocellar triangle with distal edges ( Fig. 5AView FIGURE 5); dorsal pronotal area short; mesoscutum-mesoscutellar sulcus straight ( Fig. 9GView FIGURE 9); cuspis with one serrate callus ( Fig. 23CView FIGURE 23)................................. Apenesia perlonga Corrêa &Azevedo, 2006 

18. Mesoscutum-mesoscutellar sulcus straight and shallow ( Fig. 8IView FIGURE 8); aedeagus with dorsal lobe long and narrow ( Fig. 20HView FIGURE 20)..................................................................................... Apenesia itoiela  sp. nov.

- Mesoscutum-mesoscutellar sulcus at least arched, deep or shallow ( Fig. 7A, DView FIGURE 7); aedeagus with dorsal lobe short or, when long, not narrow ( Fig. 15BView FIGURE 15)................................................................................. 19

19. Mesoscutum-mesoscutellar sulcus weakly arched and shallow ( Fig. 7AView FIGURE 7); hypopygium with posterior margin straight, without flap ( Fig. 13AView FIGURE 13); aedeagus with dorsal lobe long and wide ( Fig. 15BView FIGURE 15)........................ Apenesia amenula  sp. nov.

- Mesoscutum-mesoscutellar sulcus arched and deep ( Fig. 7DView FIGURE 7); hypopygium with posterior margin concave, with flap ( Fig. 13DView FIGURE 13); aedeagus with dorsal lobe short and wide ( Fig. 16BView FIGURE 16)................................ Apenesia beliella  sp. nov.

20. Dorsal pronotal area short or very short ( Fig. 7IView FIGURE 7)............................................................ 21

- Dorsal pronotal area long ( Fig. 8EView FIGURE 8)...................................................................... 24

21. Notaulus complete ( Fig. 8BView FIGURE 8); hypopygeal posterior margin concave ( Fig. 13KView FIGURE 13)................................... 22

- Notaulus incomplete posteriorly ( Fig. 7IView FIGURE 7); hypopygeal posterior margin straight ( Fig. 13IView FIGURE 13)........... Apenesia cila  sp. nov.

22. Mandible with one tooth ( Fig. 5HView FIGURE 5); mesoscutum-mesoscutellar sulcus weakly arched ( Fig. 7EView FIGURE 7); hypopygium with flap ( Fig. 14AView FIGURE 14).............................................................................................. 23

- Mandible with three teeth ( Fig. 6AView FIGURE 6); mesoscutum-mesoscutellar sulcus wide and arched ( Fig. 8BView FIGURE 8); hypopygium without flap ( Fig. 13KView FIGURE 13)......................................................................... Apenesia elela  sp. nov.

23. Mesoscutum-mesoscutellar sulcus narrow; metanotal fovea poorly impressed; metapectal-propodeal complex with posterior margin almost straight; metapostnotum rugulose, polished and weakly imbricate ( Fig. 8GView FIGURE 8); paraspicular sulcus weakly foveolate; lateral carina of metapectal-propodeal carina absent ( Fig. 11FView FIGURE 11); propodeal declivity polished-foveolate............................................................................................... Apenesia girena  sp. nov.

- Mesoscutum-mesoscutellar sulcus wide; metanotal fovea well impressed; metapectal-propodeal complex with posterior margin convex; metapostnotum strigate anteriorly, coriaceous medially, and weakly coriaceous ( Fig. 7EView FIGURE 7); paraspicular sulcus irregularly foveolate; lateral carina of metapectal-propodeal carina present ( Fig. 10EView FIGURE 10); propodeal declivity imbricate............................................................................................ Apenesia berela  sp. nov.

24. Metapostnotum texture in trapezoidal area ( Fig. 8EView FIGURE 8)........................................ Apenesia farela  sp. nov.

- Metapostnotum texture in triangular area ( Figs 8DView FIGURE 8, 9HView FIGURE 9)...................................................... 25

25. Notaulus almost parallel ( Fig. 8DView FIGURE 8); cuspis with three calli ( Fig. 19CView FIGURE 19)........................... Apenesia eura  sp. nov.

- Notaulus converging posterad ( Figs 8FView FIGURE 8, 9HView FIGURE 9); cuspis with one or two calli ( Fig. 19IView FIGURE 19)................................ 26

26. Mandible with one tooth ( Fig. 6EView FIGURE 6); mesoscutum-mesoscutellar sulcus wide and deep; metanotal fovea dropped-shaped; metapostnotum rugulose ( Fig. 8FView FIGURE 8); hypopygeal plate short ( Fig. 13OView FIGURE 13)............................. Apenesia gabela  sp. nov.

- Mandible with four teeth ( Fig. 6PView FIGURE 6); mesoscutum-mesoscutellar sulcus narrow and shallow; metanotal fovea oval; metapostnotum irregularly foveolate ( Fig. 9HView FIGURE 9); hypopygeal plate long ( Fig. 14KView FIGURE 14)...... Apenesia sahyadrica Azevedo & Waichert, 2006