Apenesia cila Alencar & Azevedo

Alencar, Isabel D. C. C. & Azevedo, Celso O., 2020, Revision of the world Apenesia Westwood (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae), Zootaxa 4724 (1), pp. 1-72: 17-18

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4724.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:8D8CD63D-858F-44B1-9EA1-7CBB7F30D72D

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03FC87AE-9929-4478-07D2-FE567988FA21

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Apenesia cila Alencar & Azevedo
status

sp. nov.

Apenesia cila Alencar & Azevedo  , sp. nov.

( Figs 3AView FIGURE 3, 5LView FIGURE 5, 7IView FIGURE 7, 10IView FIGURE 10, 13IView FIGURE 13, 17View FIGURE 17 G–I)

Description. Holotype. Male. Length 5 mm. LFW 4 mm.

Colors. Body black; antenna, clypeus and metasoma dark castaneous; legs and mandible castaneous; wings amber, veins dark castaneous.

Head. Head wider than long, rectangular. Frons coriaceous, sparsely puncticulate; frontal line absent. Vertex straight. Clypeus broad with median lobe subtrapezoidal, median tooth present, and large, apical margin smooth, median carina high in profile. Mandible with one apical tooth. Eye strongly bulging. Ocelli large, triangle with proximal edges.

Mesosoma. Dorsal pronotal area very short. Notaulus present, incomplete posteriorly, parallel. Parapsidal signum weakly impressed. Mesoscutellum longer than large, posterior margin convex; mesoscutum-mesoscutellar sulcus almost straight, narrow, shallow, without fovea on side edge. Axilla subtrapezoidal, deep, large. Metanotal trough mostly imbricate, with few foveae, metanotal fovea oval; median region wide, narrow, with posterior margin convex. Metapectal-propodeal complex short, posterior margin almost straight; metapostnotal median carina present, metapostnotum row of anterior foveae, and polished. Metapectal-propodeal complex polished. Paraspicular sulcus irregularly foveolate; lateral carina of metapectal-propodeal carina absent; lateral surface of propodeum imbricate, inferior region foveolate. Propodeal declivity polished-foveolate.

Metasoma. Petiole short. Hypopygium with plate long, posterior margin almost straight, flap absent. Genitalia: paramere slightly sinuous. Basivolsella apical inner margin projected mesad, small, and acute. Basiparamere with apical dorsal projection large, apex convex. Cuspis with apical margin with two apical calli, dorsal larger than other, dorsal end short. Aedeagus with two apical lobes, ventral lobe short; dorsal lobe short; subapical membrane long; aedeagal dorsal cover narrow.

Female. Unknown.

Material examined. Holotype ♂, MADAGASCAR: Antsiranana, Prov., Parc National de Marojejy, Manan- tenina River, 27.6 km 35°, NE Andapa, 9.6 km 327° NNW, Manantenina , 11–14.Dec.2005, 14° 26’ 06” S 049° 45’ 36” E, California Academy of Sciences , coll. B.L.Fisher et al., elev 775m, Malaise trap, rainforest, collection code: BLF13383View Materials ( CASENT 8097504)GoogleMaps  . Paratypes: 2 ♂, same data as holotype ( CASENT 2085288, 2114416). MADA- GASCARGoogleMaps  : 2 ♂, Toamasina, Prov., Reserve Betampona Camp Vohitsivalana, 37.1 km 338° Toamasina, elev 520 m, 1–3.Dec.2005, 17° 53’ 12” S 049° 12’ 09” E, California Acad. of Sciences , coll. Brian L. Fisher et al., Malaise trap, rainforest, collection code: BLF13244View Materials ( CASENT 8097502, 8097503)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, Toamasina, Montagne d’Akirindro , 7.6 km 341° NNW Ambinanitelo, elev 600m 17–21.Mar.2003, 15° 17’ 18” S 049° 32’ 54” E, California Acad. of Sci- ences, coll. Fisher, Griswold et al., Malaise trap, in rainforest, collection code: BLF8253 ( CASENT 2087999)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, Antsiranana, Parc National de Marojejy, Manantenina River, 28.0 km 38° NE Andapa, 8.2 km 333° NNW Manan- tenina, el 450m, 12–25 November 2003, 14° 26’ 12” S 049° 46’ 30” E California Acad. of Sciences coll. B.L.Fisher et al, Malaise, trap in rainforest, BLF8723 ( CASENT 2089579)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, Province Fianarantsoa, Parc National Rano- mafana, Vohiparara , at broken bridge, el 1110 m, 21–28 January 2002, 21° 13.57’ S, 47° 22.19’ E, coll: M. Irwin, RGoogleMaps  . Harin’Hala, California Acad of Sciences , Malaise trap in high altitude, rainforest, MA-02-09A-13 ( CASENT 2064412)  ; 4 ♂, Province Fianarantsoa, Parc National Ranomafana , radio tower at forest edge, elev 1130 m, 14–21 January 2002, 21° 15.05’ S, 47° 24.43’ E, coll: M. Irwin, RGoogleMaps  . Harin’Hala, California Acad of Sciences, Malaise , mixed tropical forest, MA-02-09B-12 ( CASENT 2063509, 2063615; 8097501, 2089792)  ; 1 ♂, Province Fianara- ntsoa, Parc National Ranomafana , radio tower at forest edge, elev 1130 m, 18–27 February 2003, 21° 15.05’ S, 47° 24.43’ E, coll: M. Irwin, RGoogleMaps  . Harin’Hala, California Acad of Sciences, Malaise , mixed tropical forest, MA-02-09B-53 ( CASENT 2116482)  ; 1 ♂, MADAGASCAR: Province Fianarantsoa, Parc National Ranomafana , radio tower at for- est edge, elev 1130 m, 9–20 March 2003, 21° 15.05’ S, 47° 24.43’ E, coll: M. Irwin, RGoogleMaps  . Harin’Hala, California Acad of Sciences, Malaise , mixed tropical Forest , MA-02-09B-55 ( CASENT 2063924)  ; 2 ♂, Province Fianarantsoa, Parc National Ranomafana , radio tower at forest edge, elev 1130 m, 6–17 July 2003, 21° 15.05’ S, 47° 24.43’ E, coll: M. Irwin, RGoogleMaps  . Harin’Hala, California Acad of Sciences, Malaise , mixed tropical forest, MA-02-09B-66 ( CASENT 2064187, 2064236)  ; 2 ♂, Province Fianarantsoa, Parc National Ranomafana, Belle Vue at Talatakely , elev 1020 m, 15–22 November 2001, 21° 15.99’ S, 47° 25.21’ E, coll: M. Irwin, RGoogleMaps  . Harin’Hala, California Acad of Sciences, Malaise , secondary tropical forest, MA-02-09C-03 ( CASENT 2088481, 2088517)  ; 2 ♂, Province Fianarantsoa, Parc National Ranomafana, Belle Vue at Talatakely , elev 1020 m, 6–15 December 2001, 21° 15.99’ S, 47° 25.21’ E, coll: M. Irwin, RGoogleMaps  . Harin’Hala, California Acad of Sciences, Malaise , secondary tropical forest, MA-02-09C-06 ( CASENT 2088787, 2088809)  ; 1 ♂, Province Fianarantsoa, Parc National Ranomafana, Belle Vue at Talatakely , elev 1020 m, 2–10 January 2002, 21° 15.99’ S, 47° 25.21’ E, coll: M. Irwin, RGoogleMaps  . Harin’Hala, California Acad of Sciences, Malaise , secondary tropical forest, MA-02-09C-10 ( CASENT 2089026)  ; 1 ♂, Province Fianarantsoa, Parc National Ranomafana, Belle Vue at Talatakely , elev 1020 m, 10–14 January 2002, 21° 15.99’ S, 47° 25.21’ E, coll: M. Irwin, RGoogleMaps  . Harin’Hala, California Acad of Sciences, Malaise , secondary tropical forest, MA-02-09C-11 ( CASENT 2078428)  ; 1 ♂, Province Fianarantsoa, Parc National Ranomafana, Belle Vue at Talatakely , elev 1020 m, 12–19 February 2002, 21° 15.99’ S, 47° 25.21’ E, coll: M. Irwin, RGoogleMaps  . Harin’Hala, California Acad of Sciences, Malaise , secondary tropical forest, MA-02-09C-16 ( CASENT 2078642)  ; 1 ♂, Province Fianarantsoa, Parc National Ranomafana, Belle Vue at Talatakely , elev 1020 m, 23–28 April 2002, 21° 15.99’ S, 47° 25.21’ E coll: M. Irwin, RGoogleMaps  . Harin’Hala, California Acad of Sciences Malaise , secondary tropical forest, MA-02-09C-26 ( CASENT 2088991)  ; 1 ♂, Province Fianarantsoa, Parc National Ranomafana, Belle Vue at Talatakely , elev 1020 m, 26 Feb-10 March 2003, 21° 15.99’ S, 47° 25.21’ E, coll: M. Irwin, RGoogleMaps  . Harin’Hala, California Acad of Sciences Malaise , secondary tropical forest, MA-02-09C-55 ( CASENT 2111260)  ; 1 ♂, Province Fianarantsoa, Parc National Ranomafana, Belle Vue at Talatakely , elev 1020 m, 10–21 March 2003, 21° 15.99’ S, 47° 25.21’ E, coll: M. Irwin, RGoogleMaps  . Harin’Hala, California Acad of Sciences, Malaise , secondary tropical forest, MA-02-09C-56 ( CASENT 2088819)  ; 1 ♂, Province Fianara- ntsoa, Parc National Ranomafana, Belle Vue at Talatakely , elev 1020 m, 12–23 April 2003, 21° 15.99’ S, 47° 25.21’ E, coll: M. Irwin, RGoogleMaps  . Harin’Hala, California Acad of Sciences, Malaise , secondary tropical forest, MA-02-09C-58 ( CASENT 2083276)  ; 1 ♂, Province Fianarantsoa, Ranomafana JIRAMA water works 10–14 January 2002, 21° 14.91’ S, 47° 27.13’ E, coll: M. Irwin, RGoogleMaps  . Harin’Hala, California Acad of Sciences , Malaise trap near river elev 690 m, MA-02-09D-11 ( CASENT 2088929)  ; 1 ♂, Province Fianarantsoa, Parc National Ranomafana, Belle Vue at Ta- latakely, elev 1020 m, 13-23 June 2002, 21° 15.99’ S, 47° 25.21’ E, coll: M. Irwin, RGoogleMaps  . Harin’Hala, California Acad of Sciences, Malaise , secondary tropical forest, MA-02-09C-32 ( CASENT 2088556)  .

Comments. This species is easily distinguished from other species by having the head wider than long with the vertex straight and the clypeus subtrapezoidal with a large median tooth. The mesosoma of A. cila  is similar to A. aniela  in having the mesoscutum with the notaulus incomplete. Apenesia aniela  and A. cila  differ from each other especially by having the head trapezoidal and rectangular and the hypopygium posterior margin concave and straight, respectively.

Distribution. Afrotropical ( Madagascar).

R

Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Bethylidae

Genus

Apenesia