Apenesia singularis Lanes & Azevedo, 2004

Alencar, Isabel D. C. C. & Azevedo, Celso O., 2020, Revision of the world Apenesia Westwood (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae), Zootaxa 4724 (1), pp. 1-72: 36-38

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4724.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:8D8CD63D-858F-44B1-9EA1-7CBB7F30D72D

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03FC87AE-991A-444C-07D2-FB487852FDF7

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Apenesia singularis Lanes & Azevedo, 2004
status

 

Apenesia singularis Lanes & Azevedo, 2004 

( Figs 5CView FIGURE 5, 6QView FIGURE 6, 9IView FIGURE 9, 12HView FIGURE 12, 14LView FIGURE 14, 23View FIGURE 23 G–I)

Apenesia singularis Lanes & Azevedo, 2004  , 679: 6–8, Figs 8–10View FIGURE 8View FIGURE 9View FIGURE 10.

Description. Holotype. Male. Length 5.1 mm. LFW 4.1 mm.

Colors. Head and body black; antenna, mandible and clypeus dark castaneous; legs castaneous; wings hyaline, veins castaneous.

Head. Head wider than long, rectangular. Frons weakly coriaceous, densely puncticulate; frontal line absent. Vertex straight. Clypeus broad with median lobe subtrapezoidal, median tooth present, and large, apical margin smooth, median carina short in profile. Mandible with four apical teeth, teeth with different size, upper tooth mesad, two upper teeth equally sized. Eye weakly bulging. Ocelli small, triangle with proximal edges.

Mesosoma. Dorsal pronotal area very short. Notaulus present, complete, strongly converging posterad. Parapsidal signum weakly impressed. Mesoscutellum as long as wide, posterior margin almost straight; mesoscutummesoscutellar sulcus almost straight, narrow, shallow, without fovea on side edge. Axilla subtrapezoidal, deep, small. Metanotal trough mostly imbricate, with few foveae, metanotal fovea oval; median region wide, large, with posterior margin straight. Metapectal-propodeal complex short, posterior margin almost straight; metapostnotal median carina absent, metapostnotum row of anterior foveae, and polished. Metapectal-propodeal complex polished. Paraspicular sulcus irregularly foveolate; lateral carina of metapectal-propodeal carina present; lateral surface of propodeum imbricate, inferior region foveolate. Propodeal declivity polished-foveolate.

Metasoma. Petiole short. Hypopygium with plate long, posterior margin almost straight, flap present. Genitalia: paramere straight. Basivolsella apical inner margin smooth. Apex convex. Cuspis with apical margin with three apical calli, ventral larger than other, dorsal end short. Aedeagus with two apical lobes, ventral lobe large; dorsal lobe long; subapical membrane short; aedeagal dorsal cover wide.

Female. Unknown.

Material examined. Types: Holotype ♂, BRAZIL, Rondônia, Ouro Preto do Oeste, Linha 2/2, lote 36, gleba 21-b, 03–05.IX.1986, Malaise trap, F. F. Ramos col. ( MPEG)  . Paratypes: BRAZIL, Amazonas: 1 ♂ Reserve Ducke , 06–17.VII.1992, Stick trap 10–20 m, J. Vidal & J. Vidal col. ( UFES nº 11133), 1 ♂, Reserve 1113, 31.X.1985, Mal- aise trap, B. Klein col. ( UFES nº 11132); 1 ♂ Maranhão, Imperatriz, Ribeirãozinho, 02–05.VIII.1989, Malaise trap, F. F. Ramos col. ( UFES nº 11134); Pará: 1 ♂, Serra dos Carajás, Estrada Manganês, 07. VI  .1983– 12. VI  .1993, Mal- aise trap, T  . Pimentel & equipe col. ( UFES nº 11135); 2 ♂, Serra Norte , Estrada Manganês, 16. VI  .1983– 08. VI  .1993, Malaise trap ( UFES nº 11136, 11137). New material  : COSTA RICA, 2 ♂, La Selva , CC100  , 8–15-v-1989, MT  , Tree fall gap, Brown and Feener, ( PMAE); 1 ♂, Alajuela, Chiles de Aguas Zarcas , xi-1989 – i-1990, R  . Cespedes, coffee, 300m ( PMAE)  ; PANAMÁ, 1 ♂, Comarca Kuna Yala, Ustupu, Rio Abudi , [09º07’57”N], [77º55’36”W], 6–12 dic. 1999, Malaise, P. González [col.] ( MIUP)GoogleMaps  ; ECUADOR: 1 ♂, Sucumbios, Rio Napo, Sacha Lodge , 0°30’S, 76°30’W, 3–13.VIII.1994, M[alaise] TGoogleMaps  [rap], P. [J.] Hibbs [col.], 225 m, ( CNCI); 1 ♂, Sucumbios, Sacha Lodge, 0.5ºS, 76.5ºW, 3–13.iv.1994, Malaise trap, P. Hibbis [col.], 290 m, ( LACM)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, Napo, Yasuni Biol. Sta. , 0.67°S, 76.39°W, 18–26.v.1996, Malaise trap, P. Hibbs, 220m, Cephalotes site, ( AEIC)GoogleMaps  ; PERU, 1 ♂, SM  , Tarapoto-Yurima- guas rd, km 20, “ Biodiversidad ”, 0634S, 7620W, 7–8.vii.04, BBrown, CRasmussen, Ecorona, 950m, ( CRRC)  ; BRAZIL: 1 ♂, AC  , Brasiléia, ramal 13 (km 13) da estrada que liga Brasileia a Assis Brasil, mata, S 10° 54’ 30.9’’, W 68° 49’ 27.1’’, 12–19.i.2014, coleta manual em barraca de shannon ( UFES); 1 ♂, Amazonas , Novo Aripuanã , Reserva Soka , 01°15’53”S, 60°07’08”W, 17–25.VIII.1999, arm[adilha] Suspensa, J. F. Vidal & A. L Henriques col., Igarapé, ( INPA); 2 ♂, AMGoogleMaps  , Novo Aripuanã, Reserva Soka, 05°15’53”S, 60°07’08W, 17–25.VIII.1999, Arm. Malaise, J.F. Vidal & A.L. Henriques col. ( INPA)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, Novo Aripuanã , Reserva Soka , 05°15’53”S, 60°07’08”W, 17–25.VIII.1999, arm[adilha] Suspensa, J. F. Vidal & A. L Henriques col., Igarapé ( INPA); 1 ♂, AMGoogleMaps  , Novo Ar- ipuanã, Reserva Soka , 01°15’53”S, 60°07’08”W, 17–25.VIII.1999, arm[adilha] Suspensa, J. F. Vidal & A. L Hen- riques col., Igarapé ( INPA); 1 ♂, AMGoogleMaps  , Novo Aripuanã, Reserva Soka , 06–10.xii.1999, Arm. Malaise, J. F. Vidal col., Área aberta ( INPA); 1 ♂, AM  , Novo Aripuanã, Lago Xadá, C. Bela Vista , 17.IV.2005, Arm. Malaise, T  . Flane col. ( INPA); 1 ♂, AM  , Parc. Nac. Do Jaú, Rio Jaú , Igarapé Patauá, 23–28.Vii.1995, Arm. Malaise, J. A. Rafael & J. F. Vidal col. ( INPA); 1 ♂, Amazonas, Manaus, Reserva 1110, Lateral leste, 11.X.1984, rede, Bert Klein col. ( INPA); 1 ♂, Amazonas, Manaus, Reserva 1112, Lateral oeste, 24.X.1984, rede, Bert Klein col. ( INPA), 1 ♂, Amazonas, Manaus, Reserva 1501, km 41, Lateral oeste, 15–30.III.1996, arm. Suspensa ( INPA); 1 ♂, AM  , Itacoatiara, Mil Madereira, 16.XII.1999, Arm. Malaise, J. F. Vidal col. ( INPA); 1 ♂, Amazonas , Presidente Figueredo , 02°01’05”S, 59°49’59”W, 04–08.IX.2008, Arm. Malaise, T. RGoogleMaps  . Krobow & F. F. Xavier Fo col. ( INPA); 1 ♂, Amazonas, Manaus, Reserva Ducke , Rod. AM 010  km 26, Igarapé Acará, X. 2001, Arm. Malaise, J. F. Vidal col. ( INPA); 1 ♂, Amazo- nas, Manaus, Reserva Ducke , Rod. AM 010  km 26, Igarapé Acará, X. 2001, Arm. Malaise, J. F. Vidal col. ( INPA); 1 ♂, Amazonas, Manaus , Reserva Ducke , Rod. AM 010  km 26, Igarapé Bolívia, 10.II.2003, Arm. Malaise, J.M.G. Ribeiro col. ( INPA); 1 ♂, Amazonas, Manaus , Reserva Ducke , 31.ix.1986, Ulisses, L. col. ( INPA); 1 ♂, Pará, Parauapebas , Serra do Norte , Carajás Igarapé do Pajuca , [05°54’S], [49°53’W], 20–22. VGoogleMaps  .1984, arm[adilha] Sus- pensa (2m), O. T  . Silveira & equipe col. ( MPEG); 1 ♂, Pará, Vitória do Xingu, Rio Xingu, Bacajá , Bom Jardim , 20–24.XI.2007, Arm. Malaise, O. T  . Silveira & equipe col. ( MPEG); 1 ♂, Pará, Vitória do Xingu, Rio Xingu, Iga- rapé Di Maria , 13–17.XI.2007, Arm. Malaise, O. T  . Silveira & equipe col. ( MPEG); 1 ♂, Pará, Vitória do Xingu, Rio Xingu, Igarapé Di Maria , 13–17.XI.2007, Arm. Malaise, O. T  . Silveira & equipe col. ( MPEG); 1 ♂, Pará, Vitória do Xingu, Rio Xingu, Bacajá , Bom Jardim , 20–24.XI.2007, Arm. Malaise, O. T  . Silveira & equipe col. ( MPEG) 14310; 1 ♂, Pará, Vitória do Xingu, Rio Xingu, Igarapé Di Maria , 07–11.II.2008, Arm. Malaise, O. T  . Silveira & equipe col. ( MPEG); 1 ♂, Pará, Vitória do Xingu, Rio Xingu, Igarapé Di Maria , 2–16.VII.2008, Arm. Malaise, O. T  . Silveira & equipe col. ( MPEG); 1 ♂, Pará, Vitória do Xingu, Rio Xingu, Igarapé Di Maria , 2–16.VII.2008, Arm. Malaise, O. T  . Silveira & equipe col. ( MPEG); 2 ♂, Pará, Vitória do Xingu, Rio Xingu, Bacajá , Bom Jardim , 07–10.VII.2008, Arm. Malaise, O. T  . Silveira & equipe col. ( MPEG); 3 ♂, Pará, Vitória do Xingu, Rio Xingu, Igarapé Di Maria , 12–16.VIII.2008, Arm. Malaise, O. T  . Silveira & equipe col. ( MPEG); 1 ♂, Pará, Vitória do Xingu, Rio Xingu, Iga- rapé Gaioso , 12–16.VIII.2008, Arm. Malaise, O. T  . Silveira & equipe col. ( MPEG); 1 ♂, Pará, Vitória do Xingu, Rio Xingu, Igarapé Gaioso , 07–10.VII.2008, Arm. Malaise, O. T  . Silveira & equipe col. ( MPEG); 1 ♂, Pará, Anapu, Rio Xingu, Caracol , Barra do Vento , 24–25.IV.2008, Arm. Malaise, O. T  . Silveira & equipe col. ( MPEG); 1 ♂, Anapu, Rio Xingu, Caracol , Barra do Vento , 20–23.IX.2007, Arm. Malaise, O. T  . Silveira & equipe col. ( MPEG); 2 ♂, Pará, Altamira, Rio Xingu, Ilha Bela Vista , 07–10.VIII.2008, Arm. Malaise, O. T  . Silveira & equipe col. ( MPEG); 1 ♂, Pará, Altamira, Rio Xingu, Ilha Grande , 06–10.XI.2007, Arm. Malaise, O. T  . Silveira & equipe col. ( MPEG); 3 ♂, Pará, Altamira, Rio Xingu, Itapuama , 06–11.XI.2007, Arm. Malaise, O. T  . Silveira & equipe col. ( MPEG); 1 ♂, Pará, Juriti, Propriedade Barroso , Arm. Malaise, O. T  . Silveira & equipe col. ( MPEG); 1 ♂, Pará, Juriti, Mauari , 01.XII.2008, Arm. Malaise, O. T  . Silveira & equipe col. ( MPEG); 1 ♂, Pará, Juriti, Mineração Alcoa, Capiranga , 29.x.2007, Arm. Malaise, O. T  . Silveira & equipe col. ( MPEG); 1 ♂, Pará, Vitória do Xingu, Rio Xingu, Bacajá , Bom Jardim , 07–10.VIII.2008, Arm. Malaise, O. T  . Silveira & equipe col. ( MPEG); 1 ♂, Pará, Óbidos, Sitio Curió , 01°47’03”S, 55°07’05”W, 29.viii–08.ix.2001, arm. Malaise, J. A. Rafael & J. F. Vidal ( INPA); 1 ♂, Pernambuco, Caruaru, v-1972, J. Lima ( PMAE); 1 ♂, Caruaru , Apr. 1972, M. Alvarenga ( AEIC)GoogleMaps  .

Comments. This species is similar to A. goela  by having the pronotum short, the metapostnotum mostly polished with row of fovea anteriorly. However, A. singularis  has the mandible with four teeth; the notauli complete; the mesoscutum-mesoscutellar suture straight and shallow; the hypopygium with plate long and the genitalia with cuspis with three apical calli, whereas A. goela  has the mandible with three teeth; the notauli obliterated posteriorly; the mesoscutum-mesoscutellar suture weakly arched and deep; the hypopygium with plate short and the genitalia with cuspis with one apical callus.

Remarks. The illustrations of the body, genitalia and hypopygium were provided using a non-type specimen.

Distribution. Neotropical ( Brazil, Costa Rica, Panama).

MPEG

Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi

UFES

Universidade Federal do Espirito Santo

VI

Mykotektet, National Veterinary Institute

T

Tavera, Department of Geology and Geophysics

MT

Mus. Tinro, Vladyvostok

PMAE

Royal Alberta Museum

R

Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile

CNCI

Canadian National Collection Insects

LACM

Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County

AEIC

American Entomological Institute

SM

Sarawak Museum

AC

Amherst College, Beneski Museum of Natural History

INPA

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia

AM

Australian Museum

V

Royal British Columbia Museum - Herbarium

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Bethylidae

Genus

Apenesia

Loc

Apenesia singularis Lanes & Azevedo, 2004

Alencar, Isabel D. C. C. & Azevedo, Celso O. 2020
2020
Loc

Apenesia singularis

Lanes & Azevedo 2004
2004