Loxosceles rufescens ( Dufour, 1820 )

Lotz, L. N., 2017, An update on the spider genus Loxosceles (Araneae: Sicariidae) in the Afrotropical region, with description of seven new species, Zootaxa 4341 (4), pp. 475-494: 485-486

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4341.4.2

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:723F3227-A214-43F8-B598-CD7DFDB8B48B

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03FB8670-D548-6745-FF48-FB275309FE2E

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Loxosceles rufescens ( Dufour, 1820 )
status

 

Loxosceles rufescens ( Dufour, 1820) 

( FIGS 12View FIGURES 1 – 18, 31View FIGURES 19 – 37)

Scytodes rufescens Dufour, 1820: 203  , pl. 76, f. 5; Audouin, 1826: 379, pl. 5, f. 2.

Loxosceles citigrada Heineken & Lowe, in Lowe, 1832: 322  , pl. 48, f. 1–14.

Scytodes erythrocephala C. L. Koch, 1838: 90  , f. 399–400.

Scytodes distincta Lucas, 1846: 104  , pl. 2, f. 4.

Omosita rufescens  — Simon, 1864: 50.

Scytodes pallida — Blackwall, 1865: 100 (misidentified).

Loxosceles erythrocephala  — Simon, 1873: 38; Pavesi, 1876: 435; Simon, 1914: 75, f. 127.

Loxosceles rufescens  — Simon, 1873: 38; Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 113, pl. 6, f. 69, pl. 16, f. 450; Simon, 1914: 75, f. 126;. Strand, 1918: 91, pl. 2, f. 28–29; Petrunkevitch, 1929: 108, f. 92–96; Bristowe, 1938: 311, f. 6; Comstock, 1940: 108, f. 96; Yaginuma, 1940: 129, f. 3; Gertsch, 1958: 31, f. 60–62, 73; Bücherl, 1961: 213, f. 2a; Lee, 1966: 24, f. 5a –d; Gertsch, 1967: 144, pl. 10, f. 5–8; Brignoli, 1969: 156, f. 19–62; Canese, 1972: 83, f. 1; Brignoli, 1976: 144, f. 9–10; Paik, 1978: 572, f. 6–13; Yin, Wang & Hu, 1983: 33, f. 1B, 3B; Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 353, f. 341–343, 348–351; Lehtinen, 1986: 153, f. 4–5, 7; Yaginuma, 1986: 18, f. 12.1; 1987: 155, f. 20.9; Xu, 1987: 3, f. 4A –D; Chen & Gao, 1990: 37, f. 39a –b; Chen & Zhang, 1991: 68, f. 60.1–3; Dunin, 1992: 75, f. 1, 5, 10–12; Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 49, f. 19M –N, Q; Namkung, 2002: 30, f. 2.1a –c; Saaristo, 2002: 29, f. 84–86; Namkung, 2003: 30, f. 2.1a –c; Ono, 2009: 122, f. 1–6; Le Peru, 2011: 111, f. 112; Labarque & Ramírez, 2012: 3, f. 2E, 5A-B, 8A-B, 9E, 10E, 11E, 12E, 13E, 14E, 15E, 16E, 17E, 18E, 19E, 20D-E, 27C-F, 28A-F, 30C-D, 31E; Lotz, 2012: 29; Yin et al., 2012: 148, f. 21a-d; Mirshamsi, Hatami & Zamani, 2013: 83, f. 1-4; Zamani & Rafinejad, 2014: 229, f. 2-4; Zamani et al., 2014: 58, f. 1A-B; Chomphuphuang et al., 2016: 143, f. 3- 5, 8-9; Sadeghi, Dashan & Malek-Hossein, 2017: 157, f. 2-4.

Spermophora comoroensis  — Butler, 1879: 43, pl. I, f. 5.

Loxosceles compactilis  — Simon, 1881: 6.

Loxosceles distincta  — Simon, 1908: 422.

Loxosceles marylandicus  — Muma, 1944: 2, f. 1.

Loxosceles indrabeles  — Tikader, 1963: 23, f. 1a –c. Loxosceles ruescens  — Yoo & Kim, 2002: 25, f. 4.

Specimens studied. SOUTH AfRIcA: WESTERN CApE PROvINcE, 1♂  , CApE TOWN, [33°56’S, 18°28’E], 26.IX.1914, R. TUckER LEGGoogleMaps  . ( SAM B370). 

Natural History. COLLEcTEd IN SOUTH AfRIcA fROM INSIdE bUILdINGS. Distribution. Loxosceles rufescens  IS A cOSMOpOLITAN SpEcIES; IN SOUTH AfRIcA SO fAR ONLY kNOWN fROM CApE TOWN ( FIG. 39View FIGURES 39).

SAM

South African Museum

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Sicariidae

Genus

Loxosceles

Loc

Loxosceles rufescens ( Dufour, 1820 )

Lotz, L. N. 2017
2017
Loc

Loxosceles indrabeles

Yoo 2002: 25
Tikader 1963: 23
1963
Loc

Loxosceles marylandicus

Muma 1944: 2
1944
Loc

Loxosceles distincta

Simon 1908: 422
1908
Loc

Loxosceles compactilis

Simon 1881: 6
1881
Loc

Spermophora comoroensis

Butler 1879: 43
1879
Loc

Loxosceles erythrocephala

Simon 1914: 75
Pavesi 1876: 435
Simon 1873: 38
1873
Loc

Loxosceles rufescens

Dashan 2017: 157
Chomphuphuang 2016: 143
Zamani 2014: 229
Mirshamsi 2013: 83
Labarque 2012: 3
Lotz 2012: 29
Yin 2012: 148
Le 2011: 111
Ono 2009: 122
Namkung 2003: 30
Song 1999: 49
Dunin 1992: 75
Chen 1991: 68
Chen 1990: 37
Xu 1987: 3
Lehtinen 1986: 153
Yaginuma 1986: 18
Yin 1983: 33
Gertsch 1983: 353
Paik 1978: 572
Brignoli 1976: 144
Canese 1972: 83
Brignoli 1969: 156
Gertsch 1967: 144
Lee 1966: 24
Bucherl 1961: 213
Gertsch 1958: 31
Comstock 1940: 108
Yaginuma 1940: 129
Bristowe 1938: 311
Petrunkevitch 1929: 108
Strand 1918: 91
Simon 1914: 75
Bosenberg 1906: 113
Simon 1873: 38
1873
Loc

Omosita rufescens

Simon 1864: 50
1864
Loc

rufescens

Audouin 1826: 379
Dufour 1820: 203
1826
Loc

Loxosceles citigrada Heineken & Lowe, in Lowe, 1832 : 322

Lowe 1832: 322
Loc

erythrocephala

Koch 1838: 90
Loc

distincta

Lucas 1846: 104