Colophorina tupi,

Burckhardt, Daniel & Queiroz, Dalva L., 2020, Neotropical jumping plant-lice (Hemiptera, Psylloidea) associated with plants of the tribe Detarieae (Leguminosae, Detarioideae), Zootaxa 4733 (1), pp. 1-73: 16-20

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4733.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:31A43156-5462-43AB-B51B-6042BE223D8A

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3671419

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03F987B5-FFFB-8834-30DD-379F7B4DFE89

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Colophorina tupi
status

sp. nov.

Colophorina tupi  sp. nov.

( Figs 7View FIGURES 1–10, 17View FIGURES 11–21, 42, 46, 50View FIGURES 39–50, 54, 58, 60View FIGURES 51–60, 67–70View FIGURES 61–70)

LSID: urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:1459E154-48C7-4D3C-B90C-B0FA3A22B433

Material examined. Holotype ♂, Brazil: MG, Vazante , Fazenda Bocaina, -17.8913/8925 -46.9108/9112, 670– 690 m, 22.ix.2011, Copaifera langsdorffii  , cerrado near river (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #17(8) ( UFPR, dry mounted). 

Paratypes. Brazil: BA: 3 ♂, 4 ♀, Luiz Eduardo Magalhães, -11.8944 -45.6014, 700 m, 26.ix.2012 (D.L. Queiroz) #357 ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol).— GO: 1 immature, GO- 118 at km 109, N São João da Alliança, -14.5997 -47.4932, 970 m, 18.ii.2018, Copaifera langsdorffii  , roadside vegetation (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #271(1) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 2 km NE Mossâmedes, Fazenda Ribeirão Bonito, -16.1150 -50.1972, 640 m, 20.ii.2018, Copaifera langsdorffii  , gallery forest, forest edge along pasture (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #274(5) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol).— MG: 1 ♂, 3 ♀, Montes Claros, road off route BR /MGC-135, -16.7940 -43.8510, 880 m, 19.ix.2019, Copaifera langsdorffii  , forest edge along pasture (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #365(2) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol); 1 ♂, 3 ♀, same but Buenópolis, Parque Estadual da Serra do Cabral, Marcos Teixeira, -17.9035 -44.2308, 1000 m, 20.ix.2019, Copaifera langsdorffi  , riperian forest i, #369(3); 1 ♂, 1 ♀, Uberlândia, Clube Caça e Pesca Itororo, -18.9931 -48.3061, 830 m, 7.x.2017, Copaifera langsdorffii (D.L. Queiroz)  #836(6) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 2 ♂, same but -18.9932 -48.3065, 830 m, 9.ii.2018, Copaifera langsdorffii  , cerrado (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #262(1) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 3 ♀, Coromandel, Fazenda Laje, -18.5677 -46.9034, 1060 m, 5.iii.2014, Copaifera langsdorffii (D.L. Queiroz)  #606(2) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 1 ♂, 3 ♀, 1 immature, same but -18.5563 -46.8957, 1060 m, 4.iii.2019, Copaifera langsdorffii, (D.L. Queiroz)  #921(2) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 1 ♂, same but -18.5610 -46.9020, 1060 m, 12.ii.2018, Copaifera langsdorffii  , cerrado vegetation (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #263(5) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 2 ♀, same but -18.5610 -46.9020, 1060 m, 23.viii.2019, Copaifera langsdorffii  , cerrado vegetation, #346(6); 261 ♂, 348 ♀, 5 immatures, 7 skins, same data as holotype ( BMNH, INPA, NHMB, UFPR, dry and slide mounted, in 70% ethanol); 37 ♂, 38 ♀, 13 immatures, 10 skins, same but -17.8930 -46.9111, 640 m, 12.ix.2014, Copaifera langsdorffii  , edges of cerrado forest (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #146(1) ( NHMB, dry mounted, in 70% ethanol); 3 ♀, same but -17.8930 -46.9111, 640 m, 29.viii.2019, Copaifera langsdorffii  , edges of cerrado, #348(6) ( NHMB,70% ethanol); 1 ♂, 2 ♀, same but Fazenda Bainha, -17.8803 -46.9228, 640–650 m, 13.vii.2012, Copaifera langsdorffii  , disturbed cerrado vegetation along unpaved road (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #41(2) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 12 ♂, 8 ♀, 3 immatures, same but -17.8913/8841 -46.9163/9221, 660– 670 m, 29–30.x.2012, Copaifera langsdorffii  , cerrado vegetation, edges of dis- turbed forest, eucalypt plantation, creek (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #50(8) ( NHMB, slide mounted, in 70% ethanol); 1 ♀, same but -17.8908 -46.9247, 660 m, 28–31.viii.2019, Copaifera langsdorffii  , cerrado, partly degraded, eucalypt plantation, #347(10) ( NHMB,70% ethanol); 2 ♂, same but -17.8871 -46.9208, 720 m, 4.i.2019, degraded cerrado vegetation, Copaifera langsdorffii (D.L. Queiroz)  ; 15 ♂, 10 ♀, same but Fazenda Bainha, around the house and eucalypt plantation, -17.8908 -46.9247, 660 m, 11.ix.2014, Copaifera langsdorffii  , remnants of cerrado forest and eucalypt plantation (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #147(10) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 1 ♂, 4 ♀, 2 immatures, same but Fazenda Bainha, Guariba, -17.8791/8795 -46.9187/9202, 640– 660 m, 20.ix.2011, cerrado, edge of natural forest; sweeping vegetation (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #13(7) ( NHMB, dry and slide mounted, in 70% ethanol); 3 ♂, 6 ♀, 2 immatures, same but Fazenda Bainha, near source of Curtume river, -17.8891/8942 -46.9196/9205, 640– 690 m, 11.ix.2014, Copaifera langsdorffii  , degraded cerrado vegetation (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #145(5) ( NHMB, dry mounted, in 70% ethanol); 1 ♂, same but Votorantim, -17.63060 -46.6999, 500 m, 16.iii.2015 (D.L. Queiroz) #687(-) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 4 ♂, 5 ♀, 16 immatures, 5 skins, same but Votorantin, Fazenda Bom Sucesso, -17.6076 -46.6906, 540 m, 4.i.2017 (D.L. Queiroz) #797(-) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 1 ♂, 4 ♀, Vargem Bonita, Parque Nacional da Serra da Canastra, Cachoeira Casca d’Anta, around park entrance, -24.8541/8573 -48.6982/7121, 850– 860 m, 4–8.ix.2014, Copaifera langsdorffii  , transition from riparian to cerrado vegetation (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #141(4) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 1 ♀, Conselheiro Lafaiete, -20.5797 -43.7199, 1020 m, 20.viii.2013, plantation of Toona (D.L. Queiroz)  #560 ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol).— MS: 1 ♀, Rio Verde do Mato Grosso, BR 163, -18.9281/9519 -54.8357/9339, 350– 440 m, 13.xi.2012, Copaifera langsdorffii  , cerrado vegetation, parc (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #68(3) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 1 ♂, 6 ♀, Municipio Campo Grande, near BR 163, -20.8907/8948 -54.5713/6599, 440– 450 m, 16.xi.2012, Copaifera langsdorffii  , cerrado edge along unpaved road (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #74(10) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 2 ♂, 3 ♀, Sidrolândia, South of Sidrolândia, MS 162, -21.0786 -54.9560, 440 m, 17.xi.2012, Copaifera langsdorffii  , cerrado (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #75(4) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 1 ♂, 1 ♀, Ponta Porã, 28.xi.2007, Copaifera langsdorffii (D.L. Queiroz)  #14 ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 2 ♀, same but Fazenda Mariana, -22.0027 -55.5658, 560 m, 12–13.ix.2013, edge of eucalypt plantation, transition between Atlantic forest and cerrado (D.L. Queiroz) #575 ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol).— MT: 4 ♀, Chapada dos Guimarães, rd MT 351 along Rio Coxipó-açú, -15.1949 -56.0002, 260 m, 24.vii.2018, road side vegetation, Copaifera langsdorffii (D.L. Queiroz)  #880(2) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 1 ♂, 2 ♀, Cuiabá, road to MT 251 Chapada dos Guimarães, Restaurante Chapadão, -15.3932 -55.9870, 170 m, 25.vii.2018, Copaifera langsdorffii  , roadside vegetation (D.L. Queiroz) #883(1) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 1 ♂, 1 ♀, Cuiabá, PN Chapada dos Guimarães, Rio Paciência, -15.3453 -55.8450, 300 m, 17.iii.2019, Copaifera (D.L. Queiroz)  #934(1) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 6 ♂, 8 ♀, Barão de Melgaço, rd MT 456 to Mimoso, -16.3385 -55.8217, 90 m, 22.vii.2018, Copaifera langsdorffii  , vegetation along the road (D.L. Queiroz) #877(1) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol).— PR: 1 ♂, 2 ♀, Tibagi, -24.4950 -50.4613, 790 m, 22.xi.2018, Copaifera langsdorffii  , roadside vegetation (D.L. Queiroz) #918(1); 1 ♀, Tibagi, Parque Guartelá, -24.5595 -50.2565, 930 m, 9.xii.2013, Copaifera langsdorffii  , cerrado vegetation (D.L. Queiroz) #525(1) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 2 ♂, same but -24.5623/5666 -50.2589, 920–950 m, 23–25. vi.2015, Copaifera langsdorffii  , cerrado vegetation (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #171(16) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 1 ♂, Jaguariaíva, Parque Estadual do Cerrado, -24.1655 -49.6663, 770 m, 10.vii.2013, cerrado vegetation (D.L. Queiroz) #529 ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 2 ♂, 2 ♀, same but -24.1833 -49.6603, 840 m, 10.vii.2013, cerrado vegetation (D.L. Queiroz) #531 ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 2 ♂, 11 ♀, same but -24.1638/1846 -49.6534/6665, 660– 780 m, 26–27.vi.2015, Copaifera langsdorffii  , cerrado vegetation (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #172(1) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 5 ♂, 21 ♀, same but -24.1685/1833 -49.6603/6670, 780– 820 m, 15– 16.ii.2016, Copaifera langsdorffii  , cerrado vegetation (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #197(1) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 2 ♂, 2 ♀, Arapoti, 9.iii.2006, Copaifera langsdorffii (D.L. Queiroz)  #15 ( NHMB, dry mounted, in 70% ethanol); 2 ♂, 1 ♀, same but 9.v.2006, Copaifera langsdorffii (D.L. Queiroz)  #20 ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol).— SP: 2 ♂, 3 ♀, Rincão, Santo Antonio Farm, 11.viii.2009, Citrus  sp. (A.L. Alves de Souza) ( NHMB, dry and slide mounted); 4 ♀, Casa Branca, -21.8021 -47.1254, 650 m, 5.iv.2019, Copaifera langsdorffii  , roadside vegetation (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #317(1) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 1 ♀, Santa Maria da Serra, Mina Velha, -22.6823 -48.3049, 450 m, 7.ii.2018, Copaifera langsdorffii  , vegetable and fruit gardens, edge of cerrado (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #259(8) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 3 ♀, Piracicaba, Universidade de São Paulo, Esalq (Escola Supe- rior de Agricultura “Luiz de Queiroz”) campus, -22.7108 -47.6322, 550 m, 6.ii.2018, Copaifera langsdorffii  , park vegetation (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #257(4) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol).

Description. Adult. Colouration. Head and thorax dorsally varying from light orange to dark brown; thoracic dorsum darker laterally, lighter on disc. Genal processes sometimes reddish. Eyes grey, ocelli dull yellow to grey. Antennal segments 1 dark brown, 2 brown, 3–8 yellowish, often with distinctly dark apex, 9 and 10 almost black. Ventral side of genal processes yellow at base, reddish to dark brown at apex; head and clypeus yellow; rostrum with black tip. Thorax with yellow patches laterally and ventrally. Fore and mid legs almost black, hind legs varying from almost white to black. Forewing ( Figs 7View FIGURES 1–10, 42View FIGURES 39–50) coriaceous, dark brown to almost black with light irregular spots and transverse light band at base which is separated from rest of wing by dark brown oblique streak. Hindwing semitransparent, greyish, with slightly darker veins. Abdomen orange to almost black. Dark colour more expanded in older specimens.

Structure. Head inclined in a 45° angle from longitudinal body axis. Vertex trapezoidal, 0.6–0.8 times as long as wide. Genal processes ( Fig. 46View FIGURES 39–50) 0.8–1.0 times as long as vertex along midline, relatively broad, anteriorly deeply incised, forming a narrower submedian and a broader lateral tubercle, respectively. Antenna 1.4–1.7 times as long as head width; relative length of segment 10 and terminal setae as 1.0:0.9:0.6. Rostrum short, only tip visible in profile, 0.4–0.5 times as long as head width. Pro- and mesotibiae thickened and slightly flattened; protibia 1.5 times as long as profemur ( Fig. 50View FIGURES 39–50), metatibia 0.9–1.1 times as long as head width, with 5 relatively evenly spaced sclerotised apical spurs. Forewing ( Figs 7View FIGURES 1–10, 42View FIGURES 39–50) oval, 3.1–3.8 times as long as head width, 1.8–1.9 times as long as wide; pterostigma relatively long, ending at level of apical third of Rs; cell cu 1 0.8–1.0 times higher than wide; surface spinules forming cellular pattern covering the entire wing except for area near base. Hindwing with costal setae more or less evenly spaced, not arranged in groups; short vein M+Cu developed. Male and female terminalia as in Figs 54, 58View FIGURES 51–60, 67–70View FIGURES 61–70. Male proctiger 0.4–0.5 times as long as head width. Paramere broadest near base, irregularly narrowing to relatively narrow apex. Female proctiger 1.0 times as long as head width; circumanal ring 0.3–0.4 times as long as proctiger; female subgenital plate 0.6–0.7 times as long as proctiger.

Measurements (in mm) (2 ♂, 2 ♀). Head width ♂ 0.56–0.66, ♀ 0.58–0.62; antenna length ♂ 0.88–0.90, ♀ 0.88–0.96; forewing length ♂ 1.82–2.00, ♀ 2.16–2.34; male proctiger length 0.24–0.26; paramere length 0.22; length of distal segment of aedeagus 0.24; female proctiger length 0.60.

Fifth instar immature ( Fig. 17View FIGURES 11–21). Colouration. Sclerites light brown dorsally, yellowish ventrally, membranes yellow. Eyes red. Antenna brown. Rostrum almost black. Legs yellow with brown tibiae and tarsi. Forewing pad darker at base and lighter in apical two thirds; hindwing pad light basally adjacent to forewing pad, darker brown apically. Caudal plate brown with lighter median, longitudinal stripe dorsally; wax pores yellowish.

Structure. Body 1.3 times as long as wide. Antenna 0.9 times as long as forewing pad. Lateral margin of forewing pad evenly curved, giving the wing pad a more ovoid look. Hindwing pad with one marginal sectasetae each. Caudal plate 1.2 times as wide as long; with 4+4 marginal sectasetae, lacking a pair of submedian dorsal sectasetae ( Fig. 60View FIGURES 51–60).

Measurements (in mm) and ratios (1 immature). Body length 1.34, antenna length 0.52; forewing pad length 0.58; caudal plate width 0.68.

Etymology. Noun in apposition. This species is dedicated to the Tupi, indigenous South American people who inhabited almost all of Brazil’s coast before the arrival of the Portuguese. Like many other indigenous people, they were almost completely annihilated by the European colonialists.

Distribution. Brazil (BA, GO, MG, MS, MT, PR, SP).

Host plant, biology and habitat. Copaifera langsdorffii Desf.  —The immatures induce leaf rolls in which they develop.—Cerrado vegetation, transitional Antlantic/cerrado forest, riparian/gallery forest, parks, degraded areas, various plantations.

Comments. Colophorina tupi  differs from the Old World Colophorina  species in the strongly inflated pro- and mesotibiae and the broadly rounded forewing. From the New World species, it differs as indicated in the key, i.e. in details of the forewing pattern and the shape of the genal processes. The terminalia of the four species are similar; the paramere in C. tupi  is irregularly narrowing to apex and slender near the apex.

MG

Museum of Zoology

BA

Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales Bernardino Rivadavia

NHMB

Natural History Museum Bucharest

GO

Philosophical Society

GO-

Philosophical Society

BR

Embrapa Agrobiology Diazothrophic Microbial Culture Collection

INPA

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia

MS

Herbarium Messanaensis, Università di Messina

MT

Mus. Tinro, Vladyvostok

SP

Instituto de Botânica

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hemiptera

Family

Psyllidae

Genus

Colophorina