Mitrapsylla copaiferae,

Burckhardt, Daniel & Queiroz, Dalva L., 2020, Neotropical jumping plant-lice (Hemiptera, Psylloidea) associated with plants of the tribe Detarieae (Leguminosae, Detarioideae), Zootaxa 4733 (1), pp. 1-73: 40-42

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4733.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:31A43156-5462-43AB-B51B-6042BE223D8A

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3671364

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03F987B5-FFD3-880E-30DD-348B7D85FBCD

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Mitrapsylla copaiferae
status

sp. nov.

Mitrapsylla copaiferae  sp. nov.

( Figs 105, 109, 110View FIGURES 105–110, 114, 123, 130View FIGURES 111–133, 144, 145View FIGURES 134–156, 160View FIGURES 157–167, 169, 172View FIGURES 168–174)

LSID: urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:C1A90C1E-3BA3-4F91-9D96-93075F160B7E

Material examined. Holotype ♂, Brazil: MG, Vargem Bonita , Parque Nacional da Serra da Canastra, Cachoeira Casca d’Anta, around park entrance, -24.8541/8573 -48.6982/7121, 850– 860 m, 4–8.ix.2014, Copaifera langsdorffii  , transition from riparian to cerrado vegetation (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #141(4) ( MZSP, dry mounted). 

Paratypes. Brazil: GO: 5 ♂, 1 ♀, GO- 118 km 109, N São João da Alliança, -14.5997 -47.4932, 970 m, 18.ii.2018, Copaifera langsdorffii  , roadside vegetation (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #271(1) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 4 ♂, 4 ♀, Alto Paraíso do Goiás, São Jorge, –14.178 –47.810, 1010 m, 17–18.ii.2018, Copaifera marginata  , forest edge, planted trees (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #269(1) ( NHMB, slide mounted, in 70% ethanol); 1 ♂, 1 ♀, Cristalina, -16.2190 -47.4672, 980 m, 30.ix.2015 ( T.M. Kuhn) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 2 ♂, 2 ♀, ca. 20 km W Rio Verde, BR 060, S17°48.9’ W51°05.5’, 830 m, 31.x.2012, forest edge of cerrado along road (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) # 51(-) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol).— MG: 6 ♂, 6 ♀, Vazante, Fazenda Bainha, Guariba, -17.8791/8795 -46.9187/9202, 640– 660 m, 20.ix.2011, cerrado, edge of natural forest (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) # 13(-) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 1 ♂, same but Curtume river, -17.8822/8863 -46.9213/9229, 650– 660 m, 21–22.ix.2011, cerrado along river (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) # 16(-) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 5 ♂, 3 ♀, same but -17.8913/8841 -46.9163/9221, 660– 670 m, 29–30.x.2012, Copaifera langsdorffii  , cerrado vegetation, edges of disturbed forest, eucalypt plantation, creek (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) # 50(8) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 1 ♂, same but near source of Curtume river, -17.8891/8942 -46.9196/9205, 640– 690 m, 11.ix.2014, Copaifera langsdorffii  , degraded cerrado vegetation (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #145(5) ( NHMB, dry mounted); 3 ♂, 3 ♀, same but around the house and eucalypt plantation, -17.8908 -46.9247, 660 m, 11.ix.2014, Copaifera langsdorffii  , remnants of cerrado forest and eucalypt plantation (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #147(10) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 3 ♂, 3 ♀, same but -17.8908 -46.9247, 660 m, 28–31.viii.2019, Copaifera langsdorffii  , cerrado, partly degraded, eucalypt plantation (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #347(10) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 12 ♂, 7 ♀, same but Vazante, Fazenda Bocaina, -17.8913/8925 -46.9108/9112, 670– 690 m, 22.ix.2011, Copaifera langsdorffii  , cerrado near river (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) # 17(8) ( NHMB, slide mounted, in 70% ethanol); 7 ♂, 3 ♀, 4 im- matures, same but -17.8930 -46.9111, 640 m, 29.viii.2019, Copaifera langsdorffii  , edges of cerrado (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #348(6) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 5 ♂, 4 ♀, same but Grota de Bocaina, -17.8903/8919 -46.9145/9165, 670– 710 m, 22.ix.2011, cerrado (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) # 18(-) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 22 ♂, 10 ♀, same but -17.8930 -46.9111, 640 m, 12.ix.2014, Copaifera langsdorffii  , edges of cerrado forest (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #146(1) ( NHMB, dry mounted, in 70% ethanol); 2 ♀, Vazante, Votorantim, -17.6286 -46.700, 540 m, 16.iii.2015 (D.L. Queiroz) #686(-) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 3 ♂, 2 ♀, same but -17.6306 -46.6999, 500 m, 16.iii.2015 (D.L. Queiroz) #687(-) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 6 ♂, 8 ♀, 39 immatures, 12 skins, same but Fazenda Bom Sucesso, -17.6076 -46.6906, 540 m, 4.i.2017 (D.L. Queiroz) #797(4) ( NHMB, slide mounted, in 70% ethanol); 2 ♀, Coromandel, Fazenda Laje, -18.5428/5584 -46.8992/9164, 990– 1060 m, 28.x.2012, Copaifera langsdorffii  , cerrado vegetation (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) # 49(6) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 2 ♀, same but -18.5575 -46.9019, 1090 m, 5.iii.2014, Copaifera langsdorffii (D.L. Queiroz)  #606(2) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 2 ♂, 2 ♀, same but -18.5610 -46.9020, 1060 m, 12.ii.2018, Copaifera langsdorffii  , cerrado vegetation (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #263(5) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 1 ♀, same but -18.5563 -46.89574, 1060 m, 4.iii.2019, Copaifera langsdorffii, (D.L. Queiroz)  #921(2) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 14 ♂, 11 ♀, same but -18.5610 -46.9020, 1060 m, 23.viii.2019, Copaifera langsdorffii  , cerrado vegetation (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #346(6) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 3 ♀, Uberlândia, Clube Caça e Pesca Itororo, -18.9931 -48.3061, 830 m, 7.x.2017, Copaifera langsdorffii (D.L. Queiroz)  #836(6) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 4 ♂, 7 ♀, Uberlândia, Panga, -19.1837 –48.3961, 810 m, 8.ii.2018, Copaifera langsdorffii  , cerrado (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #261(6) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 1 ♂, Perdizes, -19.3176 -47.3956, 1070 m, 30.x.2015 ( T.M. Kuhn) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 6 ♂, 10 ♀, 11 immatures, same data as holotype but ( MZSP, NHMB, dry and slide mounted, in 70% ethanol); 3 ♂, 5 ♀, road Var- gem Bonita to Cachoeira Casca d’Anta, Parque Nacional da Serra da Canastra, 15 km before Cachoeira Casca d’Anta, -20.3391 -46.4392, 880 m, 4.ix.2014, Copaifera langsdorffii  , degraded cerrado vegetation (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #142(2) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 2 immatures, Vargem Bonita, Parque Nacional da Serra da Canastra, Cachoeira Casca d’Anta, near waterfall, -20.3090 -46.5231, 860 m, 5.ix.2014, Copaifera langsdorffii  , transition from riparian to cerrado vegetation (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #143(3) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 3 ♂, 6 ♀, Lavras, -21.2672 -44.9353, 900 m, 1–6.vi.2010, edge of Atlantic forest around coffee plantation mixed with pastures (D. Burckhardt) #1(-) ( NHMB, dry mounted); 2 ♂, 1 ♀, Lavras, Universidade Federal de Lavras, UFLA, -21.2308 -44.9914, 900 m, 2–11.vi.2010, park trees, forest edge, hedges and plantations (D. Burckhardt) #2(-) ( NHMB, dry mounted); 11 ♂, 10 ♀, 2 immatures, Buritizeiro, along route BR-365, -17.5169 -45.2356, 860 m, 23.ix.2019, Copaifera langsdorffii  , roadside vegetation (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #379(1) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 3 ♂, 8 ♀, Diamantina, Parque Estadual do Biribiri, Retiro, -18.1539 -43.6180, 1040 m, 14.ix.2019, Copaifera langsdorffii  , cerrado, riverine vegetation (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #356(3),( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 2 ♀, São Gonçalo do Rio Preto, Parque Estadual do Rio Preto, Vau das Éguas, -18.0990 -43.3210, 720 m, 12.ix.2019, cerrado along river, (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #355(-) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol).— MS: 1 ♂, Ponta Porã, Fazenda Mariana, -21.9990 -55.5636, 590 m, 12.ix.2013, edge of eucalypt plantation, transition between Atlantic forest and cerrado (D.L. Queiroz) #576 ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 1 ♂, Coxim, BR 163, -17.9772 -54.6758, 350 m, 12.xi.2012, forest edge along field (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) # 67(-) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 1 ♀, 13 immatures, 2 skins, Mato Grosso do Sul, Campo Grande, near BR 163, -20.8907/8948 -54.5713/6599, 440– 450 m, 16.xi.2012, Copaifera langsdorffii  , cerrado edge along unpaved road (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) # 74(10) ( NHMB, slide mounted, in 70% ethanol); 2 ♂, 3 ♀, Sidrolândia, South of Sidrolândia, MS 162, -21.0786 -54.9560, 440 m, 17.xi.2012, Copaifera langsdorffii  , cerrado (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #75(4) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol).— MT: 1 ♀, Sorriso, -12.5461 -55.7256, 390 m, 21.viii.2013, Cenostigma pluviosum (T. Mazzardo)  #P31 ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 1 ♂, 2 ♀, Sorriso, Fazenda Mazzardo I, -12.4250 -55.7967, 380 m, 15.viii.2013 ( T. Mazzardo) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 3 ♂, 3 ♀, Sorriso, Fazenda Mazzardo II, -12.4258 -55.8500, 380 m, 15.viii.2013 ( T. Mazzardo) ( NHMB, dry mounted, in 70% ethanol); 1 ♀, same but Fazenda Mazzardo II, -12.4053 -55.8238, 390 m, 26.vii.2014, Copaifera  , edge of native forest ( T. Mazzardo) #P022 ( NHMB, dry mounted); 1 ♂, same but -12.4011 -55.8234, 390 m, 26.vii.2014, edge of native forest ( T. Mazzardo) #P023 ( NHMB, dry mounted); 1♀, Nova Mutum, -13.7878 -56.2905, 380 m, 13.vi.2016 (L.A. Pezzini) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 1 ♂, 1 ♀, Barão de Melgaço, rd MT 456 to Mimoso, -16.3385 -55.8217, 90 m, 22.vii.2018, Copaifera langsdorffii  , vegetation along the road (D.L. Queiroz) #877(1) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol).— SP: 1 ♀, Botucatu, -22.8826, -48.4418, 810 m, 29.ix.2017, sticky trap (M. T. Borbón Cortés) #10 ( NHMB, dry mounted); 1 ♂, Santa Maria da Serra, Mina Velha, -22.6823 -48.3049, 450 m, 7.ii.2018, Copaifera langsdorffii  , vegetable and fruit gardens, edge of cerrado (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #259(8) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 2 ♂, 5 ♀, 36 immatures, Casa Branca, -21.8206 -47.0653, 680 m, 5.iv.2019, Copaifera langsdorffii  , edge of citrus  grove (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #315(4) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 1 ♂, same but -21.8021 -47.1254, 650 m, 5.iv.2019, Copaigera langsdorffii  , roadside vegetation (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #317(1) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol).

Description. Adult. Colouration. Dark brown to almost black ( Fig. 105View FIGURES 105–110). Head, pronotum and mesopraescutum with pattern consisting of fine whitish or yellowish lines, mesoscutum only with longitudinal lines. Ocelli reddish. Antennal segments 3–5 yellow to brown with dark tips. Clypeus whitish. Metapleura orange or yellow. Tibiae and tarsi yellow. Forewing ( Fig. 123View FIGURES 111–133) transparent, colourless with smaller or larger dark brown or black dots around radular spinules in cells r 1, r 2, m 1, m 2 and cu 1 as well as at apex of clavus, sometimes almost absent; veins yellow or light brown with brown tips. Hindwing whitish, transparent, clavus slightly infuscate. Abdomen with two longitudinal submedian rows of whitish dots; intersegmental membranes yellow or orange. Young specimens orange or brown getting gradually darker with age.

Structure. Head inclined in a 30° angle from longitudinal body axis. Genal processes irregularly narrowing towards blunt apex, 0.4–0.6 times as long as vertex along midline ( Fig. 114View FIGURES 111–133). Antenna 2.7–3.1 times as long as head width. Rostrum short, only apical segment visible in profile, 0.4 times as long as head width. Forewing ( Fig. 123View FIGURES 111–133) 2.5–3.1 times as long as head width, 1.9–2.5 times as long as wide, broadly, irregularly rounded apically, most strongly curved in cell r 2; pterostigma moderately long, broad at base, about as wide as adjacent part of cell r 1; cell cu 1 0.8–1.0 times higher than wide; surface spinules present in all cells but much reduced, usually present in apical half of cell r 1, in the middle of cells r 2, m 1, m 2 and cu 1 along wing margin, and in cell cu 2 leaving broad spinule-free stripes along the veins, more robust and more expanded on pigmented areas. Metatibia 0.5–0.6 times as long as head width. Terminalia as in Figs 130View FIGURES 111–133, 144, 145View FIGURES 134–156, 160View FIGURES 157–167. Male proctiger 0.4 times as long as head width, with narrow, slightly curved posterior lobes basally. Paramere simple, lamellar, slender in apical third; apex ending in a single small, forward directed slerotised tooth; inner surface sparsely covered in long setae. Distal segment of aedeagus expanded in apical third, consisting of a distal oval dilatation and a proximal tooth; sclerotised end tube of ductus ejaculatorius short, almost straight. Female proctiger 1.3–1.4 times as long as head width, dorsal outline very weakly sinuous, apex obliquely truncate; circumanal ring 0.2–0.3 times as long as proctiger. Female subgenital plate 0.5–0.6 times as long as proctiger, apex pointed.

Measurements (in mm; 6 ♂, 7 ♀). Head width ♂ 0.78–0.86, ♀ 0.76–0.96; antenna length ♂ 2.34–2.70, ♀ 2.22–2.76; forewing length ♂ 1.98–2.34, ♀ 2.26–2.48; male proctiger length 0.32–0.36; paramere length 0.32–0.34; length of distal segment of aedeagus 0.32–0.34; female proctiger length 1.04–1.20.

Fifth instar immature ( Figs 109, 110View FIGURES 105–110). Colouration. Dirty whitish. Apices of flagellar segments brown. Sclerites on head and thorax dirty yellowish. Head and thoracic tergites with orange dots. Wing pads and legs yellowish grey. Abdomen with one median and each a sublateral row of orange dots on each segment, dorsally.

Structure. Body 1.3–1.5 times as long as wide. Antenna 9-segmented, often division of segment 8 and 9 incomplete, 1.8–2.2 times as long as forewing pad. Marginal setae on forewing pad weakly capitate, particularly the longer ones, long and medium long, the longer setae mostly longer than distance between bases of adjacent setae; setae on dorsum of wing pads pointed ( Fig. 169View FIGURES 168–174). Circumanal ring large, strongly indented anteriorly ( Fig. 172View FIGURES 168–174).

Measurements (in mm) and ratios (7 immatures). Body length 1.42–1.64, antenna length 1.04–1.22.

Etymology. Noun in genitive case. Named after its host genus Copaifera  .

Distribution. Brazil (GO, MG, MS, MT, SP).

Host plant, biology and habitat. Copaifera langsdorffii Desf.  , perhaps also C. marginata Benth.  —Cerrado, transition to riparian and Atlantic forest, disturbed vegetation around cultures, parks.

Comments. Mitrapsylla copaiferae  differs from other copaiba psyllids as indicated in the key. It is morphologically similar to M. compta  and M. fumipennis  in the short genal processes, the forewing which is slightly angled in cell r 2, the simple, long and slender paramere and the long female terminalia. It differs from the former in the slightly longer genal processes, the absence of a continuous submarginal band on the forewing, the apically narrower paramere, the distal portion of the aedeagus which is strongly inflated and the female proctiger with the dorsal outline slightly more indented subapically. From the latter it differs in the forewing membrane which is colourless rather than infuscate, the apically narrower paramere and the longer apical dilatation of the aedeagus.

Based on the short genal processes, the weakly angular forewing and details of the male and female terminalia, Mitrapsylla minuticonis Brown & Hodkinson  from Panama is closely related to M. copaiferae  . Its host plant is presently unknown, but we postulate that it is Copaifera  .

MG

Museum of Zoology

MZSP

Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

GO

Philosophical Society

GO-

Philosophical Society

NHMB

Natural History Museum Bucharest

T

Tavera, Department of Geology and Geophysics

BR

Embrapa Agrobiology Diazothrophic Microbial Culture Collection

MS

Herbarium Messanaensis, Università di Messina

MT

Mus. Tinro, Vladyvostok

SP

Instituto de Botânica

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hemiptera

Family

Psyllidae

Genus

Mitrapsylla