Syspira alayoni,

Sánchez-Ruiz, Alexander, Santos, Gabriel De Los, Brescovit, Antonio D. & Bonaldo, Alexandre B., 2020, The genus Syspira Simon, 1895 (Araneae: Miturgidae) from Hispaniola, with the description of four new species, Zootaxa 4894 (3), pp. 413-431: 417-418

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4894.3.7

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:37DC47AA-45C7-4729-A28F-5539FD26F21B

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4331420

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03F9306A-972C-FFC9-FF1F-FA330D3DFD91

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Syspira alayoni
status

species nova

Syspira alayoni  species nova

Figures 3A – CView FIGURE 3, 9View FIGURE 9, 10CView FIGURE 10

Types. Female holotype ( MNHNSD 09.1624View Materials) from Loma El Curro (18°22'48.8"N – 71°01'35.2"W), 1379 m, Parque Nacional Sierra Martín García , Province Barahona, Dominican Republic, 30.V.2014, G. de los Santos. Female paratype ( MNHNSD 09.1625View Materials), 31.VII–02.VIII.2013, P. Torres & G. de los Santos, other data as holotypeGoogleMaps  .

Other material examined. DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: Province Barahona, Parque Nacional Sierra Martín García, Loma El Curro (18°22'42.2"N – 70°01'21.8"W), 1323 m, 31.V.2014, F. Paz, P. Torres & G. de los Santos, 1♀, 3 juv ( MNHNSD 09.1626View Materials)GoogleMaps  .

Etymology. The specific name is a patronym in honor of the Cuban arachnologist Giraldo Alayón García.

Diagnosis. Females of S. alayoni  sp. n. can be distinguished from other Hispaniolan species by the narrower dorsal median plate, 2.5 times longer than wide ( Fig. 3BView FIGURE 3); other known species have it wider, 1.5 or less times longer than wide.

Description. Male: Unknown.

Female (holotype MNHNSD 09.1624): carapace orange with the two dark-gray paramedian bands ( Fig. 10CView FIGURE 10). Chelicerae dark orange; labium, endites and sternum orange (dark orange towards the edges). Palp orange. Legs orange with no marked difference in the coloration of metatarsus and tarsus. Abdomen gray with three white longitudinal dorsal rows extending from the anterior part almost to the middle and then showing many white spots ( Fig. 10CView FIGURE 10); ventrally yellow with gray spots. Total length 7.8, carapace length 3.4, width 2.8. Eye diameters: AME 0.12, ALE 0.14, PME 0.16, PLE 0.14. Chelicerae 1.5 long, with three promarginal and two retromarginal teeth. Leg femur length: I—2.6; II—2.4; III—2.3; IV—3.0. Palp: claw with three teeth ( Fig. 3CView FIGURE 3); spination: patella p1; tibia p2 - 0 - 0, d0 - 0 - 1; tarsus v0 - 0 - 2 p2 - 1 - 0, r1 - 1 - 0, d1 - 0 - 0 ( Fig. 3CView FIGURE 3). Leg spination: I—tibia v2 - 2 - 0, p0, r0, d0; metatarsus v2 - 0 - 0, p0, r0, d0; II—tibia v1 - 1 - 2, p0, r0, d0, metatarsus v2 - 0 - 0, p0, r0, d0; III—tibia v2 - 2 - 2, p1 - 1 - 0, r1 - 1 - 0, d1 - 1 - 0, metatarsus v1 - 2 - 1, p1 - 1 - 0, r1 - 1 - 1, d2 - 2 - 2; IV—tibia v2 - 2 - 2, p1 - 1 - 0, r1 - 1 - 0, d1 - 1 - 0, metatarsus v2 - 2 - 2, p1 - 1 - 1, r1 - 1 - 0, d2 - 2 - 2. Abdomen length 3.9. Epigynum: atrium wider than long, with a long and narrow dorsal median plate ( Fig. 3BView FIGURE 3), with atrial lateral dorsal folds and an atrial hood not projected ( Fig. 3AView FIGURE 3); anterior edges of posterior plates rounded and separated from each other ( Fig. 3AView FIGURE 3); primary spermathecae coiled; secondary spermathecae globular and projected internally; fertilization ducts longer than spermathecae; L-shaped copulatory ducts ( Fig. 3A – BView FIGURE 3).

Remarks. This species was collected in the cloud forest remnants at the top of Loma El Curro Mountain from Parque Nacional Sierra Martín García.

Distribution. Known only from the type locality in Barahona Province, Dominican Republic ( Fig. 9View FIGURE 9).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Miturgidae

Genus

Syspira