Halecium labrosum Alder, 1859

Gravili, Cinzia, Vito, Doris De, Camillo, Cristina Gioia Di, Martell, Luis, Piraino, Stefano & Boero, Ferdinando, 2015, The non-Siphonophoran Hydrozoa (Cnidaria) of Salento, Italy with notes on their life-cycles: an illustrated guide, Zootaxa 3908 (1), pp. 1-187: 89-90

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3908.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:D6AD2B49-170B-4D9C-84AA-DBE0FEEAD8BE

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03F887DE-FFAE-FFE0-9CD6-0AE8D3F2FDB6

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Halecium labrosum Alder, 1859
status

 

Halecium labrosum Alder, 1859 

Fig. 62View FIGURE 62 A –D

See Schuchert (2005 b) for a complete synonymy.

Material examined. HCUS-S 0 69 (Hydrozoa Collection, University of Salento—fauna of the Salento Peninsula).

Description (based on our own observations; Schuchert 2005 b):

Hydroid. Colonies erect; hydrocauli polysiphonic, up to 100 mm high, irregularly branched, mainly in one plane, internodes provided with irregular undulations, each inserted laterally at distal part of previous internode with characteristic upward curve near base, nodes alternately oblique; hydrotheca at the end of internode, short, with everted rim recurved downwards, renovations frequent; gonothecae borne on short 1–2 ringed pedicels, without gonophoral hydranths, male ones oval and elongated, with small distal aperture, females ovoid, large, aperture on short collar.

Cnidome. Microbasic mastigophores.

Habitat type. Hard-bottom, coralligenous, semi-dark cave (depth range: 0–40 m, but also down to 700 m) ( Boero & Fresi 1986; Gili 1986; Puce et al. 2009; Mastrototaro et al. 2010).

Substrate. Algae, concretions, hydroids, bryozoans, barnacles, cold water corals.

Seasonality. September –November ( Boero & Fresi 1986); April, May, July –August, November –February (Llobet i Nidal 1987); February (Puce et al. 2009) in the western Mediterranean; April, September (Mastrototaro et al. 2010), December (this study) in Salento waters.

Reproductive period. September –November ( Boero & Fresi 1986); September, October, December, February (Bouillon et al. 2004) in the Mediterranean Sea.

Distribution. Arctic-boreal species, eastern and western Atlantic, Mediterranean, northern Pacific ( Cornelius 1995; Medel & López-González 1996; Bouillon et al. 2004; Schuchert 2005 b).

Records in Salento. Rare at S. Maria di Leuca (Mastrototaro et al. 2010).

Remarks. For Schuchert (2005 b), following Broch (1918), it is possible that at least some Mediterranean records of H. labrosum  belong to other species of Halecium  , particularly to H. mediterraneum  .

References. Picard (1958 a), Rossi (1961, 1971), Sarà et al. (1978), Morri & Bianchi (1983), Boero & Fresi (1986), Gili (1986), Llobet et al. (1986, 1991), Llobet i Nidal (1987), Gili et al. (1989), Medel & López-González (1996), Bouillon et al. (2004), Schuchert (2005 b), Puce et al. (2009), Mastrototaro et al. (2010).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Cnidaria

Class

Hydrozoa

Order

Leptothecata

Family

Haleciidae

Genus

Halecium