Andesipolis flamengo Shimbori

Mitio, Shimbori Eduardo, Souza, Souza-Gessner Carolina Da Silva, Maria, Penteado-Dias Angelica & Richard, Shaw Scott, 2017, A revision of the genus Andesipolis (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Mesostoinae) and redefinition of the subfamily Mesostoinae, Zootaxa 4216 (2), pp. 101-152 : 126-128

publication ID 10.5281/zenodo.230717

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Andesipolis flamengo Shimbori

sp. n.

Andesipolis flamengo Shimbori sp. n.

( Figs 4 View FIGURES 2 – 13 , 17 View FIGURES 14 – 25 , 28 View FIGURES 26 – 34 , 39 View FIGURES 39 – 42 , 98–101 View FIGURES 98 – 101 )

Female. Body length 2.8 mm; fore wing length 2.8–2.9 mm.

Head. Smooth and polished, with scattered setae; 1.20–1.23x wider than mesoscutum. Face about 2x broader than long, polished. Clypeus 1.7–2.1x broader than long. Malar space 0.42–0.46x eye height in frontal view. In lateral view, eyes 1.6–1.8x longer than temple. Maximum width of lateral ocellus 0.47–0.54x ocell-ocular distance. Antenna 1.21–1.27x longer than fore wing, 30–31 segmented; first flagellomere 2.8–3.8x longer than wide.

Mesosoma . About 1.7x longer than high. Mesonotum 1.3–1.4x longer than width of mesoscutum. Pronotum dorsally with crenulated sulcus anteriorly and distinct mid-longitudinal carina, posteriorly rugose, about 0.7x longer than vertex; laterally mostly smooth and polished, pronotal groove weakly indicated with few rugosities anteriorly and posteriorly, virtually devoid of setae. Mesonotum smooth and polished; setae concentrated anteriorly on median lobe and posteriorly on lateral lobes of mesoscutum, scattered setae along margin of scutellum; notauli present on anterior 0.22–0.24 of the mesoscutum, narrow and shallow dorsally but distinctly crenulate; mid pit long and roughly elliptical, about 0.64–0.69x the length of mesoscutum; scutellum 1.1–1.2x longer than wide, smooth and polished; scutellar sulcus 0.29–0.32x longer than wide, with one median carina; mesoscutellar trough striated proximally, smooth and bare distally. Metanotum with median carina weakly indicated, laterally weakly costate (only along posterior margin) with scattered setae. Mesopleuron smooth bare on central portion, setae concentrated on anterior corner and ventrally; sternaulus short and crenulated; anterior corner of mesopleuron smooth. Epicnemial carina present ventrally, incomplete. Metapleuron smooth and polished, with long and scattered setae. Propodeum mostly smooth and polished with some rugosity inside areola, areola open anteriorly with distinct cross-bridge and one pair of transverse lateral carinae ( Fig. 17 View FIGURES 14 – 25 ), anterior pair absent; median carina relatively long, irregular posteriorly. Hind coxa 1.43x longer than wide, 0.8–1.0x as long as metasomal TI. Hind basitarsus about 0.36–0.41x as long as hind tibia. Hind tarsal claws without basal lobe.

Wings. Fore wing. Stigma 3.7–3.8x longer than broad; vein r arising from middle of stigma. Vein r 0.52–0.58x longer than vein 3RSa. Vein 2RS weakly sinuate, 0.80–0.87x longer than 3RSa. Vein 3 RSa 0.53–0.58 x 3 RSb and 1.8–2.3x as long as vein r-m. Vein 1 Cub 1.42–1.73 x 1 CUa. Vein (RS+M)b distinct and not pigmented. Vein 1-1AC 0.24–0.32x longer than vein 2-1 A. Hind wing. Vein M +CU about 1.7–1.9x longer than 1M. Vein cu-a 0.56x as long as 1M. Vein r-m 0.44–0.53x as long as 1M.

Metasoma. TI 0.8–0.9x as long as apical width; mostly smooth and polished, weakly rugose–striate apically, with a pair of lateral longitudinal carinae delimiting the elevated median region of tergum; dorsal carinae converging but not meeting, extending shortly beyond half-length of tergum; dorsope deep and large. Metasoma beyond petiole evenly weakly sclerotized; TII about 1.3x longer than TIII. Ovipositor straight, 0.9–1.1x as long as hind tibia; ovipositor sheaths 0.5–0.7x longer than ovipositor.

Color. Head orangish yellow, stemmaticum, vertex medially and occiput dorsally dusky; antenna blackish, slightly lighter apically. Mesosoma black; mesoscutum medially, anterior corner of mesopleuron, scutellum, propodeum and metapleuron orangish yellow; in some specimens the propodeum and metapleuron blackish anteriorly; legs yellow but fore and mid tarsomeres brown and apical 1/3 of hind tibia and hind tarsi dark brown. Wings moderately infuscate with dark brown veins; stigma dark brown. Metasoma yellow, apical terga brown.

Male. Unknown

Biology. Unknown

Comments. The color of A. flamengo sp. n. resembles A. bicolor sp. n. and A. atlanticus sp. n. (head yellowish, antenna, pronotum and most of mesonotum black, and metasoma lighter yellowish). A. flamengo sp. n. is similar to A. bicolor sp. n. by the absence of the anterior pair of transverse lateral carinae on propodeum. These two species can be distinguished by propodeal areola open anteriorly in A. flamengo sp. n. (long and triangular in A. bicolor sp. n.), and the hind wing vein 1M about 2x longer than vein r-m in A. flamengo sp. n. (1M about as long as vein r-m in A. bicolor sp. n.). A. flamengo sp. n. is distinct from other in the long mesoscutal mid-pit; absence of anterior pair of transverse lateral carinae on propodeum; bright body color contrasting black and yellow; infuscate wings; areola strong posteriorly but open anteriorly; TI smooth with a pair of dorsal carinae.

Distribution. Known only from Itatiaia National Park, Brazil, at 2,176 until 2,206 meters above sea level.

Etymology. This species was named in honor to the toad Melanophryniscus moreirae (Miranda-Ribeiro 1920) ( Bufonidae ), the "sapo flamenguinho", inhabitant of the Itatiaia National Park and one of its symbols. The toad’s popular name is a reference to its red and black colors, being the same colors of C.R. Flamengo , which is the most popular soccer team in the state of Rio de Janeiro.

Type material. Holotype, female (DCBU 210456). Itatiaia , RJ, Brasil / PARNA Itatiaia 2176 m / S 22°21’50.5” W 44°44’38.4” / Armadilha Malaise IV / 22.XII.2011 / R.F. Monteiro e eq. col.” GoogleMaps . Paratype. 1♀ ( DCBU 22187 View Materials ), same as holotype, Malaise 5, S 22°21’36.9” W 44°43’56” (2,206 m), 19.VII.2011 GoogleMaps .


Universidade Federal de Sao Carlos