Andesipolis whitfieldi Shimbori & Gessner,

Mitio, Shimbori Eduardo, Souza, Souza-Gessner Carolina Da Silva, Maria, Penteado-Dias Angelica & Richard, Shaw Scott, 2017, A revision of the genus Andesipolis (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Mesostoinae) and redefinition of the subfamily Mesostoinae, Zootaxa 4216 (2), pp. 101-152: 148-149

publication ID 10.5281/zenodo.230717

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Andesipolis whitfieldi Shimbori & Gessner

sp. n.

Andesipolis whitfieldi Shimbori & Gessner  sp. n.

( Figs 13View FIGURES 2 – 13, 34View FIGURES 26 – 34, 164–168View FIGURES 164 – 168)

Female. Body length 2.5–2.6 mm; fore wing length 2.6–2.7 mm.

Head. Smooth and polished, with scattered setae; 1.3x wider than mesoscutum. Face 1.9x broader than long, smooth and polished. Clypeus 2.6x broader than long. Malar space 0.5x eye height in frontal view. In lateral view, eyes 0.96x longer than temple. Maximum width of lateral ocellus 0.37x ocell-ocular distance. Antenna about 1.1x longer than fore wing, 27 segmented; first flagellomere roughly 4.5x longer than wide.

Mesosoma  . 1.9x longer than high. Mesonotum 1.3x longer than width of mesoscutum. Pronotum dorsally with arched and weakly crenulate sulcus posteriorly, and distinct mid-longitudinal carina anteriorly; about 0.8x longer than vertex, the posterior region roughly 2x longer than anterior region; laterally smooth and polished, virtually devoid of setae except for a line along posterior margin. Mesonotum smooth and polished; mesoscutum with scattered setae medially and anteriorly, scutellar sulcus bare, scutellum with scattered setae mostly along margin; notauli present on anterior 0.2–0.3 of the mesoscutum, narrow but distinctly impressed and faintly crenulate; mid pit elliptical, 0.48–0.49x the length of mesoscutum; scutellum 1.1x longer than wide, smooth and polished; scutellar sulcus 0.26x longer than wide, with one median carina; mesoscutellar trough smooth. Metanotum without median carina; laterally smooth with sparse setae. Mesopleuron bare on central portion, setae concentrated on anterior corner and ventrally; sternaulus deep, weakly crenulate; anterior corner of mesopleuron smooth. Epicnemial carina present laterally, very weak to absent ventrally. Metapleuron mostly smooth, rugose just near hind coxa, with long and scattered setae. Propodeum mostly smooth; areola indistinct anteriorly, with distinct cross-bridge and two pairs of transverse lateral carinae; median carina short and posteriorly irregular. Hind coxa 1.7x longer than wide, 0.95x as long as metasomal TI. Hind basitarsus about 0.4x as long as hind tibia. Hind tarsal claws without basal lobe.

Wings. Fore wing. Stigma 3.6x longer than broad; vein r arising from middle of stigma. Vein r 0.67x longer than vein 3RSa. Vein 2RS gently sinuate, as long as vein 3RSa. Vein 3 RSa 0.47 x 3 RSb and 1.7x as long as vein rm. Vein 1 Cub 2.5x vein 1CUa. Vein (RS+M)b relatively long and not pigmented. Vein 1-1AC 0.15x longer than vein 2-1 A. Hind wing. Vein M +CU 1.3x longer than 1M. Vein cu-a 0.3x as long as 1M. Vein r-m 0.4x as long as 1M. 

Metasoma. TI about as long as apical width; medially mat and weakly rugose, laterally smooth and polished; dorsal carinae apparently forking just basally, one branch extending over most of tergum length basally connected and the other enclosing a roughly semicircular area from which arises a mid-longitudinal ridge; dorsope deep and large. Metasoma beyond petiole weakly sclerotized; TII 2x longer than TIII. Ovipositor straight, about as long as hind tibia; ovipositor sheaths 0.6x longer than ovipositor.

Color. Dark brown. Mandibles yellow, tips dark brown. Palpi whitish. Antenna brown. Propleuron, pronotum dorsally and latero-ventrally, and legs honey yellow. Vertex with a pair of moon-shaped honey yellow patches just above eyes. Mesoscutum with light brown patch mid-posteriorly. Tarsi light brown. Petiole yellow, medially brown. Anterior corner of mesopleuron yellow. Metasoma beyond petiole pale brown dorsally, laterally and ventrally light yellow. Wigs hyaline, veins brown.

Male. Body length 2.4 mm; fore wing length 2.5 mm. Similar to female, with lighter patch on mesonotum extending through scutellar sulcus and part of scutellum. The anterior corner of mesopleuron darker.

Biology. Unknown

Comments. This species has the petiole with dorsal carinae meeting basally and enclosing a roughly semicircular area, also with short mid-longitudinal carina as in A. cacildis  sp. n. A. whitfieldi  sp. n. differs from A. cacildis  sp. n. in the notauli deeply impressed and crenulate dorsally and midpit large and deep, both weakly impressed in A. cacildis  sp. n., the honey yellow patch on mesoscutum, which is entirely dark brown in A. cacildis  sp. n., the petiole yellow but brown centrally, as compared with entirely dark brown in A. cacildis  sp. n., and scape and pedicel brown as flagellum, while yellow and contrasting lighter than flagellum in A. cacildis  sp. n.

Distribution. Known only from type locality at Itatiaia  National Park, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, at 2,255 m of elevation (montane grasslands).

Etymology. The species is named after our colleague James Whitfield, who described the genus Andesipolis  along with Won-Young Choi.

Type material. Holotype, female ( DCBU 51427View Materials): “ Itatiaia  , RJ, Brasil / PARNA de Itatiaia  / S 22°23’38.9” W 44°39’59,7” / Armadilha Malaise 0 7 / 20.xii.2013 2255 m / R.F. Monteiro col.”GoogleMaps 

Paratypes (2♂) (DCBU 210531 – 210532). Same as holotype, different date: 2♂, 30.V.2012.


Universidade Federal de Sao Carlos