Trachymyrmex

Rabeling, Christian, Cover, Stefan P., Johnson, Robert A. & Mueller, And Ulrich G., 2007, A review of the North American species of the fungus-gardening ant genus Trachymyrmex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), Zootaxa 1664, pp. 1-53: 4-6

publication ID

10.5281/zenodo.180014

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:4A226642-8CC2-4D64-808E-D350F91FB9CD

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03EA87CA-FFA4-FFA4-FF6B-FA33FA45FE99

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Trachymyrmex
status

 

Key to workers & queens of Trachymyrmex  species occuring in the United States

Trachymyrmex  workers within a colony often vary slightly in size, thus some of the characters used in this key can vary within colonies. For best results, we recommend checking the characters on several specimens from each collection or nest series when using this key. To increase the usability, we highlight the morphological characters used in this key by pointing arrows to the respective characters in one representative figure per couplet; the highlighted character can be seen in figures marked with bold font, underlining, in square brackets (e.g.: in couplet (1) see figure [8 B] for shallow antennal scrobe described by preocular and frontal carinae). The key works for queens also if one substitutes the word “pronotal” for “promesonotal” when referring to mesosomal teeth or spines (except references to “median anterior pronotal tubercles,” which are not present in queens).

1 In full-face view, preocular and frontal carinae subparallel, converging gradually towards the posterior corners of the head, forming a long, shallow antennal scrobe ( Figures 8View FIGURE 8 [8 B]& 19) ................................. 2

- In full-face view, preocular and frontal carinae NOT subparallel, frontal carinae often extending towards

the posterior corners of the head, but preocular carinae always curving mesially towards the frontal carinae, rarely actually touching them ( Figures 1View FIGURE 1, 3View FIGURE 3, 5View FIGURE 5 [5 B], 6, 10, 11, 12, 13, 15, 17).................................... 3 2 In full-face view, antennal scapes reaching or just slightly surpassing the posterior corners of head. In side view, center of clypeus with several long, conspicuous, coarse, erect hairs, nearly as long as those in the row of long hairs along the anterior clypeal margin that project over the dorsal surface of the mandibles ( Figure 19View FIGURE 19) ........................................................................................................................................ turrifex 

- In full-face view, antennal scape surpassing posterior corner of head by the maximum diameter of the scape or more. In side view, clypeus usually with only a few short, stiff erect hairs present, when present these are much shorter than the row of long hairs along the anterior clypeal margin ( Figure 8View FIGURE 8)................... ................................................................................................................................................... jamaicensis 

3 Frontal carinae relatively short, not extending towards the posterior corner of the head. Preocular carinae curving strongly to meet the frontal carinae, forming short, distinctive “scrobes”, that end slightly behind the level of the eye (Figure [10 B]). Antennal scape long (SI 117–152), narrowing abruptly as it approaches the antennal insertion, a small but conspicuous lobe is present just distal to the narrowing (Figure [10 C]) ( Figures 10View FIGURE 10 & 11View FIGURE 11) ................................................................................................ nogalensis 

- Frontal carinae long, extending well past the eye towards the posterior corners of the head. In side view, preocular carinae not joining the frontal carinae (rarely touching the carinae in T. carinatus  ). Antennal scapes shorter (SI 113). Scape gradually narrowing as it approaches the antennal insertion, lobe as described above absent ( Figures 1View FIGURE 1, 3View FIGURE 3, 5View FIGURE 5, 6View FIGURE 6, 12View FIGURE 12, 13View FIGURE 13, 15View FIGURE 15 & 17View FIGURE 17) ...................................................................... 4

4 In full-face view, frontal lobes prominent, shaped uniquely as in Figure [1 B], the posterior margin of the lobe forming a broad notch with the posterior portion of the frontal carinae. Antennal scapes long (worker SI 103–113; queen SI 96–105). First gastric tergite strongly tuberculate ( Figure 1View FIGURE 1) ................. arizonensis 

- In full-face view, frontal lobes simple, rounded or triangular (Figure [3 B]). Antennal scapes shorter (worker SI 105; queen SI 96). Gastric tubercles variously developed, sometimes small or nearly absent ( Figures 3View FIGURE 3, 5View FIGURE 5, 6View FIGURE 6, 12View FIGURE 12, 13View FIGURE 13, 15View FIGURE 15 & 17View FIGURE 17)................................................................................................................. 5

5 Combining the following: in larger workers head clearly broader than long, slightly broader than long to square in smaller workers (CI 100–111); posterior border notably emarginate, in full-face view head appearing cordate in larger workers (Figure [17 B]). Propodeal spines longer than the distance separating their bases. Color black to blackish red ( Figure 17View FIGURE 17)........................................................................... smithi 

- Head shape variable, usually more or less square, sometimes broader than long. Posterior border weakly to moderately emarginate, but head never appearing cordate in full-face view—even in larger workers (Figure [3 B]). Propodeal spines or teeth variable in length, often as long as or shorter than the distance separating their bases. Color never black or blackish ( Figures 3View FIGURE 3, 5View FIGURE 5, 6View FIGURE 6, 12View FIGURE 12, 13View FIGURE 13 & 15View FIGURE 15).................................. 6

6 Combining the following: median anterior pronotal tubercles well-developed, in anterior view nearly always upright and toothlike, the apices often with 2–3 small “peaks.” Preocular carina never closely approaching the frontal carina in full-face view. First gastric tergite tuberculate ( Figure 15View FIGURE 15)....................... .............................................................................................................................................. septentrionalis 

- Median anterior tubercles poorly developed or absent altogether, not upright or toothlike in anterior view, when present taking the form of small denticles or low, broadly pyramidal mounds. Preocular carinae variable, sometimes closely approaching the frontal carinae in full face view. Tuberculi on first gastric tergite sometimes absent or minute ( Figures 3View FIGURE 3, 5View FIGURE 5, 6View FIGURE 6, 12View FIGURE 12 & 13View FIGURE 13).................................................................... 7

7 Preocular carinae traversing nearly the entire antennal scrobe as it curves towards the frontal carina, closely approaching or sometimes even appearing to touch the frontal carinae in full-face view. Frontal lobes usually more or less symmetric (evenly rounded). First gastric tergite conspicuously tuberculate ( Figure 3View FIGURE 3) ....................................................................................................................................... carinatus 

- Preocular carinae shorter, in full-face view never closely approaching or appearing to touch the frontal carinae in full-face view. Frontal lobes variable, sometimes asymmetric with the anterior margin longer

than the posterior margin. Tubercules miniscule or absent on first gastric tergite ( Figures 5View FIGURE 5, 6View FIGURE 6, 12View FIGURE 12 & 13View FIGURE 13). 8 8 In full-face view, frontal lobes rounded (rarely subtriangular), more or less symmetrical, anterior and posterior sides equal in length or anterior side slightly longer than posterior ( Figures 5View FIGURE 5 & 6View FIGURE 6)........ desertorum  - In full-face view, frontal lobes subtriangular (rarely rounded), strongly asymmetric, the anterior side of the lobe often 2 x as long as the posterior side or more ( Figures 12View FIGURE 12 & 13View FIGURE 13).................................... pomonae