Conganteon vulcanicum Benoit, 1951,

Olmi, Massimo, Copeland, Robert S. & Noort, Simon Van, 2019, Dryinidae of the Afrotropical region (Hymenoptera, Chrysidoidea), Zootaxa 4630 (1), pp. 1-619: 76-78

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4630.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:8D375836-CCBA-473C-836F-6ABD44B4F881

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03E987E2-FFE4-2A05-FF3E-D09CFAACFC20

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Conganteon vulcanicum Benoit, 1951
status

 

9. Conganteon vulcanicum Benoit, 1951 

( Figs 21A, BView FIGURE 21, 23View FIGURE 23 A–F, 26View FIGURE 26 F, 29View FIGURE 29 B)

Conganteon vulcanicus Benoit 1951c: 12  .

Conganteon vulcanicum Benoit  : Olmi 1984: 103; 1994c: 9; Azevedo et al. 2010: 888; Olmi et al. 2015: 340; 2016: 52.

Description. ♀ ( Figs 21A, BView FIGURE 21, 23View FIGURE 23 A–C). Fully winged; body length 2.4–3.0 mm. Head black, except mandible testa- ceous (in specimen from South Africa, 32°24.561’S 25°05.946’E, head black, except mandible, clypeus and ante- rior third of frons yellowish); antenna brown, except scape and pedicel testaceous (in specimen from South Africa, 32°24.561’S 25°05.946’E, antenna totally testaceous); mesosoma and metasoma black; legs testaceous, except coxae and metafemora partly black (in specimen from South Africa, 32°24.561’S 25°05.946’E, legs totally yellow). Antenna clavate; antennomeres in following proportions: 9:5:10:7:7:6:6:6:5.5:8. Head shiny, setose, completely reticulate rugose; occipital carina complete; temple distinct, completely reticulate rugose; POL = 2.5; OL = 5; OOL = 8; OPL = 6. Pronotal tubercle reaching tegula. Mesoscutum shiny, setose, completely reticulate rugose (in specimen from South Africa, 32°24.561’S 25°05.946’E, mesoscutum reticulate rugose, except posterior third punctate, unsculptured among punctures). Notauli absent. Mesoscutellum shiny, with anterior half unsculptured and posterior half reticulate rugose. In ♀ from Kenya, Kisere Forest, mesoscutellum completely reticulate rugose; in ♀♀ from South Africa, Asante Sana Game Reserve, mesoscutellum unsculptured. Metanotum reticulate rugose. Metapectalpropodeal disc and propodeal declivity completely reticulate rugose, without keels. Forewing hyaline, without dark transverse bands. 2r-rs&Rs vein angled between proximal and distal parts; distal part slightly longer than proximal part (9:7); pterostigma brown, short and oval. Protarsomeres of holotype in following proportions: 11:2:2:3:7; protarsomere 3 produced into hook. In ♀ from Kenya, Kisere Forest, protarsomere 1 twice as long as 4. Enlarged claw ( Fig. 26FView FIGURE 26) without teeth, or bristles, or setae, or lamellae. Protarsomere 5 ( Fig. 26FView FIGURE 26) with 1 long row of 27 lamellae extending continuously to apex; apex with 5 lamellae, one of these very long. Tibial spurs 1/1/2.

♂ ( Figs 23View FIGURE 23 D–F). Fully   GoogleMaps winged; body length 1.8–3.3 mm. Head black; mandible black, except distal half tes- taceous-brown (in ♂♂ from Kenya, 2.07846°S 38.22530°E and 2.01477°S 38.32618°E, clypeus, malar space and anterior margin of frons whitish; in ♂♂ from South Africa, 32°32.033’S 25°14.267’E, clypeus, malar space and anterior surface of frons between antennal toruli testaceous; in ♂♂ from Madagascar, 18°55.58’S 48°24.47’E, clyp- eus totally black); antenna brown (in specimen from South Africa, 32°24.561’S 25°05.946’E, antenna testaceous); mesosoma and metasoma black (in ♂♂ from Kenya, 2.07846°S 38.22530°E and 2.01477°S 38.32618°E, pronotal tubercle testaceous; in specimen from South Africa, 32°24.561’S 25°05.946’E, lateral regions of pronotum browntestaceous); legs black-brown, except tarsi testaceous (in specimen from South Africa, 32°24.561’S 25°05.946’E, legs testaceous). In ♂♂ from Kenya, 2°27.90’S 37°54.91’E and 2.01477°S 38.32618°E, clypeus testaceous. An- tenna filiform; antennomeres in following proportions: 6:3:8:7:7:7:6:5:6:7. Head dull, completely reticulate rugose (in ♂♂ from Kenya, 2.07846°S 38.22530°E and 2.01477°S 38.32618°E, frons reticulate rugose and with some irregular longitudinal keels); frontal line present; occipital carina complete; POL = 4; OL = 2; OOL = 5; OPL = 4; TL = 7. In specimens from Kenya, 2.05111°S 38.32613°E, and South Africa, 32°24.561’S 25°05.946’E, vertex with longitudinal keels and areolae between lateral ocelli and occipital carina. Mesoscutum, mesoscutellum and metanotum dull, completely reticulate rugose (in ♂♂ from Madagascar, 18°55.58’S 48°24.47’E, posterior half of mesoscu- tum partly granulate and slightly or not rugose). In   GoogleMaps specimens from Kenya, 2.07846°S 38.22530°E and 2.01477°S 38.32618°E, mesoscutum with anterior half reticulate rugose and posterior half strongly punctate. Notauli   GoogleMaps absent (in specimens from Kenya, 2.07846°S 38.22530°E and 2.01477°S 38.32618°E, notauli hardly visible, incomplete, reaching about 0.5 × length of mesoscutum). Occasionally mesoscutellum and metanotum strongly punctate, unsculptured among punctures. In large ♂♂ (3.2–3.3 mm) from Madagascar, 18°55.58’S 48°24.47’E, mesoscutum almost smooth near posterior margin, mesoscutellum shiny, finely punctate and unsculptured among punctures, and metanotum reticulate rugose. Metapectal-propodeal   GoogleMaps disc reticulate rugose, without transverse posterior keel; propodeal declivity without longitudinal keels. Forewing   GoogleMaps hyaline, without dark transverse bands. 2r-rs& Rs   GoogleMaps vein angled between proximal and distal parts; distal part longer than proximal part (6:5). Paramere without proximal membranous process and without distal inner pointed process ( Fig. 29BView FIGURE 29). Tibial spurs 1/1/2.

Material examined. Type: ♀ holotype: RWANDA: Burambi, Muhavura Volcano , 2325 m, 5.IX.1934, Mission G.F. de Witte ( MRAC)GoogleMaps  . Other material: DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO: North Kivu, Virunga National Park (= Albert National Park ), Mt. Ruwenzori , Kyandolire , Bomboka ( MRAC)GoogleMaps  ; North Kivu , Virunga National Park (= Albert National Park ), Mt. Hoyo , 1280 m, 7–15.VII.1955, P. Vanschuytbroeck leg., 2♂♂, 1♀ ( AMNH); same locality label, many ♂♂, ♀♀ ( MRAC)GoogleMaps  . KENYA: Eastern Prov., Kibwezi Forest , 2°27.90’S 37°54.91’E, 13–20.XI.1999, MT, R. Copeland leg., 1♂ ( NMK)GoogleMaps  ; Eastern Prov. , Kasaala area, 2.07846°S 38.22530°E, 740 m, 28.XI–4.XII.2013, 6 m MT, just inside woodland patch, J. Bukhebi & R. Copeland leg., 12♂♂, 1♀ ( NMK), 2♂♂ ( MOLC)GoogleMaps  ; Eastern Prov. , Kasaala area, 2.07836°S 38.22517°E, 733 m, 5–19.XI.2015, MT, just inside isolated woodland patch, R. Copeland leg., 2♂♂ ( NMK)GoogleMaps  ; same locality label, 13–27.XI.2014, 1♂ ( NMK)GoogleMaps  ; same locality label, 11–25.XI.2016, 2♂♂ ( NMK)GoogleMaps  ; Eastern Prov., Simisi area , 2.01477°S 38.32618°E, 653 m, 1–4.XII.2013, MT, shru- bland near Kwandula Hill, J. Bukhebi and R. Copeland leg., 2♂♂ ( NMK, MOLC)GoogleMaps  ; Eastern Prov., Simisi area , 2.05111°S 38.32613°E, 710 m, 28.XI–1.XII.2013, MT, near base of Yamalu Hill, J. Bukhebi and R. Copeland leg., 1♂ ( NMK)GoogleMaps  ; Rift Valley Prov., Oloitokitok , 2.94456°S 37.50714°E, 1853 m, 30.IX–14.X.2011, MT, edge of indig- enous forest, R. Copeland leg., 1♀ ( NMK)GoogleMaps  ; Western Prov., Kakamega District, Kisere Forest , 28.VI–19.VII.2001, Manfred Kraemer leg., ex Michael von Tschirnhaus collection, 1♀ ( MOLC)GoogleMaps  . MADAGASCAR: Antananarivo, An- karatra ( MNHN)GoogleMaps  ; Antsiranana, Montagne d’Ambre National Park , 12°31S 49°11’’E, 975 m, 4–10.III.2001, MT, M.E. Irwin, E.I. Schlinger & R. Harin’Hala leg., MA-01-01B-06, 1♂ ( CAS)GoogleMaps  ; Fianarantsoa, Miandritsara Forest, 40 Km S Ambositra , 20°47.56’S 47°10.54’E, 825 m, 28.XII.2006 – 4.I.2007, MT, low altitude rainforest, M. Irwin, R. Harin’Hala leg., MA-29-73, 1♂ ( CAS)GoogleMaps  ; same locality label, 19–28.XII.2006, 1♀ ( CAS)GoogleMaps  ; same locality label, 27.II–8.III.2007, MA-29-80, 1♀ ( CAS)GoogleMaps  ; Toamasina, Andasibe National Park , 18°55.58’S 48°24.47’E, botanic gar- den near entrance to park, 1025 m, 1–5.IX.2001, MT, tropical forest, R. Harin’Hala leg., MA-01-08B-11, 4♂♂ (3 in CAS, 1 in MOLC)GoogleMaps  ; same locality label, 1–7.XI.2001, 10♂♂ ( CAS)GoogleMaps  . SOUTH AFRICA: Eastern Cape, Pearston , Plains of Camdeboo Game Reserve, 32°32.033’S 25°14.267’E, 969 m, 30.X.2009 – 22.II.2010, MT, Camdeboo Escarpment Ticket, S. van Noort leg., 5♂♂ (4 in SAMC, 1 in MOLC)GoogleMaps  ; Eastern Cape, Asante Sana Game Reserve , 32°16.762’S 24°57.309’E, 1186 m, 23.II–7.IV.2010, MT, Southern Karoo Riviere, S. van Noort leg., 1♀, 3♂♂ (2 in SAMC, 1 in MOLC)GoogleMaps  ; Eastern Cape, Asante Sana Game Reserve , 32°14.930’S 24°56.975’E, 1642 m, 23.II– 7.IV.2010, MT, Southern Karoo Riviere, S. van Noort leg., 6♀♀ (5 in SAMC, 1 in MOLC)GoogleMaps  ; Eastern Cape, Huntly Glen Farm , 32°24.561’S 25°05.946’E, 1065 m, 6.X.2010 – 18.I.2011, YPT, Great Fish Thicket, HUN10-ACA1-Y04, S. van Noort leg., 2♀♀, 2♂♂ ( SAMC)GoogleMaps  ; same locality label, HUN10-ACA1-Y05, 1♂ ( SAMC)GoogleMaps  . UGANDA: Western Region, Kibale National Park, Kanyawara , Makerere University Biological Field Station , 0°33.891’N 30°21.468’E, 1506 m, 4–26.VIII.2008, YPT, primary mid-altitude rainforest, S. van Noort leg., 1♀ ( SAMC)GoogleMaps 

.

Hosts. Unknown.

Distribution. Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Madagascar, Rwanda, South Africa, Uganda.

MRAC

Musée Royal de l’Afrique Centrale

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

NMK

National Museums of Kenya

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

CAS

California Academy of Sciences

SAMC

Iziko Museums of Cape Town

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Dryinidae

Genus

Conganteon

Loc

Conganteon vulcanicum Benoit, 1951

Olmi, Massimo, Copeland, Robert S. & Noort, Simon Van 2019
2019
Loc

Conganteon vulcanicus

Benoit, P. L. G. 1951: 12
Loc

Conganteon vulcanicum Benoit

Azevedo, C. O. & Madl, M. & Olmi, M. 2010: 888
Olmi, M. 1994: 9
Olmi, M. 1984: 103