Aphelopus vernonensis Olmi, 2009,

Olmi, Massimo, Copeland, Robert S. & Noort, Simon Van, 2019, Dryinidae of the Afrotropical region (Hymenoptera, Chrysidoidea), Zootaxa 4630 (1), pp. 1-619: 53-54

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Aphelopus vernonensis Olmi, 2009


7. Aphelopus vernonensis Olmi, 2009 

( Figs 13E, GView FIGURE 13)

Aphelopus vernonensis Olmi 2009b: 449  .

Description. ♀. Fully winged; body length 1.4–1.7 mm. Head black, except mandible testaceous; antenna brown, except scape and pedicel testaceous; mesosoma black; metasoma brown; legs testaceous, occasionally with metacoxa and metafemur darkened. Antenna filiform; antennomeres in following proportions: 5:4:4:4:4:4:4:4:4:6. Head dull, granulate; frontal line absent; occipital carina complete; POL = 6; OL = 4; OOL = 3.5; OPL = 1.5; TL = 3; greatest breadth of posterior ocellus shorter than OL (2:4). Mesoscutum dull, granulate. Notauli complete and posteriorly separated (minimum distance between notauli about as long as OL) or incomplete and reaching about 0.3–0.6 × length of mesoscutum. Mesoscutellum and metanotum shiny, unsculptured. Metapectal-propodeal disc reticulate rugose; propodeal declivity with two longitudinal keels and median area smooth, not rugose. Forewing hyaline, without dark transverse bands; 2r-rs&Rs vein shorter than in other Aphelopus  species (as in Fig. 13GView FIGURE 13). Tibial spurs 1/1/2.

♂. Fully winged; body length 1.6–2.2 mm (holotype 1.6 mm). Head   GoogleMaps black (occasionally brown), except man- dible and clypeus testaceous (occasionally mandible, clypeus, malar space and anterior third of frons testaceous; in specimens from Madagascar, 21°15.05’S 47°24.43’E, head black, except mandible testaceous and clypeus brown); antenna brown, except scape testaceous (in ♂ from Madagascar, 22°53.19’S 44°41.53’E, scape and pedicel testa- ceous); mesosoma black, occasionally brown; metasoma brown; legs testaceous, occasionally with stalk of metafemur darkened. Antenna   GoogleMaps filiform; antennomeres of holotype in following proportions: 3:3.5:4:4:4:5:5:5:5:8 (in large specimens 5:4.5:4:5:6:7:7:7:7:10). Head   GoogleMaps dull, granulate; in holotype frontal line present only in anterior half of frons (occasionally frontal line complete; in specimen from Madagascar, 21°15.05’S 47°24.43’E, frontal line absent in front of anterior ocellus, present in rest of frons); occipital carina complete; POL = 6; OL = 3; OOL = 3; OPL = 2; TL = 2; greatest breadth of lateral ocelli as long as OPL. Mesoscutum   GoogleMaps dull, granulate. Notauli   GoogleMaps incomplete, reaching about 0.3–0.5 × length of mesoscutum (in specimen from South Africa, 29°39.23’S 30°27.41’E, notauli reaching about 0.7 × length of mesoscutum; in specimens from South Africa, 28°29.72’S 23°57.85’E, and Madagascar, 21°15.05’S 47°24.43’E, notauli reaching about 0.8 × length of mesoscutum). Mesoscutellum   GoogleMaps dull, granulate. Metanotum   GoogleMaps shiny, unsculptured. Metapectal-propodeal   GoogleMaps disc and propodeal declivity reticulate rugose; occasionally propodeal declivity with two complete longitudinal keels. Forewing   GoogleMaps hyaline, without dark transverse bands; 2r-rs& Rs   GoogleMaps vein vein shorter than in other Aphelopus  species ( Fig. 13GView FIGURE 13). Basivolsella ( Fig. 13EView FIGURE 13) with lateral distal process, with 1–2 subdistal bristles and distal lateral process. Tibial spurs 1/1/2.

Material examined. Type: ♂ holotype: SOUTH AFRICA: KwaZulu-Natal, Vernon Crookes Nature Reserve , 250 m, 30°17.4’S 30°36.9’E, 24.I–10.V.2006, MT, M. Mostovski leg. ( NMSA)GoogleMaps  . Other material: KENYA: Central Prov., Mt. Kenya, Ragati , 6800 ft., 25.VIII.1983, F. Buna leg.  , 1♂ ( AMNH); Coast Prov., Taita Hills, Ngangao Forest , 3.36100°S 38.34186°E, 1848 m, 22.VIII–5.IX.2012, MT, indigenous forest, R. Copeland leg.GoogleMaps  , 1♀ ( NMK); Western Prov., Kakamega District, Kakamega Forest, Kisere Forest Reserve , 00°23.73’N 34°53.165’E, 5400 feet, XI.2001, Manfred Kraemer & CoGoogleMaps  ., 1♂ ( MOLC). MADAGASCAR: Antsiranana, Marojejy National Park, Manantenina river , 27.6 km 35° NE Andapa, 9.6 km 327° NNW Manantenina, 14°26.06’S 49°45.36’E, 775 m, 11–14.XII.2005, MT, rainforest, B.L. Fisher et al. leg., BLF13383View MaterialsGoogleMaps  , 1♂ ( MOLC)  , 1♀ ( CAS); Antsiranana, Montagne d’Ambre National Park , 12°30’52’’S 49°10’53’’E, 960 m, 21–28.I.2001, MT, M.E. Irwin, E.I. Schlinger & R. Harin’Hala leg., MA- 01-01A-01GoogleMaps  , 1♂ ( MOLC); Ranomafana National Park, Belle Vue at Talatakely , 21°15.99’S 47°25.21’E, 1020 m, 10– 21.III.2003, MT, secondary tropical forest, R. Harin’Hala leg., MA-02-09C-56GoogleMaps  , 1♂ ( MOLC); same locality labelGoogleMaps  , 4–12.II.2002, MA-02-09C-15, 2♂♂ ( CAS); same locality label  , 2–10.I.2002, MA-02-09C-10, 1♂ ( MOLC); same locality label  , 28.V–6.VI.2003, MA-02-09C-62, 1♂ ( CAS); same locality label  , 13–23.VI.2002, MA-02-09C-32, 1♂ ( CAS); same locality label  , 12–19.II.2002, MA-02-09C-16, 1♂, 1♀ ( CAS); same locality label  22–28.XI.2001, MA-02-09C-04, 1♀ ( CAS); Fianarantsoa, Ranomafana National Park, Vohiparara , at broken bridge, 21°13.57’S 47°22.19’E, 1110 mGoogleMaps  , 15–22.XI.2001, MT in high altitude rainforest, R. Harin’Hala leg., MA-02-09A-07, 2♂♂ ( CAS); Fianarantsoa, Ranomafana National Park, Vohiparara , 21°13.67’S 47°22.19’E, at broken bridge, 1110 mGoogleMaps  , 25.VII–3.VIII.2002, MT, high altitude rainforest, R. Harin’Hala leg., MA-02-08A-36, 1♂ ( CAS); Fianarantsoa, Ranomafana , JIRAMA water works, 21°14.91’S 47°27.13’E, 690 mGoogleMaps  , 15–22.XI.2001, MT near river, R. Harin’Hala leg., MA-02-09D-03, 1♂ ( CAS); Fianarantsoa, Ranomafana National Park , radio tower at forest edge, 21°15.05’S 47°24.43’E, 1130 mGoogleMaps  , 15–25.VII.2002, MT, mixed tropical forest, R. Harin’Hala leg., MA-02-09B-35, 1♂ ( MOLC); same locality labelGoogleMaps  , 9–20.III.2003, MA-02-09B-55, 1♂ ( CAS); same locality labelGoogleMaps  , 15–21.XII.2001, MA-02-09B- 07, 3♂♂ ( CAS), 2♀♀ ( CAS, MOLC); same locality labelGoogleMaps  , 22–28.XI.2001, MA-02-09B-04, 3♂♂ ( CAS); same locality labelGoogleMaps  , 27.IV–7.V.2003, MA-02-09B-59, 1♂ ( MOLC); same locality labelGoogleMaps  , 14–21.I.2002, MA-02-09B-12, 2♂♂, 1♀ ( MOLC); same locality labelGoogleMaps  , 27.VI–7.VII.2003, MA-02-09B-65, 1♂, 1♀ ( CAS); Toliara, Zombitse Na- tional Park , near ANGAP office, 22°53.19’S 44°41.53’E, 840 mGoogleMaps  , 9–19.XI.2001, MT, deciduous spiny forest, M.E. Irwin, F.D. Parker & R. Harin’Hala leg., MA-02-13A-02, 1♂ ( CAS). SOUTH AFRICA: Free State, Sterkfontein Dam , 28°29.72’S 23°57.85’E, 1780 mGoogleMaps  , 10.XII.2005, YPT, M. Mostovski leg., 1♂ ( NMSA); KwaZulu-Natal, Ash- burton, 29°39.23’S 30°27.41’EGoogleMaps  , 11.IV–11.V.2006, MT, G. Whiteley leg., 1♂ ( MOLC)  .

Hosts. Unknown.

Distribution. Kenya, Madagascar, South Africa.


KwaZulu-Natal Museum


American Museum of Natural History


National Museums of Kenya


California Academy of Sciences














Aphelopus vernonensis Olmi, 2009

Olmi, Massimo, Copeland, Robert S. & Noort, Simon Van 2019

Aphelopus vernonensis

Olmi, M. 2009: 449