Anteon fiorii Olmi, 1984,

Olmi, Massimo, Copeland, Robert S. & Noort, Simon Van, 2019, Dryinidae of the Afrotropical region (Hymenoptera, Chrysidoidea), Zootaxa 4630 (1), pp. 1-619: 129-131

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Anteon fiorii Olmi, 1984


31. Anteon fiorii Olmi, 1984 

( Fig. 50BView FIGURE 50)

Anteon fiorii Olmi 1984: 362  ; Olmi & Copeland 2011: 193; Olmi et al. 2015: 345.

Anteon proteicolum Olmi 2006: 7  (syn. nov.); type locality: 34°02’N 18°23.5’E (Western Cape Prov., South Africa).

Description. ♀. Fully winged; body length 3.0– 3.6 mm. In typical specimens, head testaceous-reddish (occasion- ally head with small black spots around ocelli; occasionally clypeus and anterior margin of frons brown) antenna testaceous-reddish, except antennomeres 6–10 or 7–10 brown; mesosoma testaceous-reddish (occasionally ventral surface of mesosoma totally or partially black; metapectal-propodeal disc black or with brown spots; propodeal declivity almost entirely black; metanotum and part of metapectal-propodeal disc black); petiole black; metasoma testaceous-reddish (occasionally distal half of metasoma brown); legs testaceous-reddish. In A. proteicolum  , head black, except mandible testaceous; head with few testaceous reddish spots situated on clypeus, around antennal toruli, on vertex behind ocellar triangle and on temple; antenna testaceous, except antennomeres 6–10 brown; propleuron black; pronotum black, except lateral margins and posterior tubercle testaceous-reddish; rest of mesosoma black, except meso-metapleural suture testaceous-reddish; metasoma brown; legs brown, except coxae, trochanters, articulations and part of tarsi testaceous. In specimen from Kenya, 1.09417°N 35.11833°E, head ferruginous, with frons and vertex partly darkened; mesosoma black, except part of pleuron, pronotum, mesoscutum and mesoscutellum ferruginous-dark. Specimen from Democratic Republic of the Congo, 04°15’S 17°10’E, with head and meso- soma totally black, antenna brown, except antennomeres 1–4 testaceous, gaster brown, legs mostly brown. Antenna clavate. Antennomeres of holotype of A. fiorii  in following proportions: 13:6:6.5:5:5:5:4:5:5:7; antennomeres of holotype of A. copelandi  in following proportions: 17:5:8:7:7:7:6.5:6.5:6.5:9. Head dull, reticulate rugose; frontal line complete; frons with two lateral keels near orbits directed towards antennal toruli; occipital carina complete; vertex without two oblique keels connectin lateral ocelli to occipital carina (occasionally oblique keels present and incomplete). Holotype of A. fiorii  with POL = 8; OL = 5; OOL = 7; OPL = 7; TL = 7. Holotype of A. proteicolum  with POL = 8; OL = 4; OOL = 6; OPL = 7; TL = 8. Pronotum humped, shiny, slightly granulate, with numerous transverse keels, with anterior surface longer than posterior surface (14: 7 in holotype of A. fiorii  ; 11: 7 in holotype of A. proteicolum  ); posterior surface shorter than mesoscutum (3: 12 in holotype of A. fiorii  ; 7: 17 in holotype of A. proteicolum  ); pronotal tubercle reaching tegula. Mesoscutum shiny, usually strongly granulate, occasionally very slightly granulate and almost or completely unsculptured. Notauli incomplete, reaching approximately 0.2–0.3 × length of mesoscutum. Mesoscutellum very humped, shiny, unsculptured. Metanotum very short, dull, smooth, or rugose. Metapectal-propodeal disc with strong transverse posterior keel, reticulate rugose; propodeal declivity smooth, without areolae, without longitudinal keels; occasionally propodeal declivity partly slightly sculptured by transverse curvilinear striae, or slightly granulate, or slightly rugose; in specimens with metapectal-propodeal disc black, propodeal declivity strongly reticulate rugose. Forewing with two dark transverse bands; distal part of 2rrs&Rs vein shorter than proximal part (6.5: 9 in the holotype of A. fiorii  ; 4: 8 in other specimens; 4.5: 9 in holotype of A. proteicolum  ; 7: 9 in paratype of A. proteicolum  ). Protarsomeres of holotype of A. fiorii  in following proportions: 6:3:5:9:25. Protarsomere 2 produced into hook. Protarsomeres of holotype of A. proteicolum  in following proportions: 4.5:3.5:4:8:24. Enlarged claw ( Fig. 50BView FIGURE 50) with proximal prominence bearing one long bristle. Protarsomere 5 ( Fig. 50BView FIGURE 50) with inner side curvilinear, with distal region distinct from median and proximal regions, with basal part shorter than apical part, with two rows of 28–31 lamellae. Tibial spurs 1/1/2.

♂. Unknown.

Material examined. Types: ♀ holotype of A. fiorii  : SOUTH AFRICA: Eastern Cape, Port St. Johns , 5– 30.IV.1923, R.E. Turner leg. ( NHMUK)  ; ♀ holotype of A. proteicolum  : SOUTH AFRICA: Western Cape, Cape Town, above Tokai Forest, Constantiaberge, above Donkerboskloof , 34°02’N 18°23.5’E, 460 m, 14–23.III.1994, Mesic Mountain Fynbos on Sandstone, Protea  dominated, MT, SAM-HYM-PO03805, S. van Noort leg. ( SAMC)GoogleMaps  Paratypes of A. fiorii  : SOUTH AFRICA: same locality label as holotype, 1♀ ( NHMUK); same locality label as holotype, XII.1923, 1 ♀ ( NHMUK); same locality label as holotype, 2♀♀ ( AMNH); KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, 1♀ ( AMNH); Limpopo: Tzaneen, Magoeba’s Kloof, 1♀ ( AEIC). Paratype of A. proteicolum  : SOUTH AFRICA: same locality label as holotype, 10–17.III.1995, Protea coronata  dominated, 1♀ ( SAMC). Other material: BOTSWA- NA: Serowe, Farmer’s Brigade, 1♀ ( USNM); Serowe, IV.1990, IX.1989, 2 ♀♀ ( CAS). DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO: Haut-Uele, Wamba Territory, Kikongo Mission, 04°15’S 17°10’E, 2–5.IV.2006, pantrap along forest edge, S.L. Heydon & S.E. Stevenson leg., 1♀ ( DEUCD); same locality label, 10.IV.2006, PT, 2♀♀ ( DEUCD, MOLC); Ituri Prov., Mongbwalu AGK camp, 01°56‘32.81‘‘N 30°02‘25.62‘‘E, 21-28.II.2015, 75 YPT, behind the former President Mobutu’s Doctor’s house, Alex Gumovsky leg., 1♀ ( SIZK). ETHIOPIA: Abijata Shala Lake Na- tional Park, 1–10.X.2012, YPT, Alain Pauly leg., 1♀ ( FSAE). KENYA: Eastern Prov., Tsavo East National Park, near Athi River, 02°38.51’S 38°21.98’E, 28.XII.1998 – 1.I.1999, MT, R. Copeland leg., 1♀ ( NMK); Nyanza Prov., Gwasi Hill, Ungoye side, 0.6167°S 34.1017°E, 1500 m, 26.VIII–9.IX.2005, MT, near hilltop next to indigenous forest, R. Copeland leg., 2♀♀ ( NMK); same locality label, 3–17.XI.2005, 1♀ ( NMK); Rift Valley Prov., Saiwa Swamp National Park, near campsite, 1.09417°N 35.11833°E, 1882 m, 26.II–12.III.2006, MT, next to permanent upland swamp, R. Copeland leg., 1♀ ( NMK); Rift Valley Prov., Nguruman, 25 km W of Magadi, 01°50.248’S 36°05.215’E, 1670 m, 23.VII.2008, sweep, savanna woodland, S. van Noort leg., 1♀ ( SAMC); Rift Valley Prov., near Lake Naivasha, 0.62884°S 36.42969°E, 1909 m, 19.VII–2.VIII.2015, MT, in understory of yellow Acacia  patch, R. Copeland leg., 1♀ ( NMK). SOUTH AFRICA: Gauteng, Pretoria, garden, 8–11.II.2005, YPT, V. Kolyada leg., 1♀ ( NMSA); KwaZulu-Natal, Hluhluwe Groundcamp, 1♀ ( PMA); KwaZulu-Natal, Cedara ( SANC); KwaZu- lu-Natal, Pietermaritzburg, Ferncliff Nature Reserve, 29°33.2’S 30°20.6’E, 850 m, 6–8.IV.2005, YPT, V. Kolyada leg., 1♀ ( NMSA); KwaZulu-Natal, Pietermaritzburg, Cumberland Nature Reserve, 29°30.8’S 30°30.3’E, 640 m, 21–22.II.2005, YPT, V. Kolyada leg., 1♀ ( NMSA); KwaZulu-Natal, Pietermaritzburg, Hilton, garden, 24.XII.2003 – 14.I.2004, 19–21.IV.2005, YPT, V. Kolyada leg., 3♀♀ ( NMSA); KwaZulu-Natal, Louwsberg, Sanyati Farm, 1090 m, 27°34’S 31°17.9’E, 30.X–18.XII.2005, MT, M. Mostovski leg., 2♀♀ (1 in NMSA, 1 in MOLC); same locality label, 1–24.VI.2006, 1♀ ( NMSA); KwaZulu-Natal,Ashburton, 29°39’23’’S 30°27’41’’E, 8.XII.2005 – 6.I.2006, MT, G. Whiteley leg., 1♀ ( DJBC); same locality label, 29.X–9.XI.2005, 1♀ ( MOLC); Limpopo, 15 km NW Klaserie, Guernsey Farm, 1♀ ( PMA); Limpopo, Klaserie, 1♀ ( PMA); Limpopo, Rustenburg Nature Reserve, 1♀ ( SANC); Mpumalanga, Pilgrims Rest, 1400 m, 1♀ ( PMA); Mpumalanga, Graskop, 1500 m, 1♀ ( AMNH, PMA).

Hosts. Unknown.

Distribution. Botswana, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, South Africa.

Remarks. Anteon fiorii  was separated from A. proteicolum  based only on the different colour of the ♀ (the ♂ is unknown): mostly testaceous-reddish in A. fiorii  ; mostly black in A. proteicolum (Olmi 2006)  . However, subsequently a study of many specimens from South Africa showed that the colour is very variable, suggesting that keeping the two species separate is unsustainable. For this reason, Anteon fiorii  is here considered the senior synonym of A. proteicolum  . Anteon fiorii  is also very similar to A. kivuanum (Benoit)  . The only difference between A. fiorii  and A. kivuanum  is also in respect to the colour of the ♀: mostly black in kivuanum  , mostly testaceous-reddish in fiorii  . The only known ♂ is that of A. kivuanum  . Both species were collected in South Africa (Ashburton) during an temporally extensive Malaise trap survey. The chela of the two species is similar and hence the probability that the two species are conspecific is very high. However, in this case the ♂ of only one of the two species is known, and hence we prefer to wait for the discovery of the ♂ of A. fiorii  before reaching a decision on species delimitation of these two taxa.




Natural History Museum, London


Iziko Museums of Cape Town


American Museum of Natural History


American Entomological Institute


Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History


California Academy of Sciences


Schmaulhausen Institute of Zoology


National Museums of Kenya


KwaZulu-Natal Museum


Provincial Museum of Alberta


Agricultural Research Council-Plant Protection Research Institute














Anteon fiorii Olmi, 1984

Olmi, Massimo, Copeland, Robert S. & Noort, Simon Van 2019

Anteon fiorii

Olmi, M. & Copeland, R. S. 2011: 193
Olmi, M. 1984: 362