Anteon maritimum ( Turner, 1928 ),

Olmi, Massimo, Copeland, Robert S. & Noort, Simon Van, 2019, Dryinidae of the Afrotropical region (Hymenoptera, Chrysidoidea), Zootaxa 4630 (1), pp. 1-619: 169-170

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Anteon maritimum ( Turner, 1928 )


61. Anteon maritimum ( Turner, 1928) 

( Figs 57FView FIGURE 57, 60FView FIGURE 60)

Chelogynus maritimus Turner 1928: 151  ; Benoit 1951b: 162.

Anteon maritimum (Turner)  : Olmi 1984: 357; 2006: 38; Azevedo et al. 2010: 878; Olmi et al. 2015: 346.

Description. ♀. Fully winged; body length 2.5–3.2 mm. Head black, except mandible testaceous (with teeth brown); antenna testaceous, except antennomeres 7–10, or 8–10, or 9–10 darkened; propleuron reddish or brown, except dorsal surface testaceous; pronotum completely reddish; occasionally pronotum totally black, or brown, except anterior and lateral margins testaceous; pronotal tubercle testaceous; tegula testaceous; rest of mesosoma and metasoma black; legs brown, except tarsi, procoxa and protibia testaceous. Antenna clavate; antennomeres in following proportions: 15:5:6:5:5:5:5:5:4:5. Head shiny; frons sculptured by numerous transverse keels, with frontal line complete and two lateral keels near orbits; vertex with two oblique keels connecting lateral ocelli to occipital carina, unsculptured between and on sides of above keels; occipital carina complete; POL = 7; OL = 4; OOL = 6; OPL = 5; TL = 5. In specimen from Kenya, 2.99615°S 38.45988°E, head with frons completely reticulate rugose, not sculptured by transverse keels. Pronotum shiny, setose, unsculptured, with raised transverse carina between anterior and posterior surface; anterior surface approximately as long as OPL (6:5); posterior surface shorter than mesoscutum (5:15). Mesoscutum shiny, setose, unsculptured. Notauli incomplete, reaching approximately 0.3 × length of mesoscutum. Mesoscutellum and metanotum shiny, unsculptured. Metapectal-propodeal disc dull, with strong transverse posterior keel, reticulate rugose; propodeal declivity reticulate rugose, without longitudinal keels. Forewing with two dark transverse bands; distal part of 2r-rs&Rs vein much shorter than proximal part. Protarsomere 1 approximately as long as 4; protarsomere 4 slightly shorter than basal part of 5; protarsomere 3 produced into hook. Enlarged claw ( Fig. 57FView FIGURE 57) very long, longer than protarsomere 5, with proximal prominence bearing one long bristle. Protarsomere 5 ( Fig. 57FView FIGURE 57) with basal part longer than apical part, with about 23 lamellae, with inner side almost straight, without separate group of distal lamellae. Tibial spurs 1/1/2.

♂. Fully   GoogleMaps winged; body length 2.0– 2.9 mm. Head black, except mandible testaceous (with teeth brown); antenna brown, except scape and pedicel yellow (in five ♂♂ from South Africa, 29°39’23’’S 30°27’41’’E, antenna totally testaceous); mesosoma and metasoma black; tegula testaceous; legs brown, except tarsi and protibia testaceous. Head shiny, slightly granulate, usually with numerous irregular transverse keels; in some male specimens, head completely granulate and reticulate rugose; frontal line complete; frons with two lateral keels near orbits and directed towards antennal toruli; occipital carina complete; POL = 6; OL = 3; OOL = 5; OPL = 2; TL = 2. In specimen from Kenya, 2.05111°S 38.32613°E, frons mostly punctate, unsculptured among punctures; vertex granulate and partly rugose. Mesoscutum, mesoscutellum and metanotum shiny, unsculptured. Occasionally (in ♂ from South Africa, 29°39’23’’S 30°27’41’’E, mesoscutum weakly granulate). Notauli incomplete, reaching approximately 0.25–0.30 × length of mesoscutum. Mesopleuron with posterior surface partly smooth and shiny; anterior surface dull, with numerous irregular keels. Metapleuron dull, with numerous irregular keels. Metapectal-propodeal disc with strong transverse posterior keel, reticulate rugose; propodeal declivity without longitudinal keels, completely reticulate rugose, with areolae less wide than those of metapectal-propodeal disc. Forewing hyaline, without dark transverse bands; distal part of 2r-rs&Rs vein much shorter than proximal part (2:5). Paramere ( Fig. 60FView FIGURE 60) with distal inner pointed process (margin of process with short setae) and without proximal membranous process. Tibial spurs 1/1/2.

Material examined. Types: ♀ holotype: SOUTH AFRICA: Western Cape, Milnerton , II.1926  , R.E. Turner leg. ( NHMUK). Paratypes: same locality label as holotype  , 2♀♀, 2♂♂ ( NHMUK). Other material: BURUNDI: Rusizi National Park , 3.34364°S 29.27246°E, 774 m, 13–20.IV.2010GoogleMaps  , MT, near three small trees, degraded bush/grassland, R. Copeland leg., 1♂ ( NMK). DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO: Orientale Prov. (= Haut-Zaire), Ga- ramba National Park  , 1♀ ( AMNH). GABON: Ntoum  , 1♀ ( FSAE). KENYA: Eastern Prov., Kasaala area , 2.07836°S 38.22517°E, 733 m, 25.XII.2014 – 8.I.2015GoogleMaps  , MT, just inside isolated woodland patch, R. Copeland leg., 1♂ ( NMK); same locality label, 13–27.III.2015GoogleMaps  , 1♂ ( NMK); same locality label, 8–22.I.2015GoogleMaps  , 2♂♂ ( NMK); Eastern Prov., Kasaala area , 2.07846°S 38.22530°E, 740 m, 28.XI–4.XII.2013GoogleMaps  , MT, just inside isolated woodland patch, J. Bukhebi & R. Copeland leg., 2♂♂ ( NMK); Eastern Prov., Simisi area , 2.05111°S 38.32613°E, 710 m, 28.XI–1.XII.2013GoogleMaps  , MT, near base of Yamalu Hill , Acacia  shrubland, J. Bukhebi and R. Copeland leg.  , 1♂ ( NMK); Rift Valley Prov., Tsavo West National Park, Riverine woodland, 2.99615°S 38.45988°E, 464 m, 9–23.IX.2008GoogleMaps  , MT, bank of Tsavo River , R. Copeland leg.  , 1♀ ( NMK); Rift Valley Prov., Nguruman, near Sampu River , 1.90117°S 36.05040°E, 723 m, 5–19.XI.2011GoogleMaps  , MT, near base of Nguruman Escarpment , R. Copeland leg.  , 1♀ ( NMK). SOUTH AFRICA: KwaZulu-Natal, Ashburton , 29°39’23’’S 30°27’41’’E, 15–30.III.2006GoogleMaps  , MT, G. Whiteley leg., 5♂♂ (4 in DJBC, 1 in MOLC); same locality label, 11.IV–11.V.2006GoogleMaps  , 1♂ ( DJBC); same locality label, 24.XI–8.XII.2005GoogleMaps  , 10♂♂ (9 in DJBC, 1 in MOLC); same locality label, 6.I–1.II.2006GoogleMaps  , 6♂♂ ( DJBC); same locality label, 14–27.II.2006GoogleMaps  , 5♂♂ ( DJBC); same locality label, 29.X–9.XI.2005GoogleMaps  , 9♂♂ ( DJBC); same locality label, 9–24.XI.2005GoogleMaps  , 19♂♂ ( DJBC); Western Cape, Milnerton, II.1926  , many specimens ( MRAC); same locality label  , 1♀ ( AMNH); same locality label, I. 1926,  6♀♀, 7♂♂ ( NHMUK); Western Cape, Ceres, II.1921, 2–21.III.1921  , R.E. Turner leg., 2♀♀, 1♂ ( NHMUK); Western Cape, Mossel Bay , XII.1921  , R.E. Turner leg., 1♀ ( NHMUK); same locality label, 23.IX–12.X.2006  , 2♂♂ ( DJBC); same locality label, 15.XI.2006 – 5.I.2007  , 1♂ ( DJBC); same locality label, 27.II–15.III.2006  , 2♂♂ ( DJBC); same locality label, 8.XII.2005 – 6.I.2006  , 11♂♂ ( DJBC). ZIMBABWE: Harare, Chishawasha, X.1982  , A. Watsham leg., 1♀ ( NHMUK)  .

Hosts. Unknown.

Distribution. Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Kenya, South Africa, Zimbabwe. Not present in Madagascar (record of Azevedo et al. 2010 wrong).


Natural History Museum, London


National Museums of Kenya


American Museum of Natural History


Musée Royal de l’Afrique Centrale














Anteon maritimum ( Turner, 1928 )

Olmi, Massimo, Copeland, Robert S. & Noort, Simon Van 2019

Chelogynus maritimus

Benoit, P. L. G. 1951: 162
Turner, R. E. 1928: 151

Anteon maritimum

Azevedo, C. O. & Madl, M. & Olmi, M. 2010: 878
Olmi, M. 1984: 357