Dryinus ugandanus ( Olmi, 1984 ),

Olmi, Massimo, Copeland, Robert S. & Noort, Simon Van, 2019, Dryinidae of the Afrotropical region (Hymenoptera, Chrysidoidea), Zootaxa 4630 (1), pp. 1-619: 359

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4630.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:8D375836-CCBA-473C-836F-6ABD44B4F881

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3511405

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03E987E2-FEC9-2B2F-FF3E-D6D7FECAFF50

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Dryinus ugandanus ( Olmi, 1984 )
status

 

43. Dryinus ugandanus ( Olmi, 1984) 

( Figs 144B, CView FIGURE 144)

Tridryinus ugandanus Olmi 1984: 935  .

Dryinus constantiae Olmi 2006: 13  (syn. nov.); type locality: 34°02’S 18°23.5’E (Western Cape, South Africa).

Dryinus ugandanus (Olmi)  : Olmi 2006: 43; 2009b: 459; Olmi et al. 2016: 77 View Cited Treatment .

Description. ♀. Fully winged; body length 4.6–5.1 mm. Head black, except mandible, clypeus and some× malar space and narrow stripe between antennal toruli and between eyes and antennal toruli testaceous; antenna totally testaceous, or brown, except scape and pedicel testaceous, or testaceous, except flagellomeres 1–2 slightly darkened; mesosoma black (occasionally pronotum with lateral margins, posterior collar and pronotal tubercle testaceous); metasoma brown or brown–testaceous; legs testaceous, except coxae, clubs of femora and protrochanter partly brown (occasionally legs brown, except coxae, trochanters, clubs of femora and tibiae partly testaceous; last tarsomere of meso- and metalegs brown); in specimen from South Africa, 33°30.747’S 25°24.644’E, legs testaceous, except metacoxa brown. Antenna clavate; antennomeres of holotype of D. ugandanus  in following proportions: 13:6:28:14:10:9:6:6:6:8; antennomeres of holotype of D. constantiae  in following proportions: 13:5:32:21:16:12:9:8:6:9. ADOs present on antennomeres 5–10. Head dull, slightly convex or flat, granulate and completely reticulate rugose (with region of vertex along occipital carina sculptured by numerous short longitudinal keels); frontal line complete; occipital carina complete; holotype of D. ugandanus  with POL = 4; OL = 2; OOL = 9; OPL = 3; TL = 4; holotype of D. constantiae  with POL = 3.5; OL = 3; OOL = 9; OPL = 3; TL = 6. Pronotum dull, granulate (occasionally partly unsculptured or punctate), with slight irregular striae, crossed by transverse furrow; disc slightly humped; posterior collar very short or absent; pronotal tubercle not reaching tegula. Mesoscutum dull, granulate and reticulate rugose. In holotype of D. constantiae  , mesoscutum with median region almost completely granulate, not reticulate rugose. Notauli absent in holotype of D. ugandanus  (in holotype of D. constantiae  , notauli incomplete, reaching about 0.5 × length of mesoscutum; in specimen from South Africa, 32°26.387’S 20°34.501’E, notauli almost reaching posterior margin of mesoscutum). Mesoscutellum granulate and reticulate rugose (in holotype of D. constantiae  , mesoscutellum granulate, not rugose). Metanotum granulate and rugose. Metapectal-propodeal disc reticulate rugose, approximately as long as propodeal declivity; propodeal declivity reticulate rugose, with two short incomplete longitudinal keels. Forewing with 1–2 transverse bands very slightly darkened (in specimen from South Africa, 33°30.747’S 25°24.644’E, forewing hyaline, without dark transverse bands or spots; in specimen from South Africa, 32°26.387’S 20°34.501’E, forewing hyaline, with very small dark spot around 2r-rs&Rs vein); distal part of 2r-rs&Rs vein longer than proximal part (15: 9 in holotype of D. ugandanus  ; 13: 9 in holotype of D. constantiae  ). Protarsomeres of holotype of D. ugandanus  in following proportions: 26:4:7:11:20. Protarsomeres of holotype of D. constantiae  in following proportions: 33:3:6:12:20. Enlarged claw ( Figs 144B, CView FIGURE 144) with one large subdistal tooth and one row of 5–8 lamellae. Protarsomere 5 ( Figs 144B, CView FIGURE 144) with one row of 8–13 lamellae; apex with about 9–13 lamellae. Tibial spurs 1/1/2.

♂. Unknown.

Material examined. Types: ♀ holotype of T. ugandanus  : UGANDA: Kampala ( AEIC);  ♀ holotype of D. constantiae  : SOUTH AFRICA: Western Cape, Cape Town, above Tokai State Forest, Constantiaberge, above Donkerboskloof , 34°02’S 18°23.5’’E, 460 m, 2–9.II.1994, MT, Mesic mountain Fynbos on Sandstone, Protea  dominated, SAM-HYM-PO03806, S. van Noort leg. ( SAMC)GoogleMaps  . Paratypes of T. ugandanus  : SIERRA LEONE: Freetown, 1♀ ( AEIC); SOUTH AFRICA: KwaZulu-Natal, Pietermaritzburg, 1♀ ( AMNH). Other material: SOUTH AFRICA:

Eastern Cape, Blauwe Krans Farm, 12.8 km 216° SW Kirkwood, 33°30.747’S 25°24.644’E, 9–16.II.2001, YPT, Valley Bushveld (non-trashed), S. van Noort leg., 1♀ ( SAMC)GoogleMaps  ; Northern Cape, Swaarweerberg, Vredehoek Farm , 32°26.387’S 20°34.501’E, 1613 m, 30.IX–30.XII.2010, MT, Succulent Karoo, S. van Noort leg., SWA09-SUC1- M06, 1♀ ( MOLC)GoogleMaps  ; Western Cape, Cape Good Hope Nature Reserve , 7–10.III.1968, 1♀ ( SAMC)  ; Western Cape, Cape Town, above Tokai State Forest, Constantiaberge , above Donkerboskloof , 34°02’S 18°23.5’E, 460 m, 17– 27.III.1995, MT, Mesic mountain Fynbos Protea coronata  dominated, S. van Noort leg., 1♀ ( SAMC)GoogleMaps  .

Hosts. Unknown.

Distribution. Sierra Leone, South Africa, Uganda.

Remarks. Dryinus ugandanus  is here considered as a senior synonym of D. constantiae  , because a study of ♀♀ attributed to D. constantiae  showed a variability concerning the notauli. Some specimens have the notauli almost or totally invisible, as in D. ugandanus  , so that they can be identified as D. ugandanus  and attributed to group 2. For this reason, D. ugandanus  can be attributed to both groups, 1 and 2. The conspecificity of these two species is highly likely.

AEIC

USA, Florida, Gainesville, American Entomological Institute

AEIC

American Entomological Institute

SAMC

Iziko Museums of Cape Town

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

Kingdom

Animalia

Genus

Dryinus

Loc

Dryinus ugandanus ( Olmi, 1984 )

Olmi, Massimo, Copeland, Robert S. & Noort, Simon Van 2019
2019
Loc

Tridryinus ugandanus

Olmi, M. 1984: 935