Bocchus watshami Olmi, 1987,

Olmi, Massimo, Copeland, Robert S. & Noort, Simon Van, 2019, Dryinidae of the Afrotropical region (Hymenoptera, Chrysidoidea), Zootaxa 4630 (1), pp. 1-619: 297-298

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4630.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:8D375836-CCBA-473C-836F-6ABD44B4F881

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03E987E2-FE87-2B61-FF3E-D497FC15F964

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Bocchus watshami Olmi, 1987
status

 

31. Bocchus watshami Olmi, 1987 

( Figs 114EView FIGURE 114, 115CView FIGURE 115)

Bocchus watshami Olmi 1987c: 45  ; 2006: 41.

Bocchus simoni Olmi 2005c: 238  (syn. nov.); type locality: 03°58’S 37°48’E ( Tanzania); Olmi et al. 2015: 355.

Description. ♀. Fully winged; body length 3.6–4.1 mm. Head and mesosoma of holotype completely testaceousreddish, except ocellar triangle brown and metapectal-propodeal disc partly brown (in three paratypes head black, except clypeus, mandible and posterior margin of vertex ferruginous; in specimen from South Africa, 32°32.033’S 25°14.267’E, head totally ferruginous-testaceous); mesosoma ferruginous, except mesosternum totally or partly black and part of metapectal-propodeal disc and propodeal declivity black. Petiole testaceous. Metasoma brownblack. Legs testaceous. Antenna of holotype testaceous-darkened, except scape and pedicel testaceous. Antenna of three paratypes brown, except scape and pedicel testaceous. In specimen from Kenya, 00°64.725’S 34°33.595’E, head black, except clypeus and mandible testaceous; antennae brown, except scape and pedicel testaceous; mesosoma black, except prothorax ferruginous; petiole testaceous; metasoma brown-testaceous; legs testaceous. In specimen from Kenya, 1.90103°S 36°04804°E, head completely black, except mandible testaceous; mesosoma ferruginous, except small black spot on central region of metapectal-propodeal disc. Antenna clavate, short, with antennomeres 5–9 longer than broad (length/breadth ratio of 9 th antennomere: 8:3.5); antennomeres in following proportions: 13:7:16:11:10:10:9.5:8:8:12. Head convex, dull, covered with short setae, reticulate rugose, except two large granulate areas of frons on sides of frontal line; frontal line complete; occipital carina complete; POL = 3; OL = 3; OOL = 14; OPL = 9; TL = 13. In specimen from Kenya, 1.90103°S 36°04804°E, head completely reticulate rugose, without granulate areas on sides of frontal line. Pronotum crossed by strong transverse impression, dull, setose, with anterior collar unsculptured and lateral regions and posterior collar reticulate rugose or sculptured by irregular keels; pronotal tubercle reaching tegula. Mesoscutum, mesoscutellum and metanotum dull, setose, reticulate rugose (in specimen from South Africa, 32°32.033’S 25°14.267’E, median region of mesoscutum granulate and reticulate rugose (rugosity hardly visible)). Notauli complete, posteriorly separated; minimum distance between notauli longer than POL (9:3). Mesopleuron dull, reticulate rugose. Metapleuron dull, sculptured by numerous strong transverse keels. Metapectal-propodeal disc with strong transverse posterior keel, dull, rugose, with few very large areolae (inner surface of areolae shiny and slightly rugose); propodeal declivity dull, with two complete longitudinal keels and median and lateral areas reticulate rugose. Forewing with two dark transverse bands (occasionally proximal band reduced to small and hardly visible spot); distal part of 2r-rs&Rs vein shorter than proximal part (9:12); 2R1 cell open. Petiole long, much shorter than metasoma (14:54). Protarsomeres in following proportions: 23:3:4:14:20. Enlarged claw ( Fig. 115CView FIGURE 115) of holotype with one row of eight teeth (in addition to pointed apex) and one broad lamella-like bristle. Enlarged claw of other specimens with one row of five-seven teeth. Protarsomere 5 ( Fig. 115CView FIGURE 115) with one preapical lamella, two bristles and an inner band. Tibial spurs 1/1/2.

♂. Fully   GoogleMaps winged; body length 1.9–2.5 mm. Head   GoogleMaps black, except mandible testaceous; antenna brown, or browntestaceous, except scape and pedicel partly testaceous; mesosoma and metasoma black; legs brown, except tarsi and protibia testaceous. Antenna   GoogleMaps filiform; antennomeres in following proportions: 9:5:7:7:7:7:6:6:5.5:8. Head   GoogleMaps shiny, reticulate rugose; frontal line complete; occipital carina complete; head of holotype with POL = 5; OL = 3; OOL = 7; OPL = 5; TL = 6; head of specimen from Botswana, Farmer’s Brigade   GoogleMaps, with POL = 5; OL = 3.5; OOL = 5; OPL = 5; TL = 6. Mesoscutum   GoogleMaps, mesoscutellum and metanotum reticulate rugose (in some specimens from South Africa, 32°32.033’S 25°14.267’E, mesoscutellum with anterior half granulate and posterior half reticulate rugose). Notauli   GoogleMaps complete, posteriorly separated; minimum distance between notauli longer than greatest breadth of lateral ocelli (5: 3 in holotype; 6: 3 in specimen from Botswana, Farmer’s Brigade   GoogleMaps). Metapectal-propodeal   GoogleMaps disc reticulate rugose; propodeal declivity reticulate rugose, with two longitudinal keels. Forewing   GoogleMaps hyaline, without dark transverse bands; distal part of 2r-rs& Rs   GoogleMaps vein shorter than proximal part (7:11). Petiole   GoogleMaps short. Genitalia ( Fig. 114EView FIGURE 114) with apex of paramere flat and apex of basivolsella slender. Tibial spurs 1/1/2.

Material examined. Types: ♂ holotype of B. watshami  : NAMIBIA: Gobabis , XI.1973, A. Watsham leg. ( NHMUK)  ; ♀ holotype of B. simoni  : TANZANIA: Mkomazi Game Reserve, Ibaya Camp , 03°58’S 37°48’E, 5– 25.XII.1995 – 29.I.1996, MT, Acacia  / Commiphora  / Combretum  bushland, SAM-HYM-PO15907, S. van Noort leg. ( SAMC).GoogleMaps  Paratypes of B. simoni  : TANZANIA: same locality label as holotype, 11.III–5.IV.1996, SAM-HYM- PO17643, 1♀ ( SAMC); Mkomazi Game Reserve, Kikolo Plot, 04°06.72’S 38°01.37’E, 16.IV–2.V.1996, MT, Commiphora  bushland, SAM-HYM-PO16285, S. van Noort leg., 2♀♀ ( SAMC, MOLC); Mkomazi Game Reserve, Kikolo Plot, 04°06.72’S 38°01.37’E, 25.XI–8.XII.1995, MT, Commiphora  bushland, SAM-HYM-PO17870, S. van Noort leg., 1♀ ( SAMC); Mkomazi Game Reserve, Kisima Plot, 04°06.06’S 38°05.58’E, 25.XI–8.XII.1995, MT, Acacia  / Commiphora  bushland, SAM-HYM-PO16498, S. van Noort leg., 1♀ ( SAMC). Other material: BOTSWA- NA: Serowe, Farmer’s Brigade, XII.1987, MT, Per Forchhammer leg., 1♂ ( AMNH). GUINEA-BISSAU: Cacheu Region, 2 km E of Bigene, 1.XI.1992, M. Söderlund leg., 2♂♂ ( AMNH, ZIL). KENYA: Eastern Prov., Kasaala area, 2.07836°S 38.22517°E, 733 m, 3–17.VII.2015, MT, just inside isolated woodland patch, R. Copeland leg., 1♀ ( NMK); same locality label, 10–24.IV.2015, 1♀ ( NMK); Nairobi Prov., ICIPE Campus, Kasarani, 1.22317°S 36.89653°E, 1600 m, 8–15.IV.2014, MT, near stream, meadow in degraded shrub-/grassland, R. Copeland leg., 1♀ ( NMK); Nairobi Prov., ICIPE Campus, Kasarani, 1.22338°S 36.89655°E, 1604 m, 24.II–3.III.2014, MT, near stream, meadow in degraded shrub-/grassland, R. Copeland leg., 1♀ ( NMK); Nyanza Prov., Ruma National Park, near Kamato Gate, 00°64.725’S 34°33.595’E, 1264 m, MT, open grassland-woodland, 4–18.III.2006, R. Copeland leg., 1♀ ( NMK); Nyanza Prov., Gembe Hills, 00°29.36’S 34°14.60’E, 1362 m, 12–26.II.2005, MT, R. Copeland leg., 1♀ ( MOLC); Rift Valley Prov., Nguruman, near Sampu River, 1.90103°S 36°04804°E, 753 m, MT, base of Ngu- ruman Escarpment, 8–22.XII.2007, R. Copeland leg., 1♀ ( NMK); Rift Valley Prov., Olorgesailie National Monu- ment, 1.57962°S 36.44730°E, 979 m, 4–18.VI.2011, MT, near Ol Keju Nyiro River, R. Copeland leg., 1♀ ( NMK); Rift Valley Prov., Matthews Range, 0.97984°N 37.34599°E, 1459 m, 16–26.XII.2015, MT, riverine forest, near Wamba, R. Copeland leg., 1♂ ( NMK). MOZAMBIQUE: Niassa, Cuamba, Mozambique Catholic University Farm, 17.IV–2.VI.2006, MT, M. Olmi leg., 1♂ ( MOLC). SOUTH AFRICA: Eastern Cape, Pearston, Plains of Camdeboo Game Reserve, 32°32.033’S 25°14.267’E, 969 m, 30.X.2009 – 22.II.2010, MT, Camdeboo Escarpment Ticket, S. van Noort leg., 1♀ ( SAMC), 21♂♂ (20 in SAMC, 1 in MOLC); same locality label, 6.X.2010 – 18.I.2011, PCD09- ACA1-M06, 1♀ ( SAMC); Limpopo, Ellisras District, D’Nyala Nature Reserve, 23°45’S 27°49’E, 8–12.XII.1989, 1♂ ( SANC); Mpumalanga, Krüger National Park, Skukuza, 12–15.XII.1985, thornscrub forest, S. & I. Peck leg., 1♂ ( PMA); same locality label, 11.I.1985, M. Olmi leg., 1♂ ( AMNH).

Hosts. Unknown.

Distribution. Botswana, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Tanzania.

Remarks. Bocchus simoni Olmi  (described on the basis of a ♀) is here tentatively synonymized with B. watshami  (described on the basis of a ♂), because both sexes were collected in the same locality ( South Africa, 32°32.033’S 25°14.267’E). Their head, mesoscutum, mesoscutellum and metanotum have the same sculpture, so that it is likely that they are the opposite sexes of B. watshami  , though they were not reared.

NHMUK

NHMUK

NHMUK

Natural History Museum, London

SAMC

Iziko Museums of Cape Town

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

ZIL

Academy of Sciences, Zoological Institute

NMK

National Museums of Kenya

SANC

Agricultural Research Council-Plant Protection Research Institute

PMA

Provincial Museum of Alberta

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Dryinidae

Genus

Bocchus

Loc

Bocchus watshami Olmi, 1987

Olmi, Massimo, Copeland, Robert S. & Noort, Simon Van 2019
2019
Loc

Bocchus watshami

Olmi, M. 1987: 45
Loc

Bocchus simoni

Olmi, M. 2005: 238