Carapoia paraguaensis González-Sponga, 1998,

Huber, Bernhard A. & Villarreal, Osvaldo, 2020, On Venezuelan pholcid spiders (Araneae, Pholcidae), European Journal of Taxonomy 718, pp. 1-317: 36-38

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2020.718.1101

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:F9E9A91E-488C-4DB1-9361-E788E9AC5BC1

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4343787

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03E887AD-FFF3-7A24-FE76-F88CF8B3FD86

treatment provided by

Valdenar

scientific name

Carapoia paraguaensis González-Sponga, 1998
status

 

Carapoia paraguaensis González-Sponga, 1998 

Figs 102–105View Figs 102–105, 1030, 1036

Carapoia paraguaensis González-Sponga, 1998: 19  , figs 1–10 (♂ ♀).

Carapoia paraguaensis  – Huber 2000: 240, figs 947–954; 2005b: 555, figs 67–72, 89–90, 96; 2018: fig. 741. — Carvalho et al. 2017: 13.

Type material

VENEZUELA  – Bolívar • 2 ♂♂, 2 ♀♀, 2 juvs types (see Notes below), MIZA 105736View Materials ( MAGS 1178), “ río Carapo, en la base del tepui Guaiquinima ” [5.728° N, 63.534° W], 480 m a.s.l., 17 Feb. 1990 (L. Sanabria, M.A. González S.); examinedGoogleMaps  .

New records

VENEZUELA  – Bolívar • 4 ♂♂, ZFMK (Ar 21840), and 2 ♂♂ in pure ethanol, ZFMK (Ven18-171), La Neverita (8.0970° N, 62.6727° W), 225 m a.s.l., 13 Nov. 2018 (B.A. Huber, O. Villarreal M.)GoogleMaps  1 ♀, CAS (separated from 9027301), Río Caura , Campamento Cecilia Magdalena [approximately 6.3° N, 64.5° W, 250 m a.s.l.], 12 Apr. 1957 (collector not  given). – Delta Amacuro GoogleMaps  8 ♂♂, 1 ♀, 1 juv., ZFMK (Ar 21839), and 1 ♂, 3 ♀♀ in pure ethanol, ZFMK (Ven18-166), between El Triunfo and Piacoa (8.5285° N, 62.2958° W), 75 m a.s.l., 12 Nov. 2018 (B.A. Huber, O. Villarreal M.)GoogleMaps  .

Notes

Contrary to the original description, the holotype is not  physically separated from the paratypes; the specimens above are thus treated as ‘types’. The two males in the type vial appear indistinguishable, so there is currently no need to designate a lectotype. However, in addition to the two females of C. paraguaensis  , the vial contains three females of Mesabolivar spinosus ( González-Sponga, 2005)  . The original drawings of the female were made from correctly identified specimens.

Distribution

Widespread in the Guyana Highlands of eastern Venezuela  , Guyana, and northern Brazil (Fig. 1036; see also Huber 2018: fig. 741). The two 2018 records above mark the most northern localities of this species known so far. The species has not  been documented from north of the Orinoco River.

Natural history

This species was found in strongly curved, sometimes almost globular webs, close to the ground but exposed rather than hidden in protected spaces.

ZFMK

Germany, Bonn, Zoologische Forschungsinstitut und Museum "Alexander Koenig"

CAS

USA, California, San Francisco, California Academy of Sciences

ZFMK

Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig

CAS

California Academy of Sciences

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Pholcidae

Genus

Carapoia

Loc

Carapoia paraguaensis González-Sponga, 1998

Huber, Bernhard A. & Villarreal, Osvaldo 2020
2020
Loc

Carapoia paraguaensis González-Sponga, 1998: 19

Gonzalez-Sponga M. A. 1998: 19
Loc

Carapoia paraguaensis

Carvalho L. S. & Martins P. H. & Schneider M. C. & Cabra-Garcia J. J. 2017: 13
Huber B. A. 2000: 240