Physocyclus globosus (Taczanowski, 1874),

Huber, Bernhard A. & Villarreal, Osvaldo, 2020, On Venezuelan pholcid spiders (Araneae, Pholcidae), European Journal of Taxonomy 718, pp. 1-317: 210-212

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2020.718.1101

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:F9E9A91E-488C-4DB1-9361-E788E9AC5BC1

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4343947

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03E887AD-FF01-7AD2-FD93-FA89FE51FB14

treatment provided by

Valdenar

scientific name

Physocyclus globosus (Taczanowski, 1874)
status

 

Physocyclus globosus (Taczanowski, 1874) 

Notes

This pantropical species is ubiquitous in Venezuela  (Fig. 1059) and easy to identify using published illustrations (e.g., Petrunkevitch 1929; Brignoli 1981; Huber & Eberhard 1997; Valdez-Mondragón 2010; Saaristo 2010). The MIZA collection has numerous vials with this species, including the type series of the five species that González-Sponga (2007) described and that were all synonymized with P. globosus  without seeing the type specimens (Huber 2009). We reexamined all these types and confirmed the synonymies. As usual, González-Sponga did not  separate the holotypes from the paratypes, so they are here simply treated as ‘types’ (except for P. boconoensis  , with only one male specimen in the series):

MIZA 105781 (MAGS 1290), ♂ holotype, 2 ♀♀, 5 juvs paratypes ( not  1 ♂, 5 ♀♀, 1 juv. as in original publication) of P. boconoensis González-Sponga, 2007  , from Trujillo, Boconó (9.244° N, 70.263° W).

MIZA 105786 (MAGS 1208), approximately 10 ♂♂, 50 ♀♀, types of P. borburatensis  González- Sponga, 2007, from Carabobo, Borburata (10.447° N, 67.961° W) (the collection card gives the locality “Goaigoaza” but all other details are as in the original publication).

MIZA 105692 (MAGS 221), 3 ♂♂, 5 ♀♀, 9 juvs types ( not  3 ♂♂, 13 ♀♀, 1 juv. as in original publication) of P. cariacoensis González-Sponga, 2007  , from Sucre, Marig̹itar (10.452° N, 63.896° W).

MIZA 105745 (MAGS 95), 3 ♂♂, 2 ♀♀, 10 juvs types ( not  3 ♂♂, 11 ♀♀, as in original publication) of P. guatirensis González-Sponga, 2007  , from Miranda, Guatire (10.475° N, 66.542° W).

MIZA 105750 (MAGS 846), only the remains of some totally destroyed types of P. monaguensis González-Sponga, 2007  , from Monagas, Hato San Antonio (9.396° N, 63.014° W).

New records

VENEZUELA  – Anzoátegui • 4 ♂♂, 5 ♀♀, 7 juvs, MIZA 105689View Materials ( MAGS 1390), Sabana de Uchire , Municipio Bruznal [10.018° N, 65.520° W], 13 Feb. 1994 (M.E. Flores L., D. R. Delgado, M.A. González-S.). – ApureGoogleMaps  2 ♀♀, 3 juvs, MIZA 105582View Materials ( MAGS 1438), 10 km N Trinidad de Arichuna, Hato Mata Zarga [approximately 7.20° N, 69.78° W], 4 Jan. 1999 (J.A. González D.). – AraguaGoogleMaps  approximately 8 ♂♂, 8 ♀♀, MIZA 105743View Materials ( MAGS 1356), Departamento Sucre, Granja “La Caridad ” ( Duragua ), Santa Cruz de Mora [10.183° N, 67.237° W], 17 Jul. 1992 (M.A. González)GoogleMaps  4 ♂♂, and approximately 10 ♀♀, 20 juvs, MIZA 105821View Materials ( MAGS 1300), Maracay [~ 10.25° N, 67.60° W], 4 Jun. 1991 (J. Muñoz)GoogleMaps  1 ♂, 2 ♀♀, 3 juvs, MIZA 1906View Materials, Maracay , UCV [10.273° N, 67.611° W], 24 Aug. 1999 (O. Villarreal)GoogleMaps  1 ♂, 1 ♀, MIZA 1905View Materials, Maracay-El Limón , UCV [10.273° N, 67.611° W], 20 Aug. 1999 (O. Villarreal, H. Escalona)GoogleMaps  1 ♀, MIZA 1806View Materials, Maracay, UCV., Fac. Agronomía [10.273° N, 67.611° W], 28 Jan. 2003 (C. Rodriguez)GoogleMaps  2 ♂♂, 1 ♀, 5 juvs, MIZA 105646View Materials ( MAGS 1343), Cagua [10.18° N, 67.45° W], 7 Jan. 1992 (M. Pabique, M.T. González D.)GoogleMaps  4 ♂♂, 5 ♀♀, and approximately 10 juvs, MIZA 105713View Materials ( MAGS 1396), San Casimiro [10.00° N, 67.01° W], 24 Jun. 1994 (A.R. Delgado, E. González-S., M.A. González-S.)GoogleMaps  1 ♀, MIZA 1893View Materials, Carretera Choroni, Sector Los Cerritos (10.453° N, 67.598° W), 200 m a.s.l., 20–21 Dec. 2008 (P. Romero)GoogleMaps  3 ♂♂, 4 juvs, MIZA 1907View Materials, Henry Pittier National Park , 23 Aug. 1999 (O. Villarreal). – Bolívar  1 ♂, 1 ♀, 1 juv., ZFMK (Ar 22064), Canaima  , at building (6.242° N, 62.850° W), ~ 400 m a.s.l., 8 Dec. 2002 (B.A. Huber)GoogleMaps  1 ♀, MIZA 105636View Materials ( MAGS 1321), Museo Etnológico de Ciudad Bolívar [8.152° N, 63.525° W], 8 Oct. 1991 (A.R. Delgado, M. García, M.A. González-S.)GoogleMaps  2 ♂♂, 2 juvs, MIZA 105753View Materials ( MAGS 1316), in front of Parque Cachamai, Puerto Ordaz, Municipio Caroní [approximately 8.30° N, 62.70° W], 10 Oct. 1991 (M.A. González D., M.A. González-S.)GoogleMaps  3 ♂♂, 3 ♀♀, 4 juvs, MIZA 105655View Materials ( MAGS 1306), Los Pijiguaos, Municipio Cedeño [6.57° N, 66.81° W], Jul. 1991 (J.M. Ayala D.)GoogleMaps  4 ♂♂, and approximately 12 ♀♀, 10 juvs, MIZA 105715View Materials ( MAGS 1312), Central Hidroeléctrica “Raul Leoní” ( Guri ) [7.76° N, 63.00° W], 8 Oct. 1991 (M. García, A. R. Delgado, M.A. González-S.). – CapitalGoogleMaps  1 ♂, 1 ♀, MIZA 105657View Materials ( MAGS 1336), IPC building [10.488° N, 66.932° W], 1991 (M.A. González-S.). – FalcónGoogleMaps  2 ♂♂, ZFMK (Ar 22065), and 1 ♂ in pure ethanol, ZFMK (Ven18-176), Península de Paraguaná , Cueva del Guano (11.9000° N, 69.9479° W), 140 m a.s.l., 16 Nov. 2018 (B.A. Huber, O. Villarreal M.)GoogleMaps  approximately 200 specimens (2 jars), MIZA 105733–34View Materials ( MAGS 1416), El Recreo, 10 km from Coro [11.351° N, 69.815° W], Jul.–Aug. 1996 (V. Wall)GoogleMaps  1 ♀, MIZA 105622View Materials (ex. MAGS 1132), Paraguaná, Cerro Capuchino, Montecano [approximately 11.94° N, 69.97° W], 27 Jan. 1988 (R. Ramírez)GoogleMaps  1 ♀, ZFMK (Ar 22066), and 1 ♀, 1 juv. in pure ethanol, ZFMK (Ven20-144), SE Bariro (10.7304° N, 70.6957° W), 360 m a.s.l., under rocks on arid hill, 14 Feb. 2020 (B.A. Huber, O. Villarreal M., Q. Arias C.). – La GuairaGoogleMaps  1 ♀, ZFMK (Ar 22070), and 1 juv. in pure ethanol, ZFMK (Ven18- 244), Catia La Mar (10.6092° N, 67.0064° W), 50 m a.s.l., 10 Dec. 2018 (B.A. Huber). – MéridaGoogleMaps  4 juvs (identification tentative) in pure ethanol, ZFMK (Ven20-115), near Las González (8.5070° N, 71.3194° W), 800 m a.s.l., under rocks on arid hill, 9 Feb. 2020 (B.A. Huber, O. Villarreal M., Q. Arias C.)GoogleMaps  1 ♂, 3 juvs, ZFMK (Ar 22067), Santa Elena de Arenales (8.8232° N, 71.4631° W), 70 m a.s.l., in building, 12 Feb. 2020 (B.A. Huber, O. Villarreal M., Q. Arias C.). – MirandaGoogleMaps  4 ♂♂, 4 ♀♀, 1 juv., MIZA 105764View Materials ( MAGS 1380), Municipio Sucre, Urb. Terrazas del Ávila [10.500° N, 66.794° W], 20 Oct. 1992 (M. García de G.)GoogleMaps  approximately 8 ♂♂, 20 ♀♀, MIZA 105820View Materials ( MAGS 43), Quinta Ninina, Calle Cuyuní, Urb. El Marqués [10.498° N, 66.804° W], 11 Apr. 1981 (J.A. González S., M.A. González-S.)GoogleMaps  3 ♀♀, and approximately 15 juvs, MIZA 105665View Materials ( MAGS 1170), Higuerote, Municipio Brión [10.469° N, 66.106° W], 27 Aug. 1989 (M.A. González-S.)GoogleMaps  2 ♂♂, and approximately 25 ♀♀, 10 juvs, MIZA 105654View Materials ( MAGS 1335), basement of building “Aloa”, Av. Romulo Gallegos, Municipio Sucre [10.494° N, 66.815° W], 1991 (J. Muños R.)GoogleMaps  1 ♀, 1 juv., MIZA 105639View Materials ( MAGS 1089), 2 km from Los Alpes “vía Altagracia de Orituco” ( Guatopo National Park ) [10.161° N, 66.503° W], 29 Aug. 1987 (A.R. Delgado, M.A. González-S.)GoogleMaps  6 ♂♂, 6 ♀♀, 3 juvs, MIZA 105685View Materials ( MAGS 239), Las Naranjas Guaranas, Departamento Plasal , 27 May 1981 (A.E. Rodríguez)  3 ♀♀, 8 juvs, MIZA 105600View Materials ( MAGS 1561), Club Monte Claro [10.36° N, 66.89° W], Caracas-Tejerias, 20 Apr. 2000 (W. García, A.R. Delgado, M.A. González-S.). – MonagasGoogleMaps  approximately 20 ♂♂, 30 ♀♀, MIZA 105712View Materials ( MAGS 1271), Caripe [10.172° N, 63.504], Jan. 1991 (A. García). – Nueva Esparta  8 ♂♂, 10 ♀♀, and approximately 5 juvs, MIZA 105711View Materials ( MAGS 1331), Manzanillo, Urb. Puerto Real [11.157° N, 63.891° W], Sep. 1991 (J. Muños R.)GoogleMaps  1 ♀, 1 juv., MIZA 105629View Materials ( MAGS 1122), Los Robles, Cerro La Ermita [10.989° N, 63.835° W], Dec. 1987 (Carlos)GoogleMaps  5 ♂♂, 4 ♀♀, 2 juvs, MIZA 105662View Materials ( MAGS 1141), Porlamar, Avenida 4 de Mayo [10.966° N, 63.841° W], 7 Jan. 1989, Mar. 1990 ( C. Avila  , J.M. Ayala L.)GoogleMaps  approximately 20 ♂♂, 20 ♀♀, MIZA 105751View Materials ( MAGS 1157), La Asunción [11.03° N, 63.86° W], Jun. 1989, Oct. 1990, Oct. 1991 (D. de García, M. García). – SucreGoogleMaps  1 ♀, ZFMK (Ar 22068), and 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 1 juv. in pure ethanol, ZFMK (Ven02/100-41), Marigüitar (10.437° N, 63.909° W), ~ 30 m a.s.l., at rocks along riverbed, 29 Nov. 2002 (B.A. Huber)GoogleMaps  1 ♂, ZFMK (Ar 22069), and 1 ♂, 4 ♀♀, 1 juv. in pure ethanol, ZFMK (Ven02/100-48), Marig̹itar (10.449° N, 63.912° W), ~ 5 m a.s.l., at buildings, 28 Nov. 2002 (B.A. Huber)GoogleMaps  2 ♂♂, 4 ♀♀, 6 juvs, MIZA 105714View Materials ( MAGS 1311), Casanay, Poza Azul [10.488° N, 63.467° W], 17 Oct. 1991 (A.R. Delgado, M. García de G., M.A. González-S.)GoogleMaps  1 ♂, MIZA 105648View Materials ( MAGS 1358), Carúpano [10.64° N, 63.25° W], Jun. 1991 (X. Moya)GoogleMaps  3 ♂♂, 5 ♀♀, 3 juvs, MIZA 105790View Materials ( MAGS 1173), Guayacan de las Flores , Carupano [10.632° N, 63.264° W], Jan. 1990 (X. Moya). – YaracuyGoogleMaps  1 ♀, ZFMK (Ar 22071), Guaquira , in building (10.2947° N, 68.6577° W), 110 m a.s.l., 17 Feb. 2020 (B.A. Huber, O. Villarreal M., Q. Arias C.)GoogleMaps  .

Dubious material

The following two vials contain the same MAGS number. The specimens in one of them are thus possibly from a different locality.

VENEZUELA  – Falcón • 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 2 juvs, MIZA 105682View Materials and 1 ♀, MIZA 105797View Materials ( MAGS 989), Guanapa , Municipio Cárdenas (Andres Bello), Sep. 1986 (E. Delacruz)  .

UCV

USA, Connecticut, Storrs, University of Connecticut

ZFMK

Germany, Bonn, Zoologische Forschungsinstitut und Museum "Alexander Koenig"

MIZA

Venezuela, Maracay, Museuo del Instituto de Zoologia Agricola

R

Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile

ZFMK

Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Pholcidae

Genus

Physocyclus