Byrsonima ligustrifolia A. Jussieu (1833: 82)

Alves, Livia Lara, Francener, Augusto, Costa, Maria Tereza R. & Sobral, Marcos, 2021, Byrsonima (Malpighiaceae) from Espírito Santo state, Brazil, Phytotaxa 511 (1), pp. 1-19 : 10-11

publication ID 10.11646/phytotaxa.511.1.1


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Byrsonima ligustrifolia A. Jussieu (1833: 82)


0. Byrsonima ligustrifolia A. Jussieu (1833: 82) . Figure 3A

Trees, ca. 10 m tall. Stipules ca. 1.5 × 1.4 mm, ovate. Leaf blades ca. 9.8 × 3.8 cm, narrowly elliptic to lanceolate, base attenuate, margins flat, apex acuminate, both sides glabrescent, sericeous on midrib, midrib prominulous on both sides, principal laterals veins ca. 13, impress on both sides; petioles ca. 12 × 1 mm, glabrescent to sericeous. Thyrse of 1–2- flowered cincinnus, with ca. 50 flowers, the main axis ca. 5.6 cm long, sericeous; bracts ca. 12 × 0.7 mm, triangular, sericeous on both sides, non-reflexed; peduncles ca. 3.3 × 0.9 mm; bracteoles not seen, [according to Rolim (2004), 2– 2.5 × 0.5–1.5 mm, lanceolate, ovate to triangular, non-reflexed]; pedicels ca. 0.7–7.6 mm, sericeous. Flowers not seen [according to Rolim (2004), sepals ca. 2.5 × 1.7 mm, both side glabrous, sericeous to tomentose, triangular to ovate, not accrescent on the drupes; glands 2.1–3.7 × 0.9–1.3 mm; lateral petals white to pink becoming red in age, blade ca. 3.7 × 4.7 mm, claw ca. 1.8 × 0.6 mm, margin subentire to slightly erose; posterior petal white to pink becoming red in age with the claw yellow, blade ca. 3.5–4 × 3.5–5 mm, claw ca. 2.1 × 0.8–1.1 mm, margin subentire to erose. Stamens free at base, homomorphic, anthers glabrous, connectives 2.1–2.5 × 0.8 mm, surpassing the anther sacs (0.1–1 mm in length); filaments 2.5–2.9 × 0.5–0.7 mm, sericeous at base. Ovary glabrous, styles 2.1–4.1 mm long]. Drupes ca. 12.2 × 11.4 mm, glabrescent to sericeous, verrucous, globose.

Specimen examined:— BRAZIL. Espírito Santo. Linhares : 27 February 2015, fr., D.A. Folli 7347 ( CVRD!, HUFSJ!) ; Marilândia, Alto Liberdade , 19º21’13’’ S, 40º31’1” W, 19 April 2006, fl., L.F.S. Magnago 942 ( SP, MBML) GoogleMaps ; Venda Nova, Conceição do Castelo , 20 August 1987, fr., G.M. Hatschbach 51336 ( INPA, CEPEC, MO, FLOR, UPCB, US, SP, MBM) .

Notes: — Byrsonima ligustrifolia is endemic to Brazil, it is distributed from the state of Bahia to southern Brazil within the Atlantic Forest domain ( Francener 2020). Its main features are the lanceolate leaves with acuminate apex and flowers with laterals petals white to pink and posterior petal white to pink becoming red in age with the claw yellow ( Rolim 2004), ovary glabrous and anthers and inflorescence axis tomentose.


Reserva Natural da Vale


Instituto de Botânica


Museu de Biologia Mello Leitão


Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia




Missouri Botanical Garden


San Jose State University, Museum of Birds and Mammals