Sarcoramphus

Mlíkovský, Jiří, 2015, The type specimens, type localities and nomenclature of Sarcoramphus vultures (Aves: Cathartidae), with a note on their speciation, Zootaxa 3918 (4), pp. 579-586: 582

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3918.4.7

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:551F0100-C2BD-4B06-B13D-CB0E2E073383

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03D97D04-FFAE-B653-FF43-B20ED007F964

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Sarcoramphus
status

 

Putative Sarcoramphus  species

During much of the 19 th century, the generic name Sarcoramphus  was used for vultures now included in the genus Vultur Linnaeus (1758: 86)  (see Sharpe 1874: 20–21 and Hellmayr & Conover 1949: 1–2 for citations). In that time, two species were described in the genus Sarcoramphus  . First, Sarcoramphus condor  was created by Lesson (1830: 25) as a new replacement name for Vultur gryphus Linnaeus, 1758  . Then, Sarcoramphus aequatorialis  was described by Sharpe (1874: 21) on the basis of reports by Eydoux & Souleyet (1841) and Orton (1871) and on a zoo specimen. This nominal species is synonymous with Vultur gryphus Linnaeus ( Hellmayr & Conover 1949: 2)  . Five fossil species were also described in the genus Sarcoramphus  , as follows. Sarcoramphus fossilis Moreno & Mercerat (1891: 27)  from the Holocene of Argentina was found to be a stork of indeterminate species, family Ciconiidae ( Tonni & Noriega 1998)  . Sarcoramphus patruus Lönnberg (1903: 1)  from the Pleistocene (see Tonni et al. 2009 and MacFadden et al. 2013 for the age of these deposits) of Bolivia belongs in the genus Vultur ( Brodkorb 1964: 253)  . Sarcoramphus clarki Miller (1910: 11)  was transferred by Miller & Howard (1938: 171) to the new genus Breagyps  , a genus not closely related to Sarcoramphus  within the Cathartidae  ( Fisher 1944, Howard 1974, Emslie 1988). Vultur kernensis Miller (1931: 70)  from the late Pliocene (Blancan) of California was transferred to the genus Sarcoramphus  by Brodkorb (1964: 253), but was subsequently found to be a vulture of indeterminate species, family Cathartidae  , by Emslie (1988: 222). Sarcoramphus  ? fisheri Campbell (1979: 71) from the late Pleistocene of Peru was only tentatively included in the genus Sarcoramphus  and its taxonomic identity remains doubtful ( Emslie 1988: 222). In summary, no genuine fossil representatives of vultures of the genus Sarcoramphus  are known.