Ipsiura tropicalis Bohart, 1985,

Lucena, Daercio A. A., Kimsey, Lynn S. & Almeida, Eduardo A. B., 2016, The Neotropical cuckoo wasp genus Ipsiura Linsenmaier, 1959 (Hymenoptera: Chrysididae): revision of the species occurring in Brazil, Zootaxa 4165 (1), pp. 1-71: 63-65

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4165.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:2D809845-D7A0-4612-BB9E-0A4AC2BF8890

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03D687A8-FA7F-AC18-97CB-C6ECFAA0E698

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Ipsiura tropicalis Bohart, 1985
status

 

Ipsiura tropicalis Bohart, 1985 

( Figs 179–184View FIGURES 179 – 184)

Ipsiura tropicalis Bohart, 1985: 719  . Holotype Ƌ [examined]: MEXICO: Morelos, Cuernavaca (BME).

Neochrysis (Ipsiura) amaurotica Linsenmaier, 1985  . Holotype Ƌ [not examined]: BRAZIL (NMLS). Synonymized by Kimsey & Bohart (1991: 511).

Neochrysis (Ipsiura) tropicalis: Linsenmaier 1997: 266  .

Neochrysis (Ipsiura) tropicalis amaurotica: Linsenmaier 1997: 266  .

Diagnosis. Ipsiura tropicalis  most closely resembles I. spiculella Bohart. It  can be distinguished by the following combination of characters: T3 with distinct lateral whitish spot (narrow, obsolescent in I. spiculella  ), prepit swelling sloping gently (absent in I. spiculella  ), pit row represented by large, deep foveae; TFC almost complete medially (medially interrupted in I. spiculella  ); aedeagus lobes acute apically (blunt in I. spiculella  ), and S2 spots medium-sized, touching medially (large spots, slightly separated medially in I. spiculella  ).

Female description. Body ( Fig. 179View FIGURES 179 – 184). Length: 6.8 mm. Coloration: head predominantly green blue, with bluish highlights on vertex; F1 brownish green; mesosoma metallic green, with purplish blue stripe on pronotum, broad purplish blue band on dorsum of mesoscutum; metasoma metallic green, with bluish purple transverse stripes on dorsum of T1 and T2; T3 with bluish highlights dorsally, with lateral whitish spot; wing membrane light brown, with brown veins; femora and tibiae greenish; tarsi brown, basitarsi brownish green. Head: TFC slightly interrupted medially ( Fig. 180View FIGURES 179 – 184); F1 longer than broad, 1.3× as long as F2; scapal basin densely covered with silvery pubescence. Mesosoma: fore femur without ventral tooth-like projection or flattened area on outer surface of distal margin, diameter of distal area about one-half diameter of proximal area; fore wing with short M distal to discoidal cell, R1 shorter than stigma (as in Fig. 190View FIGURE 190); dorsal surface of pronotum wider than head; lower lateral pronotal surface irregularly punctate anteriorly, with distinct posterior area delimited by transverse ridge; metanotum rounded, without differentiated surface; mesopleural lower posterior margin carinate, with indistinct tooth-like projections. Metasoma: T3 with four obtuse distal teeth ( Fig. 181View FIGURES 179 – 184), pit row with large, deep foveae, prepit swelling low, sloping gently; S2 spots medium-sized, touching medially ( Fig. 182View FIGURES 179 – 184). Punctation: fore femur with tiny, sparse punctures on outer surface; dorsal surface of T3 with definite, deep punctures; dorsal surface of T1 and metanotum with largest punctures.

Male. Same as female, except for the characteristic shape of S2 spots as shown in Fig. 182View FIGURES 179 – 184. Genital capsule ( Fig. 183View FIGURES 179 – 184): gonostylus slightly longer than cuspis; digitus narrow; cuspis shield-like, broad basally; gonostylus setose apically; aedeagus lobes sharp, pointed apically.

Variation. The holotype and specimens from the Central America and north South America are primarily greenish blue. Additionally, specimens from those localities have a broad cuspis basally (as in the Fig. 183View FIGURES 179 – 184). On the other hand, the South American specimens are predominantly green (as in the Figs 179–181View FIGURES 179 – 184), and also have the slenderer cuspis instead, but we had considered that these features do not form a pattern. Body length 6.4–6.9 mm.

Hosts. Unknown.

Distribution. Argentina (Salta, Tucumán); Bolivia (Santa Cruz); Brazil (AM, BA, ES, MG, MT, PA, PR, RR, SC, SE, SP); Colombia (Meta); Costa Rica (Guanacaste, San Jose); Ecuador (Napo, Santa Cecilia); Mexico (Morelos, Oaxaca, Veracruz); Panama ( Panamá Oeste); Surinam (Paramaribo); Venezuela (Aragua) ( Fig. 184View FIGURES 179 – 184).

Remarks. Ipsiura tropicalis  is the most common species in South America.

Material examined. MEXICO: Morelos, 5 mi East Cuernavaca 26.iii.1962 F.D.Parker / Holotype Ƌ (BME). Same data except 26–29.iii.1962 / Paratypes 3Ƌ 10♀ [BME]. Vera Cruz  , Cordoba 6.vii.1966 J.S. Buckett, M.R & R.C. Gardner / Paratypes 2♀ [BME]. Vera Cruz, Minatitlán 8.ix.1961, coll. R. & K. Dreisbach / Paratype 1Ƌ [BME]  . Oaxaca, Palomarea 5.xi.1961 coll. R. & K. Dreisbach / Paratype 1Ƌ [BME]  . COSTA RICA: San Jose coll. R. Bohart / Paratype 1♀ [BME]. Guanacaste, Hacienda Pacífica / Paratype 1Ƌ [BME]  . PANAMA: Rio Trinidad, Pan 16.iii.12 / Paratype 1♀ [BME]. 

Additional material. ARGENTINA: Tucumán, El Solidad 16. ix.1969, 1 ♀, coll. L.A. Stange [BME]. La Soledad 11  . viii.1966, 1 ♀, coll. E. Bucher [BME]. Rio Nio 26  . iv.1966, 1 ♀, coll. L.A. Stange [BME]. Salta, Orãn Abra Grande 9  . ii.1967, 1 ♀, coll. R. Coolback [BME]. Orãn Abra Grande 18. iv.1969, 1 ♀, coll. C. Porter [BME]. Tartagal xi.1971, 1 Ƌ, coll. Manfredo Fritz [BME]. Tartagal 11  . viii.1973, 2 ♀, coll. C. Porter [BME]. Pocitos, 2♀, coll. Manfredo Fritz [BME]. BOLIVIA: Sunchal, 1♀, coll. M. Fritz [BME]  . BRAZIL: Amazonas, Rio Taruma Mirim 29  . xi.1991, 1 ♀, coll. M.V. Garcia [ INPA]. Bahia, Jequié, campus UESB II 19  . ix.2005, 1 ♀, coll. J.C. Silva-Jr [ RPSP]. Espírito Santo, Santa Teresa 12  . x.1964, 1 Ƌ, coll. C. Elias [ DZUP]. Mato Grosso, Cáceres 16  . i.1985, 1 Ƌ, coll. C. Elias [ DZUP]. Minas Gerais, Barbacena 24  . x.1905, 1 Ƌ, coll. A. Ducke [ MPEG]. Patrocínio 5  . x.1965, 1 ♀, coll. C. Elias [ DZUP]. Pará 8  . xi.1901, 1 ♀, coll. A. Ducke [ MPEG]. Itaituba, Rio Tapajós 3  . ix.1902, 1 ♀, coll. A. Ducke [MPEG]. R. Arroyollos 21. iv.1903, 1 ♀, coll. A. Ducke [ MPEG]. Faro 16  . vii.1903, 1 Ƌ, coll. A. Ducke [ MPEG]. Óbidos 21  . xi.1904, 1 Ƌ 1♀, coll. A. Ducke [ MPEG]. Tefé 10  . vi.1906, 1 ♀, coll. A. Ducke [ MPEG]. Lago Grande de Villa Franca 6  . i.1907, 2 Ƌ, coll. A. Ducke [ MPEG]. Óbidos 20  . xi.1907, 1 Ƌ, coll. A. Ducke [ MPEG]. Same data except 6  . x.1909, 1 ♀ [MPEG], 27. vii.1912, 1 ♀ [MPEG], 1906, 1Ƌ [MPEG], 20. xii.1904, 1 ♀ [BME], 1. i.1907, 1 ♀ [BME]. Paraná, Ponta Grossa 28  . iv.1988, 1 ♀, coll. Lev. Ent. PROFAUPAR [ DZUP]. Roraima, Rio Uraricoera , Ilha de Maraca 2  . v.1986, 1 ♀, coll. J.A. Rafael, J.E.B. Brasil & L.S. Aquino [ INPA]. Santa Catarina, Nova Teutonia 30. x.1963, 1 ♀, coll. Fritz Plaumann [BME]. Same data except 18  . x.1965, 1 ♀ [BME], x.1965, 1 ♀ [BME], xi.1965, 1 ♀ 1Ƌ [BME], xi.1966, 1 ♀ [BME], ii.1974, 1 ♀ [BME]. São Paulo, Araçatuba x.1961, 1 ♀, coll. J. Lane & Rabello [ MZUSP]. Juquiá 1935, 1♀, coll. J. Lane [BME]. Luis Antônio , Est. Ecol. Jataí 7  . xi.2007, 1 ♀, coll. N.W. Perioto [ RPSP]. Same data except 11  . x.2007, 1 ♀ [LRRP], 15. x.2008, 1 ♀ [LRRP], 29. x.2008, 1 ♀ [LRRP], 30. ix.2009, 1 ♀ [LRRP], 5. xii.2007, 1 ♀ [LRRP], 24. x.2007, 1 ♀ [LRRP], 26. xi.2008, 1 ♀ [ LRRP]. Ribeirão Preto, campus USP, 1♀, coll. L.C. Rocha-Filho [ RPSP]. Teodoro Sampaio, Parque Estadual Morro do Diabo , Sítio São Francisco 23.vi.2011 –14  . iv.2012, 7 ♀, coll. P.R. Lopes [ RPSP]. Sergipe, Canindé do São Francisco 25  . xi.2002, 1 Ƌ, coll. Débora Moura [LEBIC]. COLOMBIA: Meta El Porvenir 27. ii.1979, 1 Ƌ, coll. R. Wilkerson [BME]  . ECUADOR: Napo, Limoncocha 25  . ix.1974, 1 Ƌ, coll. B.A. Drummond [BME]. Santa Cecília, Napo Pastaza 14  . vi.1967, 1 ♀, coll. J.D. Lynch [BME]. SURINAM: Samatraweg, Lelydorp 1964, 1Ƌ, coll. D.C. Geijskes [BME]. Paramaribo 21  . iii.1964, 1 Ƌ, coll. D.C. Geijskes [BME]. Same data except 10. iv.1964, 1 ♀ [BME]. Republier 28. ii.1963, 1 ♀, coll. D.C. Geijskes [BME]. VENEZUELA: Aragua, Cagua iv.1965, 2 ♀, coll. E. Doreste [BME]. El Limon 19  . ii.1960, 1 ♀, coll. M. Gelbes [BME].

Comments. The redescription above is based on a female from Brazil: São Paulo, Luis Antônio.

TFC

Universidad de La Laguna

INPA

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia

RPSP

Universidade de Sao Paulo

DZUP

Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure

MPEG

Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi

MZUSP

Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

USP

University of the South Pacific

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Chrysididae

Genus

Ipsiura

Loc

Ipsiura tropicalis Bohart, 1985

Lucena, Daercio A. A., Kimsey, Lynn S. & Almeida, Eduardo A. B. 2016
2016
Loc

Ipsiura tropicalis

Bohart 1985: 719
Loc

Neochrysis (Ipsiura) amaurotica

Kimsey 1991: 511
Loc

Neochrysis (Ipsiura) tropicalis:

Linsenmaier 1997: 266
Loc

Neochrysis (Ipsiura) tropicalis amaurotica:

Linsenmaier 1997: 266