Ipsiura klugi ( Dahlbom, 1854 ),

Lucena, Daercio A. A., Kimsey, Lynn S. & Almeida, Eduardo A. B., 2016, The Neotropical cuckoo wasp genus Ipsiura Linsenmaier, 1959 (Hymenoptera: Chrysididae): revision of the species occurring in Brazil, Zootaxa 4165 (1), pp. 1-71: 34-35

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Ipsiura klugi ( Dahlbom, 1854 )


Ipsiura klugi ( Dahlbom, 1854) 

( Figs 84–88View FIGURES 84 – 88)

Chrysis klugi Dahlbom, 1854: 321  . Holotype Ƌ [not examined]: BRAZIL (ZMK).

Chrysis cristata Mocsáry, 1913  . Holotype Ƌ [not examined]: BRAZIL: Rio Grande (HNHM). Synonymized by Linsenmaier (1985: 472).

Neochrysis (Ipsiura) klugi: Bohart 1966: 142  .

Ipsiura klugi  : 1985: 710.

Diagnosis. Superficially, Ipsiura klugi  is very similar to I. prolixa Bohart. These  species share many characters mainly of T3 which easily distinguish them from other Ipsiura  species, including the long distal margin and strong teeth arranged in an arc, well-developed pit row, narrow basolateral whitish spot and the prepit swelling absent. Additionally, they have widely medially interrupted TFC and cristate metanotum which are diagnostic. They are readily distinguished each other by the shape of S2 spots (see Figs 87View FIGURES 84 – 88 and 171).

Male description. Body ( Fig. 84View FIGURES 84 – 88). Length: 8.9 mm. Coloration: head predominantly green, with dark purple highlights on vertex; F1 brownish green; mesosoma metallic green, with bluish purple highlights on dorsum, predominantly on pronotum and mesoscutum; metasoma metallic green, with transverse purplish stripes on dorsum of T1 and T2, T3 with bluish highlights dorsally, with narrow lateral whitish spot; wing membrane brown, with brown veins; femora and tibiae greenish; tarsi brownish. Head: TFC forming a long arc, widely interrupted medially ( Fig. 85View FIGURES 84 – 88); scapal basin densely covered with silvery pubescence; F1 longer than broad, 1.3× as long as F2. Mesosoma: fore femur without ventral tooth, somewhat flattened on outer surface of distal margin, diameter of distal area subequal to diameter of proximal area; wing membrane densely covered with setae; fore wing with short M distal to discoidal cell, R1 shorter than stigma (as in Fig. 190View FIGURE 190); dorsal surface of pronotum wider than head; lower lateral area irregularly punctate anteriorly, with indistinct posterior area delimited by faint ridge; metanotum cristate medially; mesopleural lower posterior margin sharply carinate, with three well-separated tooth-like projections. Metasoma: T3 with six acute distal teeth ( Fig. 86View FIGURES 84 – 88), pit row exposed, with large, deep foveae, without prepit swelling; S2 spots medium-sized, oval, faintly separated medially ( Fig. 87View FIGURES 84 – 88). Punctation: fore femur coarsely punctate on outer surface; largest punctures on T1, mesopleuron and metanotum.

Female. Same as male except for the characteristic shape of S2 spots as shown in Fig. 87View FIGURES 84 – 88; metanotum strongly cristate, and unusual long distal margin of T3.

Variation. Body length 9–10.4 mm.

Hosts. Unknown.

Distribution. Argentina (Jujuy, Salta, Tartagal); Brazil (MG, PA, PR, RJ, SP); Paraguay (Caaguazú, Chaco, San Pedro); Venezuela (Zulia) ( Fig. 88View FIGURES 84 – 88).

Remarks. I. klugi  is easily distinguished from other Ipsiura  by the following combination of characters: T3 with long distal margin and sharp distal teeth, well-developed pit row, narrow whitish spot basolaterally and without prepit swelling; widely opened TFC; scapal basin densely covered with silvery setae and metanotum strongly cristate.

Material examined. ARGENTINA: Jujuy 16. i.1966, 1 ♀, coll. H. & M. Townes [BME]  . Salta , Oran Abra Grande 18. iv.1969, 1 ♀ [BME]. Tartagal xi.1971, 1 ♀  , coll. Manfredo Fritz [BME]. BRAZIL: Minas Gerais, Passos x.1963, 1 Ƌ  , coll. C.T. Elias [MZUSP]. Poços de Caldas 23. xii.1962, 1 Ƌ, coll. Claudionor Elias [BME]  . Pará, Almeirim 16. iv.1903, 1 ♀, coll. A. Ducke [ MPEG]  . Belém Utinga 24. vi.1977, 1 ♀, coll. L. Hock [ MPEG]  . Faro 10. vii.1909, 1 ♀, coll. A. Ducke [ MPEG]  . Óbidos 11. i.1905, 1 ♀, coll. A. Ducke [ MPEG]  . Same data except 18. xii.1907, 1 ♀ [ MPEG], 20  . xi.1904, 1 ♀ [MPEG], 22. xii.1904, 1 ♀ [MPEG]. R Arroyollos 21. iv.1903, 1 Ƌ, A. Ducke [MPEG]. Paraná, Ponta Grossa x.1943, 1 ♀, coll. P.J. Moure [BME]  . Rio de Janeiro, Nova Friburgo xii.1976, 1 ♀, coll. Gred & Guimarães [ MZUSP]  . São Paulo, Ipiranga 1922, 1♀, coll. H. Luedizualdt [ MZUSP]  .

PARAGUAY: Caaguazú xii.1977, 1 ♀, coll. Manfredo Fritz [BME]  . Chaco, Venturi 4. xi.1897, 1 Ƌ, coll. J. Brèthes [BME]  . San Pedro, Cororo Rio Ypane 28. xi.1983, 1 ♀ 1Ƌ, coll. M. Wasbauer [BME]. Same data except 1  . xii.1983, 1 Ƌ [BME], 5. xii.1983, 4 Ƌ 1♀ [BME]. VENEZUELA  : Zulia, Tucuco 23. iv.1981, 1 ♀, coll. H.K. Townes [BME]. 

Comments. The redescription above is based on a male from Brazil: Minas Gerais, Passos.


Universidad de La Laguna


Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi


Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo














Ipsiura klugi ( Dahlbom, 1854 )

Lucena, Daercio A. A., Kimsey, Lynn S. & Almeida, Eduardo A. B. 2016

Chrysis klugi

Dahlbom 1854: 321

Chrysis cristata Mocsáry, 1913

Linsenmaier 1985: 472

Neochrysis (Ipsiura) klugi:

Bohart 1966: 142