Ipsiura ellampoides ( Ducke, 1902 ),

Lucena, Daercio A. A., Kimsey, Lynn S. & Almeida, Eduardo A. B., 2016, The Neotropical cuckoo wasp genus Ipsiura Linsenmaier, 1959 (Hymenoptera: Chrysididae): revision of the species occurring in Brazil, Zootaxa 4165 (1), pp. 1-71: 22-24

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Ipsiura ellampoides ( Ducke, 1902 )


Ipsiura ellampoides ( Ducke, 1902) 

( Figs 52–56View FIGURES 52 – 56)

Chrysis ellampoides Ducke, 1902: 98  . Lectotype ♀ [examined by photos]: BRAZIL: Pará (MNHN). Designed by Bohart, in Kimsey & Bohart (1991: 509).

Neochrysis (Ipsiura) ellampoides: Bohart 1966: 142  .

Ipsiura ellampoides: Bohart 1985: 709  .

Diagnosis. Ipsiura ellampoides  most closely resembles I. marginalis (Brullé)  . It can be distinguished from that species by the following combination of characters: TFC producing a round enclosure, lacking a secondary lateral carina (rectangular-shaped, with a small secondary facial carina clearly marked in I. marginalis  ); lower posterior mesopleural carina without blunt teeth (strongly carinate, with a knob-like projection in I. marginalis  ), and metanotum slightly projecting above the propodeal surface (strongly projecting in I. marginalis  ). Additionally, I. ellampoides  is readily distinguished from other Ipsiura  species by the following combination of characters: fore wing with long M distal to discoidal cell and T3 with four very obtuse, deflected, downward distal teeth.

Female description. Body ( Fig. 52View FIGURES 52 – 56). Length: 9 mm. Coloration: head predominantly green, with faint bluish highlights on vertex; F1 brownish green; mesosoma metallic green, with faint bluish highlights on dorsum, particularly on pronotum and mesoscutum; metasoma metallic green, with conspicuous transverse purplish stripes on T1 and T2; T3 with lateral whitish spot; wing membrane light brown, with brown veins; femora and tibiae greenish; tarsi brown, hind basitarsus green. Head: TFC enclosing the median ocellus, round-shaped, completely closed medially, without secondary facial carina ( Fig. 53View FIGURES 52 – 56); F1 longer than broad, 1.4× as long as F2; scapal basin covered with silvery pubescence laterally, with narrow median polished stripe. Mesosoma: fore femur without flattened area or ventral tooth-like projection on outer surface of distal margin, diameter of distal area about onehalf diameter of proximal area; fore wing with long M distal to discoidal cell, ending near distal wing margin, R1 short, obsolescent (as in Fig. 145View FIGURES 141 – 146), medial cell asetose, sparse setae only distally; dorsal surface of pronotum wider than head; lower lateral pronotal surface smooth, sparse punctation anteriorly, without distinct posterior area delimited by transverse ridge; metanotum elongate, projecting above the propodeal surface; mesopleural lower posterior margin carinate, with distinct equally separated tooth-like projections. Metasoma: T3 with four broadly obtuse distal teeth, usually strongly deflected, downward ( Fig. 54View FIGURES 52 – 56), pit row vestigial, indicated by shallow pits, prepit swelling strongly convex; S2 spots medium-sized, medially separated by one-half spot diameter ( Fig. 55View FIGURES 52 – 56). Punctation: tiny and well-separated punctures on outer surface of fore femur; largest punctures on T1, mesopleuron and metanotum; T3 with shallow, well-separated punctures, shiny interspaces.

Male. Unknown.

Variation. One specimen from Brazil: Ceará, Barbalha (BME) is uncommonly short, about 6.6 mm. Other specimens are at least longer than 7.8 mm (Brazil: Mato Grosso –BME; Paraguay: San Pedro Caballero –BME) and most of them are about 9 mm (Brazil: Pará, São Paulo; Surinam: Lelydorp and Venezuela: Bolivar; MPEG, MZUSP and BME). Body length 6.6–9.6 mm.

Hosts. Unknown.

Distribution. Brazil (CE, PA, MA, MT, MS, SP); Paraguay (Amambay); Surinam (Brokopondo); Venezuela ( Fig. 56View FIGURES 52 – 56).

Remarks. Superficially I. ellampoides  resembles I. marginalis (Brullé)  , which led Ducke (1911) to make this species as a junior synonym of I. marginalis  (originally these species were placed in Chrysis Linnaeus, 1761  ). Subsequent analyses had revalidated the distinction between the entities ( Bohart 1985; Linsenmaier 1985; 1997).

Material examined. BRAZIL: Pará 1.vii.1902, coll. A. Ducke / Lectotype ♀ Chrysis ellampoides Ducke  ( MNHN). 

Additional material. BRAZIL: Ceará, Barbalha v.1969, 1 ♀, coll. M. Alvarenga [BME]  . Maranhão, Bom Jardim –REBIO-RES, Biol. Gurupi 6. xi.2010, 1 ♀, coll. F.L. Oliveira, D.W.A. Marques & E.A.S. Barbosa [ INPA]  . Mato Grosso, Pimentel Barbosa , Rio das Mortes x.1949, 1 ♀ [ MZUSP]  . Mato Grosso do Sul, Maracajú iv.1937, 1 ♀, coll. G. Fairchild [BME]  . Pará, Óbidos 13. i.1904, 1 ♀, coll. A. Ducke [ MPEG]  . Same data except 20. xii.1907, 1 ♀ [ MZUSP]  . Santarém ix, 1♀, coll. A. Ducke [BME]  . São Paulo, São Paulo 11. ix.1966, 1 ♀, coll. V.N. Alin [BME]  . PARAGUAY: Caballero 4. xi.1971, 1 ♀, coll. Pema [BME]  . SURINAM: Lelydorp iv.1964, 1 ♀, coll. D.C Geijskes [BME]  . VENEZUELA: Bolivar, rio Cuchivero Mantecal 150m 23. iii.1970, 1 ♀, coll. F. Fernández & C.J. Rosales [BME]. 

Comments. The redescription above is based on a female from Brazil: Mato Grosso, Pimentel Barbosa.


Universidad de La Laguna


Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle


Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia


Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo


Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi














Ipsiura ellampoides ( Ducke, 1902 )

Lucena, Daercio A. A., Kimsey, Lynn S. & Almeida, Eduardo A. B. 2016

Chrysis ellampoides

Kimsey 1991: 509
Ducke 1902: 98

Neochrysis (Ipsiura) ellampoides:

Bohart 1966: 142

Ipsiura ellampoides:

Bohart 1985: 709