Ipsiura venezuelae Bohart, 1985,

Lucena, Daercio A. A., Kimsey, Lynn S. & Almeida, Eduardo A. B., 2016, The Neotropical cuckoo wasp genus Ipsiura Linsenmaier, 1959 (Hymenoptera: Chrysididae): revision of the species occurring in Brazil, Zootaxa 4165 (1), pp. 1-71: 65-66

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Ipsiura venezuelae Bohart, 1985


Ipsiura venezuelae Bohart, 1985 

( Figs 185–189View FIGURES 185 – 189)

Ipsiura venezuelae Bohart, 1985: 720  . Holotype Ƌ [not examined]: VENEZUELA: Zulia, La Concepción (NMNH). Neochrysis (Ipsiura) schlaeflei Linsenmaier, 1985  . Holotype ♀ [not examined]: VENEZUELA: San Joaquín (NMLS). Synonymized by Kimsey & Bohart (1991: 512).

Neochrysis (Ipsiura) venezuelae: Linsenmaier 1997: 267  .

Diagnosis. Ipsiura venezuelae  most closely resembles I. neolateralis (Bohart)  and I. catamarcae Bohart. It  can be distinguished from those and other Ipsiura  species by the following combination of characters: fore wing with long M distal to discoidal cell (short in I. catamarcae  and I. neolateralis  ); shallow and well-separated punctures on T3 (well-definite and regularly spaced in I. catamarcae  and I. neolateralis  ); body with remarkable purple highlights (faint bluish highlights in I. catamarcae  and I. neolateralis  ); metanotum rounded (irregularly punctate, cristate to serriform in I. catamarcae  and I. neolateralis  ) and medium-sized S2 spots (large spots in I. catamarcae  and I. neolateralis  ).

Female description. Body ( Fig. 185View FIGURES 185 – 189). Length: 6.7 mm. Coloration: head primarily green, with faint purple highlights on vertex; F1 brownish; mesosoma metallic green, with transverse purplish stripe on dorsum of pronotum, broad purplish band on mesoscutum; metasoma metallic green, with dark purple transverse stripes on dorsum of T1 and T2; T3 with large lateral whitish spot; wing membrane light brown, with brown veins; femora and tibiae green; tarsi brown, meso- and hind basitarsi greenish brown. Head: TFC enclosing the median ocellus, slightly interrupted medially ( Fig. 186View FIGURES 185 – 189); F1 longer than broad, 1.3× as long as F2; scapal basin covered with silvery pubescence. Mesosoma: fore femur strongly flattened on outer surface of distal margin, diameter of distal area subequal to diameter of proximal area; fore wing with long M distal to discoidal cell, ending near distal wing margin (as in Fig. 145View FIGURES 141 – 146), R1 shorter than stigma (as in Fig. 190View FIGURE 190), medial cell setose; dorsal surface of pronotum wider than head; lower lateral pronotal surface smooth, impunctate, without distinct posterior area delimited by transverse ridge; metanotum rounded, without differentiated surface; mesopleural lower posterior margin carinate, with distinct close together tooth-like projections. Metasoma: T3 with six acute distal teeth ( Fig. 187View FIGURES 185 – 189), prepit swelling strongly convex, pit row with large, deep foveae; S2 spots medium-sized, medially separated at least by one-quarter spot diameter ( Fig. 188View FIGURES 185 – 189). Punctation: fore femur with irregular, sparse punctures; largest punctures on T1, mesopleuron and metanotum; vertex roughly punctate; T3 with shallow well-separated punctures.

Male. Same as female, except for the characteristic shape of S2 spots as shown in Fig. 188View FIGURES 185 – 189.

Variation. Specimes from north Brazil are predominantly green, without purplish highlights on body. Body length 6.7–7.1 mm.

Host. Unknown.

Distribution. Brazil (AM, PA, RR); Costa Rica (Limón); Ecuador (Guayas); Venezuela (Aragua, Zulia) ( Fig. 189View FIGURES 185 – 189).

Material examined. COSTA RICA: Limón, Hacienda Tapezco 20.iii.1978 coll. D. Panny, D. Moeller & C. Lewis / Paratype 1♀ [BME]  . VENEZUELA: Aragua, 2 KmN. Ocumare De La Costa 21.vi.1976 coll. A.S Menke & D. Vincent / Paratype 1♀ [BME]. Balao Chico? 23.iv.1963 L. Pena / Paratype 1Ƌ [BME]  . Venezuela: Zulia, Maracaibo 16.ix.1973 coll. R. Bohart / Paratype 1♀ [BME]. 

Additional material. BRAZIL: Amazonas, Manaus, Reserva Ducke 6.xi.1978, 1♀, coll. N. Penny [ INPA]  . Pará, Belém COAGB 17.ix.2010, 1♀, coll. I. Santos, L  . Lima, J. Santos & J  . Rocha [ MPEG]  . Roraima, Rio Uraricoera , Ilha de Maraca 30.xi.1987, 1♀, coll. J.A. Rafael [ INPA]  .

Comments. The redescription above is based on a paratype female from Venezuela: Aragua, Ocumare de la Costa  .


Universidad de La Laguna


Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia


Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi














Ipsiura venezuelae Bohart, 1985

Lucena, Daercio A. A., Kimsey, Lynn S. & Almeida, Eduardo A. B. 2016

Ipsiura venezuelae

Kimsey 1991: 512
Bohart 1985: 720

Neochrysis (Ipsiura) venezuelae:

Linsenmaier 1997: 267