Bryopharsos paulistensis,

Bravo, Freddy & Araújo, Maíra Xavier, 2019, Three new species of Bryopharsos Quate, 1996 (Diptera, Psychodidae, Psychodinae) from the Neotropical Region, Zootaxa 4619 (2), pp. 364-370: 365-368

publication ID

publication LSID

persistent identifier

treatment provided by


scientific name

Bryopharsos paulistensis

sp. nov.

Bryopharsos paulistensis  sp. nov.

( Figs. 13–24View FIGURES 13–24)

Type material. Holotype, male: BRAZIL, São Paulo, Sete Barras , 13–27.XI.2004, Malaise trap, without name of collector ( MZFS). 6 paratypes male with same data of holotype except by date of collect: 1 paratype 25.VII– 7.XI.2004; 2 paratypes 16–30.X.2004; 3 paratypes 24.XII.2004 – 08.I.2005 ( MZFS). 

Etymology. The specific name paulistensis  is based on the State where the specimen of the new species was collected, namely São Paulo.

Diagnosis. Male. Eye bridge with five facet rows; wing twice as long than as wide; ejaculatory apodeme subrectangular in dorsal view; cercus narrower in the one-half apical portion, with one tenaculum; aedeagus long, expanded, hemispheric basally and narrow apically with pointed apex.

Description. Male. Head vertex length almost twice the width of eye bridge; eye bridge with five facet rows; pedicel shorter than scape ( Figs. 13 and 16View FIGURES 13–24). Occipital setae present and distributed into one basal block; post-ocular alveoli absent ( Fig. 14View FIGURES 13–24). Labellum very short, ending before the apex of labrum; maxillary lacinia short, knife like well sclerotized ( Fig. 15View FIGURES 13–24). Fourteen flagellomeres, eccentric except first flagellomere that is spherical; internodes of flagellomeres 1–4 short; internodes of flagellomeres 4–13 0.7 times the length of nodes; flagellomere 14 without internode ( Figs. 16 and 17View FIGURES 13–24). One pair of ascoids per flagellomere, leaf shaped ( Fig. 18View FIGURES 13–24). Thorax without allurement organs. Wing twice as long as wide; seta alveoli distributed uniformly on wing membrane ( Fig. 19View FIGURES 13–24). Hypandrium narrow; gonostylus with blunt apex; aedeagus expanded, hemispheric basally and narrow apically with pointed apex; ejaculatory apodeme rectangular in dorsal view; paramere with the same length of aedeagus and capitate apex ( Figs. 20 and 21View FIGURES 13–24). Gonocoxal apodeme anteriorly projected as two thin blades ending in an acute apex, not fused, and posteriorly projected as a pair of lateral, ovoid lobes with long bristles ( Fig. 20View FIGURES 13–24). Epandrium with posterior margin slightly concave; cercus with apical one half narrower than base with one apical tenaculum (holotype with right cercus with two tenacula); subepandrial sclerite plate-like with distal arms sclerotized where cerci are articulated; epiproct smaller than hypoproct, both with apical micropilosity ( Figs. 22, 23, 24View FIGURES 13–24).

Female. Unknown.

Remarks. The new species Bryopharsos uncinatum  and B. paulistensis  have only one tenaculum in the cerci (except for the holotype, which has two tenacula in one cercus). The presence of one tenaculum is unique, as the other species of Bryopharsos  have three to five tenacula. Bryopharsos uncinatum  has five facet rows in the eye bridge, and the specimens does not have lobes in the anterior projection of the gonocoxal apodemes, while B. paulistensis  has four facet rows and lobes are present in the anterior projection of the gonocoxal apodemes.