Purusha reversa ( Hope, 1843 )

Constant, Jérôme, 2020, Revision of the Eurybrachidae (XV). The Oriental genus Purusha Distant, 1906 with two new species and a key to the genera of Eurybrachini (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Eurybrachidae), European Journal of Taxonomy 602, pp. 1-40 : 23-30

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https://doi.org/ 10.5852/ejt.2020.602

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Purusha reversa ( Hope, 1843 )


Purusha reversa ( Hope, 1843) View in CoL

Figs 1E View Fig , 4 View Fig , 13–18 View Fig View Fig View Fig View Fig View Fig View Fig

Eurybrachis (sic!) reversa Hope, 1843: 134 View in CoL [described], pl. xii fig. 8 [habitus illustrated].

Purusha rubromaculata Distant, 1906b: 204 View in CoL [described], syn. nov.

Eurybrachys reversa – Schaum 1850: 71 View in CoL [listed in the genus Eurybrachys View in CoL ]. — Walker 1851: 382 [listed]. — Atkinson 1886: 22 [redescribed as “species of uncertain position”].

Messena reversa – Gerstaecker 1895: 33 View in CoL [allied to Purusha paradoxa ( Gerstaecker, 1895) View in CoL ], 34 [transferred to Messena View in CoL ].

Purusha reversa – Distant 1906a: 236 View in CoL [described, scarce species], fig. 102 [habitus illustrated (illustration from Hope 1843)]; 1906b: 203 [type species of Purusha View in CoL ], 204 [catalogued]. — Metcalf 1956: 8 [catalogued].

Purusha rubromaculata – Metcalf 1956: 9 View in CoL [catalogued].



Easily recognized by the following combination of characters: (1) tegmina with numerous small, round, black spots on membrane, more or less arranged in rows parallel to apical margin ( Fig. 15 View Fig A–B); (2) posterior wings brown with numerous small, black-brown spots on apical half ( Fig. 15 View Fig A–B); (3) head, pro- and mesonotum brown, concolorous ( Fig. 15C View Fig ); (4) ventral margin of gonostyli without internobasal process projecting posteriorly ( Fig. 17B View Fig ); (5) anterolateral and posterolateral spines of phallus about the same size ( Fig. 17G View Fig ).


Immediately recognized by the combination of the following characters: (1) tegmina with conspicuous white waxy spot at basal third, along costal margin, but without minute black spots or brown lines on membrane ( Figs 13A View Fig , 14A View Fig , 16A View Fig ); (2) posterior wings with numerous brown spots, sometimes merging together, more or less arranged in rows parallel to apical margin ( Figs 13A View Fig , 14A View Fig , 16A View Fig ); (3) head, pro- and mesonotum brown, concolorous ( Figs 13C View Fig , 14E View Fig , 16B View Fig ).

Differential diagnosis


Easily separated from males of P. pulverosa and P. vietnamica sp. nov. (and probably P. bellissima sp. nov.) by combination of characters: (1)–(3) of diagnosis; from P. paradoxa , it is better separated based on characters (4)–(5) of diagnosis: (4) ventral margin of gonostyli with internobasal process projecting posteriorly in P. paradoxa ( Fig. 8B View Fig ); (2) anterolateral spine of phallus smaller than posterolateral one in P. paradoxa ( Fig. 8F View Fig ).


The specific names are derived from the Latin adjectives ‘ reversa ’, meaning ‘inverted’, and ‘ rubromaculata ’, juxtaposition of ‘ ruber ’, meaning ‘red’, and ‘ maculatus ’, meaning ‘spotted’, and referring to the reddish spots on the tegmina.

Material examined

Holotype of Eurybrachys reversa ( Fig. 13 View Fig )

BANGLADESH • ♀; [Sylhet]; [24°54′ N, 91°52′ E]; “ Eurybrachis reversa Hope , Type ”; “ Type, Hope, Trans. Linn. Soc. XIX. p. 134, T. 12 f. 8, Coll. Hope Oxon. ”; “ Type Hem: 477, Eurybrachis reversa Hope, Hope Dept. Oxford ”; OUMNH GoogleMaps .

Holotype of Purusha rubromaculata ( Fig. 14 View Fig )

THAILAND • ♀; [Chanthaburi]; [12°36′31″ N, 102°06′14″ E]; Mouhot leg.; “ Purusha rubromaculata Dist. Type ”; “Chant. Mouhot”; “68 4”; “ Type ”; BMNH GoogleMaps .

The type locality for Eurybrachys reversa given by Hope (1843) is “Silhet” (= Sylhet in Bangladesh) and the one given for P. rubromaculata given by Distant (1906b), corresponding to “Chant.” on the label, is Chantabun (= Chanthaburi, Thailand).

Additional material

MALAYSIA • 1 ♀; Cameron Highlands ; [4°30′ N, 101°30′ E]; May 2005; I.G.: 34.051; RBINS GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Cameron Highlands ; [4°30′ N, 101°30′ E]; Mar. 2017; I.G.: 33.636; RBINS GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Perak, Maxewell Hill [Bukit Larut]; [4°51′44.28″ N, 100°47′34.8″ E]; alt. 3000 ft; Jun.–Jul. 1916; ex F.M.S. Museum, B.M. 1955-354; BMNH GoogleMaps .

THAILAND • 1 ♂; Yala Province, Betong; [5°47′04″ N, 101°02′22″ E]; 27 Jun. 2015; Les Day leg.; I.G.: 34.051; RBINS • 1 ♀; “Siamese Malay States, B. B.” [Bukit Besar]; alt. 2500 ft; Annandale and Robinson leg.; “1903–127”; according to Brunetti (1923) and Woodley (2012), “B. B.” would actually be situated in Pattani Province; code N° 293; BMNH.

Examined from photographs ( Fig. 18 View Fig C–D)

THAILAND • 1 ♀; Yala Province, Betong ; [5°47′04″ N, 101°02′22″ E]; 17 Dec. 2014; S. Atdhabhan photogr GoogleMaps .


Measurements and ratios

♂: LT (n = 1): 22.6 mm; LTg/BTg = 2.1; BV/LV = 4.15; BF/LF = 1.65; LP+LM/BT = 0.7.

♀: LT (n = 4): 29.4 mm (26.6–31.5); LTg/BTg = 2.1; BV/LV = 4.4; BF/LF = 1.66; LP+LM/BT = 0.7.

Male genitalia ( Fig. 17 View Fig )

Pygofer with lateral portion of posterior margin strongly projecting in subtriangular laminate process directed posteriorly in lateral view and slightly laterally in ventral view; process narrowly rounded apically; ventral half of posterior margin excavate in lateral view; ventral portion of posterior margin straight in ventral view; dorsal portion of pygofer abruptly narrowing with posterior margin strongly excavate; anterior margin sinuate in lateral view ( Fig. 17 View Fig A–B). Anal tube large, broadly obovate, widest at about mid-length, dorsoventrally flattened; apical margin slightly emarginate in dorsal view; lateral margin bisinuate, very broadly rounded on distal ⅓ in dorsal view; lateral margin strongly undulate in lateral view; anal column at basal ¼ ( Fig. 17A, D View Fig ). Gonostyli subrectangular in lateral view, with prominent apicodorsal process; apicodorsal process laminate, projecting medially and armed with one tooth at medioanterior angle, one tooth at medioposterior angle and one strong hook laterally, curved anteroventrally on apical portion; ventral margin emarginate on distal 4/5, leaving large, parallel-sided central opening in ventral view ( Fig. 17 View Fig A–C). Phallobase robust, about as long as broad in dorsal view, with rather short, blunt basolateral process directed posterolaterally and elongate, apical, bifurcate process ventrally, sinuate in lateral view and directed postroventrally; dorsally to bifurcate process, slightly longer, apically blunt process directed posteriorly ( Fig. 17 View Fig E–G). Phallus with very complicated set of intricate processes: basal strong spine directed laterally; trispinose lateral process with basidorsal spine elongate and directed dorsally, posteroventral spine elongate, about as long as basidorsal one, directed dorsally and slightly curved anteriorly on distal portion, and apicodorsal spine incurving, sinuate, projecting mediodorsally and slightly anteriorly on distal portion; mediodorsally, pair of laterally compressed processes about as high as long in lateral view and with lateral ridged process ( Fig. 17 View Fig E–G).


Bangladesh, Thailand and Peninsular Malaysia ( Fig. 4 View Fig ).


The species was observed sitting on leaves of plants and shrubs in southern Thailand (L. Day pers. com., 2015). When disturbed, the specimen showed a specific behaviour, lifting the wings at perpendicular angle ( Fig. 18D View Fig ).


Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences














Purusha reversa ( Hope, 1843 )

Constant, Jérôme 2020

Purusha rubromaculata – Metcalf 1956: 9

Metcalf Z. P. 1956: 9

Purusha rubromaculata

Distant W. L. 1906: 204

Purusha reversa – Distant 1906a: 236

Metcalf Z. P. 1956: 8
Distant W. L. 1906: 236

Messena reversa –

Gerstaecker C. E. A. 1895: 33

Eurybrachys reversa – Schaum 1850: 71

Atkinson E. T. 1886: 22
Walker F. 1851: 382
Schaum H. R. 1850: 71

Eurybrachis (sic!) reversa Hope, 1843: 134

Hope F. W. 1843: 134
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