Aedokritus platycnemis Edwards, 1931,

Pinho, Luiz Carlos, Dantas, Galileu P. S. & Hamada, Neusa, 2019, Some notes on taxonomy and distribution of Neotropical Aedokritus Roback and Axarus Roback (Diptera: Chironomidae: Chironominae), Zootaxa 4668 (4), pp. 535-542: 536

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4668.4.6

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:98A8CA43-C2BB-4FAC-95C4-56201912E201

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03C887DE-EC29-4C3C-21FA-FF65FA8A1839

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Aedokritus platycnemis Edwards, 1931
status

 

Aedokritus platycnemis Edwards, 1931 

( Figure 1View FIGURE 1)

Examined material. Holotype: male, slide-mounted, “Posadas, Misiones Territory, Argentina, 13-15.i.1927 ” ( NHM)  . Additional material. 1 male, BRAZIL, Amazonas State, Manaus , INPA, Campus II, 03°05’47”S 59°59’22”W, light, 14.x.2013, GPS Dantas leg.GoogleMaps  1 male, Amazonas State, Manaus, Reserva Soka Gakkai , small lake, 03°06’44”S 59°54’22”W, light, 15.viii.2013, GPS Dantas leg.GoogleMaps  1 male, Amazonas State, Itacoatiara, Rio Amazonas / Madeira , 03°21’31”S 58°46’31”W, 11-12.viii.2015, light, AMO Pes leg.GoogleMaps  1 male, Pará State, Santarém , 02°25’10”S 54°42’24”W, 31.iv.2015, light, GPS Dantas leg.GoogleMaps  1 male, Espírito Santo State, Marilândia, Lagoa do Batista , 19°31’38”S 40°26’38”W, 04.v.2016, light, P Barcelos leg.GoogleMaps 

Diagnostic characters. The species can be separated from other Aedokritus  species by the wings with two dark crossbands, basal band forked toward hind margin, and large anal point.

Redescription. Male (based on holotype and additional material, n= 5): total length 5.20–5.95 mm. Wing length 2.15–2.58 mm. Total length/ wing length 2.30–2.44. Wing length/ length of profemur 1.99–2.06.

Coloration. Head brown. Thorax dark brown; vittae indistinct; halteres brown. Wing ( Figure 1AView FIGURE 1) with two dark crossbands, basal band forked toward hind margin, apical band strongly tapered toward hind margin; squama, alula, anal lobe and whole area between C and R veins light brown. Legs with coxae, trocanthers, femora and tibiae dark brown; tarsomeres 1–2 yellowish brown; tarsomeres 3–5 brownish. Abdominal segments brown.

Antenna. AR 1.96–2.31. Ultimate flagellomere 0.88–1.08 mm long.

Head. Frontal tubercles present.Temporal setae 14–17, uniserial. Clypeus with 19–27 setae. Tentorium 250–290 μm long; 45–52 μm wide. Stipes 207 μm long; 12 μm wide. Palpomere lengths (in μm): 50–66; 65–70; 187–206; 230–235; 317–350. Third palpomere without sensilla clavata.

Thorax. Scutum without tubercle.Antepronotum with 5–7 lateral setae. Acrostichals 20–27; dorsocentrals 6–8; prealars 3–5; supraalar 1. Scutellum with 15–20 setae.

Wing ( Figure 1AView FIGURE 1). VR 0.99–1.0. Brachiolum with 1–3 setae; R with 7–13 setae, other veins bare. Squama with 11–22 setae. Anal lobe moderately developed.

Legs. Spur of foretibia 60–71 μm long; spurs of midtibia 33–34 μm and 38–40 μm long; spurs of hind tibia 34–36 μm and 42–45 μm long. Apex of foretibia 63–77 μm wide; of midtibia 68–78 μm wide; of hind tibia 72–81 μm wide. Lengths and proportions of legs as in Table 1.

Hypopygium ( Figures 1View FIGURE 1 B–D). Tergite IX with 40–50 dorsal setae, posterior margin without lateral projections. Anal point 48–72 μm long; 47–72 μm wide at its widest point, with 12–16 dorsal setae; apex blunt or slightly acute ( Fig. 1CView FIGURE 1). Transverse sternapodeme 82–106 μm long. Gonocoxite 175–260 μm long. Superior volsella 65–80 μm long; 24–24 μm wide subapically; with 15–20 setae at basal microtrichiose part, apex rounded. Median volsella 42–50 μm long, 11–12 μm wide, with an apical fringe. Inferior volsella digitiform; 75–76 μm long; 73 μm wide at base, 30–37 μm wide at apex, with about 15 short, curved apical setae. Gonostylus 156–196 μm long, 75–78 μm wide at its widest point. HR 1.12–1.36. HV 3.04–3.33.

Female, pupa and larva. Unknown.

Distribution. The species was known only for its type locality in northeastern Argentina, southwestern limit of Atlantic Forest, and it is now recorded from central Atlantic Forest (Espírito Santo, Brazil) and Brazilian Amazon (Amazonas and Pará, Brazil) ( Figure 3View FIGURE 3).

Remarks. Edwards (1931) originally described the coloration of Aedokritus platycnemis  as “Body black; legs black, with pale tarsi, ... wings with an extensive black pattern”, possibly based on pinned material. Additional material in alcohol could be described as that ( Fig. 1AView FIGURE 1), but the black is indeed a very dark brown, fading to dark brown or brown when slide-mounted. The coloration of the slide-mounted holotype does not seem to be affected by its long age and is the same of the additional specimens in recent slides, as redescribed. Roback (1960) considered the median volsella “slender with a few long hairs at tip” a diagnostic character of species, but it is no longer true because of more recently described species (e.g. Aedokritus coffeatus  ) with very similar median volsella.

NHM

University of Nottingham

INPA

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Chironomidae

Genus

Aedokritus