Aleochara mundana Sharp, 1876,

Caron, Edilson, Moussallem, Marcelo & Bortoluzzi, Sidnei, 2019, Revision of Brazilian species of Aleochara Gravenhorst of the subgenus Aleochara (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae), Zootaxa 4712 (1), pp. 1-33: 7-8

publication ID

publication LSID

persistent identifier

treatment provided by


scientific name

Aleochara mundana Sharp, 1876


Aleochara mundana Sharp, 1876 

( Figs. 2View FIGURES 1–7, 17–25View FIGURES 17–22View FIGURES 23–25, 75View FIGURE 75)

Aleochara mundana Sharp 1876: 71  (description, type locality: “ Pará, Tapajós and Ega”), note: Ega is currently known as Tefé, a municipality in Amazonas, Brazil. Duvivier 1883: 100 (catalogue). Feynes 1921: 416 (catalogue, as “species of doubtful systematic position”). Bernhauer & Sheerpeltz 1926: 778 (catalogue). Blackwelder 1944:167 (checklist). Caron et al. 2008: 833 (checklist). Fery 2013: 81 (checklist).

Type material: Syntypes: One male specimen ( Fig. 2View FIGURES 1–7), deposited in BMNH: (1) “ Aleochara  \ mundana  \ Amazons Type\ D.S.” [white label, handwritten]; (2) “Type” [circular label, white with red boards, printed in black]; (3) “Amazons\ Tapajós” [circular label, green, handwritten]; (4) “ S. America:\ Brazil ” [white label, printed in black]; (5) “Sharp Coll.\1905-313.” [white label, printed in black]. One female specimen, dissected [abdominal segments VIII–X fixed on acetate plastic card with Canada balsam], deposited in FMNH: (1) “ Aleochara  \ mundana  \ Amazons 2nd type\ D.S.” [white label, handwritten]; (2) “ S. America:\ Brazil ” [white label, printed in black]; (3) “Sharp Coll.\1905-313.” [white label, printed in black]; (4) “Chicago Nat. Hist. Mus.\ (ex. D. Sharp Colln \ by exchange with\ Brit. Mus. Nat. Hist.)” [white label, printed in black]; (5) “FMNHINS\ 2840591\ FIELD MUSEUM \ Pinned” [white label, printed in black, QR Barcode present]  .

Note: Sharp described the species based on five specimens, syntypes.

Additional material: FMNH: Bolivia: One specimen: (1) [Small square green label. There is no writing on this label]; (2) “Mapiri\ Bolivia”; (3) “ mundana Shp.  \ Bang Haay(?)\ det. Bernhauer ”; (4) “Chicago NHMus\ M.Bernhauer \ Collection”; (5) “FMNHINS\ 2840588\ FIELD MUSEUM \ Pinned”. Brazil: One specimen: (1) “ mundana Shrp  \ Para von\ Slaudinger”; (2) “Chicago NHMus\ M.Bernhauer \ Collection”; (3) “FMNHINS\ 2840589  \ FIELD MUSEUM \ Pinned. One specimen: (1) “ mundana  \ Shrp. Para \ von Slaudger”; (2) “Chicago NHMus\ M.Bernhauer \ Collection”; (3) “FMNHINS\ 2840590\ FIELD MUSEUM \ Pinned”. One specimen: (1) “12.893”; (2) “ Brasil.S.Paulo \ Ypiranga\ Dr. Ihering ”; (3) “ lateralis Er.  \ det. Bernh ”; (4) “Chicago NHMus\ M.Bernhauer \ Collection”; (5) “FMNHINS\ 2840583\ FIELD MUSEUM \ Pinned”. One specimen: (1) “Maná\ os”; (2) “Amazon\ Roman”; (3) “mars”; (4) “ mundana Shp  \ det. Bernhauer \ Schwed R. Mus.”; (5) “Chicago NHMus\ M.Bernhauer \ Collection”; (6) “FMNHINS\ 2840587\ FIELD MUSEUM \ Pinned”  . INPA: Brazil: One specimen: (1) “Brasil—AM, Manaus\ Reserva Adolpho Ducke\ 14/VII/2008 \ K. M. Mise (Leg.)”. One specimen: (1) “Brasil— AM, Manaus\ Reserva Adolpho Ducke\ 16/VII/2008 \ K. M. Mise (Leg.)”  . MPEG: Brazil: Five specimens: (1) “Brazil Pará \ Serra Norte\ NI FLORESTA\ 2-XI-1985 ”; (2) “Brasil Pará \ J. Dias”; (3) “ MPEG ”  .

Diagnosis: Aleochara mundana  is very similar to A. auricoma  and A. prisca  (specimens with head darker than pronotum) but it differs from them by antennae distinctly lighter than head; median lobe of aedeagus with hook-like apical tooth (directed dorsad); and tergum X of female truncate on posterior margin.

Redescription: BL: 6.3 mm. EW: 1.7 mm. Head brown to dark brown, antennae lighter than head; pronotum yellowish to light brown with dark macula on the disc; elytra yellowish to light brown, slightly darker on lateralposterior angles; abdomen brown to dark brown with posterior half of tergum VIII to tergum X yellowish; mouthparts and legs yellowish to light brown. Dorsal surface glossy and covered with thin golden yellowish setae with setigerous pores impressed.

Head: with setigerous punctuation; disc with sparse pubescence directed mediad and anterad. Antennae with antennomere 2 half length of first and slightly narrower than first; 3 longer than 2; 4 transverse; 5–10 similar in shape, each distinctly transverse; 11 twice longer than the previous one, semi-triangular in shape; 1–4 glossy with some long black setae; 5–11 dull and covered by very short white setae, with some long black setae on apex of each antennomere and 11 with long black setae on a transversal circular line in the middle of each antennomere;

Thorax: pronotum with setigerous punctuation; setae directed posterad at the midline of the disc and directed posterad and laterad elsewhere. Mesoventral process truncate. Elytra with setigerous punctation, denser than those on pronotum; setae directed posterad.

Abdomen: distinctly narrowed posteriorly; terga with coarse setigerous punctation, sparse pubescence directed posterad.

Male: tergum VIII wider than long ( Fig. 17View FIGURES 17–22); posterior margin truncated and not serrate; some setae restricted to posterior margin. Sternum VIII wider than long; posterior margin broadly rounded ( Fig. 18View FIGURES 17–22). Tergum IX with ventral struts asymmetrical, the left shorter than the right ( Fig. 19View FIGURES 17–22). Tergum X with anterior margin truncate and posterior margin very slightly emarginate at the middle ( Fig. 19View FIGURES 17–22). Aedeagus: median lobe elongate and slightly bulbous at base ( Fig. 21View FIGURES 17–22); apex with hook-like tooth, directed dorsad ( Figs. 22View FIGURES 17–22).

Female: tergum VIII wider than long; posterior margin truncate ( Fig. 23View FIGURES 23–25). Sternum VIII wider than long; posterior margin broadly rounded, somewhat pointed at the middle, some short setae restricted to posterior margin ( Fig. 24View FIGURES 23–25). Tergum IX without ventral struts. Tergum X with anterior and posterior margin truncate ( Fig. 25View FIGURES 23–25). Spermatheca not found.

Geographical records: Material examined: Bolivia (Mapiri), Brazil (Amazonas: Manaus and Pará: Serra Norte and Tapajós) ( Fig. 75View FIGURE 75).

Natural history: found in dung ( Sharp 1876: 71).


Field Museum of Natural History


Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile


Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia


Australian Museum


Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi


Nagao Institute














Aleochara mundana Sharp, 1876

Caron, Edilson, Moussallem, Marcelo & Bortoluzzi, Sidnei 2019

Aleochara mundana

Fery, H. 2013: 81
Caron, E. & Mise, K. M. & Klimaszewski, J. 2008: 833
Feynes, A. 1921: 416
Duvivier, A. 1883: 100
Sharp, D. 1876: 71