Aleochara bugnioni Fauvel 1901,

Caron, Edilson, Moussallem, Marcelo & Bortoluzzi, Sidnei, 2019, Revision of Brazilian species of Aleochara Gravenhorst of the subgenus Aleochara (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae), Zootaxa 4712 (1), pp. 1-33: 13-16

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4712.1.1

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http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03C78845-FF87-FFC0-FF61-EA95FD1BF8D5

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scientific name

Aleochara bugnioni Fauvel 1901
status

 

Aleochara bugnioni Fauvel 1901 

( Figs. 4, 3 5–44View FIGURES 1–7View FIGURES 8–13View FIGURES 14–16View FIGURES 17–22View FIGURES 23–25View FIGURES 26–31View FIGURES 32–34View FIGURES 35–40View FIGURES 41–44, 75View FIGURE 75)

Aleochara curtula bugnioni Fauvel 1901: 90  (description as variety of A. curtula ( Goeze, 1777)  , type locality: “ Colombie: Sierra Nevada”). Feynes 1918: 399 (catalogue, as junior subjective synonym of A. curtula  ). Bernhauer & Scheerpeltz 1926: 776 (catalogue, as a variation of A. curtula  ). Blackwelder 1944: 167 (catalogue, as variation of A. curtula  ). Klimaszewski 1984: 77 (review, as subspecies of A. curtula  ). Newton et al. 2005: 64 (checklist, as junior subjective synonym of A. curtula  ). Caron et al. 2008: 832 (checklist, as subspecies of A. curtula  ). Luo & Zhou 2012: 194 (revision, as subspecies of A. curtula  ). Note: following the ICZN (1999) article 45.6.4, the name published before 1961 and using the term variety (including use of var.), the name is considered as subspecific name. Additionally, article 50.3.1 the authorship of the name within the species group is not affected by the rank at which is used. – Revalidated and erected to the species status name.

Aleochara lateralis Erichson, 1839: 161  (description, type locality: “Columbia, Dom. Moritz”). Chevrolat & Fauvel 1863: 428 (checklist, as valid species; description). Solsky 1872: 290 (checklist). Feynes 1918: 400 (catalogue). Bernhauer & Scheerpeltz 1926: 778 (catalogue, as senior subjective synonym of A. bonariensis  ). Blackwelder 1943: 560 (catalogue, as senior subjective synonym of A. bonariensis  ). Blackwelder 1944: 167 (catalogue). Klimaszewski et al. 1987: 250 and 255 (checklist; lectotype designation, redescritpion). Ashe 2002: 165 (catalogue, as senior subjective synonym of A. bonariensis  ). Newton et al. 2005: 22; 64 (checklist, as valid species; as senior subjective synonym of A. bonariensis  ). Caron et al. 2008 (checklist, as senior subjective synonym of A. bonariensis  , but invalid name). Almeida & Mise 2009: 239 (checklist of forensic fauna; geographic distribution; cited as valid species). Note: A. lateralis Erichson, 1839  is a junior primary homonym of A. lateralis Heer, 1839  , and must be rejected, since the relative priority of the Erichson and Heer publications was discussed by Newton & Thayer (1992). Following the ICZN (1999) article 23.3.5, if a name in is invalid it must be replaced by the next oldest available name from among its synonyms – New synonym.

Type material: A. curtula bugnioni  — Syntype: One specimen ( Fig. 4View FIGURES 1–7), female, deposited in IRSNB: (1) “Sª. Nevada 1600 m \ au Jessus[?] de San\ Antonio ( Colombie,\ 3 loudes[?]” [white label, handwritten i]; (2) “ V. Bugnioni Fvl.” [white label, handwritten]; (3) “Coll. R. I. Sc. N. B.” [white label, printed in black]; (4) Syntype \ Aleochara curtula  var. \ bugnioni Fauvel, 1901  \ Det. E. Caron, 2018” [white label, printed in black]; (5) “Photographed by\ BUSS, A.P.\ 01/XI/2018 \ DZUP-Palotina” [pink label, printed in black]. Note: Fauvel did not mention the number of specimens in the type series of A. curtula var. bugnioni  . As a conservative approach (following article 72.1.1, ICZN 1999), we suggest that this specimen should be considered as syntype.

Additional material: DZUP: Brazil: One specimen: (1) “BRASIL: Paraná, Matinhos,\ Praia Grande, - 25.780565S, -48.516342W, Restinga\ Pitfall-fezes, 28.xii.2018 -\ 04.i.2019, E. Caron (leg.)”. Two specimens: (1) “ Brasil – AM, Manaus\ Reserva Adolpho Ducke\ K. M. Mise (leg.)”; (2) “Coleta manual\ isca carne bovina”GoogleMaps  . Three specimens: (1) “Brasil; PB; João Pessoa\ Mata do Buraquinho\ 7º08’22” S, 34º51’37” W \ 20/VIII/2010 \ R. C. A. P. Farias col. P”GoogleMaps  . One specimen: (1) “Brasil; PB; João Pessoa\ Mata do Buraquinho\ 7º08’22” S, 34º51’37” W \ 19/VIII/2010 \ R. C. A. P. Farias col. P”. Two specimens: (1) “Linhares\ Espírito Santo \ Brasil\ X/2004 \ P. Grossi, col.”; (2) “ Pitfall com\ fezes humanas”GoogleMaps  . One specimen: (1) “ BRASIL: SP, Parq. Est.\ Serra do Mar (Bertioga)\ 23°44’45”S, 45°55’45”W \ 24.iv.2017, rim, 21m, V \ Costa-Silva leg.”; (2) “ Aleochara bonariensis  \ Lynch, 1884 \ Det. V. Costa-Silva, 2017”GoogleMaps  . Colombia: One specimen: (1) “Colombia—Antioquia\ Medelin\ 75º34’05”W 6º13’55”N \ 17/VI/1999 \ Uribe & Wolf col.”; (2) “Colecta realizada en\ cerdo en\ decomposicion”GoogleMaps  . One specimen: (1) “Colombia—Antioquia\ Medelin\ 75º34’05”W 6º13’55”N \ 19/V/1999 \ Uribe & Wolf col.”; (2) “Colecta realizada en\ cerdo en\ decomposicion”GoogleMaps  One specimen: (1) “Colombia—Antioquia\ Medelin\ 75º34’05”W 6º13’55”N \ 04/VI/1999 \ Uribe & Wolf col.”; (2) “Colecta realizada en\ cerdo en\ decomposicion”GoogleMaps  . One specimen: (1) “Colombia—Antioquia\ Medelin\ 75º34’05”W 6º13’55”N \ 17/VI/1999 \ Uribe & Wolf col.”; (2) “Colecta realizada en\ cerdo en\ decomposicion”GoogleMaps  . One specimen: (1) “Colombia—Antioquia\ Medelin\ 75º34’05”W 6º13’55”N \ 26/V/1999 \ Uribe & Wolf col.”; (2) “Colecta realizada en\ cerdo en\ decomposicion”GoogleMaps  . One specimen: (1) “Colombia—Antioquia\ Medelin\ 75º34’05”W 6º13’55”N \ 22/V/1999 \ Uribe & Wolf col.”; (2) “Colecta realizada en\ cerdo en\ decomposicion”GoogleMaps  . INPA: Brazil: One specimen: (1) “BRASIL: Amazonas\ Campus Universitário\ Manaus, 04-11/

VIII/1988”; (2) “Marcia Castilho\ J. Elias Binda \ Arm, Shannon\ Isca: Fezes”. One specimen: (1) “ BRASIL: Amazonas\ Campus Universitário\ Manaus, 19-26/VIII/1988 ”; (2) “Marcia Castilho\ J. Elias Binda \ Arm, Shannon\ Isca: Fezes”. One specimen: (1) “BRASIL: Amazonas\ Campus Universitário\ Mao, 28/VII-05/VIII/1988 ”; (2) “Marcia Castilho\ J. Elias Binda \ Arm, Shannon\ Isca: Fezes”. One specimen: (1) “ INPA – MANAUS – AM \ 28/04/1977 \ ício dia”; (2) “ Aleochara  ♂ \ bonariensis L\ det. E. Caron, 2019”. IRSNB: Brazil: One specimen: (1) “ Rio Janeiro ”; (2) “ Coll. R. I. Sc. N. B.”  . FMNH: Brazil: One specimen: (1) “Maná-\os”; (2) “Sv. Amaz-\ Exp. Roman”; (3) “ 20 nov. ”; (4) “verecunda\ det. Bernhauer \ Scholoed R. Mus.”; (5) “Chicago NHMus\ M.Bernhauer \ Collection”; (6) “FMNHINS\ 2840578\ FIELD MUSEUM \ Pinned”. Bolivia: One specimen: (1) [Small square green label. There is no writing in this label]. (2) “Mapiri\ Bolivia ”; (3) “ lateralis Shp.  \ Bang Haay(?)\ determ. Bernh ”; (4) “Chicago NHMus\ M.Bernhauer \ Collection”; (5) “FMNHINS\ 2840582\ FIELD MUSEUM \ Pinned”  . MPEG: Brazil: One specimen: (1) “Belém P Museu\ 18-II-1977 ”; (2) “Brasil Pará \ P Waldir ”; (3) “ MPEG ”  .

 

Diagnosis: Aleochara bugnioni  is similar to A. lustrica  and differs from it by curved apical one-third of median lobe of the aedeagus and apex directed dorsad; and capsule of spermatheca narrow apically and with an elongate apical invagination.

Redescription: BL: 8.0 mm. EW: 2.0 mm. Body brown to dark brown, with elytra, appendices and apical part of abdomen lighter. Elytra with a distinct darker spot on the external and apical angle, spot with the same color of pronotum. Dorsal surface glossy and covered with thin golden yellowish setae, setigerous pores impressed.

Head: with setigerous punctation; disc with sparse pubescence directed mediad and anterad. Antennae with antennomere 2 half and slightly narrower than the first; 3 longer than 2; 4 transverse; 5–9 similar in shape, distinctly transverse, gradually slightly narrower than the apex, which 5 distinctly wider than 9; 10 transverse; 11 twice longer than the previous one, semi-triangular in shape; 1–4 glossy with some long black setae; 5–11 dull and covered by very short white setae, with some long black setae on apex of each antennomere and in 11 with long black setae on a transversal circular line in the middle of the antennomere.

Thorax: pronotum with setigerous punctuation; setae directed posterad at the midline of the disc and directed posterad and laterad elsewhere. Mesoventral process truncate. Elytra with setigerous punctuation, denser than pronotum; setae directed posterad.

Abdomen: distinctly narrowed posteriorly; terga with coarsely setigerous punctuated, sparse pubescence directed posterad.

Male: tergum VIII as wide as long; posterior margin slightly emarginate at the middle, distinctly serrate, with about 12 teeth ( Fig. 35View FIGURES 35–40). Sternum VIII as wide as long; posterior margin truncate ( Fig. 36View FIGURES 35–40). Tergum IX with asymmetrical ventral struts, the left shorter than the right, the left with one accessory short arm directed laterad. Tergum X with posterior margin emarginate at the middle ( Fig. 37View FIGURES 35–40); Aedeagus: median lobe elongate with base very bulbous ( Fig. 39View FIGURES 35–40); its apical one-third curved, directed dorsad, and with a very small subapical tooth on ventral face ( Fig. 40View FIGURES 35–40).

Female: tergum VIII as wide as long; posterior margin slightly emarginate ( Fig. 41View FIGURES 41–44). Sternum VIII as wide as long; posterior margin broadly rounded, some short setae restricted to posterior margin ( Fig. 42View FIGURES 41–44). Tergum IX with very short and symmetrical ventral struts. Tergum X with anterior margin rounded and posterior margin slightly emarginated at the middle ( Fig. 43View FIGURES 41–44). Spermatheca long, somewhat in L-format, capsule of spermatheca narrow apically and with an elongate apical invagination ( Fig. 44View FIGURES 41–44).

Taxonomic note: previously, A. bugnioni  was erroneously identified as A. curtula  by having similarly maculated pattern of elytra, with a conspicuous darker spot on the apical angle, but it distinctly differs from A. curtula  by the shape of the apical portion of median lobe and the shape of the spermathecal capsule (compare Figs. 39b,40bView FIGURES 35–40 and 44View FIGURES 41–44 with Figs. 62 and 64View FIGURES 61–64 in the Yamamoto & Maruyama 20016b: 29).

Geographical records: Bolivia (Mapiri); Brazil (Amazonas: Manaus; Espírito Santo: Linhares; Pará: Belém; Paraíba: João Pessoa; Paraná: Matinhos; Rio de Janeiro; São Paulo: Bertioga); Colombia: Medelín  .

Natural history: associated with decomposing pig carcass, decomposing cow carcasses and human feces. Some specimens were collected using Shannon trap.

IRSNB

Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique

V

Royal British Columbia Museum - Herbarium

R

Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile

DZUP

Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure

AM

Australian Museum

INPA

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia

FMNH

Field Museum of Natural History

MPEG

Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Staphylinidae

Genus

Aleochara

Loc

Aleochara bugnioni Fauvel 1901

Caron, Edilson, Moussallem, Marcelo & Bortoluzzi, Sidnei 2019
2019
Loc

Aleochara curtula bugnioni

Luo, T. - H. & Zhou, H. - Z. 2012: 194
Caron, E. & Mise, K. M. & Klimaszewski, J. 2008: 832
Newton, A. F. & Chacon, C. G. & Chandler, D. S. 2005: 64
Klimaszewski, J. 1984: 77
Blackwelder, R. E. 1944: 167
Bernhauer, M. & Scheerpeltz, O. 1926: 776
Feynes, A. 1918: 399
Fauvel, A. 1901: 90
1901
Loc

Aleochara lateralis

Almeida, L. M. & Mise, K. M. 2009: 239
Newton, A. F. & Chacon, C. G. & Chandler, D. S. 2005: 22
Ashe, J. S. 2002: 165
Klimaszewski, J. & Genier, F. & Uhlig, M. 1987: 250
Blackwelder, R. E. 1944: 167
Blackwelder, R. E. 1943: 560
Bernhauer, M. & Scheerpeltz, O. 1926: 778
Feynes, A. 1918: 400
Solsky, S. M. 1872: 290
Chevrolat, A. & Fauvel, A. 1863: 428
Erichson, G. F. 1839: 161
1839