Aleochara lustrica Say, 1832,

Caron, Edilson, Moussallem, Marcelo & Bortoluzzi, Sidnei, 2019, Revision of Brazilian species of Aleochara Gravenhorst of the subgenus Aleochara (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae), Zootaxa 4712 (1), pp. 1-33: 16-18

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4712.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:1F632A35-CB78-4ABB-A701-7B7B5D62FA7B

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03C78845-FF84-FFDE-FF61-EE2AFE40F877

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Aleochara lustrica Say, 1832
status

 

Aleochara lustrica Say, 1832 

( Figs. 5View FIGURES 1–7, 45–54View FIGURES 45–50View FIGURES 51–54, 75View FIGURE 75)

Aleochara lustrica Say 1832: 55  (description, type locality: “ Pennsylvania ”). Say 1834: 468 (additional description). Bernhauer & Scheerpeltz 1926: 778 (catalogue). Klimaszewski 1984: 7 2 (redescription). Caron et al. 2008: 832 (checklist). For a more complete list of literature see Klimaszewski (1984: 72). For synonyms list see updated checklist below.

Type material: Type not studied. Note: neotype by Klimaszewski (1984) and deposited in Museum of Comparative Zoology Cambridge, USA ( MCZ), available at: https://mczbase.mcz.harvard.edu/guid/ MCZ:Ent:32917.

Additional material: DZUP: Brazil: Eleven specimens: (1) “BRASIL, PB, São José da \ Mata – Estação Chuvosa, \ 9° dia 29-VI-2009 \ Coleta em porco (bandeja)\ C. de L. Bicho, col.”. 19 specimens: (1) “ Brasil, PB, São José dos \ Cordeiros (Fazenda Almas) \ 7°28’ S; 36°53’ W 600m \. II.2011 \ W.E. Santos leg. ”. One specimen (1) “BRASIL, Paraná, Palotina, \ Pq. Est. São Camilo\ 24°18’26.96”S,53°54’22.9 1\ ”W, Pitfall- 15/X/2016 \ Leivas et al. (leg.)”. One specimen (1) “ BRASIL, PR, Palotina, \ UFPR \ Mata anexa ao Campus \ (Shannon) 31-III-2012 \ R. J. Simioni, S. B. Silva & \ E. Caron col.”. Four specimens (1) “BRASIL, PR, Palotina, \ UFPR \ Mata anexa ao Campus \ (Shannon) 31-III-2012 \ R. J. Simioni, S. B. Silva & \ E. Caron col.”. Six specimens (1) “ BRASIL, PR, Palotina, \ UFPR \ Mata anexa ao Campus \ (Manual) 03-IV-2012 \ R. J. Simioni, S. B. Silva & \ E. Caron col.”. Two specimens (1) “BRASIL, PR, Palotina, \ UFPR \ Mata anexa ao Campus \ (Manual) 23-VI-2012 \ R. J. Simioni, S. B. Silva & \ E. Caron col.”. Two specimens (1) “ BRASIL, PR, Palotina, \ UFPR \ Mata anexa ao Campus \ (Shannon) 26-XII-2012 \ R. J. Simioni, S. B. Silva & \ E. Caron col.”. One specimen (1) “BRASIL, PR, Palotina, \ UFPR \ Mata anexa ao Campus \ (Pitfall 01) 15-VII-2011 \ R. J. Simioni, S. B. Silva & \ E. Caron col.”. One specimen (1) “ BRASIL, PR, Palotina, \ UFPR \ Mata anexa ao Campus \ (Manual) 13-VII-2011 \ R. J. Simioni, S. B. Silva & \ E. Caron col.”. One specimen (1) “BRASIL, PR, Palotina, \ UFPR \ Mata anexa ao Campus \ (Shannon) 17-VII-2011 \ R. J. Simioni, S. B. Silva & \ E. Caron col.”. Three specimens (1) “ BRASIL, PR, Palotina, \ UFPR \ Mata anexa ao Campus \ (Pitfall 02) 17-IV-2012 \ R. J. Simioni, S. B. Silva & \ E. Caron col.”. One specimen (1) “BRASIL, PR, Palotina, \ UFPR \ Mata anexa ao Campus \ (Shannon) 05-IV-2012 \ R. J. Simioni, S. B. Silva & \ E. Caron col.”. One specimen (1) “ BRASIL, PR, Palotina, \ UFPR \ Mata anexa ao Campus \ (Manual) 24-III-2012 \ R. J. Simioni, S. B. Silva & \ E. Caron col.”. One specimen (1) “BRASIL, PR, Palotina, \ UFPR \ Mata anexa ao Campus \ (Manual) 28-VII-2012 \ R. J. Simioni, S. B. Silva & \ E. Caron col.”. One specimen (1) “ BRASIL, PR, Palotina, \ UFPR \ Mata anexa ao Campus \ (Manual) 01-VII-2011 \ R. J. Simioni, S. B. Silva & \ E. Caron col.”. One specimen (1) “BRASIL, PR, Palotina, \ UFPR \ Mata anexa ao Campus \ (Manual) 25-VI-2011 \ R. J. Simioni, S. B. Silva & \ E. Caron col.”. One specimen (1) “ BRASIL, PR, Palotina, \ UFPR \ Mata anexa ao Campus \ (Manual) 01-I-2012 \ R. J. Simioni, S. B. Silva & \ E. Caron col.”. One specimen (1) “BRASIL, PR, Palotina, \ UFPR \ Mata anexa ao Campus \ (Manual) 26-III-2012 \ R. J. Simioni, S. B. Silva & \ E. Caron col.”. One specimen (1) “ BRASIL, PR, Palotina, Mata \ anexa ao Setor \ IV.2016, Pitfall com carne \ A.Nicolau, col.”. One specimen (1) “ BR, PR, Palotina \ fezes cachorro \ 16.IX.2018 \ E. Caron, col.”. Two specimens (1) Brasil, Paraná, Toledo \ Mata PUC \ 28/X/2012 \ Kotzko, C. K., col.”. One specimen (1) Brasil, Paraná, Toledo \ Mata PUC \ 27/X/2012 \ Kotzko, C. K., col.”. One specimen (1) Brasil, Paraná, Toledo \ Mata PUC \ 25/X/2012 \ Kotzko, C. K., col.”. Nine specimens (1) “Brasil, Parana, \ Alvo[r]ada do sul \ Faz Alvorada (CR-2) \ J. Lopes, T.L. COPPO, \ C.E.A. Julio, col.”; (2) “CR-2 \ C- Carne \ R- Area de \ reflorestamento \ adjacente \ Armadilha pitfall 2”. One specimen (1) “ BRASIL: SP, Parq. Est. \ Morro do Diabo, 302m, \ 22°30’41.50”S, \ \ 52°21’26.47”W, 16.IV.2017, \ rim, V. Costa-Silva leg.”. One specimen (1) “Dourados, MS, BRA \ 22°12’43.8”S \ 54°55’03.0”W \ Mata do Azulão \ Paula.M.C. col.”; (2) “ Staphylinidae  \ (163) \ 11.06.2013 \ 12:00h \ P1”. One specimen (1) “ BRASIL, MG, Uberlândia \ Mata – UFU \ Carcaça suína em mata \ semidecidua \ 24/09/2010 \ Faria, col.”. Three specimens (1) “ BRASIL, MG, Uberlândia \ Cerrado – UFU \ Carcaça suína em reserva \ de cerrado \ 07/05/2005 \ Rosa, col.”. Two specimens (1) “ BR, PR, Rancho Alegre \ Fazenda Congonhas \ 14-II-2008 ”. Two specimens (1) “ BR, PR, Rancho Alegre \ Fazenda Congonhas \ 05-XII-2007 ”. FMNH: Brazil: One specimen (1) “12.893”; (2) “Brasil.S.Paulo \ Ypiranga \ Dr. Ihering”; (3) “lateralis \ det. Bernh”; (4) “Chicago NHMus \ M.Bernhauer \ Collection”; (5) “FMNHINS \ 2840583 \ FIELD MUSEUM \ pinned”. INPA: Brazil: One specimen (1) “5610”; (2) “BRASIL: Para \ Tucurui Jatobal \ 04-VIII-1980 \ eq. Nunes de Mello”. IRSNB: Paraguay: Three specimens (1) “ Paraguay \ Dr. Bohls”; (2) “Coll. I. R.Sc.N.B.”. MPEG: Brazil: One specimen (1) “Brasil Pará Tucurui \ Rio Tocantins \ CHIQUEIRINHO \ 08-IV-1984 ”; (2) “ Brasil Pará \ M. F. Torres”. MZUSP: Brazil: Eight specimens (1) “9670\ Ypi. \ Ranga”; (2) “Aleocha. \ lateral. \ Brh. det.”. One specimen (1) “9670\ Ypi. \ Ranga”; (2) “Bernhauer \ Det. \ 9670”. One specimen (1) “6392 \ Ypi. \ Ranga”; (2) “Bernh. \ det.”. One specimen (1) “BR-MG-Barbacena \ 2012 \ F. Gomes, col”. One specimen (1) “BR- MG-Barbacena \ 28-VIII- 2012 \ F. Gomes, col”. One specimen (1) “BR-MG-Barbacena \ 22-XI-2012 \ F. Gomes, col”. One specimen (1) “Brasil: Minas Gerais, Barbacena \ Campus IFET – Sudeste \ S21°14’09.63” O43°45,6’ 55” \ Porco 1, 29/ V /2012 \ Gomes, F.L. T col”. Two specimens (1) “ Brasil: Minas Gerais, Barbacena \ Campus IFET – Su- deste \ S21°14’09.63” O43°45,6’ 55” \ Porco 2, 11/II/2012 \ Gomes, F.L. T col”. Two specimens (1) “ Brasil: Minas Gerais, Barbacena \ Campus IFET – Sudeste \ S21°14’09.63” O43°45,6’ 55” \ Bandeja 1, 10/II/2012 \ Gomes, F.L. T col”. Two specimens (1) “ Brasil: Minas Gerais, Barbacena \ Campus IFET – Sudeste \ S21°14’09.63” O43°45,6’ 55” \ Bandeja 2, 30/ V /2012 \ Gomes, F.L. T col”. Two specimens (1) “ Brasil: Minas Gerais, Barbacena \ Campus IFET – Sudeste \ S21°14’09.63” O43°45,6’ 55” \ Bandeja 1, 12/II/2012 \ Gomes, F.L. T col”. Three specimens (1) “ Brasil: Minas Gerais, Barbacena \ Campus IFET – Sudeste \ S21°14’09.63” O43°45,6’ 55” \ Bandeja 2, 02/II/2012 \ Gomes, F.L. T col”. Ten specimens (1) “ Brasil: Minas Gerais, Barbacena \ Campus IFET – Sudeste \ S21°14’09.63” O43°45,6’ 55” \ Bandeja 1, 05/II2012 \ Gomes, F.L. T col”.

Diagnosis: Aleochara lustrica  is very similar to A. bugnioni  and differs from it by straight apical one-third of median lobe of the aedeagus, and capsule of spermatheca very long and with short apical invagination, sometimes difficult to see.

Redescription: BL: 7.8 mm. EW: 1.8 mm. Body brown to dark brown, with elytra, appendices and apical part of abdomen lighter. Elytra with a conspicuous darker spot on the external and apical angle, spot with the same color of pronotum. Dorsal surface glossy and covered with thin golden yellowish setae with setigerous pores impressed.

Head: with coarse setigerous punctutation; disc with sparse pubescence directed mediad and anterad. Antennae with antennomere 2 half the length of first and slightly narrower than first; 3 longer than 2; 4 transverse; 5–10 similar in shape, distinctly transverse; 11 twice longer than the previous one, semi-triangular in shape; 1–4 glossy with some long black setae; 5–11 dull and covered by very short white setae, with some long black setae on apex of each antennomere and in 11 with long black setae on a transversal circular line in the middle of the antennomere.

Thorax: pronotum with setigerous punctuation; setae directed posterad at the midline of the disc and directed posterad and laterad elsewhere. Mesoventral process truncate. Elytra with setigerous punctuation, denser than pronotum; setae directed posterad.

Abdomen: distinctly narrowed posteriorly, with maximum width of tergum X about one-third of apical width of tergum VII; terga with coarsely setigerous punctuated, similar to head, sparse pubescence directed posterad.

Male: tergum VIII as wide as long; posterior margin distinctly emarginate at the middle, distinctly serrate, with about 10 teeth ( Fig. 45View FIGURES 45–50). Sternum VIII as wide as long; posterior margin truncate ( Fig. 46View FIGURES 45–50); Tergum IX with asymmetrical ventral struts, the left shorter than the right, the left with one accessory short arm directed laterad. Tergum X with anterior margin truncate and posterior margin emarginate at the middle ( Fig. 47View FIGURES 45–50); Aedeagus: median lobe elongate with bulbous base ( Fig. 49View FIGURES 45–50); straight in apical one-third, and with a very small apical tooth on ventral face ( Fig. 50View FIGURES 45–50).

Female: tergum VIII as wide as long; posterior margin truncate ( Fig. 51View FIGURES 51–54). Sternum VIII as wide as long; posterior margin broadly rounded, somewhat truncate at the middle, with short setae restricted to posterior margin ( Fig. 52View FIGURES 51–54). Tergum IX with very short and symmetrical ventral struts. Tergum X with anterior margin somewhat truncate and posterior margin very slightly emarginated at the middle ( Fig. 53View FIGURES 51–54). Spermatheca long, somewhat L-shaped; capsule of spermatheca long and without apical invagination, or it is very short and difficult see ( Fig. 54View FIGURES 51–54).

Taxonomic note: there are some differences among the specimens studied here from the illustrations by Klimaszewski (1984). Tergum VIII is truncate on posterior margin (compare Fig. 45View FIGURES 45–50 with Fig. 138 in Klimaszewski 1984: 144); the short arm of tergum IX is directed inwards of the right ventral strut (compare Fig. 47View FIGURES 45–50 with Fig. 150 from Klimaszewski 1984: 144); short and curved parameres (compare Fig. 48View FIGURES 45–50 with Fig. 138 from Klimaszewski 1984: 142); and spermatheca is broadly curved (compare Fig. 54View FIGURES 51–54 with Fig. 140 from Klimaszewski 1984: 142). However, we decide to identify our specimens as Aleochara lustrica  until detailed study of the neotype (MCZ) is conducted. Additionally, A. pseudolustrica Klimaszewski, 1990  ( Klimaszewski et al. 1990) differs from our specimens by small subapical tooth ( Fig. 6View FIGURES 1–7 from Klimaszewski et al. 1990: 180) and the capsule of spermatheca is not so long ( Fig. 9View FIGURES 8–13 from Klimaszewski et al. 1990).

Geographical records: Examined material: Brazil (Mato Grosso do Sul: Dourados; Minas Gerais: Barbacena, Uberlândia; Pará: Tucuruí; Paraíba: São José da Mata and São José dos Cordeiros; Paraná:Alvorada do Sul, Palotina and Toledo; São Paulo: São Paulo); Paraguay ( Fig. 75View FIGURE 75). Literature: Brazil: Bahia, Mato Grosso ( Sharp 1883: 147; Klimaszewski et al. 1987: 257; Pace 2009: 170); USA, Mexico, Chile, Trinidad and Tobago ( Tobago), Ecuador ( Klimaszewski & Génier 1987: 247; Caron et al. 2008: 833; Pace 2008: 374).

Natural history: associated with decomposing pig carcass, animal feces. Some specimens were collected using Shannon and pitfall traps.

MCZ

Museum of Comparative Zoology

DZUP

Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure

R

Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile

BR

Embrapa Agrobiology Diazothrophic Microbial Culture Collection

PUC

Beijing University

T

Tavera, Department of Geology and Geophysics

V

Royal British Columbia Museum - Herbarium

MG

Museum of Zoology

FMNH

Field Museum of Natural History

INPA

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia

IRSNB

Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique

MPEG

Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi

MZUSP

Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Staphylinidae

Genus

Aleochara

Loc

Aleochara lustrica Say, 1832

Caron, Edilson, Moussallem, Marcelo & Bortoluzzi, Sidnei 2019
2019
Loc

Aleochara lustrica

Say, T. 1834: 468
Say, T. 1832: 55
1832