Hippocampus patagonicus, Piacentino & Luzzatto 2004

Sara A. Lourie, Riley A. Pollom & Sarah J. Foster, 2016, A global revision of the Seahorses Hippocampus Rafinesque 1810 (Actinopterygii: Syngnathiformes): Taxonomy and biogeography with recommendations for further research, Zootaxa 4146 (1), pp. 1-66: 35

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Hippocampus patagonicus


H. patagonicus Piacentino & Luzzatto 2004 

English common names. Patagonian Seahorse.

Synonyms. None

Distribution. Argentina, Brazil (south), Uruguay.

Holotype. MACN 8806. Paratypes: MACN 8807, 8808, 8809.

Type locality. Río Negro, San Antonio Oueste   , Bahía, Argentina  .

Notes. Molecular research amply supports the diagnosis of H. patagonicus  as a species separate from H. erectus  ( Casey et al. 2004; González et al. 2014; Silveira et al. 2014). It is 6.13% divergent from Brazilian H. erectus  (648 bp, CO1, BOLD 2016) which in turn is 1.29% divergent from North American and Caribbean H. erectus  .