Camponotus samius Forel, 1889,

Salata, Sebastian, Khalili-Moghadam, Arsalan & Borowiec, Lech, 2020, Review of the Camponotus samius complex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in the Turano-Balkan region, with the description of a new species from Iran, Zootaxa 4763 (4), pp. 545-562: 554-558

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.4763.4.5

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:3B0E1BAD-72EE-4E68-ABF2-6EE3F9792A94

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3804810

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03BC9E52-FB4C-5B01-FF3D-D1CCFB5AE684

treatment provided by

Carolina

scientific name

Camponotus samius Forel, 1889
status

 

Camponotus samius Forel, 1889 

Figs 15–16View FIGURES 15–16, 24–25View FIGURES 22–25

Camponotus rubripes r. samius Forel, 1889: 262  (s.w.). Raised to species: Dalla Torre, 1893: 251. Subspecies of Camponotus maculatus: Emery, 1896: 370  ; Emery, 1905: 35; Forel, 1906: 187. Revived status as species: Emery, 1920: 6; Emery, 1925: 100; Finzi, 1930: 318.

Syntype major and minor workers, Marathokampos, Samos, Greece (MSNG) [Syntype major and minor workers images examined, AntWeb, CASENT0910260 and CASENT0910259, photos by Zach Lieberman, available on AntWeb.org].

= Camponotus samius var. spagnolinii Emery, 1920: 6  (w.); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987: 59, as a junior synonym of C. samius  .

Syntype major and minor workers, Büyükada, Turkey (MHNG) [Syntype major and minor workers images examined, AntWeb, CASENT0905291 and CASENT0905290, photos by Will Ericson, available on AntWeb.org].

= Camponotus maculatus r. samius var. bosphoricus Forel, 1906: 187  (w.) Turkey; unavailable (infrasubspecific) name. Material referred to spagnolinii by Emery, 1925: 100. Material referred to samius  by Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 219; Bolton, 1995: 89; Kiran & Karaman, 2012: 8.

= Camponotus rubripes r. cognatus var. cognatopilicornis Forel, 1889: 255  , 262 (w.) Greece; unavailable (infrasubspecific) name. Material referred to ionius  by Emery, 1925: 100. Material referred to samius  by Radchenko, 1997: 809.

Diagnosis. Hindtibia and scape with decumbent to suberect pilosity but without additional erect setae; gena with numerous erect setae; minor and major workers with head uniformly black to dark brown, mesosoma and legs with variable colouration from yellow to reddish-brown, gaster in major and minor workers always with distinctly brighter basal part; pilosity on gaster sparse and thin.

Distribution. Greece ( Salata & Borowiec 2018), Turkey ( Kiran & Karaman 2012), Romania ( Tausan & Lapeva-Gjonova 2017), Bulgaria ( Lapeva-Gjonova et al. 2010). We consider the record from Afghanistan ( Collingwood 1961) as doubtful due to the remote locality of this place from the known distribution of the species.

Biology. Camponotus samius  is a thermophile species most often recorded from pine forests. It also occurs in stream valleys with deciduous trees, suburban areas with maquis, pastures with shrubs or from dry hills in the coastal area. Nests are located under large stones. Workers are active usually at dawn and dusk.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Formicidae

Genus

Camponotus

Loc

Camponotus samius Forel, 1889

Salata, Sebastian, Khalili-Moghadam, Arsalan & Borowiec, Lech 2020
2020
Loc

Camponotus samius var. spagnolinii

Agosti, D. & Collingwood, C. A. 1987: 59
Emery, C. 1920: 6
1920
Loc

Camponotus maculatus r. samius var. bosphoricus

Kiran, K. & Karaman, C. 2012: 8
Bolton, B. 1995: 89
Atanassov, N. & Dlussky, G. M. 1992: 219
Emery, C. 1925: 100
Forel, A. 1906: 187
1906
Loc

Camponotus rubripes r. samius

Finzi, B. 1930: 318
Emery, C. 1925: 100
Emery, C. 1920: 6
Forel, A. 1906: 187
Emery, C. 1905: 35
Emery, C. 1896: 370
Dalla Torre, K. W. 1893: 251
Forel, A. 1889: 262
1889
Loc

Camponotus rubripes r. cognatus var. cognatopilicornis

Radchenko, A. G. 1997: 809
Emery, C. 1925: 100
Forel, A. 1889: 255
1889