Mustilizans drepaniformis Yang, 1995

Wang, Xing, Wang, Min, Zolotuhin, Vadim V., Hirowatari, Toshiya, Wu, Shipher & Huang, Guo-Hua, 2015, The fauna of the family Bombycidae sensu lato (Insecta, Lepidoptera, Bombycoidea) from Mainland China, Taiwan and Hainan Islands, Zootaxa 3989 (1), pp. 1-138: 76-77

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3989.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:9BCFFC47-43D1-47B8-BA56-70A129E6A63F

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03BB102D-FFFD-CE5D-A2B5-1DB4F632A248

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Mustilizans drepaniformis Yang, 1995
status

 

47. Mustilizans drepaniformis Yang, 1995 

Mustilizans drepaniformis Yang, 1995  , Insects of Baishanzu Mountain, Eastern China: 356. TL: “ China, Prov. Zhejiang, Mt. Baishanzu 1600 m ”.

Diagnosis. This species was characterized in the original description by a forewing with a hook-shaped apex, concave outer margin edged with ocher, and a discal cell with a small black spot.

Specimens examined. [ZHEJIANG] Qingyuan County (Lishui City): 1 male, holotype, Mt. Baishanzu, 1600 m, 21.VIII. 1994, Hong Wu leg. (ZAU); 2 males, paratypes, Mt. Baishanzu, 550 m, 23.IV. 1994, Min Lin leg. (ZAU) (Notes: The type specimens are lost (Zolotuhin, 2007), and the data given here are those provided in the original description).

Bionomics. The larval host is unknown.

Distribution. Mainland China (Zhejiang).

Remarks. The type specimens have been lost (Zolotuhin, 2007) and no more specimens have been collected. According to the original description and other Mustilizans  specimens captured since in the type locality, we consider that the type specimens of drepaniformis  are probably just variations of M. hepatica  . However, more information is needed to confirm this suggestion, and so we here continue to treat drepaniformis  as a valid species.

48. Mustilizans hepatica  (Moore, 1879) ( FIGURES 27View FIGURE 27 A – 27 C, 29 A)

Mustilia hepatica Moore, 1879  , Lep. Coll. late Mr Atkinson: 82. TL: [Darjeeling, India] “Darjiling”. Holotype: male ( ZMHU) [examined].

Mustilia columbaris Butler, 1886  , Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1886: 387, pl. XXXIV, fig. 7. TL: [ India] “Murree”. Holotype: male ( BMNH) [examined].

Diagnosis. Characterized by the following features: forewing grayish-cream with hook-shaped apex, antemedial and submarginal lines dividing forewing into two differently colored sections; uncus broad, shallowly bifid, the two lobes short and broadly rounded.

Specimens examined. [JIANGXI] Guixi County (Yingtan City): 4 males, Mts. Wuyishan, Jiangxi/Fujian border, Xipaihejia village, 1500 m, 27 ˚ 54 ’N, 117 ˚ 20 ’E, June 2003, Siniaev & his team leg. (MWM); Yingtan City: 36 males and 1 female, Jiangxi/Fujian border, 50 km southeast of Yingtan city, 27 ˚ 56 ’N, 117 ˚ 25 ’E, 1600 m, June 2002, Sinjaev & local collectors leg. (MWM); [FUJIAN] Wuyishan City (Wuyishan National NR): 4 males, Jiangxi/Fujian border, 1430 m, August 2000, lnative collector eg. (MWM); [ HUNAN] Yizhang County (Mangshan National NR): 20 males and 1 female, 1500 m, Shikenkong Mt., 24 ˚ 54 ’N, 112 ˚ 57 ’E, 25.IV – 1.V. 2004, V. Siniaev leg. (MWM); [GUANGDONG] Yingde County (Shimentai National NR): 1 male, 24.VII. 2001, Guo-Hua Huang, Min Wang, Xing-Min Wang & Tuo Peng leg. ( SCAU); Huizhou County (Nankunshan Provincial NR): 1 male, 18.IV. 2003, Guo-Hua Huang & De-Yu Xin leg. ( SCAU); Ruyuan County (Nanling National NR): 5 males, 11.XII. 2008, Liu-Sheng Chen & Hou-Shuai Wang leg. ( SCAU); 4 males, 9–17.XII. 2009, Min Wang & Hou-Shuai Wang leg. ( SCAU); [GUANGXI] Xing’an County (Mao’ershan National NR): 1 male, 1.VII. 2003, Guo-Hua Huang & Liu-Sheng Chen leg. ( SCAU); Shangsi County (Shiwandashan National NR): 5 males, 30 km southwest of Nanping town, 900 m, 21 ˚ 43 ’N, 107 ˚ 32 ’E, 1–14.IV. 2003, Siniaev & local collector leg. (MWM); Jingxiu County (Dayaoshan National NR, 100 km southeast of Liuzhou city, 1200 m, 23 ˚ 45 ’N, 109 ˚ 45 ’E): 27 males, 15– 30.III. 2005, Siniaev & his team leg. (MWM); 2 males, August 2005, Siniaev & his team leg. (MWM); [HAINAN] Wuzhishan City (Wuzhishan National NR): 1 male, 18 ˚ 53 ’N, 109 ˚ 43 ’E, 1500 m, 17.VII – 08.VIII. 2003, Siniaev & his team leg. (MWM); [YUNNAN] Dali City: 2 males, road from Yunxian to Daxing, 1200 m, 20 km south of Dali city, 16.III – 10.IV. 2000, 24˚ 30 ’N, 100 ˚01’E, local collector leg. (MWM); Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture: 17 males, Puwen, 30 km southewest of Simao county, 900 m, 10–30.IV. 2000, 22˚ 30 ’N, 100 ˚02’E, Brechlin’s local collector leg. (MWM); 11 males, 18 km south of Simao county, Mt. Mangxiba, 22 ˚ 28 ’N, 101 ˚01’E, 26.II – 20.III. 1999, local collectors leg. (MWM); Fugong County: 5 males, 42 km north of Fugong, 1390 m, Lishadi (=Walo), 27 ˚ 15 ’N, 98 ˚ 55 ’E, 15–27.X. 1999, local collector leg. (MWM); Gejiu City: 2 males, Mt. Lianhuashan, middle of May 2000, native collector leg. (MWM); Malong County: 2 males, Huangcao valley, 2500 m, early June 2000, native collector leg. (MWM); Lancang County: 1 male, Mt. Heishan, 2500 m, September 1999, Wang & Li leg. (MWM).

Bionomics. The known larval host plants are Quercus incana W. Bartram., 1791  ( Fagaceae  ) (Robinson et al., 2001) and Broussonetia papyrifera (Linn.) L'Hér. ex Vent., 1799  ( Moraceae  ) (Chu & Wang, 1996). Distribution. Mainland China (Jiangxi, Fujian, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunan) and Hainan, northern Vietnam, northern Malaysia, Laos, northern Thailand, Sikkim, Nepal, India, Pakistan.

Remarks. This species is widely distributed in the Sino-Himalayan area.

49. Mustilizans dierli  (Holloway, 1987) ( FIGURES 27View FIGURE 27 D – 27 E, 29 B)

Mustilia dierli Holloway, 1987  , Moths of Borneo 3: 88. TL: [Borneo] “E. Sabah: Brumas”. Holotype: male ( BMNH) [examined].

Mustilizans baishanzua Yang, 1995  , syn. nov. Insects of Baishanzu Mountain, Eastern China: 356. TL: “ China, Prov. Zhejiang, Mt. Baishanzu 1600 m ”.

Mustilizans dierli refugialis Zolotuhin, 2007  , Neue ent. Nachr., 60: 196, pl. 00, fig. 36. TL: “ China, Yunnan, Simao-district, Mangxi Ba Mts, 18 km S Simao, 1280 m ”. Holotype: male (MWM) [examined].

Diagnosis. Very similar to M. hepatica  , but can be distinguished by the following characters: submarginal line straight, not undulate in basal part; uncus more deeply bifid, the lobes longer and finger-shaped; valve apex narrow and curved; sacculus short and broad.

Specimens examined. [ZHEJIANG] Lin’an County (Qingliangfeng NR): 1 male, 26.VII. 2011, Xing Wang & Yuan-Yuan Liu leg. ( HUNAU); [JIANGXI] Guixi County (Yingtan City, Mts. Wuyishan, Jiangxi/Fujian border, Xipaihejia village, 1500 m, 27 ˚ 54 ’N, 117 ˚ 20 ’E): 1 male, April to June 2004, Siniaev & his team leg. (MWM); 1 male, August 2005, Siniaev & his team leg. (MWM); [ HUBEI] Changyang County: 1 male, Wushanglin, July 1998, Li Wen leg. (MWM); [HAINAN] Wuzhishan City (Mt. Wuzhishan, 18 ˚ 53 ’N, 109 ˚ 43 ’E, 1500 m): 3 males, 17.VII –08.VIII. 2003, Siniaev & his team leg. (MWM); 2 males, March 2003, Siniaev & his team leg. (MWM); 17 males (paratypes of refugialis), 20.II – 10.IV. 2001, local collector leg. (MWM); Baoting County: 1 male, 1000–1800 m, early Febraury to early May 2000, S. Li leg. (MWM); [SHAANXI] Dabashan Mountain: 7 males (paratypes of refugialis), 1800 m, 15 km S Shou-Man Village, 32 ˚08’N, 108 ˚ 37 ’E, 25.V – 14.VI. 2000, Siniaev & Plutenko leg. (MWM); [SICHUAN] Yingjing County (Mt. Nibashan): 1 male, 14.VII. 2009, Min Wang & Yang Long leg. ( SCAU); 1 male, 27.VII. 2009, Guo-Hua Huang leg. ( HUNAU); Baoxing County: 1 male, Ganyanggou, Donglashan Grand Canyon, Longdong Town, 25.VII. 2009, Guo-Hua Huang leg. ( HUNAU); [YUNNAN] Xishuanbanna Prefecture: 1 male, 50 km north of Jinghong city, Guanping, 1000 m, 9.I – 6.II. 2003, 22˚ 10 ’N, 101 ˚02’E, S. Murzin leg. (MWM); 1 male (holotpe of the subspecies M. dierli refugialis  ) and 1 male (paratype of refugialis), Simao-district, Mangxi Ba Mts, 1280 m, 26.II – 20.III. 1999, R. Brechlin leg. (Gu 7976, MWM); 10 males (paratypes of refugialis), Puwen, 30 km SSW Simao, 900 m, 22 ˚ 30 ’N, 100 ˚02’E, 16.III – 30.IV. 2000, Brechlin’s collector (MWM); Deqin County: 1 male, Mt. Meilixueshan, 15.VIII. 2002, Ming-Yi Tian leg. ( SCAU).

Bionomics. The larval host is unknown.

Distribution. Mainland China (Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Hubei, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan) and Hainan, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand. The Chinese population is attributed to ssp. refugialis by Zolotuhin, (2007) and we used the species name dierli  to treat with the subspecies name refugialis here.

Remarks. This species is widely distributed in Southeast Asia and China. Yang (1995 b) described a new species baishanzua  based on specimens collected from Baishanzu Mountain. Here, we consider that the species baishanzua  as a new synonymy of the species dierli  based on the comparing detailly with the original description by Yang (1995 b).

ZMHU

Zoologisches Museum der Humboldt Universitaet