Andraca olivacea Matsumura, 1927

Wang, Xing, Wang, Min, Zolotuhin, Vadim V., Hirowatari, Toshiya, Wu, Shipher & Huang, Guo-Hua, 2015, The fauna of the family Bombycidae sensu lato (Insecta, Lepidoptera, Bombycoidea) from Mainland China, Taiwan and Hainan Islands, Zootaxa 3989 (1), pp. 1-138: 66-67

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3989.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:9BCFFC47-43D1-47B8-BA56-70A129E6A63F

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03BB102D-FFF7-CE53-A2B5-1892F476A148

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scientific name

Andraca olivacea Matsumura, 1927
status

 

41. Andraca olivacea Matsumura, 1927  ( FIGURES 23View FIGURE 23 D – 23 H, 25 D)

Andraca olivacea Matsumura, 1927  , J. Coll. Agric. Hokkaido Univ. 19: 50, pl. 3, fig. 7. TL: “ Formosa (= Taiwan), Horisha, Baibara”. Holotype (by monotypy): male ( HUM) [examined].

Andraca olivacea olivacens Mell, 1958  : Andraca olivacens Mell, 1958  , D. entomol. Z. (N.F.) 5: 211. TL: [ China, Fujian] Kuatun, NW Fukien. Lectotype: male ( ZFMK) [examined].

Andraca hedra Chu & Wang, 1993  , Sinozoologia 10: 243, fig. 28, pl. 2, fig. 28. TL: China, Hainan, Jiannfeng. Holotype (by original designation): male ( IZAS) [examined].

Pseudandraca ravida Yang, 1995  , Insects of Baishanzu Mountain: 354, figs 2, 7. TL: [ China] Zhejiang Prov., Mt. Baishanzu, 550 m. Holotype: male (said in the original description to be in collection of the Beijing Agricultural University but has not been found there [Prof. Xin-Li Wang, pers. comm.]).

Diagnosis. This species is characterized by greyish-olive wings with distinct dark transverse lines (though with some variation, see Figs 23View FIGURE 23 D, F, G) and a valva that is broad basally and strongly constricted in the apical half, with long stout setae.

Specimens examined. Yilan County (Fushan Botanical Garden, 750 m): 1 male, 25.II. 2010, Shipher Wu leg. ( TFRI); 1 male, 23.IV. 2011, Shipher Wu & Wei-Chun Chang leg. ( TFRI); 2 females, 10.VI. 2010, Shipher Wu & Wei-Chun Chang leg. ( TFRI); New Taipei City: 1 male, Fushan, 310 m, Wulai, 2.X. 2010, Shipher Wu & Wei-Chun Chang leg. ( TFRI); Hsinchu County: 1 male, Yulao, 1400 m, 28.VI. 2014, Chung-Guan Lai leg. ( TFRI); 53 males from different counties of Taiwan (Taitung, Taiching, Taoyuan, Taipei, Pingtung, Ilan) (MWM); [JIANGXI] Guixi County (Yingtan City, Mts. Wuyishan, Jiangxi/Fujian border, Xipaihejia village, 1500 m, 27 ˚ 54 ’N, 117 ˚ 20 ’E): 30 males, June 2003, Siniaev & his team leg. (MWM); 8 males, August 2004, Siniaev & his team leg. (MWM); Yingtan City (Mt. Wuyishan, Jiangxi-Fujian border, 50 km southeast of Yingtan, 1600 m, 27 ˚ 55 ’N, 117 ˚ 25 ’E): 20 males, March 2002, Siniaev & local collector leg. (MWM); [FUJIAN] Longyan County: 3 males, Mt. Daimaoshan, 60 km northwest of Longyan, 1300 m, 25 ˚ 32 ’N, 116 ˚ 51 ’E, April 2005, Siniaev & his team leg. (MWM); [GUANGDONG] Yingde County (Shimentai National NR): 1 male, 24.VII. 2001, Min Wang & Guo-Hua Huang leg. ( SCAU); 1 male, 22.IX. 2001, Min Wang leg. ( SCAU); 3 males, 11.VI. 2002, Guo-Hua Huang leg. ( SCAU); Ruyuan County (Nanling National NR): 1 male, 23.VII. 2002, Guo-Hua Huang leg. ( SCAU); 4 males, 29– 31.III. 2003, Min Wang leg. ( SCAU); 1 male, 22.VI. 2003, Min Wang leg. ( SCAU); 2 males, 7.VIII. 2003, Min Wang leg. ( SCAU); 2 males, 18.VIII. 2003, Min Wang leg. ( SCAU); 5 males, 23.IV. 2004, Min Wang leg. ( SCAU); 1 female, 24.IV. 2004, Min Wang leg. ( SCAU); 2 males, 18.IX. 2006, Liu-Sheng Chen leg. ( SCAU); 2 males, 7.VI. 2008, Min Wang leg. ( SCAU); 1 male, 1.IV. 2009, Hou-Shuai Wang leg. ( SCAU); 2 males, 10.VIII. 2009, Min Wang leg. ( SCAU); 1 male, 1.IV. 2009, Xing Wang leg. ( HUNAU); [GUANGXI] Jinxiu County (Dayaoshan National NR, 100 km southeast of Liuzhou, 1200 m, 23 ˚ 45 ’N, 109 ˚ 45 ’E): 12 males, 15–30.III. 2004, Siniaev & his team leg. (MWM); 8 males and 3 females, April 2004, Siniaev & his team leg. (MWM); Fangchenggang City (Shiwandashan National NR): 2 males, Mts. Shiwandashan, 30 km southwest of Nanping town, 900 m, 21 ˚ 43 ’N, 107 ˚ 32 ’E, 1–14.IV. 2003, Siniaev & local collector leg. (MWM); Xing’an County (Mao’ershan National NR): 1 male, 3.III. 2003, Min Wang & Guo-Hua Huang leg. ( SCAU); [HAINAN] Wuzhishan City (Mts. Wuzhi-Shan, 18 ˚ 53 ’N, 109 ˚ 43 ’E, 1500 m): 8 males, 20.II – 10.IV. 2001, local collector leg. (MWM); 8 males, 17.VII – 07.VIII. 2003, Viktor Sinyaev & his team leg. (MWM); Ledong County (Jianfengling National NR): 6 males, 29– 31.XI. 2003, Guo-Hua Huang & Min Wang leg. ( SCAU); 1 male, 23.X. 2007, Min Wang leg. ( SCAU); [SHAANXI] Taibai County: 1 male, Mts. Tsinling (Qinling), Mt. Taibaishan, 1900 m, August 2004, 33˚ 55 ’N, 107 ˚ 44 ’E, Siniaev & his team leg. (MWM).

Bionomics. Ficus benjamina Linn., 1767  ( Moraceae  ) was reported as the larval host plant for A. hedra  by Chu & Wang (1996). There are several generations per year. In Taiwan, adults appear from February to October at elevations from 300 to 1400 m (Plate 8 H, 9 A – 9 B).

Distribution. Mainland China (Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Fujian, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Shaanxi), Taiwan and Hainan Islands, Vietnam, Myanmar.

Remarks. This species with lightly variety in appearance is very common species in Southern China. It also be easily identified in error because of the individual variety.

HUM

Humboldt University Zoologisches Museum

ZFMK

Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig

IZAS

Institut Zoologii Akademii Nauk Ukraini - Institute of Zoology of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

TFRI

Taiwan Fisheries Research Institute

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Bombycidae

Genus

Andraca