Andraca trilochoides Moore, 1865

Wang, Xing, Wang, Min, Zolotuhin, Vadim V., Hirowatari, Toshiya, Wu, Shipher & Huang, Guo-Hua, 2015, The fauna of the family Bombycidae sensu lato (Insecta, Lepidoptera, Bombycoidea) from Mainland China, Taiwan and Hainan Islands, Zootaxa 3989 (1), pp. 1-138: 72-73

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3989.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:9BCFFC47-43D1-47B8-BA56-70A129E6A63F

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03BB102D-FFF1-CE59-A2B5-1DB4F49FA08F

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Andraca trilochoides Moore, 1865
status

 

45. Andraca trilochoides Moore, 1865  (FIGURES 24 F, 25 H)

Andraca trilochoides Moore, 1865  , Proc. Zool. Soc. London 33: 820. TL: [ India] “Darjeeling”.

Andraca trilochoides roepkei Bryk, 1944 

Andraca roepkei Bryk, 1944  , Ark. Zool. 35 A 8: 17, pl. 3, fig. 22 (not 21, as given in the text). TL: “N. E. Burma, Kambaiti, 2,000 m ”. Lectotype: male ( NRMS) [examined].

Andraca henosa Chu & Wang, 1993  , Sinozoologia 10: 242, fig. 26, pl. 2, fig. 26. TL: “ China, Yunnan, Yongshan”. Holotype (by original designation): male ( IZAS) [not examined].

Andraca bipunctata Walker, 1865  ; Chu & Wang (1993); Wang et al. (2011).

Diagnosis. Characterized by the dark reddish-yellow wings with entire outer margins. It is somewhat similar to A. theae  , but the outer edge of the forewing submarginal line is highlighted in white.

Specimens examined. [JIANGXI] Zixi County: 1 male, Jiangxi/Fujian border, Mts. Wuyishan, 1430 m, VIII. 2000, native collector leg. (MWM); [ HUBEI] Huanggang City: 1 male, Mt. Tapieh-Shan (Dabie Shan), middle June to August 1999, J. Li leg. (MWM); [HAINAN] Wuzhishan City: 1 female, Mts. Wuzhi-Shan, 18 ˚ 53 ’N, 109 ˚ 43 ’E, 20.II – 10.IV. 2001, local collector leg. leg. (MWM); [SICHUAN] Mianning County: 62 males, Mts. Daxue-Shan, 80 km west of Mianning, 2750 m, 28 ˚ 34 ’N, 102 ˚00’E, 7–8.VII. 1999, Siniaev & Plutenko leg. (MWM); 2 males, Mts. Qionglai-Shan, 1400 m, 31 ˚ 13 ’N, 102 ˚ 23 ’E, June 2006, Siniaev & his team leg. (MWM); Dechang County: 27 males, Mt. Abulandan-Shan, 27 ˚ 25 ’N, 102 ˚06’E, July 2005, Siniaev & his team leg. (MWM); [YUNNAN] Tengchong County (Mt. Gaoligongshan): 2 males, 15.VI. 2005, Ming-Yi Tian leg. ( SCAU); 1 male, 3000 m, June 1999, Wang & Li leg. (MWM); Gongshan County: 2 males, Dulongjiang Grand Canyon, 21.VII. 2006, Min Wang & Xiao- Ling Fan leg. ( SCAU); 1 male and 1 female, Mt. Gongshan, 22.VII. 2006, Min Wang & Xiao-Ling Fan leg. ( SCAU); Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture (Yunlong County, 13 km north of Caojian town, Mts. Fengshuining, 2460 m): 9 males, 10–23.VI. 1999, R. Brechlin leg. (MWM); 17 males and 1 female, 20.V – 9.VI. 1999, R. Brechlin leg. (MWM); 48 males and 4 females, 25.VII – 8.VIII. 1999, R. Brechlin leg. (MWM); 5 males, Mt. Diancang Shan, 2200 m, 25 ˚ 41 ’N, 100 ˚05’E, 15–30.VII. 2004, Siniaev & his team leg. (MWM); Yuanyang County: 1 male, Mt. Baiyanzishan, 2900 m, May 2000, native collector leg. (MWM); Mojiang County: 6 males, Mt. Dajlanshan, 2500 m, July 2000, local collector leg. (MWM); Yunlong County: 1 male, Mt. Wubaoshan, 3500 m, May to June 2000, local collector leg. (MWM); Xinping County: 1 male, Mt. Daxueguoshan, Zhengyuan side, 3100 m, June 2000, native collector leg. (MWM); Huize County: 2 males, mt. Wumeng Shan, 2200 m, 20 km north of Baoshan village in Huidong County of Sichuan Province, 26 ˚ 28 ’N, 104 ˚ 27 ’E, 20.IV – 5.V. 2004, Siniaev & his team leg. (MWM).

Bionomics. The larval hosts are the tea tree, Camellia sinensis  (L.) O. Ktze., 1887, C. oleifera Abel., 1818  and C. japonica Linn., 1753  ( Theaceae  ). Adults appear in Vietnam from April to July and again in November, and in China from late April to August.

Distribution. Mainland China (Anhui, Jiangxi-Fujian border, Hubei, Sichuan, Yunnan) and Hainan, Myanmar, northern Vietnam, northern Thailand, Nepal, India.

Remarks. This species is widely distributed in the Sino-Himalayan region.

X VI. Pseudandraca Miyata, 1970  ( FIGURE 26View FIGURE 26)

Pseudandraca Miyata, 1970  , Tinea  8: 190. Type species: Andraca gracilis Butler, 1885  , by original designation.

Diagnosis. Characterized by the following features: wings dark gray with numerous yellow patches; antemedial, medial and postmedial lines sinuate; discal cell with a black spot; forewing apex acute; uncus finger-shaped, apically pointed; sacculus boot-shaped; saccus short.

Distribution. Japan, China, Vietnam.

Remarks. Two species are included in this genus, the type species endemic to Japan and a second distributed from Vietnam to eastern China (Map 16).

Map 16. Distribution of Pseudandraca flavamaculata (Yang, 1995)  mainly in China.

IZAS

Institut Zoologii Akademii Nauk Ukraini - Institute of Zoology of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Bombycidae

Genus

Andraca