Prismosticta fenestrata Butler, 1880

Wang, Xing, Wang, Min, Zolotuhin, Vadim V., Hirowatari, Toshiya, Wu, Shipher & Huang, Guo-Hua, 2015, The fauna of the family Bombycidae sensu lato (Insecta, Lepidoptera, Bombycoidea) from Mainland China, Taiwan and Hainan Islands, Zootaxa 3989 (1), pp. 1-138: 110

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3989.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:9BCFFC47-43D1-47B8-BA56-70A129E6A63F

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03BB102D-FFDB-CE7C-A2B5-1DB4F323A0C7

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Plazi

scientific name

Prismosticta fenestrata Butler, 1880
status

 

72. Prismosticta fenestrata Butler, 1880  ( FIGURES 43View FIGURE 43 A – 43 E, 44 B, 44 G)

Prismosticta fenestrata Butler, 1880  , Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. 6 (5): 68. TL: [Darjeeling, India] “Darjeeling”. Holotype: female ( BMNH) [examined].

Prismosticta sinica Yang, 1995  , Insects of Baishanzu Mountain, Eastern China: 353. TL: Zhejiang, China. Synonymized by Kishida & Wang, X., 2011.

Diagnosis. This species can be distinguished by the ocher-yellow forewing with a small triangular transparent spot near apex and the gnathos medially with a narrow spinulose process.

Specimens examined. [ TAIWAN] Taichung County: 1 male, Anmashan, lower forest zone, 1660 m, 20.VI. 1997 (MWM); Yilan County (Fushan Botanic Garden, 750 m): 1 male, 25.II. 2010, Shipher Wu leg. ( TFRI); 1 male, 12.XI. 2010, Shipher Wu leg. ( TFRI); 1 male, 23.IV. 2011, Shipher Wu & Wei-Chun Chang leg. ( TFRI); 1 male, 9.I. 2012, Shipher Wu leg. ( TFRI); 1 male, 7.X. 2012, Shipher Wu leg. ( TFRI); Yilan County (Siyuanyako): 1 female, 2.VI. 2012, Shipher Wu & Wei-Chun Chang leg. ( TFRI); Hualien County: 1 male, Dayuling, 19.VII. 2012, Shipher Wu & Wei-Chun Chang leg. ( TFRI); 1 male, Ci’en, 1950 m, 13.IX. 2012, Shipher Wu leg. ( TFRI); Miaoli County: 1 male, Guanwu, 2000 m, 27.IX. 2010, Shipher Wu leg. ( TFRI); 1 male, Guanwu, 2000 m, 29.VI. 2011, Shipher Wu & Wei-Chun Chang leg. ( TFRI); 104 males from different counties of Taiwan (Taitung, Taoyuan, Ping-Tung, Kaoshiung, Ilan, Taipei, Hualien, Nantou, Miaoli) (MWM); [GUANDDONG] Huizhou County (Nankunshan Provincial NR): 1 male, 24.VII. 2005, Min Wang & Liu-Sheng Chen leg. ( SCAU); Ruyuan County (Nanling National NR): 1 male, 7.VII. 2008, Min Wang & Hou-Shuai Wang leg. ( SCAU); [YUNNAN] Fugong County (Nujiang Lisu Autonomous Prefecture): 1 male, Lichadi (=Walo), 42 km N of Fugong, 1390 m, 12– 16.V. 1999, 27˚ 15 ’N, 98 ˚ 55 ’E, R. Brechlin leg. (MWM); Yunlong County (Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture): 1 male, 13 km north of Caojian town, Fengshuining Mts., 25 ˚ 46 ’N, 99 ˚06’E, 2460 m, 20–30.VI. 1999, local collector leg. (MWM).

Bionomics. In Taiwan, the larvae feed on several Symplocos  species ( Symplocaceae  ). The adults are on the wing throughout the year, at the elevations from 400–2100 m (Plate 11 A – 11 C). There are apparently several generations a year (adults known from January to November). The larva is grayish –brown, with a long anal horn (Plate 11 D).

Distribution. Mainland China (Zhejiang, Fujian, Guangdong, Yunan, Xizang) and Taiwan, Nepal, India.

Remarks. The specimens from Zhejiang, Fujian and Yunnan Provinces in China were misidentified by Chu & Wang (1993) as P. hyalinata Butler, 1885  , which is endemic to Japan. Its fully-grown larva was originally identified as Andraca bipunctata Walker  , l 865 and described by Sevastopulo (1939).

TFRI

Taiwan Fisheries Research Institute