Apopyllus centralis , Azevedo, Guilherme H. F., Ott, Ricardo, Griswold, Charles E. & Santos, Adalberto J., 2016

Azevedo, Guilherme H. F., Ott, Ricardo, Griswold, Charles E. & Santos, Adalberto J., 2016, A taxonomic revision of the ground spiders of the genus Apopyllus (Araneae: Gnaphosidae), Zootaxa 4178 (3), pp. 301-327: 314-320

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4178.3.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:2EE90745-EEA2-4ECA-A82B-EFC246495682

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03B9562D-F557-FF94-B582-D095FF4AC82E

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Apopyllus centralis
status

new species

Apopyllus centralis  new species

Figs 3View FIGURE 3 F, 4F, 5F, 6F, 7F, 8F, 10G, 11G, 12G, 13G, 14D, 16D

Herpyllus suavis: Simon, 1893: 455  , fig. 25. Only the female paralectotype from Colonia Tovar, Aragua, Venezuela (10º24’19”N, 67º17’22”W), deposited in MNHN (examined). Misidentification.

Type material. Male holotype from Usina de Aproveitamento Hidrelétrico Serra do Facão, Catalão, Goiás, Brazil (17º30’9”S 47º33’32”W, 754m), I.2010, R.B. Martines & R.M.C. Silveira coll., deposited in UFMG 4395View MaterialsGoogleMaps  . Paratypes: one female from Usina de Aproveitamento Hidrelétrico Serra do Facão, Catalão , Goiás, Brazil (17º44”36.93”S 47º35’19.56” W, 933m), VII.2010, R.B. Martines & R.M.C. Silveira coll. ( UFMG 4564View Materials)  ; one female from Parque Nacional da Serra das Confusões, Cristino Castro , Piauí, Brazil (8º56’16.9”S 43º51’48.1”W), 9.XII.2012, L.S. Carvalho coll. (CHNUFPI 609); one male and one female from Pimenta Bueno, Rondônia, Brazil (11º38’60”S 61º12’0”W), VII.2000, M. Carvalho col. ( IBSP 137001View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; two males and one female from Campo de Provas Brigadeiro Velloso , Serra do Cachimbo, Novo Progresso, Pará, Brazil (9º21’45.33”S 54º54’54.4”W), 7– 17.IX.2003 ( MPEG 22022View Materials)GoogleMaps  .

Etymology. The specific name is a reference to the distribution of the species in central Brazil.

Diagnosis. Males can be distinguished by the presence of a dorsal process in the RTA ( Figs 5View FIGURE 5 F, 6F [arrow], 7F, 8F). Females can be distinguished by the anterior ridge of the epigynum less sclerotized in the middle, conferring an incomplete appearance ( Figs 10View FIGURE 10 G, 11G).

Description. Male (holotype): Total length 4.44. Carapace 1.84 long, 1.56 wide. Femur II 1.2 long. Carapace brown. Legs and palps brown. Coxae white on the terminal part in dorsal view. Femur I and palp with a lighter area on the prolateral part. Sternum and labium light brown. Endites light brown with white anterior border. Opisthosoma dorsum dark gray with a brown scutum. Ventral side of opisthosoma light brown. Eyes sizes and interdistances: AME 0.08, ALE 0.08, PME 0.1, PLE 0.1, AME –AME 0.02, AME –ALE 0.02, ALE –PLE 0.02, PME –PME 0.02, PME –PLE 0.05. MOQ 0.38 wide. RTA with dorsal process. Leg spination: femora: I, II d1-1-1, p0-0-1; III d1-1-1, r0-1-1, p0-1-1; patellae: III, IV p0-1-0, r0-1-0; tibiae: I v1 r-2-0, II v1 r-2-1p, III, IV d1-1-0, v1 p-2-2; metatarsi: I, II v2 -0-0, III p0-1-1-0, v2-2 -2, r1-1-1; IV p0-1-1, v2-2 -2, r1-0-1.

Female (paratype, UFMG 4564): Total length 4.88. Carapace 2.16 long, 1.6 wide. Femur II 1.36 long. Coloration as in male, except for opisthosoma that is black with a white pattern as in Fig. 16View FIGURE 16 D. Eyes sizes and interdistances: AME 0.07, ALE 0.08, PME 0.06, PLE 0.08, AME –AME 0.04, AME –ALE 0.02, ALE –PLE 0.02, PME –PME 0.06, PME –PLE 0.06. MOQ 0.38 wide. Epigynum with incomplete anterior ridge and secondary spermathecae smaller than primary spermathecae. Leg spination: femora: I, II d1-1-1, p0-0-1; III d1-1-1, r0-1- 1, p0-1-1; patellae: III, IV p0-1-0, r0-1-0; tibiae: I v0-0-1; II v1 -0-1; III p1-1-1, v1 p-2-2, r1-1-0; IV d1-1-1, p1-1- 0, v1 p-2-2, r1-1-0; metatarsi: I v2 -0-0; II v2-1 r-0; III p1-2-1, v2-2 -2, r1d-1d-2; IV d0-1-1, p1d-1-1, v2-2 -2, r1-1- 1.

Variation. Male (N = 45) carapace length 1.51–2.01. Female (N = 20), carapace length, 1.71–2.16. The opisthosoma can be more uniformly dark brow to black.

Material examined. BRAZIL: Amapá: Macapá , 110m, 2♀, 24–28.XII.2004, R. A. Silva coll. ( MCTP 16590View Materials), Mazagão, 1Ƌ, 03.XII.2003, R. A. Silva coll. ( MCTP 16537View Materials)  ; Goiás: Alto Paraíso de Goiás, 14º9'43"S, 47º36'36"W, 1Ƌ, VIII.1991, S.T. Amaranto ( IBSP 98752View Materials), Catalão, Barragem para Aproveitamento Hidrelétrico Serra do Facão, 17º35'34"S, 47º37'16"WGoogleMaps  , 835m, 1♀, I.2010, 17 º51'40"S, 47º37'38"W, 762m, 1Ƌ 1♀, I.2010, 17 º44'36.93"S, 47º35'19.56"W, 933m, 21♀, VII.2010, 17 º36'23.9"S, 47º37'18.52"W, 835m, 1Ƌ, VII.2010, 17 º52'24.62"S, 47º37'33.3"W, 762m, 2Ƌ 2♀, VII.2010, R.B. Martines & R.M.C. Silveira coll. (UFMG 4394, 4406, 4564, 4552, 4567); Maranhão: Caxias, Reserva Ecológica Inhamum , 4º49'60"S, 43º20'69"W, 1Ƌ, 23–26.IV.2007, J.F.B. Lima-Lobato et al. coll. ( IBSP 130925View Materials), 1Ƌ, IX –X.2007, J.F.B. Lima-Lobato & F. Limeira de Oliveira coll. ( IBSP 129026View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; Mato Grosso: Nossa Senhora do Livramento, Pantanal do Poconé - Pirizal, Fazenda Retiro Novo , 16º15'S, 56º36'W, 1♀ 1Ƌ, I.2004GoogleMaps  – III.2005, L.D. Battirola coll. (IBSP 125469), Nossa Senhora do Livramento, Pantanal do Poconé - Pirizal, Fazenda Retiro Novo, 16º22'1"S, 56º17'58"W, 125m, 2♀, F.S.F. Leite coll. (UFMG 8781); Santo Antonio do Levergere , 1Ƌ, 09.X.1981, H. Duarte coll. ( MCTP 2522View Materials)  ; Mato Grosso do Sul: Brasilândia, Horto Rio Verde , 20º50'0"S, 51º40'0"W, 1Ƌ 1 juvenile, 14.VIII.2007, M. Uehara- Prado coll. ( UFMG 12496View Materials), Selvíria, Horto Matão, 20º20'0"S, 51º40'0"W, 1Ƌ, 19.VIII.2007, M. Uehara-Prado coll. ( UFMG 12495View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; Minas Gerais: Belo Horizonte, Campus da UFMG, 19º51'53"S, 48º57'58"WGoogleMaps  , 835m, 1Ƌ, 3.VIII.2012, P.H. Martins et al. coll. (UFMG 11940), Leme do Prado, Reserva Estadual de Acauã, 17º7'94.2"S, 42º43'98.1", 887m, 1♀, 18–28.II.2013, P.H. Martins coll. ( UFMG 19407View Materials); Pará: Novo Progresso, Campo de Provas Brigadeiro Velloso, Serra do Cachimbo, 9º21'45.3"S, 54º54'54.4"WGoogleMaps  , 1♀, 1Ƌ, 16–26.III.2004 (MPEG 22028, 22029), 11Ƌ 7♀ 1 juvenile, 7–17.IX.2003 (MPEG 22007–22024), Igarapé-açu, 3♀, 7Ƌ, 09.XII.2002, Eq. FEIGA-UFRA coll. (MPEG 21825–21833), 1♀, 1Ƌ, 14.IX.2011, S. Ribeiro coll. (MPEG 21839), 1♀, 19.V.2011, S. Ribeiro coll. (MPEG 21836), São Geraldo do Araguaia, Serra das Andorinhas, 1♀, 27.X – 07.XI.2011, A. B. Bonaldo et al. coll. (MPEG 21838); Piauí: Alvorada do Gurguéia, Fazenda Escola da UFPI, 8º22'28.6"S, 43º51'32.5"WGoogleMaps  , 1♀, 15–17.II.2012, L.S. Carvalho coll. (CHNUFPI 608), ditto, Caatinga, 8º22'28.6"S, 43º51'32.5"WGoogleMaps  , 230m, 3♀, 15–17.II.2012, I. L. F. Magalhães et al. coll. (IBSP 165373), Cristino

Castro , Parque Nacional da Serra das Confusões, 8º56'16.9"S, 43º51'48.1"WGoogleMaps  , 1♀, 9.XII.2012, L.S. Carvalho coll. (CHNUFPI 609), Castelo do Piauí, ECB Rochas Ornamentais , 5º13'46''S, 41o41'29.9''W, 1Ƌ, 03.XII.2005, F. M. Oliveira-Neto coll. ( MPEG 7901View Materials)GoogleMaps  , 1♀, 11.XI.2005, F. M. Oliveira-Neto coll. ( MPEG 7903View Materials), 1Ƌ, 19.X.2005, F. M. Oliveira-Neto coll. ( MPEG 7902View Materials), 1Ƌ, 26.X.2005, F. M. Oliveira-Neto coll. ( MPEG 7900View Materials), ECB Rochas Ornamentais, Fazenda Bonito , 5º14'7''S, 41 º 41'16.3''W, 1Ƌ, no date, F. M. Oliveira-Neto coll. ( MPEG 21868View Materials), Piracuruca, Parque Nacional Sete Cidades, 4º05'39.9''S, 41º43'53.3''W, 1Ƌ, 06.XII.2006, L. S. Carvalho, D. Candiani & N. F. Lo Man Hung coll. ( MPEG 21871View Materials), 1Ƌ, 13.IX.2006, L. S. Carvalho & F. M de Oliveira-Neto coll. ( MPEG 9708View Materials), 1Ƌ, 21. VI.2007, F. M. Oliveira-Neto coll. ( MPEG 21877View Materials), 6Ƌ 5♀, 24. VI.2007, Carvalho, Albuquerque & Oliveira-Neto coll. ( MPEG 21878–21884View Materials), 3ƋGoogleMaps  , 3♀, 26.I.2007, L. S. Carvalho, M. T. Avelino & M. P. Albuquerque coll. (MPEG 21872–21876), 1Ƌ, 3♀, no date, no col. (MPEG 21870, 21886); Rondônia: Pimenta Bueno , 11º38'60"S, 61º12'0"W, 8Ƌ 4♀, VII.2000, M. Carvalho coll. ( IBSP 137001, 137007, 137010, 137011)GoogleMaps  ; São Paulo: Botucatu, Usina São Manoel , 1Ƌ, 01.XII.1998, Mendes coll. ( MZUSP 62766View Materials), Itirapina, Estação Ecológica de Itirapina, 22º16'49"S, 48º7'10"WGoogleMaps  , 1♀, 2001, C. Bertim coll. (IBSP 126311).

Distribution. Central Brazil, mainly in Cerrado biome, with some occurrences in Caatinga ( Fig. 14View FIGURE 14 D).

Remarks. Simon (1893) described A. suavis  based on two specimens. One of the specimens, designated here as a paralectotype, has an incomplete anterior ridge of the epigynum and is not considered conspecific with the lectotype (see A. suavis  above). This paralectotype therefore, belongs to the new species A. centralis  , as described here.

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

UFMG

Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais

IBSP

Instituto Biologico de Sao Paulo

MPEG

Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi

MCTP

Museu de Ciencias

MZUSP

Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Gnaphosidae

Genus

Apopyllus

Loc

Apopyllus centralis

Azevedo, Guilherme H. F., Ott, Ricardo, Griswold, Charles E. & Santos, Adalberto J. 2016
2016
Loc

Herpyllus suavis:

Simon 1893: 455