Phycitinae, Ragonot, 1885

Bidzilya, Oleksiy, Budashkin, Yuriy & Yepishin, Viktor, 2020, Review of the tribe Anerastiini (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae: Phycitinae) from Ukraine, Zootaxa 4718 (1), pp. 1-24: 2-3

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4718.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:F258EBFF-7F75-4514-90B9-76FF20D3B7DE

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03B4124F-0C23-FFE4-FF38-F946FE0AFE25

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Phycitinae
status

 

Tribe Anerastiini Ragonot, 1885 

Anerastiini Ragonot, 1885: 23 

= Peoriinae Hulst, 1890: 102  , 203

= Hypsotropinae Hampson, 1918: 55 

Diagnosis. The Anerastiini  are characterized by reduced or absent proboscis and bipartite gnathos in the male genitalia. While only these characters are present in all Anerastiini  , the following derived characters are present in many Anerastiini  , according to Horak (2003): 1) a distally partially flattened gnathos; 2) emargination of posterior margin of the female tergum VIII; 3) the ovipositor lobes laterally compressed, soft, enlarged, ventrally expanded with prolonged apex; 4) laterally or apically flattened gnathos tip; 5) larvae boring in grass stalks or feeding at the base of stems from silken tubes.

Labial palpus usually long, slender, porrect upcurved; maxillary palpus small and filiform or brush-like and contained in a hollow of the labial palpus; frons usually smooth, but sometimes with tufts of hairs or with projections of various shape; antenna in male varying from ciliated to pectinate, first segment often dilated, shaft often downcurved at base with a ridge of scales in its sinus; tibia with all spurs present; abdomen smoothly scaled; forewing narrow; hindwing with medial veins pectinate on upper side ( Hampson 1918: 55).

All known host plants of Anerastiini  belong in the Poaceae  , however, the biology for most species is unknown. Pupation usually takes place in the ground. The larvae of some species ( Polyocha depressella (Swinhoe, 1885)  and Coenochroa ablutella  ) are known as pests of sugar-cane ( Saccarum officinarum  ) and Mais ( Zea mays  ) ( Hampson 1918: 55; Arora 2000: 93).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Pyralidae

Loc

Phycitinae

Bidzilya, Oleksiy, Budashkin, Yuriy & Yepishin, Viktor 2020
2020
Loc

Anerastiini

Ragonot, E. L. 1885: 23
Loc

Peoriinae

Hulst, G. D. 1890: 102
Loc

Hypsotropinae

Hampson, G. F. 1918: 55