Galathea orientalis Stimpson, 1858

Macpherson, Enrique & Robainas-Barcia, Aymee, 2015, Species of the genus Galathea Fabricius, 1793 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Galatheidae) from the Indian and Pacific Oceans, with descriptions of 92 new species, Zootaxa 3913 (1), pp. 1-335: 206-207

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3913.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:18D06EC6-A61D-4C45-9B5E-52435903556D

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3514162

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03B3F979-FF3E-42E8-FF6D-FB740089E89A

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Galathea orientalis Stimpson, 1858
status

 

Galathea orientalis Stimpson, 1858 

Galathea orientalis Stimpson, 1858: 252  (Ly-i-moon Passage near Hong Kong, 46 m).— Stimpson, 1907: 231 (Ly-i-moon Passage, near Hong Kong, 46 m).— Miers, 1879: 51 ( Korea Strait, 22–92 m).— Ortmann, 1892: 252, pl. 11, figs 10, 10a, 10 i (Kadsiyama [= Katsuyama], Sagami Bay, Maizuru, Tanagawa [= Kanagawa], Kagoshima, shallow-water to 92 m).— Doflein, 1902: 644 (Sagami Bay).— Nakazawa, 1927: 1035, fig. 1993 (Misaki, Japan, intertidal).— Melin, 1939: 63, figs 36–38 (between Chichijima and Hahajima, and Chichijima, Bonin Islands, 64 m).—Nakazawa in Miyake & Nakazawa, 1947: 732, fig. 2115 (no record).— Utinomi, 1956: 63, pl. 32, fig. 5 (no record).— Miyake, 1960: 97, pl. 48, fig. 5 (no record).—Miyake, 1965: 634, fig. 1042 (no record).— Miyake & Baba, 1967 c: 232, fig. 5 (East China Sea, Chejudo, 50–101 m).— Lewinsohn, 1969: 110 (no record).— Haig, 1974: 447 (no record).— Kim, 1973: 175, fig. 19, pl. 64, figs, 5 a, 5 b ( Korea).— Miyake, 1982: 145, with 1 fig., pl. 49, fig. 1 (S Kii Peninsula, 45 m).— Takeda, 1982: 50, fig. 149 (no record).— Baba, 1989: 130 (Oshima Strait, Amami-oshima, 40–70 m).— Komai, 2000: 353 (list).— Minemizu, 2000: 166, with fig. (Ohse-zaki, Shizuoka Pref., Japan, 22 m).— Davie, 2002: 62 (list).— Baba, 2005: 81, 244 (key, synonymies, Japan and East China Sea and Hong Kong, shore – 549 m).—Macpherson, 2008: 291 (Dampier Archipelago, 1–28 m).— Clark et al., 2008: 920 (Conic Island cave, Hong Kong).—Baba et al., 2008: 74 (compilation); 2009: 120, figs. 100–103 ( Taiwan, 83–95 m).— Dong & Li, 2010: 15 View Cited Treatment (East and South China Sea, intertidal to 110 m).

Galathea longimana  .— Stimpson, 1907: 232 ( China Sea, Oushima [Amami-Ohshima], and Kagoshima Bay).

Galathea acanthomera Stimpson, 1858: 90  (type locality: Bonin Islands, 1.8 m, type lost).— Stimpson, 1907: 232 (Port Lloyd, Bonin Islands).— De Man, 1907: 388 ( Japan).— Balss, 1913 b: 2, fig. 1 ( Japan: Boshu, Misaki, Dsushi, Aziro near Misaki, Uraga Canal, Nagasaki, 20–200 m).— Yokoya, 1933: 55 ( Japan: E of Omae-zaki, SW coast of Shikoku, W of Tanabe, S coast of Atsumi (Aichi Pref.), NE of Iki I., and coast of Tottori Pref., 18–154 m).— Miyake, 1938: 39, fig. 2 (Kii Peninsula, Japan, 100 m).— Makarov, 1938: 86 (no record).

Galathea coralliophilus  .— Wu et al., 1998: 90, figs 9, 42F ( Taiwan) (not G. coralliophilus Baba & Oh, 1990  ).

Questionable identification:

Galathea orientalis  .— Haig, 1974: 447 (Western Australia).

Not Galathea orientalis  .— Tirmizi, 1966: 182, figs 6–8 (possibly = G. anepipoda Baba, 1990  ).

Material examined. Japan. Iwate, Otsuchi, 20 m 28 July 1992: 3 M 4.5–5.4 mm, 1 ov. F 5.6 mm ( SMF 39254View Materials). Philippines. MUSORSTOM 3, Stn CP142, 11° 47 'N, 123 °01'E, 26–27 m, 6 June 1985: 1 M 2.7 mm (MNHN-IU- 2013-13938).

Vietnam. Tonkin. 1 ov. F 4.3 mm ( MNHN Ga 742).

Papua New Guinea. PAPUA NIUGINI, Stn PB37, 05° 15.9 'S, 145 ° 47.1 'E, 10 m, 30 December 2012: 1 F 2.5 mm (MNHN-IU- 2013-13999).

Australia. Western Australia. Dirk Herlog Island, 30–40 m, 1 March 1999: 1 M 2.7 mm, 1 ov. F 3.2 mm (UF 5155).

Australia. Queensland. Lizard island, off Bird Island, 14.6928 °S, 145.4668 °E, 1–2 m, 8 February 2009: 1 M 3.7 mm (UF 16625).—Lizard Island, Waining Reef, 14.4514 °S, 145.3139 °E, no depth, 15 February 2009: 1 ov. F 2.7 mm (UF 18195).—Lizard Island, Younge Reef, 15–18 m, 18 February 2009: 1 M 2.4 mm (UF 17133).

Remarks. Galathea orientalis  is a widely distributed species. We have not observed significant morphological differences among the specimens from the different localities. The spines on the extensor margin of the Mxp 3 carpus can be acute or blunt. The closest species to G. orientalis  is G. corallicola Haswell, 1882  . The two species can be distinguished by the following characters:

- The second abdominal somite has two transverse ridges in G. orientalis  , instead of four transverse ridges in G. corallicola  .

- The distomesial spine of the antennal article 1 reaches the end of the antennal peduncle in G. orientalis  , whereas this spine slightly exceeds the article 2 in G. corallicola  .

Distribution. Previously known from Japan (including Ogasawara Islands), Korean Strait, Taiwan, East and South China Sea, Western Australia (Dampier Archipelago), 0– 200 m. The present material from Japan, Philippines, Vietnam, Papua New Guinea, Australia was collected at depths of 1–27 m, on algae  or Pocillopora  sp.

SMF

Forschungsinstitut und Natur-Museum Senckenberg

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Malacostraca

Order

Decapoda

Family

Galatheidae

Genus

Galathea

Loc

Galathea orientalis Stimpson, 1858

Macpherson, Enrique & Robainas-Barcia, Aymee 2015
2015
Loc

Galathea coralliophilus

Wu 1998: 90
1998
Loc

Galathea orientalis

Haig 1974: 447
1974
Loc

Galathea orientalis

Tirmizi 1966: 182
1966
Loc

Galathea orientalis

Dong 2010: 15
Clark 2008: 920
Baba 2005: 81
Davie 2002: 62
Komai 2000: 353
Minemizu 2000: 166
Baba 1989: 130
Miyake 1982: 145
Takeda 1982: 50
Haig 1974: 447
Kim 1973: 175
Lewinsohn 1969: 110
Miyake 1967: 232
Miyake 1960: 97
Utinomi 1956: 63
Miyake 1947: 732
Melin 1939: 63
Nakazawa 1927: 1035
Stimpson 1907: 231
Doflein 1902: 644
Ortmann 1892: 252
Miers 1879: 51
Stimpson 1858: 252
1907
Loc

Galathea longimana

Stimpson 1907: 232
1907
Loc

Galathea acanthomera

Miyake 1938: 39
Makarov 1938: 86
Yokoya 1933: 55
Balss 1913: 2
Stimpson 1907: 232
Man 1907: 388
Stimpson 1858: 90
1907