Apocharips trapezoidea (Hartig, 1841)

Ferrer-Suay, Mar, Paretas-Martínez, Jordi & Pujade-Villar, Juli, 2013, Revision of Apocharips Fergusson (Hymenoptera: Figitidae: Charipinae) with description of three new species from Colombia, Zootaxa 3646 (4), pp. 487-500: 494-497

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3646.4.8

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:9D8ED801-B4FD-453C-8E75-F3744BEB1B68

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03AF87A7-4A34-FFCD-FF44-F9952C25FC57

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Apocharips trapezoidea (Hartig, 1841)
status

 

Apocharips trapezoidea (Hartig, 1841) 

( Fig. 5View FIGURE 5)

Xystus trapezoideus Hartig, 1841: 352  : Allotria trapezoideus (Hartig) Taschenberg, 1866: 130  ; Allotria trapezoidea (Hartig) Cameron, 1884: 267  ; Dilyta trapezoidea (Hartig) Kieffer, 1900: 114  ; Dilyta trapezoidea (Hartig) Evenhuis, 1982: 26  ; Apocharips trapezoidea (Hartig) Menke & Evenhuis, 1991: 152  .

Alloxista eleaphila  Silvestri, 1915: 274 n. syn.: Alloxysta eleaphila Silvestri  : Weld, 1952: 253; Apocharips eleaphila (Silvestri) Menke & Evenhuis, 1991: 148  .

Alloxista peraperta  Silvestri, 1915: 272 n. syn.: Alloxysta peraptera Silvestri  : Weld, 1952: 253 (misspelling); Apocharips peraptera (Silvestri) Menke & Evenhuis, 1991: 149  .

Type material of Xystus trapezoideus  Hartig, LECTOTYPE 3 (ZSM) designated by Evenhuis (1982) with the following labels: “ 3 ”, “ lectotype H. H. Evenhuis” (orange label), “ Xystus trapezoideus Hartig  det. H.H. Evenhuis 1980 ”, “ Apocharips trapezoidea  3 (Hartig, 1840) det. JP-V 2007 ”.

Type material of Alloxista eleaphila  Silvestri, LECTOTYPE Ƥ (IENU) here designated with the following labels: “Alloxista eleaphila Silv., Ƥ, Vittoria, Siracusa  (Sicily)” (handwritten), “ Lectotype Alloxista eleaphila  Silvestri, 1915 Ƥ desig. M. Ferrer-Suay 2011 ” (red label), “ Apocharips trapezoidea (Hartig, 1841)  Ƥ M. Ferrer- Suay det. 2012 ”. PARALECTOTYPE 3 (IENU) here established with the following labels: “Alloxista eleaphila Silv.  , 3, Vittoria, Siracusa (Sicily)” (handwritten) “ Paralectotype Alloxista eleaphila  Silvestri, 1915 3 ” (red label), “ Apocharips trapezoidea (Hartig, 1841)  3 M. Ferrer-Suay det. 2012 ”.

Type material of Alloxista peraperta  Silvestri, LECTOTYPE Ƥ (IENU) here designated with the following labels: “Alloxista peraperta Silv., Ƥ, Nefasit  (ex Euphyllura)” (handwritten), “ Lectotype Alloxista peraperta  Silvestri, 1915 Ƥ desig. M. Ferrer-Suay 2011 ” (red label), “ Apocharips trapezoidea (Hartig, 1841)  Ƥ M. Ferrer- Suay det. 2012 ”. PARALECTOTYPE 3 (IENU) here established with the following labels: “Alloxista peraperta Silv.  , 3, Nefasit (ex Euphyllura)” (handwritten) “ Paralectotype Alloxista peraperta  Silvestri, 1915 3 ” (red label), “ Apocharips trapezoidea (Hartig, 1841)  3 M. Ferrer-Suay det. 2012 ”.

Diagnosis. Apocharips trapezoidea  is differentiated from all other Apocharips  species having radial cell with R 1 and Rs parallel ( Fig. 5View FIGURE 5 A).

Redescription. Coloration. Head yellowish brown, mesosoma and metasoma brown. Antennae yellow, darkening towards apical part. Legs and veins yellowish brown.

Head. Triangular, higher than wide, smooth, shiny. Setae below and between toruli, few setae above toruli. Scattered setae on vertex, many setae on frons. Transfacial line 0.8 times height of compound eye. Malar space 0.5 times height of compound eye.

Antenna. Female: 13 -segmented, filiform. All antennomeres with sparse setae. F 1 –F 4 smooth, thinner than remaining flagellomeres; F 5 –F 11 with rhinaria, club-shaped. Antennal formula: 4.0 (2.4); 3.5 (2.1); 4.5 (1.3); 3.1 (1.3); 3.1 (1.3); 3.5 (1.3) ( Fig. 5View FIGURE 5 C). Male: 14 -segmented, filiform. All antennomeres with sparse setae. F 1 –F 12 with rhinaria, club-shaped. Antennal formula: 3.3 (1.9); 2.5 (1.9); 5.0 (1.9); 3.8 (1.8); 3.8 (1.8); 3.8 (1.9); 4.2 (1.9) ( Fig. 5View FIGURE 5 B).

Mesosoma. Pronotum with abundant setae; with two long, thick carinae ( Fig. 5View FIGURE 5 E). Mesoscutum smooth, shiny, round in dorsal view with scattered setae. Scutellum smooth, shiny, with scattered setae not being more abundant on apex; apex with M-shaped carinae ( Fig. 5View FIGURE 5 F). Propodeum with abundant setae; two propodeal carinae thick, straight, widening at base ( Fig. 5View FIGURE 5 F).

Forewing. Longer than body, 1.2 times as long as mesosoma+metasoma. With dense pubescence and marginal setae ( Fig. 5View FIGURE 5 A). Radial cell 1.0 times as long as wide. R 1 and Rs parallel, both reaching costal margin.

Distribution. Andorra (Pujade-Villar 2005: 545); Austria (Andrews 1978: 91); Bulgaria and Balkan peninsula (Vasileva-Sumnalieva 1976: 23); England (Andrews 1978: 91); Finland (Hellén 1963: 5); Germany (Hartig 1841: 352); Scotland (Andrews 1978: 91); Spain: Canary Islands (Pujade-Villar 2005: 545); Spain: peninsular (Nieves- Aldrey et al. 2003: 39); Sweden (Thomson 1862: 409). Ethiopia (Silvestri 1915: 273) of A. peraperta  and Italy (Silvestri 1915: 274) of A. eleaphila  .

Comments. Silvestri spelled the name of the species as “ peraperta  ”. Later, Weld (1952: 253) misspelled the specific name as “ peraptera  ”, a mistake followed by Menke & Evenhuis (1991: 149). We maintain Silvestri’s original name “ peraperta  ”, which is also present on the slide of the type material. Type material of A. eleaphila  and A. peraperta  is mounted in four slides corresponding to male and female of each species. These two species are here synonymyzed with A. trapezoidea  after examination of the radial cell shape, proportions of flagellomeres, and shape of propodeal carinae, the main diagnostic characters of the genus Apocharips  .