Gonçalves, Rodrigo Barbosa, 2019, Systematics, Morphology and Biogeography Phylogeny of the Augochlora clade with the description of four new species (Hymenoptera, Apoidea), Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 63, pp. 91-100: 93-95

publication ID 10.1016/j.rbe.2018.12.003


persistent identifier

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scientific name


sp. nov

Augochlorellakelliae  sp. nov.

( Figs. 2View Fig and 3View Fig)

Diagnosis. Females of this species are similar to Augochlorella una  and can be separated from the remaining Augochlorella  by the olive green head and mesosoma (not olive in other species), elongate head (wider than longer in other species), and microreticulate posterior and lateral surfaces of the propodeum (not microreticulatein otherspecies) ( Fig.2View Fig). From A.una  , the newspecies can be separated bythemetapostnotumwith strongposteriormarginal angles, being almost trapezoidal ( Fig. 2CView Fig), preoccipital ridge carinate, mesoscutum punctures sparser on the median surface (interspaces equal to one puncture diameter on A. una  , and about two puncture diameter on A. kelliae  sp. nov.) and the scutellar punctures are not strong and contiguous. The male can be separated from other species by the combination of clypeus with a transverse yellow band, hind leg with short setae, preoccipital ridge carinate, and metapostnotal carinae almost reaching the posterior margin ( Fig. 3View Fig).

Description. Holotype female. Measurements (mm). Eye notch width: 1.3; head length: 2.0; glossa length: 1.2; clypeus width: 0.7; clypeus length: 0.5; supraclypeal length: 0.4; clypeus ocellar distance: 0.8; intertegular distance: 1.4; T1 width: 1.8; T2 width: 2.0; body length: 7.5. Head. Labrum basal elevation orbicular, black. Mandible black with subapical amber spot; subapical tooth not strongly produced; longsetae (2–3 OD) on outer and ventral margins. Epistomal angle orthogonal. Clypeus sparsely punctate, microreticulate on basal portion; erect setae with 1–1.5 OD; apical surface darkened, most surface olive green. Supraclypeal area sparsely punctulate, microreticulate near clypeus; fine erect setae; olive green. Paraocular area punctate, strongly microreticulate; olive green, someweakcopper reflections neareye notch; branched setae with 1–1.5 OD. Antennae: scape dark brown with very weak metallic highlights; flagellomeres amber ventrally, especially on F9–10; F1–2 andbase of F3 setose, with inconspicuous sensilla, remaining flagellomeres with conspicuous sensilla. Frons not depressed; conflected punctate, strongly microreticulate; weak blue iridescence; short and fine setae. Preoccipital ridge carina not reaching the gena. Vertex coarsely punctate becoming rugose nearridge; longplumose (short branches) setae. Genapuncticulate, microlineate on postgena; green with very weak copper reflections; white plumose setae (1.5–2 OD). Hypostomal ridge carinate. Mesosoma. Pronotum dorsalridge weaklycarinate; lateral anglenot projected, rounded; lateral ridge rounded; dorsal surface lineate andpuncticulate; green; withfewtomentum ondorsalsurface.Propleuron brown with green highlights. Prosternum green. Fore leg: coxa dark green, trochanter and femur brown, tibia light brown on outer surface, base of tibia and pretarsus yellow; long white setae on coxa to femur, yellow erect setae on tibia and tarsus. Mesoscutum anterior border weakly acuminate; median sulcus well impressed; parapsidal lines weakly impressed; punctate laterally, more sparse on median surface, microlineations more conspicuous on anterior surface; olive green; short (=OD) and sparse white setae. Scutellum median sulcus very weakly impressed; puncticulate, some scattered punctures, polished; bright olive green; longer setae (=2.5–3 OD) onposterior margin. Mesepisternum rugulose on preepisternum, irregularly punctate on hypoepimeral area, sulci weakly foveate, densely punctate near scrobe, becoming more evenly punctate ventrally; olive green, weak copper reflections; coveredwith plumosesetae (=1.5 OD). Mid leg brown; yellow setae on femur to tarsus. Tegula concentric lineate; dark amber, weak greenreflections anteriorly.Fore wing: marginal cell apexrounded; membrane hyaline; black microtrichia. Metanotum median sulcus veryweakly impressed; puncticulate torugulose; greenwith bluish iridescence; longplumose setae (2–3 OD). Metepisternum lineate above superior metapleural pit, rugulose–punctate below; green with copper and bluish reflections. Hind leg: basitibial plate apex rounded; tibial spur serrate; brown; long plumose setae on ventral coxa to femur; ventral tibial setae short and branched. Hind wing hyaline. Metapostnotum weakly inclined; weakly depressed; apex rounded; less twice as long as metanotum; rugulose on most surface, except a stripe on posterior margin, microreticulate; olive green. Propodeum posterior surface puncticulate, few scattered punctures, microreticulate; olive green; short plumose and some erect (1–2 OD) setae; propodeum lateral surface puncticulate, few scattered punctures, microreticulate; olive green; with thickerand longer (3–4 OD) setae. Metasoma. T1 anteriorand dorsal surfaces not angled between; sparsely puncticulate, microlineate; olive green on anterior and lateral surfaces, dark brown on median surface. T2 puncticulate; olive green on anterior and lateral surfaces, darkbrown on median surface; short. T3–T4 puncticulate; olive green with some dark brown on median surface, brown on marginal area; short. T5 punctate; dark brown; covered with black long erect setae. Pygidial plate short, truncate. S1 without tubercle; lineate; amber with green highlights on median surface; very longsetae (=3 OD) on median surface. S2–S4 lineate; brown to light brown; subapical setae very long (about 5 OD) and with recurved apices. S5 lineate; brown; longsetae (about 4 OD), plumose. S6 lineate; brown; yellowish setae on apical margin.

Paratype male. Measurements (mm). Eye notch width: 1.2; head length: 1.8; clypeus width: 0.6; clypeus length: 0.5; supraclypeal length: 0.3; clypeus ocellar distance: 0.7; intertegular distance: 1.3; T1 width: 1.2; T2 width: 1.3; body length: 9. Head. Labrum and mandible yellow. Clypeus, epistomal angle straight; sparsely punctate, weakly microreticulate; white setae on middle, longer setae on apex; yellow stripe on apical margin, green. Supraclypeal area sparsely punctate, weakly microreticulate; green. Paraocular area sparsely punctate, weakly microreticulate; green, coppery along eye margins; long (>2 OD) branched setae, yellow. Antennae F2 0.7x F1 length, F3 = F1, remaining flagellomeres relatively longer; scape and pedicel light brown, flagellomeres yellowed ventrally; F11 not flattened; without sensilla placodea patches. Frons not depressed above antennal sockets; coarsely punctate; bright green, fewcoppery reflectionsnearparaocular; fewerectsetae. Preoccipital ridge carinate, some portions lamellate. Vertex punctate becoming rugose near ridge; very long plumose (short branches) setae. Gena puncticulate becoming lineate on postgena; green, some coppery reflections; white plumose setae (1.5–2 OD). Hypostomal ridge carinate. Mesosoma. Pronotum dorsal ridge carinate; lateral angle almost orthogonal; lateral ridge rounded; dorsal surface rugose; bright olive green, weakly metallic laterally; with some plumose setae on dorsal surface. Fore leg: coxa to femur bright metallic green, tibia and tarsus light brown; short yellow erect setae. Mesoscutum anterior border slightly projected over pronotum, weakly lobed; median sulcus well impressed; parapsidal lines well impressed; punctate, sparsely on anterior lobe; bright olive green; posterior margin weakly covered with plumose setae. Scutellum median sulcus weakly impressed; punctate, polished; bright olive green; anterior surface covered with plumose setae. Mesepisternum punctate, polished; bright olive green; short plumose setae. Mid leg: coxa brown with metallic reflections, remaining leg lightbrown; short yellow erect setae. Tegula concentric lineate; brown, greenreflections anteriorly. Forewing weakly infuscate on apex. Metanotum median sulcus weakly impressed; puncticulate, polished; bright olive green; anterior surface densely covered with erect setae. Metepisternum lineate above superior metapleural pit, rugulose–punctate below; bright olive green. Hind leg: coxa brown with metallic reflections, remaining leg light brown; shortyellow erect setae, shorter thandiameter of segments. Metapostnotum weakly inclined and depressed; twice as long as metanotum; apex rounded; carinate, posteriorly only weakly microreticulate; green. Propodeum: posterior surface posterior pit shallow, punctate, microreticulate, olive green, with fine setae; lateral surface punctate, olive green, with thicker setae. Metasoma. T1 very sparsely puncticulate; light brown with metallic reflections, yellow marginal areas. T2–5 very sparse puncticulate; light brown with metallic reflections, yellow marginal areas; vestiture white, with weak row of long white setae on basis. T6 green; long setae. T7 black; short black setae. S1 margin straight; sparsely punctate, microlineate; light brown; with very short setae. S2–S5 straight; brown; coveredwithshort whitesetaeonmediansurface, posterior surface with longsetae (>4 OD). S4 margin concave; with median, triangular patch of setae; lateral setae longer. S6 weakly concave; brown; black setae on apical margin. S7 posterior margin sinuose. S8 posterior margin not produced; 0.3 times S8 width. Genitalia ( Fig. 3CView Fig). Gonapophysis broad, longer than gonostylus and without dorsal crest; with large ventral prong and lateral teeth. Gonobase short (0.6 times gonocoxite length); dorsal lobes weakly produced; ventral bridge narrow. Gonostylus basal process reduced; parapenial lobe reduced; ventral process with outer and inner lobes, inner lobe divided and asymmetric, setose; dorsal lobe transversal. Volsella longer than wider; oblique, corners acuminate; without hook.

Comments. Coelho (2004) listeda A.una  paratype femaleas “1?m#, Minas Gerais, Serra da Moeda, Zona Metalúrgica, 15.x.1997 (E. A. B. Almeida) (BHMH)”, the author listed all specimens of A. una  with male symbols but the species is only known from females. As the question mark could represent a dubious identification Ispeculate that this paratype can be a specimen of A. kelliae  sp. nov. In this case A. una  is known only from Central Brazil and A. kelliae  sp. nov. is known only for Minas Gerais.

Type material. Holotype female ( DZUP): “ Brasil, Minas Gerais,\ São Tomé das letras,\ 21 43S, 44 58W \ 12.I.2010, K. Ramos \ and V. Kanamura ”.GoogleMaps  Paratypes: three females ( DZUP) with same data of holotype; two females ( DZUP) “Brasil, Minas Gerais, Serra do Cipó, X.2018, Leticia Graf leg.”;  one male ( UFMG) “Abelhas de Canga\ Parque Estadual da\ Serra do Rola–Moça\ 25745–75506” “Nova Lima MG\ BRASIL 14/03/2013 \ J.E. Santos Jr”. 

Etymology. In honor of Dr. Kelli S. Ramos, friend, melittologist, and collector of the type.


Brazil, Parana, Curitiba, Universidade Federal do Parana, Museu de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure


Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure


Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais