Libitia cordata ( Gervais, 1844 ),

Medrano, Miguel, Ázara, Ludson Neves de & Kury, Adriano Brilhante, 2020, The short-legged Andean cosmetids revisited: the genus Libitia Simon, 1879 with description of two new species (Opiliones, Cosmetidae), European Journal of Taxonomy 634, pp. 1-25: 10-13

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2020.634

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:66AEE1D7-51BF-4583-9A19-947F61ECC7DE

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3795376

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03AC87DB-EC5A-CA16-7D43-542BFEE44B07

treatment provided by

Valdenar

scientific name

Libitia cordata ( Gervais, 1844 )
status

 

Libitia cordata ( Gervais, 1844) 

Figs 5–8View FigView FigView FigView Fig, 14View Fig

Cosmetus cordatus Gervais, 1844: 117  , pl. 46, fig. 9 [“Cosmète coeur”].

Libitia cordata  – Butler 1873: 115. — Simon 1879: 216. — Roewer 1912: 12; 1923: 293. — Mello- Leitão 1923: 108; 1932: 53; 1933: 109.

Libitia (Libitia) cordata  – Sørensen in Henriksen 1932: 419.

non “Phalangium fusco-ferrugineum” – Olivier 1792: 125 [unavailable name].

Diagnosis

Can be separated from all the other species of the genus in having a heart-shape blot in areas I and II, without invading the carapace ( Fig. 5View Fig A–B).

Etymology

The name is derived from the Latin adjective ‘ cordatus  ’, meaning ‘heart shaped’.

Material examined

Holotype

COLOMBIA • ♀; without further locality data; MNHN.

 

Other material

COLOMBIA – Cundinamarca Department • 3 ♂♂, 11 ♀♀; Bogotá, Usme, Parque Entrenubes, Cerro Juan Rey ; 4.521586° N, 74.097580° W; 2700 m a.s.l.; 23–25 May 2003; L. Benavides leg.; ICN-AO 421GoogleMaps 

15 ♂♂, 6 ♀♀; Vía la Virgen de la Peña ; 4.577788° N, 74.057366° W; 2700 m a.s.l.; 12 May 2012; M. Medrano and A. García leg.; ICN-AO 1040GoogleMaps  .

Doubtful/unconfirmed records

“ Venezuela ”, Páramo “Boydla”, road to “Choact” [not located, probably Colombia, between Bogotá and Choachí] (Sørensen in Henriksen 1932). Guyana, Brazil ( Simon 1879; Roewer 1912, 1923). Ecuador, Chimborazo, Simbabe ( Roewer 1923)

Remarks

Olivier’s species is not an available name according to ICZN because the paper it was described in is not consistent with binominal nomenclature.

Redescription

Male (ICN-AO 1040)

MEASUREMENTS. CL = 1.6, AL = 2.7, CW = 2.5, AW = 3.4, IOD = 0.6, Fe I = 1.8, Ti I = 1.3, Fe II = 3, Ti II = 2, Fe III = 2.5, Ti III = 1.6, Fe IV = 2.8, Ti IV = 2.1.

DORSUM ( Figs 5–6View FigView Fig). Dorsal scutum alpha-type, areas I–III, anterior and posterior margin of scutum, and lateral margins with granules. Free tergites with rows of granules and anal operculum finely granular. Posterior margin of dorsal scutum convex. Large white-yellowish blot invading entirely areas I and II and invading medially area III.

VENTER. Free sternites finely granular; coxae II–IV finely and uniformly granular; coxa I with longitudinal row of tubercles and smooth area corresponding to lace area of pedipalp. Anal operculum finely granular.

CHELICERAE ( Fig. 7View Fig F–G). Basichelicerite finely and uniformly granular without notable tubercles, ectodistal small setiferous protuberance; movable finger with row of nine sharp teeth; fixed finger with six triangular teeth, decreasing in size from distal to basal part of finger.

PEDIPALPS ( Fig. 7View Fig D–E). Trochanter with strong ventral apophysis. Femur dorsally convex without pronounced dorsal keel or tubercles, with ventral row of three well-formed setiferous tubercles and a mesodistal process. Patella with mesal keel. Shallow slit along tibia mesal surface, separating dorsal and ventral sides.

LEGS ( Figs 5View Fig, 7View Fig A–C). Coxa IV granulated with distal prodorsal small apophysis. Coxa IV granulated. Femur IV substraight, with two longitudinal ventral rows of small tubercles along entire length. Tarsal counts: 5(3)/6(3)/5/5.

COLOR ( Fig. 5View Fig). Body background Brilliant Orange Yellow (67) mottled in Dark Yellowish Brown (78) and Brownish Black (65) for margins of dorsal scutum and appendages, ladder mask Pale Greenish Yellow (104). Pedipalpus as well as trochanters and tarsomeres of legs Light Greenish Yellow (101).

Female (ICN-AO 1040)

Measurements. CL = 1.7, AL = 3.1, CW = 2.6, AW = 3.4, IOD = 0.6, Fe I = 1.6, Ti I = 1.3, Fe II = 2.6, Ti II = 1.9, Fe III = 2.6, Ti III = 1.5, Fe IV = 2.9, Ti IV = 2.4. Dorsal scutum longer than in males, with coda wider. Basitarsomeres I, III and IV not enlarged. Tarsal counts: 5(3)/6(3)/5/5.

Variation ( Fig. 6View Fig)

Pattern of yellow spots varying from a complete spot in form of a heart, to a dissociated version of the spot in the middle of areas I and II. In some cases, small spots are present in posterior margin of cephalothorax.

MNHN

France, Paris, Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Opiliones

Family

Cosmetidae

Genus

Libitia

Loc

Libitia cordata ( Gervais, 1844 )

Medrano, Miguel, Ázara, Ludson Neves de & Kury, Adriano Brilhante 2020
2020
Loc

Libitia cordata

Roewer C. F. 1923: 293
Roewer C. F. 1912: 12
Simon E. 1879: 216
Butler A. G. 1873: 115
1873
Loc

Cosmetus cordatus

Gervais P. 1844: 117
1844