GNAPHOSIDAE, Pocock, 1898

Haddad, Charles R. & Marusik, Yuri M., 2019, Clarifying the taxonomic status and distributions of the spider species collected during the Leonhard Schultze expeditions in western and central southern Africa (Arachnida: Araneae), Zootaxa 4608 (3), pp. 451-483: 464-468

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4608.3.3

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:0BF3BCE7-169A-4004-9471-0F70DE4548FA

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03AAE932-CD14-7B5B-FF13-F954FD3BF9A9

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

GNAPHOSIDAE
status

 

GNAPHOSIDAE 

Asemesthes albovittatus Purcell, 1908: 245  [D]

Localities in Purcell (1908) and countries: Lüderitz Bay, Great Namaqualand [Nam].

Distribution in WSC: RSA.

*Actual current distribution: Nam, RSA.

Recent taxonomic treatment: Tucker (1923).

Asemesthes aureus Purcell, 1908: 242  [D] [jun. syn. of Asemesthes subnubilus Simon, 1887  ]

Localities in Purcell (1908) and countries: Kamaggas and Steinkopf, Little Namaqualand [ RSA].

Distribution in WSC (correct): RSA.

Recent taxonomic treatment: Tucker (1923).

Remark: From information in the WSC it is not clear which author synonymized A. aureus  with A. subnubilis  , as the most recent taxonomic treatment (Tucker 1923) still treated them as separate species, even though adults of A. subnubilis  (type species of Asemesthes Simon, 1887  ) have never been described.

Asemesthes decoratus Purcell, 1908: 243  [D]

Localities in Purcell (1908) and countries: Kamaggas, Little Namaqualand [ RSA]; possibly including juveniles from Lüderitz Bay, Great Namaqualand [Nam].

Distribution in WSC (correct): RSA.

*Actual current distribution: Nam, RSA.

Recent taxonomic treatment: Dalmas (1921).

Asemesthes flavipes Purcell, 1908: 244  [D]

Localities in Purcell (1908) and countries: Lüderitz Bay and Prince of Wales Bay, Great Namaqualand [Nam].

Distribution in WSC: RSA.

*Actual current distribution: Nam.

Recent taxonomic treatment: Dalmas (1921).

Asemesthes lineatus Purcell, 1908: 244  [D]

Localities in Purcell (1908) and countries: Rooibank, Southern Hereroland and Otjimbingwe, Southern Hereroland [Nam]. Distribution in WSC: RSA.

*Actual current distribution: Nam, RSA.

Recent taxonomic treatment: Dalmas (1921).

Asemesthes pallidus Purcell, 1908: 243  [D]

Localities in Purcell (1908) and countries: Kamaggas, Little Namaqualand [ RSA].

Distribution in WSC (correct): RSA.

Recent taxonomic treatment: Dalmas (1921).

Callilepis frenata Purcell, 1908: 241  [D] [= Nomisia frenata (Purcell, 1908)  ]

Localities in Purcell (1908) and countries: Kamaggas and Steinkopf, Little Namaqualand [ RSA].

Distribution in WSC (correct): RSA.

Recent taxonomic treatment: Dalmas (1921).

Callilepis lineatipes Purcell, 1908: 242  [D] [= Smionia lineatipes (Purcell, 1908)  ]

Localities in Purcell (1908) and countries: Between Khakhea and Kang, Kalahari, Bechuanaland [Bot].

Distribution in WSC: RSA.

*Actual current distribution: Bot, RSA.

Recent taxonomic treatment: Tucker (1923).

Remarks: Tucker, 1923: 275 erroneously referred to 1♁, 2♀ and juv. specimens from Poortjiesfontein, near Hanover as the types (# 14496 in the Iziko South African Museum). The species was described by Purcell (1908) from a single female specimen from the locality listed above.

Callilepis  sp. [juveniles]: 242 [F]

Localities in Purcell (1908) and countries: Between Khakhea and Kang, Kalahari, Bechuanaland [Bot].

Distribution in WSC: n/a.

Recent taxonomic treatment: n/a.

Drassodes sesquidentatus Purcell, 1908: 235  [D]

Localities in Purcell (1908) and countries: Kamaggas and Steinkopf, Little Namaqualand [ RSA].

Distribution in WSC (correct): RSA.

Recent taxonomic treatment: Not redescribed.

Drassodes  spp.? [juveniles]: 235 [F]

Localities in Purcell (1908) and countries: Kubub, Great Namaqualand and Rooibank, Southern Hereroland [Nam]. Distribution in WSC: n/a.

Recent taxonomic treatment: n/a.

Melanophora aculeata Purcell, 1908: 237  [D] [jun. syn. of Zelotes invidus (Purcell, 1907)  ]

Localities in Purcell (1908) and countries: Possession Island, off the coast of Great Namaqualand [Nam]; Port Nolloth, Namaqualand Division, Cape Colony [ RSA].

Distribution in WSC (correct): Nam, RSA.

Recent taxonomic treatment: FitzPatrick (2007).

Remarks: This species was synonymized with Z. invidus  based on the female; the male described by Purcell (1908) was misidentified and belongs to Z. fuligineus (Purcell, 1907)  .

Melanophora corrugata Purcell, 1907: 239  [F] [= Zelotes corrugatus (Purcell, 1907)  ]

Localities in Purcell (1908) and countries: Rooibank, Southern Hereroland and “Southern Hereroland” [Nam]; Severelela, Kalahari, Bechuanaland Protectorate [Bot].

Distribution in WSC (correct): SrnA.

Recent taxonomic treatment: FitzPatrick (2007).

Melanophora flavitarsis Purcell, 1908: 238  [D] [= Zelotes flavitarsis (Purcell, 1908)  ]

Localities in Purcell (1908) and countries: Kamaggas, Little Namaqualand [ RSA].

Distribution in WSC (correct): RSA.

Recent taxonomic treatment: FitzPatrick (2007).

Melanophora procurva Purcell, 1908: 239  [D] [= Camillina procurva (Purcell, 1908)  ]

Localities in Purcell (1908) and countries: Kamaggas, Little Namaqualand [ RSA].

Distribution in WSC (correct): RSA.

Recent taxonomic treatment: Platnick & Murphy (1987).

Melanophora pulchripes Purcell, 1908: 238  [D] [= Zelotes pulchripes (Purcell, 1908)  ]

Localities in Purcell (1908) and countries: Steinkopf, Little Namaqualand [ RSA].

Distribution in WSC (correct): RSA.

Recent taxonomic treatment: Not redescribed.

Remark: This species is misplaced in Zelotes Gistl, 1848  , as it lacks a preening comb (FitzPatrick 2007).

Melanophora  spp.? [juveniles]: 239 [F]

Localities in Purcell (1908) and countries: Southern Hereroland, and Kubub in Great Namaqualand [Nam]; Between Khakhea and Kang, Kalahari [Bot]; Kamaggas in Little Namaqualand [ RSA].

Distribution in WSC: n/a.

Recent taxonomic treatment: n/a.

Scotophaeus relegatus Purcell, 1907: 235  [F]

Localities in Purcell (1908) and countries: Lüderitz Bay (Angra Pequena), Great Namaqualand [Nam].

Distribution in WSC: RSA.

*Actual current distribution: Nam, RSA.

Recent taxonomic treatment: Not redescribed.

Remark: Purcell (1908) described the female of the species for the first time.

Setaphis anchoralis Purcell, 1908: 240  [D] [jun. syn. of Zelotes scrutatus (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1872)  ]

Localities in Purcell (1908) and countries: Lüderitz Bay (Angra Pequena), Great Namaqualand [Nam].

Distribution in WSC (correct): Canary Islands, Africa to Central Asia.

Recent taxonomic treatment: FitzPatrick (2007).

Setaphis bechuanica Purcell, 1908: 240  [D] [jun. syn. of Zelotes scrutatus (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1872)  ]

Localities in Purcell (1908) and countries: Between Khakhea and Kang, Kalahari, and Bonche in the Kalahari, Bechuanaland [Bot].

Distribution in WSC (correct): Canary Islands, Africa to Central Asia.

Recent taxonomic treatment: FitzPatrick (2007).

Setaphis  sp. [juveniles]: 241 [F]

Localities in Purcell (1908) and countries: Keetmanshoop, Great Namaqualand [Nam].

Distribution in WSC: n/a.

Recent taxonomic treatment: n/a.

Theuma capensis Purcell, 1907: 232  [F]

Localities in Purcell (1908) and countries: Khakhea and Kang in the Kalahari, and from between Severelela and Kooa in the Kalahari, Bechuanaland Protectorate [Bot].

Distribution in WSC: RSA.

*Actual current distribution: Bot, RSA.

Recent taxonomic treatment: Tucker (1923).

Theuma fusca Purcell, 1907: 234  [F]

Localities in Purcell (1908) and countries: Southern Hereroland and Otjimbingwe [Nam].

Distribution in WSC: RSA.

*Actual current distribution: Nam, RSA.

Recent taxonomic treatment: Tucker (1923).

Theuma maculata Purcell, 1907: 234  [F]

Localities in Purcell (1908) and countries: Kamaggas and Steinkopf, Little Namaqualand [ RSA].

Distribution in WSC (correct): RSA.

Recent taxonomic treatment: Tucker (1923).

Theuma pusilla Purcell, 1908: 232  [D]

Localities in Purcell (1908) and countries: Kamaggas, Little Namaqualand [ RSA]; Kubub, Great Namaqualand [Nam]. Distribution in WSC: RSA.

*Actual current distribution: Nam, RSA.

Recent taxonomic treatment: Not redescribed.

Theuma schultzei Purcell, 1908: 234  [D]

Localities in Purcell (1908) and countries: Kamaggas and Steinkopf, Little Namaqualand [ RSA]; Lüderitz Bay, Great Namaqualand [Nam].

Distribution in WSC: RSA.

*Actual current distribution: Nam, RSA.

Recent taxonomic treatment: Tucker (1923).

Theuma velox Purcell, 1908: 233  [D]

Localities in Purcell (1908) and countries: Kubub, Great Namaqualand [Nam].

Distribution in WSC: RSA.

*Actual current distribution: Nam.

Recent taxonomic treatment: Not redescribed.

Theuma  spp.? [juveniles]: 234 [F]

Localities in Purcell (1908) and countries: Steinkopf, Little Namaqualand [ RSA]; Kubub, Great Namaqualand [Nam]. Distribution in WSC: n/a.

Recent taxonomic treatment: n/a.

Xerophaeus ahenus Purcell, 1908: 237  [D]

Localities in Purcell (1908) and countries: Steinkopf, Little Namaqualand [ RSA].

Distribution in WSC (correct): RSA.

Recent taxonomic treatment: Not redescribed.

Xerophaeus aridus Purcell, 1907: 236  [D]

Localities in Purcell (1908) and countries: Kubub, Great Namaqualand and Cape Cross, Southern Hereroland [Nam].

Distribution in WSC: RSA.

*Actual current distribution: Nam, RSA.

Recent taxonomic treatment: Tucker (1923).

Remarks: The male of X. aridus  was described for the first time in this paper, but was later found to be mismatched to the female of the species (Tucker 1923). The new name X. perversus Purcell, 1923  was later proposed for this male, while Tucker (1923) described the true male of X. aridus  .

Xerophaeus hottentottus Purcell, 1908: 236  [D]

Localities in Purcell (1908) and countries: Steinkopf, Little Namaqualand [ RSA].

Distribution in WSC (correct): RSA.

Recent taxonomic treatment: Not redescribed.

Xerophaeus longispina Purcell, 1908: 235  [D]

Localities in Purcell (1908) and countries: Kamaggas and Steinkopf, Little Namaqualand [ RSA].

Distribution in WSC (correct): RSA.

Recent taxonomic treatment: Not redescribed.

IDIOPIDAE 

Idiops pallidipes Purcell, 1908: 207  [D]

Localities in Purcell (1908) and countries: Southern Hereroland [Nam].

Distribution in WSC: RSA.

*Actual current distribution: Nam.

Recent taxonomic treatment: Not redescribed.

Idiops striatipes Purcell, 1908: 206  [D]

Localities in Purcell (1908) and countries: Sekgoma, Kalahari Desert, Bechuanaland Protectorate [Bot].

Distribution in WSC: RSA.

*Actual current distribution: Bot.

Recent taxonomic treatment: Not redescribed.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Gnaphosidae

Loc

GNAPHOSIDAE

Haddad, Charles R. & Marusik, Yuri M. 2019
2019
Loc

Asemesthes albovittatus

Purcell 1908: 245
1908
Loc

Asemesthes aureus

Purcell 1908: 242
1908
Loc

Asemesthes decoratus

Purcell 1908: 243
1908
Loc

Asemesthes flavipes

Purcell 1908: 244
1908
Loc

Asemesthes lineatus

Purcell 1908: 244
1908
Loc

Asemesthes pallidus

Purcell 1908: 243
1908
Loc

Callilepis frenata

Purcell 1908: 241
1908
Loc

Nomisia frenata

Purcell 1908
1908
Loc

Callilepis lineatipes

Purcell 1908: 242
1908
Loc

Smionia lineatipes

Purcell 1908
1908
Loc

Drassodes sesquidentatus

Purcell 1908: 235
1908
Loc

Melanophora aculeata

Purcell 1908: 237
1908
Loc

Melanophora flavitarsis

Purcell 1908: 238
1908
Loc

Zelotes flavitarsis

Purcell 1908
1908
Loc

Melanophora procurva

Purcell 1908: 239
1908
Loc

Camillina procurva

Purcell 1908
1908
Loc

Melanophora pulchripes

Purcell 1908: 238
1908
Loc

Zelotes pulchripes

Purcell 1908
1908
Loc

Setaphis anchoralis

Purcell 1908: 240
1908
Loc

Setaphis bechuanica

Purcell 1908: 240
1908
Loc

Theuma pusilla

Purcell 1908: 232
1908
Loc

Theuma schultzei

Purcell 1908: 234
1908
Loc

Theuma velox

Purcell 1908: 233
1908
Loc

Xerophaeus ahenus

Purcell 1908: 237
1908
Loc

Xerophaeus hottentottus

Purcell 1908: 236
1908
Loc

Xerophaeus longispina

Purcell 1908: 235
1908
Loc

Idiops pallidipes

Purcell 1908: 207
1908
Loc

Idiops striatipes

Purcell 1908: 206
1908
Loc

Zelotes invidus

Purcell 1907
1907
Loc

Melanophora corrugata

Purcell 1907: 239
1907
Loc

Zelotes corrugatus

Purcell 1907
1907
Loc

Scotophaeus relegatus

Purcell 1907: 235
1907
Loc

Theuma capensis

Purcell 1907: 232
1907
Loc

Theuma fusca

Purcell 1907: 234
1907
Loc

Theuma maculata

Purcell 1907: 234
1907
Loc

Xerophaeus aridus

Purcell 1907: 236
1907
Loc

Asemesthes subnubilus

Simon 1887
1887
Loc

Zelotes scrutatus

O. Pickard-Cambridge 1872
1872
Loc

Zelotes scrutatus

O. Pickard-Cambridge 1872
1872