Pedinotus pardalotus Marsh, 2002,

Belokobylskij, Sergey A., Castro, Clóvis Sormus De, Shimbori, Eduardo Mitio, Zaldívar-Riverón, Alejandro, Penteado-Dias, Angélic, 2017, Taxonomic revision of the Neotropical species of the braconid wasp genus Pedinotus Szépligeti, 1902 (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Doryctinae), Zootaxa 4327 (1), pp. 1-102: 71-73

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Pedinotus pardalotus Marsh, 2002


Pedinotus pardalotus Marsh, 2002 

( Fig. 35)

Pedinotus pardalotus Marsh, 2002: 170  ; Felix and Penteado-Dias, 2004: 2; Castro et al., 2010: 1104; Yu et al., 2012 Lamquetia marshi Braet et Barbalho in Braet et al., 2003: 106  , syn. nov.

Pedinotus fasciatus Castro, Nunes and Penteado-Dias, 2010: 1106  , syn. nov.

Material examined. Costa Rica: 1 female (holotype of P. pardalotus  ), “ Costa Rica: Puntarenas Rd. to Rincon , 10km W of Pan-Amer. Hwy, 100 m III–V 1989, Hanson & Gauld”, “ Holotype Pedinotus pardalotus Marsh  ” (handwriting) ( UWIM)  ; 2 females (paratypes of P. pardalotus  ), “ Costa Rica : Puntarenas, R.F. Golfo Dulce, 24 km W Piedras Blancas, 200 m, III.1993, P. Hanson” ( UWIM)  ; 1 female (paratype of P. pardalotus  ), “ Costa Rica : Puntarenas, R.F. Golfo Dulce, 3 km SW Rincon, 10 m, ii.1993, P. Hanson, Malaise, primary forest” ( UWIM)  ; 1 female (paratype of P. pardalotus  ), same data, but “III–V.1991” ( UWIM)  ; 1 female (paratype of P. pardalotus  ), “ Costa Rica, Puntarenas, Pen. Osa , 5 km N Pto. Jimenez, 10m, VII–VIII.1993, P. Hanson ” ( UWIM)  ; 1 female (paratype of P. pardalotus  ), “ Costa Rica: Heredia, 3 km S. Puerto Viejo, OT, La Selva , 100 m, X.1992, P. Hanson, huertos Malaise trap set by G Wright” ( UWIM)  . Brazil: 1 female (holotype of P. fasciatus  ), “ Brazil, SP, Santa Rita do Passa Quatro, Parque Estadual de Vassununga , 21°40'56'' S / 47°37'13'' W, savannah vegetation, 29.XII.2006; A.M.P. Dias col.” ( DCBU)GoogleMaps  ; 1 female (paratype of P. fasciatus  ), Brazil, SP, Santa Rita do Passa Quatro, Parque Estadual de Vassununga , 21°40'56'' S / 47°37'13'' W, savannah vegetation, 8.X.2007; A.M.P. Dias col. ( DCBU)GoogleMaps  ; 1 female (paratype of P. fasciatus  ), Brazil, SP, Estação Ecológica de Bauru , 22°14'02'' S / 49°05'19'' W, savannah vegetation, 17.X.2006; A.M. P.Dias col. ( DCBU)GoogleMaps  ; 1 female (paratype of P. fasciatus  ), Brazil, SP, Estação Ecológica de Bauru , 22°14'02'' S / 49°05'19'' W, savannah vegetation, 28.XI.2006; A.M P. Dias col. ( DCBU)GoogleMaps  ; 1 female (paratype of P. fasciatus  ), Brazil, SP, Estação Ecológica de Mogi Guaçu , 22°15'57'' S / 47°10'26'' W, savannah vegetation, 05.II.2007; A.M. P.Dias col. ( DCBU)GoogleMaps  . French Guiana: 1 female, (holotype of Lamquetia marshi  ), “ Guyane française, Degrad Laurens, Crique Sapokai (95 m), Piège Malise , 24-30.X.1998, Leg. AEI Guyane”, “Jo833VA” (FUSAGx)  ; 1 female, “ Regina, Road Roura-Kaw, Km 40. 04.3201 N 52.0745 O, Alt. 276 m. Octrubre 2004. CNIN 1435. Kaw Mountain . Col. O. Morvan ” ( UNAM)GoogleMaps  ; 1 female, “ Regina, Road Roura-Kaw, Km 40. 04.3201 N 52.0745 W, Alt. 276 m. Kaw Mountain . July 2009. O. Morvan leg”, “P sp 5-08” ( UNAM)GoogleMaps  ; 1 female, same label, but “ August 2004 ”, “P sp 5-31” ( ZISP)  ; 1 female. “ Regina, Kaw Mountain . Patava, 04°32'643'' N 52°09'153'' W, 10.08.2005. J.A. Cerdai ”, “P sp 5-23” ( UNAM)  ; 1 female. “ Regina, Road Roura-Kaw, Km 37.5 ±1.7. 04.33.20' N–52.08.19' W, alt. 217 m. Kaw Mountain ,. August 2004, J.A. Cerda leg.” ( UNAM)  ; 2 females, same label, but “ ix.2004 ” ( ZISP)  ; 1 female, “ Guyane française, Kourou , ix. 2001 (malaise trap), Coll. D. Faure ”, “DNA PE 4-2” ( UNAM)  ; 1 female, “ Guyane française, Montagne de Kaw, Relais Patawa , xi.2000 (Malaise trap, 4°32'42.20'' N- 52°09'09.19'' W). A.E.I. Guyane - J. Cerda legs”, “DNA PE 4-1” ( ZISP)GoogleMaps  ; 1 female, same label, but “ xii.2000 ”, “DNA PE 10-1” ( UNAM)  ; 1 female, “ Guyane française, Nouragues ( Parare ), xi.2009, Rex.: S.E.A.G. 2009”, “DNA PE 12-2” ( UNAM)  ; 3 females, “ French Guiana (APA-973-1) Maripasoula, Crique Alama , 2°14' N / 54°27' O, alt. 310 m, MTK (massif du Mitaraka)—SLAM, 1-III-2015, La Planète Revisitée—MNHN / PNI Guyane 2015” ( MNHN, ZISP)GoogleMaps  ; 2 females, same label, but “ 6-III-2015 ” ( MNHN)  ; 3 females, same label, but “ 14- III-2015 ” ( MNHN)  ; 5 females, same label, but “MTK (massif du Mitaraka )—MT 6m, 25-III-2015 ” ( MNHN, ZISP)  .

Redescription. Female. Body length 4.0– 6.5 mm; fore wing length 4.0–5.0mm.

Head width (dorsal view) 1.6–1.7 × its median length, 1.3 × width of mesoscutum. Head narrowed behind eyes. Eyes 2.7–3.0 × longer than temple (dorsal view). Ocelli medium-sized, arranged in triangle with base 1.2 × its sides; posterior ocelli oval and same size as rounded anterior ocellus. POL 0.8–1.0 × Od, about 0.4 × OOL. Eye 1.15–1.20 × higher than broad. Malar space about 0.3 × height of eye, 0.6–0.7 × basal width of mandible. Face convex, its width 0.7–0.8 × height of eye and 0.9–1.0 × height of face and clypeus combined. Hypoclypeal depression width almost equal to the shortest distance from edge of depression to eye, 0.5–0.6 × width of face.

Antenna slender, weakly filiform, with 31–40 antennomeres. Scape 1.4–1.6 × longer than its maximum width. First flagellomere 5.0–6.0 × longer than its apical width, 1.2 × longer than second flagellomere. Penultimate segment about 4.0 × longer than maximum width, 0.9 × as long as apical segment.

Mesosoma 2.0–2.1 × longer than its maximum height. Pronotum very short, declivous and almost straight dorsally (lateral view), with very fine submedian pronotal carina (dorsal view). Median lobe of mesoscutum protruding forwards and strongly convex (lateral view), its anterior margin very weakly convex, with distinct medio-anterior depression and deep and wide medio-longitudinal sulcus in anterior half (dorsal view). Median length of mesoscutum almost equal to its maximum width. Notauli entirely rugose. Prescutellar depression (scutellar sulcus) crenulate-rugulose, 0.30–0.35 × as long as scutellum. Precoxal sulcus (sternaulus) deep, crenulated, running along anterior 0.7–0.8 of lower part of mesopleuron.

Wings. Fore wing 3.8–4.0 × longer than its maximum width. Vein r (first radial abscissa) arising from or weakly behind middle of pterostigma. Vein 3RSa (second radial abscissa) 1.6–2.0 × longer than vein r (first radial abscissa), about 0.3 × as long as the straight vein 3RSb (third radial abscissa), 1.1–1.3 × longer than vein 2RS (first radiomedial). Second submarginal (radiomedial) cell 2.1–2.4 × longer than its maximum width, 0.75–0.80 × as long as rather narrow first subdiscal (brachial) cell. Vein 1m-cu (recurrent) weakly antefurcal, subparallel to vein 1M (basal). Distance from postfurcal vein cu-a (nervulus) to vein 1M (basal) 0.4–0.6 × vein cu-a (nervulus) length. Hind wing vein M+CU (first abscissa of mediocubital) 0.35–0.40 × as long as 1M (second abscissa). Vein m-cu (recurrent) distinctly antefurcal, almost straight.

Legs. Fore tarsus rather long, about 1.5 × longer than fore tibia. Hind femur 3.3–3.5 × longer than wide. Hind tarsus 1.10–1.15 × longer than hind tibia. Second segment of hind tarsus 0.40–0.45 × as long as basitarsus, 1.30– 1.45 × longer than fifth segment (without pretarsus).

Metasoma 1.1–1.2 × longer than head and mesosoma combined. First tergite weakly, almost evenly and sublinearly widened towards apex. Length of first tergite 0.9–1.0 × its maximum width; maximum width 1.6–1.7 × its minimum (basal) width. First and second tergites not fused. Median length of second tergite 0.40–0.45 × its basal width, 0.7–0.8 × length of third tergite; maximum median length of second tergite 1.3–1.4 × its minimum sublateral length (at level of breaks). Suture between second and third tergites entirely deep and rather wide, distinctly sinuate, crenulated, with distinct sublateral breaks. Third tergite with distinct and rather wide transverse crenulated sulcus in basal third. Ovipositor sheath 0.6–0.9 × as long as body, 1.0–1.5 × as long as metasoma, 0.7– 0.8 × as long as fore wing.

Sculpture and pubescence. Vertex densely and rather distinctly punctate; frons densely striate with fine rugulosity; face densely rugose-areolate with granulation, with additional striation laterally. Mesoscutum anteriorly smooth, finely punctate laterally, with wide, subrectangular and coarsely rugose area in medioposterior 0.6–0.7. Mesopleuron in upper 0.5–0.7 punctate, smooth below. Metapleuron mainly smooth, coarsely rugose in posterior 0.3. Propodeum with areas distinctly deliniated by carinae; basolateral areas at least partly smooth, but with rugulosity along carinae; areola narrow and long, extending to most part length of propodeum, rugulose; basomedian carina short, 0.3–0.5 × as long as anterior fork of areola. Hind coxa and femur mainly smooth, coxa finely reticulate-punctate basodorsally. First metasomal tergite areolate-rugose medialy and apically, smooth in mediobasal 0.3–0.4 and basolateral 0.5–0.7, with distinct and often complete longitudinal carina. Second tergite with median area striate-rugose and lateral areas mostly striate. Third tergite basally very densely and small areolate-punctate partly with striation, smooth in apical half. Fourth to sixth tergites densely and distinctly (but finely on sixth tergite) punctate and sometimes with fine striation in basal 0.5–0.3, smooth on remaining parts. Vertex, most part of mesoscutum (except anterior area), most of pronotum posteriorly and mainly mesopleuron (except lower third) in dense or very dense, relatively long and pale yellow or golden setae. Hind tibia dorsally with sparse, semi-erect and medium length pale setae, length of these setae 0.5–0.7 × maximum width of hind tibia.

Colour. Body varying from mainly dark brown to black mottled by reddish brown to mostly reddish brown mottled by honey yellow. Head dark brown or black with yellow eye orbits, temples whitish yellow at least on wide area, face yellow or yellowish brown with brown subtriangular spot or vertical line medially. Palpi white. Antenna brown or black, scape and pedicel yellow or brownish yellow with brown lateral stripe. Mesosoma entirely or mostly almost black to reddish brown, with sometimes pale spots on pronotum ventrally, propleuron, posterior mesoscutum and metapleuron. Legs light yellow marked with dark spots on all trochanters, femora and tibiae, hind coxa mostly brown or black, all tarsi frequently brown or dark brown. Metasomal tergites brown to black medially, laterally on rather wide areas and all sternites yellow to whitish yellow. Ovipositor sheath entirely brown. Wings faintly and evenly infuscate. Pterostigma and veins dark brown to almost black.

Male. Unknown.

Distribution. Honduras, Costa Rica, Venezuela, French Guiana, Brazil.

Comparative diagnosis. This species belongs to the morphological group with widely setose mesoscutum and vertex. Pedinotus pardalotus Marsh  is similar to P. botocudo  sp. nov.; differences between these species are shown after description of the last taxon.

Comments. Examination of the type specimens of Pedinotus pardalotus  , L. marshi  and P. fasciatus  and numerous additional specimens collected in French Guiana led us to conclude that there is no morphological evidence to separate the above three species. Therefore, the last two names are here synonymised with P. pardalotus Marsh, 2002  (syn. nov.).


Universidade Federal de Sao Carlos


Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico


Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences


Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle














Pedinotus pardalotus Marsh, 2002

Belokobylskij, Sergey A., Castro, Clóvis Sormus De, Shimbori, Eduardo Mitio, Zaldívar-Riverón, Alejandro, Penteado-Dias, Angélic 2017

Pedinotus pardalotus

Castro, C. S. & Nunes, J. F. & Penteado-Dias, A. M. 2010: 1104
Felix, F. C. & Penteado-Dias, A. M. 2004: 2
Braet, Y & Barbalho, S. M. & van Achterberg, C. 2003: 106
Marsh, P. M. 2002: 170

Pedinotus fasciatus

Castro, C. S. & Nunes, J. F. & Penteado-Dias, A. M. 2010: 1106